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Climate Change and our terrible fate, if, if, if

Earth is Getting Its Own
Black Box 
That Will Tell What Caused 
Humanity's Demise
December 6th, 1:08pm (Sputnik)
 
The device will be placed on an empty plain in
 Tasmania, Australia. The researchers behind
 the project, say the area was chosen for its 
geological as well as geopolitical stability. 
Other locations proposed, were located 
in Malta, Norway, and Qatar.
 
Researchers from the University of Tasmania... 
have partnered with the Australian marketing
 communications company, Clemenger 
BBDO, to create a black box for our 
planet, which they say.... will tell 
future generations (and maybe 
extraterrestrial guests, who 
knows)....... what caused
 humanity's demise.
 
Black boxes installed on airplanes and automobiles
 play an invaluable role in establishing the causes 
of accidents - so why shouldn't Earth have one, 
researchers apparently wondered. Jim Curtis,
the executive creative director at Clemenger 
BBDO, told ABC --- that the project is 
completely non-commercial.
 
The box will be made from 7.5 centimetre-thick steel
 ...and will be filled with a mass of storage drives, 
which, according to researchers, will record 
"every step we take... towards" a potential 
catastrophe, meaning they are gathering 
information: on pollution, the extinction 
of species, ocean acidification, as well 
as climate change-related events such
 as average temperatures, and levels 
of carbon dioxide. The latter traps 
heat radiated from the Sun and 
consequently leads to
 climate change.
 
The black box will have an internet connection and 
will also collect contextual data ...such as news 
about key international events like the United 
Nations Climate Change Conference, 
meetings between world
leaders, etc. 
 
Although the construction of the structure to house the
 box will begin in the middle of 2022, the hard drives 
have already begun recording information.
 
The black box, which will be the size of a bus, will also
 have solar panels to provide backup power storage.
 
Jonathan Kneebone, a co-founder of the artistic 
collective, Glue Society, which is also involved
 in the project, said the device is "built to 
outlive us all".
 
Researchers say that while the main objective is to
 help future civilisations, or whoever accesses the
 black box, to understand what should be done to
 prevent catastrophes, they also hope that it will
 make politicians... put their money where their 
mouths are, when it comes to preserving the 
environment and protecting life on Earth.
 
"It's also there to hold leaders to account – to make
 sure their action - or inaction - is recorded. When 
people know they're being recorded... it does 
have an influence on what they do and say",
 said Jonathan Kneebone.



________________________________________________



FAO calls for urgent action on
 sustainable soil management
by Luis Linares Petrov
December 4th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 
 
FAO Director General Qu Dongyu called to take
 urgent action - to improve information and 
capacities in favoor of sustainable soil.
 
The head of the United Nations Food and Agriculture
 Organization (FAO)took part in a video conference 
of the eighth edition of World Soil Day, which has 
been celebrated every December 5th, by 
decision of the General Assembly,
 since 2014.
 
Stopping salinization is the central topic this year, 
which according to Qu is one of the main threats
 to having healthy soils around the world.
 
The director general recalled that some 833 million
 hectares are affected by salinization in all corners 
of the planet, as shown in the World Soil Map 
presented in October.
 
He pointed out that it is a problem present in all
 regions, particularly in the Near East, South 
America, North Africa, as well as in the
 Pacific and Central Asia.
 
The effects of salt on soils pose a significant risk
 to world food security, he noted, and called to 
seek innovative ways to make agri-food 
systems more efficient, inclusive,
 resilient and sustainable.
 


________________________________


Shell oil company abandons 
controversial project in
 British seas
 by Erich Tellez Corrales
December 3rd, 9:24am (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Anglo-Dutch multinational Royal Dutch Shell 
announced, today, that it will abandon a 
controversial oil exploration project 
in the North Sea, in a decision 
welcomed by the British 
environmental groups.
 
According to the company, a comprehensive 
analysis of plans to exploit Cambo, a field 
..outlined west of Scotland’s Shetland
 islands, showed that the economic 
benefits are not strong enough at 
the moment, plus there are 
possibilities of delays 
to put the project 
into motion.
 
The announcement by Shell, which held 30%
of the shares, was greeted with rejoicing by
environmental organizations, and environ-
mental defenders who have been demand-
ing for years.. that the British government 
prohibit exploration & exploitation permits.
 
Shell is out! This is the beginning of the end of 
Cambo, said on Twitter the environmental 
group, Stop Cambo, which warned, 
however, that it will not rest until 
the entire project is shut down.
 
Greenpeace’s UK affiliate, which last October lost a
 legal challenge to force the government to reverse
 a permit granted to British Petroleum to operate
in 
a neighbouring North Sea field, said the
Anglo-
Dutch oil company’s withdrawal
should be 
seen as a death blow
to Cambo.
 
The right decision to ensure the UK’s energy security
 is to speed up the introduction of renewable sources
 and ensure that the interests of oil and gas workers
 are protected through a fair transition, said Labour 
MP and well-known environmentalist Ed Miliband.
 
The company Siccar Point Energy, which shared
 the Cambo project with Shell, promised to look 
for alternatives to continue exploration, while 
the government limited itself to saying that
it 
is a commercial decision... taken 
independently by the Anglo-
Dutch transnational.
 
 
___________________________________



The US – the world’s biggest polluter – 
calls out countries that need to
 'step up' on climate change
December 2nd, 11:26am (PressTV)


US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John 
Kerry, has called out a number of countries 
that need to “step up” on climate change, 
despite the fact that the United States 
has contributed more than any other
country - to the atmospheric carbon 
dioxide that is scorching the planet.


According to studies, the US military is the 
largest consumer of hydrocarbons on 
the planet and one of the largest 
polluters in history.


However, Kerry, in an interview at the Reuters 
Next conference, on Wednesday, accused 
other countries of falling short on their 
commitments to stave off the worst 
effects of global warming.


“And that means you have China, India, Russia, 
Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, South Africa, a 
group of countries that are going to
 have to step up,” Kerry said.


“And we... have to help them. This, is not just 
unloading responsibility on them,” he added.


Kerry has said the current climate situation 
cannot be rectified... without the “full 
engagement and commitment” 
from China.


Democrats in the US House of Representatives 
and Senate --- have already called on US 
President Joe Biden to use targeted 
sanctions to punish individuals 
and companies that are 
worsening the global 
climate crisis.


In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken 
and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last month,
 Democratic lawmakers particularly targeted 
China and its companies.


The lawmakers urged the US administration to use
 sanction authorities under the Global Magnitsky
 Human Rights Accountability Act --- to target 
individuals and companies that are found 
to be involved in climate-related 
corruption and human rights 
abuses abroad.


Both the Trump and Biden administrations used 
the Magnitsky Act, to target individuals and
companies they said were engaged in 
corruption or human rights abuses
 around the world.


Largely, individuals and companies from Russia,
 China, Belarus, Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Eritrea, 
and Cuba, have been targeted.


Last month, scores of countries convened in 
Glasgow, Scotland, for the COP26 climate 
summit, where they reached a deal that 
calls for cutting global carbon dioxide
emissions by 45% by 2030, when
 compared to 2010 levels.


Kerry on Wednesday said private investments for 
clean-energy technologies are also essential for 
fighting climate change, according to Reuters.


“No government on the planet has enough money 
to effect this transition... But, the private sector 
does have that money. I believe the private 
sector has the ability to win this battle
 for us,” he said.


US is world's biggest
plastic polluter:
Report


According to a new report submitted to the US 
federal government on Wednesday, the US is, 
by far, the biggest contributor to global 
plastic waste in the world.


Entitled "Reckoning with the U.S. Role in Global
Ocean Plastic Waste," the report calls for... a 
national strategy to tackle the growing crisis.


The US contributed around 42 million metric tons
 (MMT) in plastic waste in 2016: more than twice
 as much as China has --- and more than all the 
countries of the European Union combined,
according to
 the analysis.


Every US citizen generates 130 kilograms of plastic
waste in a year, with Britain next on the list --- at 
99 kilos per person, per year, followed by
South Korea, at 88 kilos per year,
 AFP reported.  


"The success of the 20th-century miracle invention (sic) 
of plastics, has also produced a global scale deluge 
of plastic waste, seemingly, everywhere we look,"
 wrote Margaret Spring, chief science officer of 
Monterey Bay Aquarium, who chaired the 
committee of experts that compiled 
this report.


Another Government report says climate change 
will shrink the US economy and kill thousands
of US people.



_______________________________________





Vietnam readies 2nd largest 
garbage recycling plant
...in the WORLD
 by Lino Céspedes Rodríguez
December 2nd, 10:03am (Prensa Latina) 


Vietnam polishes the finishing touches to a plant 
that will recycle garbage into energy, and be
 the second largest in the world, of its kind, 
officials from investment company Thien
 Y Environment, reported today.


Located on the outskirts of Hanoi, the plant will
have the capacity of processing 4,000 tons of 
waste per day (60% of what is produced by 
the capital) and producing 75 megawatts 
of electricity per hour.


Built at a cost of nearly $ 310 million dollars... the 
plant covers a surface of 173,900 square metres, 
making it the second largest in the world, after 
Chinese Shenzhen, which processes 5,000 
tons of garbage per day.


Left over matter, after being used to produce energy,
 will be incinerated and used in the manufacture of 
bricks and other construction materials.


To fully ensure safety, it will count on a gas 
filtration system: preventing the emission 
of dioxins, mercury, nitrogen and other 
polluting substances into
 the environment.


Vietnam thus takes a new step towards the 
full elimination and use of... solid waste.


Currently the 3 main ways of waste treatment 
in the country, are: burial, the production of 
microbiological fertilizers, and burning.


Only 30% of Vietnam’s existing dumping areas 
meet ecological standards, while most of its 
nearly 300 incinerators, are small-scale.




__________________________________


Climate change...... 
promises unfulfilled, 
pledges forgotten
November 25th, 7:41pm (PressTV)


Climate change, has long been debated under 
different settings, researched and debunked
 and ‘rebunked’ over the years, so much so 
that you would think, strides should have 
been made by now, unfortunately, how-
ever, that hasn't been the case. Major 
corporations and rich countries have 
all fallen short on their so called 
promises.
 
Hypocrisy and inaction
 
COP 26 still lacks large coal using countries. Studies 
show CO2 levels are back at pre COVID-19 levels in
 the COP countries but did not include Australia, 
China or the United States in the assessment.
 
Such a state of affairs led to climate protests decrying
 one of the highlights of the COP 26 Summit, the 
coal pledge.
 
Children Youth Act climate activists protested 
their concerns regarding the slow pace of 
emissions reductions and lack of action
 on the climate emergency.
 
Children Youth Act climate activists were rightly
 worried about the slow pace of emissions 
reductions and action on the 
climate emergency.
 
Nothing will be saved without it is important to 
begin with the fact you're born to be creators 
of the ground.
 
Yrsa Daley-Ward, Writer
 
The 26th session of the Conference of the Parties 
to the United Nations Framework Convention on
 Climate Change.
 
Carolina Schmidt, President, COP 25
 
The opening of the COP 26 summit in Glasgow 
was quite inspiring but it all came down to the 
final draft communiqué.
 
Well, you know we got a very lengthy 
draft decisions from the presidency…
 
Carolina Schmidt, President, COP25
 
We need much more concrete action to be 
sure to actually really meet this 1.5 target.
 
Maarten Van Aalst, Director, Intl.
 Red Crescent Climate Centre
 
But the details of the draft were inconsistent 
with the declared intention of phasing out 
coal as a fuel source.
 
As a reference of a phasing out of coal and we 
are strong believers that that phase out of 
coal [is imperative].
 
Luca Lacoboni, Greenpeace, Italy
 
Climate Reality, which is funded by the former US 
Vice President Al Gore, claimed in an article that 
more than 250,000 Americans are exposed to
 levels of cancer risk above the highest 
limits set by the EPA.
 
This is an environmental justice nightmare and the
 main culprit is toxic pollution from fossil fuels and
 petrochemical facilities.
 
This is what US Senator Ted Cruz said about 
the climate change summit that took place
 in Glasgow.
 
I’m not saying they do not believe what they're saying,
 but their hypocrisy is rampant. Headed to this
climate
 conference, these officials flew
in giant jets.
 
John Kerry has a private jet that has flown dozens 
of times, this past year, all around the country.
 
I don't know about you, but I don't have a private jet. 
I don't believe any of the people on this stage have
 their own private jet.
 
John Kerry when asked about his private jet said
 "really, for someone like me it's the only way 
that makes sense to travel".
 
What dripping, condescending, arrogance!
 
Ted Cruz, US Senator
 
Robert Evans is a former member of the European
 Parliament MEP, and a British Labour Cooperative
 politician..... who served as a member of the 
European Parliament from 1994 until 2009. 
He was first elected to the European 
Parliament for London Northwest 
and then in 1999 and 2004 for 
the London constituency.
 
Taking a look at what the US Senator Ted Cruz has
 said about US policy, slamming his fellow Senator
 John Kerry and other world leaders as a whole 
for travelling on jets to this cop 26 Glasgow 
Summit, does he have a point?
 
Yeah, I think it's sending entirely the wrong message. 
I realize the challenges that some global leaders have
 getting from A to B or getting from their own country
 to Glasgow, but I think it's sending entirely the 
wrong message when they are arriving in 
private  jets to go around.
 
Most of the airlines have flights that come to 
London where they could have got a train 
or a number of people could have 
managed it.
 
Using private airplanes, which are very, very 
carbon expensive, is entirely, not so much
 unnecessary, but it's sending completely 
the wrong message to everybody else.
 
We have the situation where our Prime Minister 
Boris Johnson came back to London by 
private jet. Well, I looked it up; there 
were six possible scheduled 
airlines flights he could
have taken, or a train 
from Glasgow 
to London.
 
We cannot have one rule for them 
and one rule for everybody else.
 
So global leaders need to reflect on that; 
whatever the challenges, there are 
plenty of airlines that could have
 accommodated them.
 
Robert Evens, Former MEP, British Labour Cooperative
 
That makes sense and sounds fair, but ‘therein lies 
the rub’ and the barely veiled hypocrisy of what US
 Senator Ted Cruz has said. He himself has, in fact,
 received more money from oil and gas companies 
in 2018 than any other senator.
 
Ted Cruz received nearly $800,000 from the oil and
 gas industry in the year 2018. And as for other US
 senators, one in four US Senators still hold fossil 
fuel investments.
 
The households of those 28 senators own a 
combined minimum of $3.7 million, and as 
much as $12.6 billion in fossil fuel assets.
 
"The vicious spiral of global debt these countries at
the frontline of the climate crisis, unable to respond 
to his Fallout, and the failure of the world's richest 
countries to lift the burden, exposes their climate
 hypocrisy", according to The Tribune.
 
Debt hypocrisy
 
COP 26.. actually exposed the debt hypocrisy of the
 rich nations, and that is where the problem is. Last 
year, we had $72 billion flowing out of low income
 countries in debt repayments. These are vital
 resources that could have been directed to 
tackling the climate emergency and easing
 the effects of the Pandemic.
 
Instead, lower income countries are now spending 
five times more on debt-repayments that they're
 spending on fighting the climate crisis.
 
Luca Lacoboni is a campaign manager for 
energy and climate at Greenpeace, Italy.
 
When you take a look at the developing countries
there was a lack of representation. Why was 
that at this conference? It's a summit?
 
[The] most affected countries, the countries that 
actually see climate change impacting their daily 
life almost every day around the world are those
 countries that are less represented in COP, in
Glasgow and this is absolutely unacceptable
 since the richest countries... are those who 
are feeling the impacts of climate change
less, --- 
and should hear the voices of
the most 
affected countries and of
the most 
effective people.
 
This is another important sign of the fact that at 
the moment, also that COP26 in Glasgow is 
doing a lot of words, but really, not 
enough action.
 
Luca Lacaboni, Greenpeace
 
One wonders how much money was actually spent
 fighting the COVID 19 pandemic, and how much 
was spent saving businesses and countries 
from actually crashing.
 
For the prime minister of Barbados, the COP26 
summit sheds light on how the desired 1.5 
degrees Celsius goal could already have
 been reached.
 
The central banks of the wealthiest countries engaged
 in $25 trillion of quantitative easing in the last 13
 years, 25 trillion, of that, 9 trillion was in the 
last 18 months, to fight the pandemic.
 
If we had used that 25 trillion to purchase bonds, the
 energy transition or the transition of how we eat or
 how we move ourselves in transport, we would 
now be reaching that 1.5 degrees limit that is 
so vital to us.
 
Mia Motley, PM Barbados
 
While social media giant Facebook changed its name
 to Meta, a group of protestors placed a large melting
 iceberg sculpture in front of the Capitol Building in
 Washington. This group said Facebook had played
 a major role --- by not stopping the spread of 
climate disinformation.
 
Actually, climate disinformation is rampant on
 Facebook. There's 1.3 million views of climate
 disinformation daily.
 
Facebook says that they send 100,000 people 
to their climate information centre every day.
 
But if we look at their numbers versus the numbers
 that we're getting from the researchers, there's a
 massive discrepancy of how much climate
 misinformation there really is, on 
their platform.
 
Rewan Al-Haddad, Sumofus Campaign Advisor
 
When it comes to climate change there needs to be
 strong will, on all fronts, from political incentives to
 budgetary allocations. With so much ground to 
cover on the issue, where would be the 
good place to start?
 
The companies that are responsible for most of 
the worlds greenhouse gas emissions would
 be a good place to start.
 
The 20 major fossil fuel companies are collectively
 responsible for 35% of global greenhouse gas
 emissions. Surely if we know who these 20 
companies are, then we should stop them 
from doing what they're doing. If only it 
were that simple.
 
What is needed is strong political will, and action 
by the gas and oil companies responsible.  
 
Considering the top corporations, for example, 
Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, Exxon, Mobil, BP, 
and Royal Dutch Shell, and examining how 
much CO2 they actually emitted into the
 atmosphere, we are looking at 480 
billion tons of carbon dioxide.
 
That's a lot of CO2, regardless of all environmental
 disasters that have happened over the past few
 decades, however, that is not where the 
controversy lies.
 
The whole notion of the use of coal, oil and gas and its
 detrimental effects on the planet and environments..
 has been known from as long ago as the year 1965.
 
In 1965 the US president’s scientific advisory
committee announced that pollutants had 
altered the carbon dioxide content of the 
air and the lead concentrations in ocean
waters and human populations... on a 
global scale.
 
In simpler language, fossil fuels were causing the
 release of carbon dioxide, which was altering the 
air on a global scale, posing a huge risk
 for mankind.
 
More examples
 
The American Petroleum Institute issued a warning
 that there's still time to save the planet from the
 catastrophic consequences of pollution but 
that time was running out.
 
So there has been warning after warning, and, as if
 that were not bad enough... an internal memo from
 Exxon Mobil, in 1981, reveals a shocking warning.
 
One of the managers issued an internal memo 
saying that the company's long term business 
plans produce effects which will indeed be
 catastrophic, at least for a substantial 
fraction of the Earth's population.
 
The big oil companies, however, were not going 
to ignore or forgo their profits, thus in 1989 a 
company --- by the name of Global Climate 
Coalition was established. It was, in fact, 
not an environmental group, as the name 
may suggest but was intended to really 
to sow doubts about climate change.
 
It actually induced lawmakers to block clean 
energy legislation and climate treaties 
throughout the 1990s.
 
Which is, more or less, when the general public 
began to doubt the effects of climate change.
 
The COP 26 goal was to reduce carbon 
emissions in the hope of eliminating 
it altogether.
 
The commitments made by various countries, for
 instance India, which has pledged net zero 
emissions by the year 2070, or Saudi 
Arabia, which made a commitment
 for net zero emissions by the 
year 2060 are both very far
 into the future.
 
We were under the impression that time is 
running out and it now appears that
 those commitments shall not 
be enough.
 
Saudi Arabia is a very rich country and it's 
done very well out of oil over many years. 
Of course, I understand why it's worried 
about changing it.
 
But if you're going to have a net zero by 2060, 
nearly 40 years away, it's totally unacceptable 
as a target. Now, it may be that they don't 
reach it till then but I do believe that 
countries have got to set ambitious
 targets and really make much 
greater moves.
 
You know, the reason that we are still driving around
 in petrol driven cars, to a large extent, when 50 years
 ago, they had the technology to build battery vehicles, 
they just haven't developed it, is because of the power 
of the oil industry over the years, the oil industry in 
the Middle East, and the plentiful supply of cheap oil. 
 
The amount of investment (that could have) gone into
 alternative forms that went into, for instance, mobile
 phones, which are now very sophisticated pieces 
of technology.
 
If the same amount of effort and energy had gone 
into more environmentally friendly, mass 
produced vehicles, we would not all be 
driving around in petrol driven 
vehicles at the moment.
 
Robert Evens, Former MEP, 
British Labour Cooperative
 
Subsidized Oil and Gas
 
The statement lays out important steps: CO2 
emissions, as well as including the need to 
accelerate using best efforts, by all of us,
 to phase down unabated coal in this 
decade, as fast as is achievable.
 
John F Kerry, US Climate Envoy
 
The US climate representative neglects to point out 
the fact that the US government has actually
subsidized coal, oil and gas for decades, 
to the tune of a billion dollars a year.
 
So, in the draft today, we saw that coal was referenced
in the draft... as well as subsidies. That's not good
enough! 86% of the emissions trapped in our 
atmosphere come from oil, gas and coal, 
....and while we talk about targets and 
emissions here - these governments, 
many of them, especially the wealthy 
nations, are proposing new projects 
that would take us past 1.5 degrees.
 
Tzeporah Berman, Chair, Fossil 
Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty
 
It comes as no surprise... that there are
 protests against this blatant hypocrisy.
 
At the moment it isn't sufficient. And we need, you
 know, world leaders from the richest and most
 polluting countries to raise their efficiency 
and to provide a clear mandate for 
countries to come back to the 
table next year... with much
more ambitious emission 
reductions by 2030.
 
Armelle Le Comte, Climate 
Advocacy Manager, Oxfam
 
One of the things that stood out at the COP26 summit
 was the presence and the actions of the activists, 
urging world leaders to act on climate change, 
keen on pointing out the hypocrisy of
 feeding lies to the general public.
 
Take the group of activists led by members of the
 Extinction Rebellion direct action group who
 highlighted how the mode of transportation 
chosen makes a difference, like opting to 
travel by rail rather than air.
 
It is our job to make it very clear; travelling by train 
for this distance (instead of by air) is justified by 
the carbon emission when we compare that 
to airlines.
 
Jacques Damas, CEO, Eurostar
 
Another mode of transportation that needs reforming
 is global shipping. There is actually a trillion dollar
 push to decarbonize cargo ships, which are huge
 carbon emitters.
 
Therefore, if countries and companies hope to meet
 the Paris Agreement targets, they must change the
 way freight shipping is managed. The use of 
electric batteries or alternative fuels, is one 
way to go about this.
 
At present.. shipping products across the ocean using
freight ships creates more greenhouse gas emissions 
than the estimated 2 billion US cars and trucks on US
roads combined, at around 1 billion metric tons.
 
Activists with the group Ocean Rebellion held 
a theatrical demonstration in an attempt to 
demonstrate the need by COP 26 
attendees to step up efforts to 
protect their national borders, 
calling for greater investment 
in ocean based renewable 
energy, decarbonization 
of industries and further 
pertinent research.
 
So today, we have one of our Ocean Rebellion 
classic theatrical performances, creating 
conscious pricking imagery to try and 
help tell the story, which today, is on 
the eve of COP Ocean day, to draw 
attention to the delegates that our 
oceans need to be way up on
their agenda.
 
It covers 70% of our [planet] and provides 50 to
 80% of the oxygen that we breathe, so it's 
vitally important and our oceans are at
 crisis point.
 
Laura Baldwin, Ocean Rebellion, Member
 
$100 Million pledge made and lost in Copenhagen
 
12 years ago, at the United Nations climate summit in
 Copenhagen, rich nations made a significant pledge; 
they promised to channel 100 billion US dollars a 
year to less wealthy nations, by 2020, to help 
them tackle climate change and mitigate 
further rises in global temperatures.
 
Another clear case of climate hypocrisy was
 evidenced when one climate activist asked 
the British Finance minister about UK tax 
breaks and funding for fossil
 fuel companies.
 
The UK Prime Minister had earlier made a grand
 pledge..... to some bemused young pupils at an 
infant school to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
 
And then there was the United States Special 
Presidential Envoy for Climate, John Kerry,
 talking about emissions.
 
The IPCC report is the synthesis report of the NDC's,
 indicates that we have to achieve somewhere in the
 vicinity of a 45% reduction over the next 10 years.
 
John F Kerry, US Climate Envoy
 
But the best these two so called world leaders could
 do was to squeeze a 2060 pledge out of Saudi Arabia.
 
I announce today that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
 aims to reach net zero in the year 2060, through 
the carbon circular economy approach, in line 
with its development plans and enabling its 
economic diversification and in accordance 
with the “Dynamic Baseline”, while 
preserving and reinforcing the 
Kingdom’s leading role.. in the 
security and stability of global 
energy markets.
 
 Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, 
Mohammad Bin Salman
 
The COP 26 Climate Summit has ended, more than 190
 nations reached a deal, but... without an enforcement
 mechanism, critics are saying the agreement, which 
calls on governments to strengthen greenhouse gas
 emission cuts, is going to fall short --- if not flat on 
its nether regions.
 
We are, globally speaking, a consumer driven society
 with billions of products - which are produced using
 material & substances produced by these oil firms.
 
Unless we change the way we live, our lifestyles, and
 how we spend our money, that's not going to change,
 and the petroleum companies are well aware of that, 
which is why they will most probably not live up to
 their  clean energy commitments;  thought 
provoking - yet hardly surprising.
 
 
_________________________________


 
Malaysian and Costa
Rican
 institutions
win UNESCO prize
by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
November 17th, 11:18am (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Forestry Research Institute in Malaysia and 
the University for International Cooperation in 
Costa Rica won the 2021 UNESCO-Sultan 
Qaboos Prize for Environmental 
Conservation, the multilateral 
organization announced 
on Wednesday.
 
In a communique, the specialized UN agency in 
education, science and culture issues, stated 
that the awarding ceremony will be held this 
Wednesday, in the context of celebrating
 the 50th anniversary of the Man and the
 Biosphere Program... during the 41st 
General Conference of UNESCO,
forum taking place from 
November 9th to 24th.
 
The Malaysian institution was awarded for its initiatives
to monitor & preserve endangered species of national
interest, producing publications such as the Plant 
Red List, and for documenting the traditional 
knowledge of indigenous peoples and
 local communities.
 
The Costa Rican university won the UNESCO-Sultan 
Qaboos Prize, for its support to creating new 
biosphere reserves in Latin America, such 
as Sumaco (Ecuador), Cabo de Hornos
 (Chile) and Agua y Paz, in Costa Rica.
 
According to the jury, both institutions also stood out 
for their outreach and public awareness, such as 
outdoor activities for students, and the 
development of community farms 
and eco-tourism.
 
Allocated every two years -- since 1991 -- the UNESCO-
Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Conservation 
was established, thanks to a donation by Sultan 
Qaboos Bin Said Al-Said, of Oman.
 
 
 
__________________________________


 
 
FAO supports Cuba in green-
house effect readings
by Erich Tellez Corrales
 November 17th, 11:16am (Prensa Latina) 
 
Cuba has reportedly widened its capacity 
to read greenhouse gas emissions - with 
technical assistance, from the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United 
Nations (FAO).
 
A workshop recently held by the CBIT- AFOLU project, 
implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture of Cuba, 
with technical assistance from the FAO and
funding 
from the Global Environment
Facility (GEF), 
has contributed
to this purpose.
 
A press release from the Office of that UN agency
in Cuba, 
referred to the assistance it provides in
strengthening
 technical capacities to assess
and report on, 
emissions and removals of
Greenhouse 
Gases (GHG)... in the
agriculture, forestry 
and other
land uses (AFOLU).
 
The meeting (from the 8th to the 12th of this month),
allowed the exchange of knowledge & experiences 
among Cuban experts, to advance towards an 
improvement of the National Inventory of 
Greenhouse Gases (GHG), the text 
also indicates.
 
It also points out that the above will contribute to increase
accuracy & comparability, in relation to the requirements
 established by the Enhanced Transparency Framework 
of the Paris Agreement.
 
In this regard, the workshop addressed the methodologies 
used for the calculation of estimates of emissions and 
removals of Greenhouse Gases --- according to the 
2006 guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel 
on Climate Change (IPCC) in the AFOLU sector.
 
The participants in this process included professors 
from the Atmospheric Pollution and Chemistry 
Centre of the Institute of Meteorology, those 
responsible for preparing the inventory... 
and specialists from the Livestock 
Business Group’s Training 
Centre, the Soil Institute,
and the Agroforestry
 Research Institute.
 
The national coordinator of the CBIT-AFOLU project, 
Janet Blanco, referred to the problem of information 
gaps, in the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory.
 
She emphasized the need for scientific institutions 
to work on the identification of data and factors
that influence the emission of these gases
in 
Cuban agriculture.


 
___________________________________


 
Iran climate chief calls COP26
 a failure because of colonialist 
approaches
November 16th, 6:36pm (PressTV)
 
Iranian authorities say the United Nations’ recent climate
 conference in the Scottish city of Glasgow (COP26) 
failed to reach its objectives... because of the 
colonialist approaches of rich countries 
toward developing nations.
 
Head of the Iranian government’s Department of 
Environment, Ali Salajegheh, said on Tuesday, 
that the Glasgow summit turned out to be a 
failure... because developed nations 
continued to dictate their wishes 
on countries that still rely on 
fossil fuels for a bulk of 
their energy needs.
 
Salajegheh made the remarks after returning from COP26, 
an occasion he used to highlight the impacts of US 
sanctions on Iran’s ability to meet climate goals 
set under a 2015 global agreement.
 
In his Tuesday briefing with reporters in Tehran.. the 
Iranian climate chief accused the developed nations 
of trying to force others into accepting the huge 
costs of the global transition to renewables.
 
“The question is, who created problems for the ozone 
layer and the greenhouse gases? They (who created 
them) have now come to the conclusion that the 
countries with energy resources should pay 
for improving the climate, this is a 
colonialist policy,” he said.
 
Salajegheh said Iran will seek to expand its cooperation
 with countries that have opposed the unilateral 
approaches adopted in the West, on the
issue
 of the environment.
 
He hailed the positions adopted by Qatar and Saudi 
Arabia in COP26, saying Iran should seek to boost
 its regional diplomacy on the environment.
 
The Iranian delegation to the Glasgow summit announced 
on Saturday that it was not satisfied with the language 
used in the meeting’s draft agreement on phasing 
out fossil fuel subsidies and instead, declared
 its support for India’s position on the issue.
 


_____________________________________
 

Report Finds Air Pollution in Europe
 Still Killing Over 300,000 A Year
November 15th, 12:06pm (FNA)
 
Premature deaths caused by fine particle air pollution
 have fallen 10 percent annually across Europe, but 
the invisible killer still accounts for 307,000 
premature deaths a year, the European 
Environment Agency said Monday.
 
If the latest air quality guidelines from the World Health 
Organisation were followed by EU members, the latest
 number of fatalities recorded in 2019 could be cut in 
half, according to an EEA report, AFP reported.
 
Deaths linked to fine particulate matter -- with a diameter
 below 2.5 micrometres or PM2.5 -- were estimated at 
346,000 for 2018.
 
The clear reduction in deaths for the following year were 
put down partly to favourable weather but above all to
a
 progressive improvement in air quality across the 
continent, the European Union's air pollution data
 centre said.
 
In the early 1990s, fine particles, which penetrate deeply
 into the lungs, led to nearly a million premature deaths 
in the 27 EU member nations, according to the report.
 
That figure had been more than
 halved to 450,000 by 2005.
 
In 2019, fine particulate matter caused 53,800 premature
 deaths in Germany, 49,900 in Italy, 29,800 in France 
and 23,300 in Spain.
 
Poland saw 39,300 deaths, the highest
 figure per head of population.
 
The EEA also registers premature deaths linked to two 
other leading pollutants, but says it does not count 
them in its overall toll, to avoid doubling up.
 
Deaths caused by nitrogen dioxide -- mainly from cars, 
trucks and thermal power stations -- fell by a quarter
 to 40,000 between 2018 and 2019.
 
Fatalities linked to ground-level ozone in 2019
 also dropped 13 percent to 16,800 dead.
 
Air pollution remains the biggest environmental threat
 to human health in Europe, the agency said.
 
Heart disease and strokes cause most premature deaths
 blamed on air pollution, followed by lung ailments 
including cancer.
 
In children, atmospheric pollution can harm lung
 development, cause respiratory infections and
 aggravate asthma.
 
Even if the situation is improving, the EEA warned
 in September that most EU countries were still 
above the recommended pollution limits, be
 they European guidelines or the more 
ambitious WHO targets.
 
According to the UN health body, air pollution causes 
seven million premature deaths, annually, across the 
globe - on the same levels as smoking and poor diet.
 
In September, the alarming statistics led the WHO 
to tighten its recommended limits on major air 
pollutants for the first time since 2005.
 
"Investing in cleaner heating, mobility, agriculture 
and industry improves health, productivity and 
the quality of life for all Europeans, and 
particularly for the most vulnerable," 
said EEA director Hans Bruyninck.
 
The EU wants to slash premature deaths, due to 
fine air pollution by at least 55 percent in 2030 
compared to 2005.
 
If air pollution continues to fall at the current rate, 
the agency estimates the target will be reached 
by 2032.
 
However an ageing and increasingly urbanised
 population could make that more difficult.
 
"An older population is more sensitive to air pollution...
 and a higher rate of urbanisation typically means that 
more people are exposed to PM 2.5 concentrations, 
which tend to be higher in cities," said the report.
 
 
 
______________________________



Measures taken at COP26 - not
 sufficient - UN Sec.-General
November 14th, 10:37pm (TASS) 
 
Measures to combat climate changes agreed in 
the conclusion of the 26th UN Climate Change 
Conference (COP26, are not enough to 
save the planet, UN Sec.-General, 
Antonio Guterres, said.
 
"We did not achieve these goals at this conference. 
But we have some building blocks for progress," 
Guterres said. "We are still knocking on the 
door of climate catastrophe," he noted.
 
"These are welcome steps...  but they are 
not enough," the Secretary-General said.
 
Delegates of almost 200 countries participating 
in the COP26, agreed upon the texts of the
concluding documents of the forum, 
COP26 President, and member of 
the UK Cabinet, Alok Sharma, 
said earlier.
 
 
 
_________________________________




Deforestation in
Brazilian Amazon 
sets record in October
by Erich Tellez Corrales
November 12th, 3:17pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Brazilian Amazon lost 877 square kilometres 
(km²) of forest in October, an increase of five 
percent, compared to 2020 and a record for 
the month, official sources revealed today.
 
The data from the National Institute of Space
Research 
(INPE) relied on alerts from the
Real-Time 
Deforestation Detection
System (Deter).
 
This method produces daily signals of changes in forest 
cover for areas larger than three hectares (0.03 km²),
in
 this case, those totally deforested and those in
the 
process of degradation (by logging,
mining, 
burning and others).
 
According to the information recorded, this is
the largest
 devastated area for this month
since 2016, covering 
eight states.
 
It corresponds to the Legal Amazon 59 percent of the
 Brazilian territory and comprises the area of the 
divisions of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato 
Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and 
Tocantins, as well as part 
of Maranhão.
 
The G1 news portal assures that, at the climate summit
(COP26), held in Glasgow (Scotland), Brazil ignored 
the devastation records... and promised to end 
illegal deforestation by 2028.
 
For Márcio Astrini, executive secretary of the 
non-governmental organization, Climate 
Observatory, the data show -- that the 
Brazilian Executive: has no intention 
of fulfilling the commitments signed 
at COP26: “Emissions occur on the
 forest floor, not in the plenary 
sessions in Glasgow”.
 
He pointed out that, in Glasgow, the government 
is trying to sell the illusion of its environmental 
commitment, but for the world, he remarked, 
“the important thing, is not the square 
metres of Brazilia that stand, but
the 
kilometres of forest --- that
are 
destroyed every day”.
 
 
 
____________________________


Bill Dores: Wall Street and the 
Pentagon, not China, pose
 the largest climate threat
November 11th, 2:44pm (PressTV)
 
US political analyst and activist Bill Dores says 
Washington’s “attempt to frame China for the 
world climate crisis, is one of the most 
hypocritical acts in history,” as the 
US is the source of the deadliest 
corporate and military assault 
on the planet in history, 
not China.
 
Dores, a writer for Struggle/La Lucha, and a longtime 
antiwar activist, made the remarks in an interview 
with Press TV on Thursday, after Democrats in 
the US House of Representatives and Senate 
called on US President Joe Biden --- to use 
targeted sanctions to punish individuals 
and companies that are worsening the 
global climate crisis.
 
In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and 
Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last week, Democrat
 lawmakers, particularly targeted China, and its 
companies despite the fact that studies show 
that the US military is the largest consumer 
of hydrocarbons on the planet and one 
of the largest polluters in history.
 
According to the New York Times, the US has contributed 
more than any other country to the atmospheric carbon
 dioxide that is scorching the planet.
 
Senators Ed Markey (D-Mass), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), 
Bernie Sanders (I-VT), and Rep. Veronica Escobar (D-
Texas), who signed on the letter, called on the Biden 
administration to target individuals and companies 
“that are perpetrating the worst climate damage.”
 
Following is the complete text of 
Dores’s comment to Press TV:
 
US hypocrisy on
looming climate disaster
 
Washington’s attempt to frame China for the 
world climate crisis is one of the most 
hypocritical acts in history. It is also 
one of the most dangerous. It is a 
deliberate effort to sabotage the 
international cooperation needed
to stop looming climate disaster. 
 
And it is a step toward war  ---  the 
ultimate environmental destroyer.
 
Fracking industry agent Donald Trump claimed that 
climate change: is a “hoax created by and for the 
Chinese.” Joe Biden admits the climate crisis is 
real, but seeks to blame it on China. Some
US 
senators even say - China should
be 
sanctioned for its alleged 
environmental misdeeds.
 
What mendacity! China leads the world in renewable 
energy production, reforestation, electric vehicles,
 high-speed rail and solar panel manufacture.
 
In recent years, China has surpassed the US in overall 
carbon emissions. But China is the largest country in
 the world. It has nearly five times the population of 
the United States. Its per capita emissions are
less
 than half those of the US. And it has
a concrete 
strategy to seriously
reduce them.
 
Meanwhile, the watered-down infrastructure bill passed
 by Congress gifts tens of billions of dollars... to the US 
fossil fuel industry. That’s not surprising considering 
28 US senators are directly invested in fossil fuel 
companies. And that 11 lawyers for ExxonMobil 
helped to write the bill.
 
The Trump regime imposed tariffs on all Chinese-made 
solar panels, at the behest of his oil company bosses.
Biden.... has outright banned the import of Chinese-
made solar panels.
 
The White House claims Chinese solar panels are made 
with forced labour. Yet the racist US prison-industrial
 complex --- is the biggest exploiter of forced labour
in
 the world. Imagine how many jobs installing
those 
panels could create for workers here.
 
If Washington were really concerned about human rights,
 it could stop sending cops and marshals to attack the 
Water Protectors, Native activists and their allies, 
defending their land against fracking and 
pipelines.
 
 They have been gassed, clubbed, shot and jailed by 
federal and state agents, in the US and Canada. 
 
Under HR1374, a law now before Congress, state agents
 would be authorized to murder anti-pipeline protesters.
 
Biden seeks to weaponize
the climate crisis
 
Trump denied the climate crisis. Biden, seeks to weaponize
 it. Though their tactics be different, they share one object:
 To try and restore the stranglehold the US corporate 
ruling class once had on the world economy.
 
For decades, Washington and Wall Street, used their power 
to strangle economic development in Africa, Asia and Latin
 America.  They kept themselves at the centre of the world
 economy --- by keeping most of the world impoverished.
Meanwhile, US companies poisoned the air
with abandon.
 
Greenhouse gases don’t go away. At least 25 percent of 
those that now fill the atmosphere are made in the US. 
That doesn’t count the output of the offshore 
operations of US-owned corporations.
 
For decades after World War II, US corporations owned 
most of the world’s known oil reserves. That was key
 to US global power. They - purposely - kept oil-rich 
countries “underdeveloped” and dependent on 
selling oil. Today Washington tries to achieve 
that, with war and sanctions.
 
In the 1970s and ’80s, oil-producing countries began 
to take back ownership of their own resources. The
 Libyan Revolution of 1969, Iraq's nationalizations 
of 1972, and especially the Iranian Revolution
of 
1979, were catalysts in this process.
 
1 in 4 US senators heavily invested 
in fossil fuel industry: Report
 
The senators present a major hurdle in the way of 
President Joe Biden’s ambitious climate agenda.
 
In 1991, as soon as the Cold War ended, the US
went 
to war against oil-producing countries.
Under 
different names and pretexts, that
imperialist 
war has raged for 30 years.

It has destroyed 
millions of lives and cost
trillions of dollars. 
The climate is also
a victim.
 
US war machine is the most
polluting institution on earth
 
From 2001 to 2017, the US military poured 1.6 billion 
metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere. At least 
400 million tons of that, came from US military 
operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan 
and Syria.
 
The US war machine, with its massive global 
operations, is the most polluting institution 
on earth. In 2017... it unleashed 60 billion 
metric tons of carbon dioxide into the air. 
That was more than the individual output 
of 140 countries. Every year - it dumps 
750,000 tons of toxic waste-depleted 
uranium - oil, jet fuels, pesticides, 
defoliants, lead and other 
chemicals, into our air, 
water and soil. 
 
The US Army’s M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank uses nearly 
4 gallons of fuel per mile. An Air Force B2 bomber burns
 at least 4.2 gallons of jet fuel per mile, and has to be 
refueled every six hours. In the so-called “war on 
terror,” B2 bombers flew 44 hours from Missouri 
and Nebraska to rain bombs on people in Iraq 
and Afghanistan. But the biggest waste of 
energy, is the constant transport of 
troops, weapons and supplies 
around the world.
 
When the Clinton administration signed the Kyoto 
climate agreement in 1997, it insisted the US 
military be exempt from the treaty’s 
restrictions.
 
Washington’s 30-year oil war had another devastating 
impact on our planet’s climate. It unleashed the 
“shale oil revolution” that has made the US 
the world’s No. 1 fossil fuel producer.
 
US fracking industry
poisons the earth
 
After the US invaded Iraq, Corporate America pumped
hundreds of billions of dollars into fracking - the 
hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas from shale 
rock. War & sanctions against oil-producing 
countries created a triple-digit energy price
bubble that made these huge investments 
seem profitable. It stimulated the plunder 
of Canada’s tar sands, the DAPL and the
Enbridge 3 pipelines and mountain-top
removal projects, in Appalachia.
 
Fracking not only poisons the earth and water --- it 
unleashes much more methane, than conventional
 drilling. The collapse of the fracking boom has left 
many of these wells abandoned. There are over 3 
million abandoned oil and gas wells... across the 
United States. At least 2 million are unplugged: 
gushing out methane and other chemicals.
 
Plugging those wells and reclaiming the land around 
them would create a lot more jobs than fracking and 
pipelines do. So would investing in renewable 
energy, reforestation, mass transit and 
high-speed rail... instead of war.
 
Attacking China over climate change is a red herring. If 
Washington is serious about preventing environmental 
disaster -- it should end the US corporate and military 
assault on the planet. To make that happen will take 
a people’s struggle against corporate power.
 
End the wars and sanctions. Bring home all the troops, 
war fleets and warplanes. Invest that money in renew
-
able energy, expanding mass transit systems, 
affordable high-speed rail and reforestation. 
 
And help poorer countries do the same. Those things... 
could create millions of high-paying jobs. Ban fracking 
and shut down the DAPL and Enbridge pipelines. The
sky is the limit --- when the needs of humanity are
put 
before corporate profit.


_____________________________________________


 
UNESCO highlights role of forests
 in the face of climate change
 October 28th, 2:13pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
UNESCO highlighted the contribution of the forests 
inscribed on its World Heritage list, in confronting 
climate change, with an estimated annual 
absorption of carbon dioxide, at 
190 million tons.
 
UNESCO issued a statement sharing the results of an
 unpublished study on the role of forest ecosystems 
spread over 257 sites on the planet.
 
Researchers from UNESCO, the World Resources Institute
- and the International Union for Conservation of Nature - 
participated in the research, which made it possible to
 measure the impact of forests against the existential 
threat posed by climate change, and determine the 
causes of certain emissions of pollutants into 
the atmosphere.
 
According to the study, the 190 million tonnes of carbon
dioxide present in the atmosphere absorbed, represent
 around half of the CO2 generated by fossil fuels that 
the United Kingdom emits annually.
 
The forests registered by UNESCO cover a total area of 
69 million hectares, and constitute ecosystems rich in
 biodiversity capable of storing large amounts of 
carbon, which, if released, would adversely
 impact the climate.
 
The research, however, left worrying results, in 10 of the
 forests, where human action has led them to emit more
 carbon than captured, in the last two decades.
 
Among the causes, UNESCO pointed to the fragmentation 
of land, due to forest exploitation, and clearing for the 
benefit of agriculture, and reiterated its call --- to 
protect forests and prioritize their sustainable 
management - in order that they continue to 
play a key role on the lives of current and 
future generations of human beings.
 


________________________________





Extinction Rebellion activists...  blockade
 then break into UK’s largest oil refinery
 to roll out ‘no future in fossil fuels’
banner
October 28th, 10:06am (RT)
 
Extinction Rebellion has deployed its infamous pink boat
 to blockade the entrance to Hampshire's Fawley Exxon-
Mobil oil refinery, with demonstrators cutting through 
the site's electric fence to unveil a banner over its 
oil silos.
 
In a statement released on Thursday, the climate activist
 group confirmed they had broken into the Fawley Oil
 refinery to “demand that the Government stops all 
new fossil fuel investments immediately.”
 
15 activists, including British Olympians Laura Baldwin 
and Etienne Stott, descended on the site in the early 
hours of the morning, with several of the activists 
breaching the electrified perimeter fence to
scale
 two 50-foot oil silos.
 
The group unveiled banners declaring that there is
“climate emergency” and “no future in fossil
fuels,” 
sharing photos of the stunt on their
Twitter account. 
 
Extinction Rebellion simultaneously blocked access to 
the UK’s largest oil refinery with the group’s infamous 
pink boat, the Beverly Geronimo, claiming that, 
“despite warnings,” British government 
officials are “letting Exxon expand
to 
increase by 40%.”
 
Due to the blockade at the gate of the Hampshire site, 
the climate activists confirmed ExxonMobil had sent 
its staff home for the day and police were on site
to
 try and disperse the protest. 
 
The stated goal of the demonstration on Thursday is to
 secure a commitment from ExxonMobil to stop its 
expansion plans at the Fawley oil refinery,
which 
supplies 20% of the UK’s
fossil fuels.
 
 (Rhondda Records adds: Why 'infamous', RT?)
 


________________________________





UN Chief Warns World
on
 ‘One-Way Ticket to 
Disaster’ over Climate
October 22nd, 3:28pm (FNA)
 
 United Nations Chief Antonio Guterres said the world’s
 current climate situation is “a one-way ticket for 
disaster”, reiterating the urgency of agreement 
at the COP26 climate conference at the end 
of the month.
 
The 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, struck 
at the COP21 summit, called for global warming to 
be capped at well below two degrees Celsius 
(3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above the pre-
industrial level, and ideally closer to 
1.5C (2.7F), AFP reported.
 
But current UN estimates indicate a “catastrophic” 
warming of 2.7C  (4.8F) is on the cards.
 
Guterres said on Thursday that such an increase 
was “obviously a one-way ticket for disaster.”
 
“The carbon pollution of a handful of countries has 
brought humanity to its knees and they bear the 
greatest responsibility,” he told an online press 
conference with members of the Covering 
Climate Now international project.
 
“I hope we are still on time to avoid a failure in Glasgow, 
but time is running short, and things are getting more 
difficult and that is why I’m very very worried. I’m 
afraid things might go wrong,” he said.
 
The Glasgow summit begins on October 31st and is 
seen as crucial for agreeing on worldwide 
emission targets that will slow 
global heating.
 
The Group of 20, which includes the world’s biggest
 economies, is due to meet in Italy on October 30th,
 but leaders are said to be divided over phasing 
out coal and committing to the 1.5C target.
 
Earlier this month, COP26 President Alok Sharma, 
said the G20 meeting would be “make or break” 
for success in Glasgow.
 
“The G20 leaders will meet in Rome and they know 
their economies are responsible for four-fifths of 
the planet's carbon pollution,” Guterres said.
 
“If they do not stand up … we are headed 
for terrible human suffering,” he added.
 
He said, “China and the United States must do 
more than what they have announced so far.”
 
 
 
______________________________________

 
  
Among Europe’s dirtiest: ‘Green’ 
biomass power plant in Yorkshire
 burning ‘renewable’ wood emits
 MORE CO2 than UK’s coal
 – report
October 9th, 5:45pm (RT)
 
A supposedly “carbon neutral” Drax biomass power 
plant is the UK’s leading source of CO2 emissions 
--- and belches out more harmful carbon and 
particulate matter, than some of Europe’s 
dirtiest coal plants, according to a
new report.
 
Renewable energy firm Drax describes its plant in North 
Yorkshire as a “purely renewable” facility, boasting that 
it has slashed its carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, by
90% since 2012. The plant burns biomass – pellets 
of compressed wood – and received £832 million
 ($1.13 billion) in direct government subsidies 
last year, on top of an estimated £258
million 
($351 million) in carbon
tax breaks.
 
Yet the energy generated at Drax... is far from green, a 
new report by environmental think tank Ember claims. 
While the UK and EU consider biomass power “carbon
 neutral,” this assessment is based on the assumption 
that biomass emissions are offset by the planting of
 new trees.
 
This forest regrowth takes time, and the European
 Academies’ Sciences Advisory Council (EASAC) 
reported earlier this year that switching plants 
from coal to biomass – as was the case at 
Drax’ Yorkshire facility – would not cause
 any drop in emissions for at least three
 to five decades. 
 
“Such technology is not effective in mitigating climate 
change and may even increase the risk of dangerous 
climate change,” the EASAC stated.
 
In the UK, wood burning plants like Drax’ currently spew 
out more CO2 than coal plants, including coal used in 
steel production. Drax is the country’s top emitter 
.......releasing 13.3 million tons of CO2 into the 
atmosphere per year ---- compared to the 
entire coal sector’s yearly emissions 
of 10 million tons.  
 
Data shows that Drax is Europe’s third-worst emitter 
of CO2, behind Germany's Neurath and Poland’s
BeÅ‚chatów coal plants. It is also Europe’s 4th
-worst emitter of PM10 particulate matter, 
coming in behind three coal plants in 
Poland and Romania. It is the only 
biomass facility... to rank in 
Europe’s top ten CO2 and
 PM10 emissions lists.
 
A Drax spokesman responded to Ember’s report by 
describing the think tank’s figures as “inaccurate 
and completely at odds with what the world’s 
leading climate scientists at the UN IPCC
say, about sustainable biomass being
crucial 
to delivering global 
climate targets.” 
The company says that its carbon emissions are 
“biologically sequestered,” meaning they are 
technically counted as zero under the 
previously-mentioned EU and UK 
assumptions of forest regrowth.
 
However, critics suggest that the scientific
consensus
 on “sustainable” biomass...
may soon change.
 
“Recent science demonstrates that burning forest 
biomass for power is unlikely to be carbon 
neutral – and there’s a real risk that it’s 
responsible for significant emissions,”
 Ember Chief Operating Officer
Phil 
MacDonald stated. 
 
“Before the government spends more taxpayer 
money on biomass..  we should make sure we 
know we’re getting the emissions reductions 
that we’re paying for.”
 
 

_________________________________



 Gazprom and Aeroflot behind 
Russia's first green aviation fuel
 September 24th, 12:30pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Russian companies Gazprom Oil and Aeroflot 
reported the signing of a deal to create the first 
production of aviation fuel with a minimal 
carbon footprint... from agro-forestry 
systems.
 
The oil company explained that the use of such a
green resource can reduce up greenhouse gas
 emissions in the sector up to 80 percent, 
TASS news agency reported.
 
The deal between the Russian firms... provides for 
the development of various efficient formulations
 of aviation fuel. In this case, the fuel is to be 
adjusted to various types of aircraft and
it will be certified in accordance with 
Russian and international aviation
 safety standards.
 
'In our country and around the world there is a potentially
 high demand from the aviation industry for green fuel, 
taking into account the task of reducing the carbon
 intensity of air traffic,' Gazprom Oil head 
Alexander Diukov noted.
 
He explained that the main research platform for the new 
product, will be the Gazprom Neft Industrial Innovation 
Technology Centre in Saint Petersburg.
 
According to Diukov, the partnership with Russia's largest 
airline will make the process of developing this aviation 
fuel more efficient.
 
According to Aeroflot CEO Mikhail Poluboyarinov, ecology 
is becoming one of the most important issues in aviation, 
and its relevance increased under the influence of the 
Covid-19 pandemic.
 
 
___________________________________________



FAO launches tools to encourage 
soil organic carbon sequestration
 September 9th, 12:45pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the 
United Nations, on Wednesday, launched 
two practical instruments designed to 
encourage soil organic carbon
 (SOC) maintenance and 
sequestration.
 
The two products unveiled today, part of the RECSOIL
 initiative, are a global map illustrating how much
and 
where, CO2 can be sequestered by soils...  
the 
GSOCseq, and a technical manual of
good 
practices, to sequester and
maintain SOC
 stocks in soils.
 
'We must look for innovative ways... to transform our agri-
food systems.. to more efficient, inclusive, resilient and 
sustainable. Healthy soils are critical to achieving this,' 
FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, told the opening 
session of the ninth Global Soil Partnership (GSP) 
Plenary Assembly.
 
While soils and soil health are well-rooted in the global 
agenda, tangible impacts remain an important 
challenge 'for better production, better 
nutrition, a better environment and
 a better life for all, leaving no
one 
behind,' Qu said.
 
 
 
___________________________________________
 

UN chief calls for bold action 
to curb biodiversity crisis
 August 31st, 12:51pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
UN Secretary-General (UNSG) António Guterres,
on Monday, warned about the threatening loss 
of biodiversity and called for greater actions 
to prevent further damage.
 
In remarks to a high-level virtual meeting to develop 
a new global framework to address biodiversity 
loss... Guterres underlined the need for 
commitment, ambition and credibility.
 
'As people and livestock encroach further into wild 
habitats, we run the risk of unleashing terrifying 
new pandemics,' he warned.
 
He also urged Governments to shift the 'perverse 
subsidies' that destroy healthy soils, pollute our
 water and empty the oceans of fish.
 
We must incentivize actions to sustain nature and also 
establish larger and better managed conservation 
areas to safeguard species, functioning 
ecosystems and carbon stocks - for
 current and future generations.
 
Likewise, he laid stress on the need to empower the 
leadership of indigenous peoples and local 
communities whose lands encompass 
much of the world's remaining 
biodiversity.
 
One million species are at risk of extinction: 
this is wiping out options for society, from 
medicines to food, passing over crucial 
solutions for mitigating and adapting
to climate changes, Guterres said.
 
Humanity is now waging an absurd and self-destructive 
war on nature, and peace must be declared as soon as 
possible, only courageous action on the ground, can
curb the biodiversity crisis, he added.
 
 

__________________________________
 

UN chief
 warns
 - about 
global temperature rise
 September 7th, 12:31pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The planet is dangerously close to reaching the 
internationally agreed threshold of 1.5 degrees 
Celsius of temperature increase, the UN 
Secretary-General (UNSG) António 
Guterres, warned on Monday.
 
We must act decisively now --- in order to avoid 
climate catastrophe. There is no longer time for 
delays, and no room for excuses, Guterres 
posted on Twitter.
 
He shared a link to the interactive atlas containing 
information from the most recent report of the
Inter
governmental Panel on Climate Change 
(IPCC). The digital tool enables flexible 
spatial and temporal analysis... of a 
large part of information checked
 and projected on this issue,
in 
upcoming years.
 
According to IPCC, human-induced climate change 
is widespread and rapidly intensifying, while 
several trends are irreversible, at least 
during present period, and directly 
affect the happening of many 
extreme weather events.
 
Scientists also observed changes throughout the 
Earth's climate system, in the atmosphere, 
oceans, ice floes, and the ground.
 
Many of these transformations are unprecedented, 
and others, such as the continuing sea level rise,
are 
already 'irreversible' for centuries or
millennia
in the future, according
to the IPCC report.
 
On Monday, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina 
Mohammed called for courageous measures
for
 a global economy with zero emissions
of 
harmful gases by 2050, and to limit 
increased temperature levels.
 
The world is going through a season of wildfires 
and floods, which mainly affects fragile and 
vulnerable populations in rich and poor 
countries, she stressed.
 
 
____________________________
 
Era of leaded petrol
worldwide, is over
August 31st, 12:52pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
As the service stations in Algeria stopped providing leaded 
petrol in July, the use of this highly polluting fuel ended
globally, international organizations reported. Since 
1922, the use of tetraethyllead as a petrol additive 
to improve engine performance, has been a 
catastrophe for the environment and for
public health. 2021 has marked the 
end of leaded petrol worldwide, 
after it's contaminated the air, 
dust, soil drinking water and 
food crops, for the better 
part of a century... as 
reported by the UN´s
official website.
 
Plus... leaded petrol caused heart disease, stroke and 
cancer. It also affects the development of the human 
brain, especially harming children, with studies 
suggesting it reduced 5-10 IQ points... so the 
UN Environment Program (UNEP) began its 
campaign to eliminate lead in petrol 
in 2002.
 
Banning the use of leaded petrol has been estimated
to 
prevent over 1.2 million premature deaths per
year, 
increase IQ points among children, save
US$2.45 trillion for the global economy,
and decrease 
crime rates.
 
'The successful enforcement of the ban on leaded petrol, 
is a huge milestone for global health & our environment,'
 said Inger Andersen, Executive Director of UNEP. 

'Overcoming a century of deaths and illnesses....
that affected hundreds of millions and degraded 
the environment worldwide, we are invigorated 
to change humanity's trajectory for the better,
through an accelerated transition to clean 
vehicles and electric mobility.'
 
Experts said, while the world has eliminated the largest 
source of lead pollution, bold actions are still needed 
to curb it from other sources, such as paints, 
batteries, and household items.
 
 
 
____________________________________



 
Environmentalists block 
central London on 
2nd day of protests
 August 24th, 9:33pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
Hundreds of people today blocked the streets around 
Parliament.. and several government buildings in the 
centre of this capital on the second day of protests 
to demand urgent action against climate change.
 
Several protesters called by the environmental movement
 Extinction Rebellion (XR), lay on the pavement behind a 
large green cloth, accusing the 'government of getting 
into bed with climate criminals,' while others danced 
and sang to the beat of drums. .
 
We are here because the government does not tell the truth 
about climate change and what it will mean for our children 
and grandchildren, one of the activists, who said her name 
was Mary, told Prensa Latina.
 
According to the member of XR, an organization that defines 
itself as peaceful, the authorities of the United Kingdom and 
other developed countries try to hide from people that the 
lack of food and water, is a consequence of
 this phenomenon.
 
Mary considers, in turn... that the promises made by British 
Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, to reduce carbon emissions
 to zero by 2050 and his plan to replace gasoline and diesel 
vehicles with electric ones are 'too few and they are too late'.
 
We need to act now, because there are people in the Global 
South who are already suffering terribly, and there are 
even wars for resources affected by climate change,
 she said.
 
Juliana, a Brazilian living in London who, like other protesters,
attended the protest accompanied by her children, explained 
that she brought them with her because the future of the new
 generations is in danger.
 
The British environmental group, which also requires the 
government to declare a climate emergency and allow 
citizen assemblies to decide policies to address 
climate change, announced that its so-called 
'Impossible Rebellion' will last for 2 weeks, 
after a pause of several months, due
to the 
Covid-19 pandemic.
 
In addition to its usual demands in central London, XR plans 
to also focus on the City's financial district, where the 
offices of banks that finance fossil fuel companies
 are located.
 
Although the protests were developing peacefully, the
 Metropolitan Police reported that at least 50 people
were
 arrested between Monday and Tuesday.
 
 
__________________________


Activists peacefully take over 
Ministry of Petroleum in Norway
August 23rd 5:20pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
A group of activists took over the Norwegian Ministry 
of Oil and Energy today, as part of environmental 
actions in various parts of the country...
 for 10 days.
 
These are members of the Extinction Rebellion group, 
which blocked the main entrance to the ministerial 
headquarters and called for the cessation of 
hydrocarbon exploitation.
 
Norway is the main producer in Western Europe 
and pumps about four million barrels daily.
 
In addition to a hundred protesters on the outskirts of 
the building with banners and messages in the palms 
of their hands, 17 people took to lobbying the 
Ministry to demand from its head, Tina Bru,
 the cessation of all activity in the sector.
 
The police, meanwhile, informed the NRK television station 
they would not suppress the protests for the moment,
 although they invited them to withdraw, in the
next 
20 minutes.
 
'For decades we have written letters, we have spoken, we 
have demonstrated. They let us talk, but they are not
 listening,' young Hanna Kristina Jakobsen said,
 over a megaphone, to the crowd.
 
That is why we now do peaceful civil disobedience. 
We are desperate, added the 22-year-old woman.
 
The issue is a point of debate for the September 13th
 elections, in which a centre-left opposition is 
expected to defeat the conservative-
led coalition.
 
Minister Bru said that, while she shares concerns
about 
climate change, protesters use what she
called 
undemocratic methods, that will not 
deliver results.
 
We will never be successful in fighting climate change 
if we scrap democracy along the way, she said, in 
a statement.
 
 
______________________________________




 Activists from the international 
environmental movement 
Extinction Rebellion
plan 
to begin weeks-
long 
protests in London.
 
SEE MORE... INCLUDING 
LIVE UP-TO-DATE NEWS
 
at https://sputniknews.com/uk/
 
 
_________________________




July was the hottest month 
on record in 142 years
  August 16th, 9:47am (Prensa Latina)
 
 Since weather records began in 1880, the month of 
July 2021, was the hottest on a global scale, it 
was known today.
 
According to the data published by the U.S. Office of 
the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, 
worldwide, the combined temperature of the land 
and ocean surface, was 0.93 degrees Celsius 
above the 20th century average of 
15.8 degrees.
 
This means one tenth of a degree higher than the 
previous record set in July 2016, which was then
 tied in 2019 and 2020, making July 2021 the 
hottest recorded in 142 years, the report 
from that entity pointed out.
 
It also indicated that in the northern hemisphere, the 
temperature on the earth's surface was the highest 
ever, with 1.54 degrees Celsius above the average,
 surpassing the previous record set in 2012.
 
Added to this is that the sea ice cover in the Arctic for 
July 2021 was the 4th smallest in the 43-year record
according to an analysis by the external link of the 
National Snow and Ice Data Centre of the US. Only 
July 2012, 2019 and 2020, had a lesser extension.
 
Those data could place 2021 among the 10 hottest years 
on record in the world, according to the Global Annual 
Temperature Rankings Outlook.
 
Recently, a study published in Science Advances journal, 
pointed out that the Earth could become more volatile as 
temperatures continue to rise, due to global warming, a 
paleoclimatic research on extreme phenomena warns.
 
Scientists at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 
in the US, examined the last 66 million years during the 
Cenozoic era, which began shortly after the extinction
 of dinosaurs, and discovered a warming turn in 
climate fluctuations.
 
The finding confirmed the occurrence of more warming 
episodes lasting thousands of years than cooling ones, 
due to the release of carbon dioxide into the 
atmosphere by volcanoes, among other 
factors, the article said.
 
It also revealed that this process ended about five million 
years ago, and ice layers began to form in the northern 
hemisphere and, with the current melting of the Arctic
 ..it suggests a greater amplification of human-induced 
global warming.
 
 
_____________________________



Ocean Current System That Affects
 ‘Large Part of World’s Climate’ on
 Brink of Collapse, Study Says
by Andrei Dergalin
August 12th, 6:54pm (Sputnik)
 
The study postulates that the current system in question 
has suffered "an almost complete loss of stability, over 
the last century."
 
The ocean current system known as the Atlantic 
Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), 
which includes the Gulf Stream, may be on
 the brink of collapse, Live Science reports 
-- citing a new study.
 
The AMOC, is “responsible for moderating large parts of 
the world's climate” as its currents transport water from 
the tropics to the north, while bringing cold water from 
the north, back south.
 
Now, the new study warns that AMOC has suffered "an 
almost complete loss of stability over the last century."
 
According to the media outlet, the collapse of this system 
would have a "disastrous impact on global weather 
systems," with possible consequences, including: 
rising sea levels in the Atlantic, "greater cooling
 and more powerful storms across the Northern
 Hemisphere," and “severe disruption to the 
rain that billions of people rely upon to 
grow crops in Africa, South America 
and India."
 
Time to Hit the Brakes: Urgent Action Needed
 to Prevent ‘Runaway Climate Change’, 
Says UN Report
 
"The findings support the assessment that the AMOC decline 
is not just a fluctuation or a linear response to increasing 
temperatures but likely means the approaching of a 
critical threshold beyond which the circulation 
system could collapse," said Niklas Boers,
 researcher at the Potsdam Institute for
 Climate Impact Research, and
author 
of the study.
 
The study reportedly seeks to resolve a debate among scientists
 working on the subject about whether the weakening of the 
AMOC means its circulation will slow down – "but in a
way 
that humans can reduce through lowering carbon 
emissions," or if the system is "about to flip to a 
permanently weaker form, that could not be 
reversed for hundreds of years."
 
"The difference is crucial," Boers said, arguing that the latter 
would mean "the AMOC has approached its critical 
threshold, beyond which a substantial and, in 
practice, likely irreversible, transition to
the 
weak mode, could occur."
 
 
 
___________________________________



'Code Red for Humanity': 
Bombshell UN Climate 
Change Report Shows 
Global Warming 
Accelerating
August 9th, 1:11pm (FNA)
 
We ignored the warnings, and now it's too late: global 
heating has arrived with a vengeance and will see 
Earth's average temperature, reach 1.5 degrees 
Celsius above preindustrial levels around 2030, 
a decade earlier than projected only three 
years ago, according to a landmark UN 
assessment published on Monday.
 
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
 bombshell – landing 90 days before a key climate 
summit desperate to keep 1.5C in play – says the 
threshold will be breached around 2050, no 
matter how aggressively humanity draws 
down carbon pollution, France 
24 reported.
 
Years in the making, the sobering report approved by 
195 nations shines a harsh spotlight on governments 
dithering in the face of mounting evidence --- that 
climate change is an existential threat.
 
Nature itself has underscored their negligence.
 
With only 1.1C of warming so far, an unbroken cascade 
of deadly, unprecedented weather disasters bulked up 
by climate change has swept the world this summer, 
from asphalt-melting heatwaves in Canada, to 
rainstorms turning China's city streets into 
rivers, to untameable wildfires sweeping 
Greece and California.
 
"This report is a reality check," said Valerie Masson-
Delmotte, who co-led hundreds of scientists in 
reviewing a mountain of published 
climate science.
 
"It has been clear for decades that the Earth's climate is 
changing, and the role of human influence on the 
climate system is undisputed," Delmotte added.
 
Indeed, all but a tiny fraction of warming so far is 
"unequivocally caused by human activities", the 
IPCC concluded for the first time in its three-
decade history.
 
The world must brace itself for worse – potentially 
much worse – to come, the report made clear.
 
Even if the 1.5C target humanity is now poised to 
overshoot, is miraculously achieved, it would 
still generate heatwaves, rainfall, drought 
and other extreme weather 
"unprecedented.... in the 
observational record", 
it concluded.
 
At slightly higher levels of global heating, what is today 
once-a-century coastal flooding will happen every 
year by 2100, fuelled by storms gorged with 
extra moisture and rising seas.
 
"This report should send a shiver down the spine of 
everyone who reads it," said Dave Reay, director
of 
the Edinburgh Climate Change Institute at
the 
University of Edinburgh, who was not 
among the authors.
 
"In the unblinking delivery style of the IPCC, it sets out 
where we are now and where we are headed (on) 
climate change: in a hole, and still digging,"
 Reay added.
 
Another looming danger is "tipping points", invisible
 thresholds – triggered by rising temperatures – for
 irreversible changes in Earth's climate system.
 
Disintegrating ice sheets holding enough water to raise 
seas a dozen metres; the melting of permafrost laden
 with double the carbon in the atmosphere; the 
transition of the Amazon from tropical forest 
to savannah – these potential catastrophes 
"cannot be ruled out", the report cautions.
 
Our natural allies in the fight against climate change,
 meanwhile, are suffering battle fatigue.
 
Since about 1960, forests, soil and oceans have 
steadily absorbed 56 percent of all the CO2 
humanity has chucked into the atmosphere 
– even as those emissions have increased 
by half.
 
But these carbon sinks are becoming saturated, 
according to the IPCC, and the percentage
of 
human-induced carbon they soak up is 
likely to decline as the century unfolds.
 
The IPCC "report, is a code red for humanity", 
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said.
 
"The alarm bells are deafening, and the evidence 
is irrefutable: greenhouse gas emissions from 
fossil fuel burning and deforestation are 
choking our planet and putting billions 
of people at immediate risk," he said.
 
The report does offer a sliver of hope
 for keeping the 1.5C goal alive.
 
The IPPC projected the increase in global surface 
temperature for five emissions scenarios – 
ranging from wildly optimistic to outright 
reckless – and identifies best estimates 
for 20-year periods with mid-points of 
2030, 2050 and 2090.
 
By mid-century, the 1.5C threshold will be breached 
across the board – by a 10th of a degree along the 
most ambitious pathway, and by nearly a full 
degree at the opposite extreme.
 
But under the most optimistic storyline, Earth's surface 
will have cooled a notch, to 1.4C, by the century's end.
 
The other long-term trajectories, however, 
do not look promising.
 
Temperature increases, by 2090, range from a 
hugely challenging 1.8C to a catastrophic 4.4C.
 
The report's authors were at pains to emphasise
 that the 1.5C goal is not all-or-nothing.
 
"It is important politically, but it is not a cliff edge 
where everything will suddenly become very 
catastrophic," said lead author Amanda 
Maycock, director of the Institute for 
Climate and Atmospheric Sciences 
at the University of Leeds.
 
Ed Hawkins, a professor of climate science at the 
University of Reading and a lead author, said
 that "every bit of warming matters".
 
"The consequences get worse and worse as we 
get warmer and warmer. Every tonne of CO2 
matters," Hawkins added.
 
Part 2 of the IPCC assessment – on impacts – 
shows how climate change will fundamentally 
reshape life on Earth in the coming decades, 
according to a draft seen by AFP.
 
It is slated for publication in February. Part 3, 
to be released in March, focuses on ways 
to reduce carbon in the atmosphere.
 
The focus now will shift to the political arena, 
where a non-stop series of ministerial and 
summit meetings, including a critical G20 
in October, will lead up to the COP26 UN 
climate conference in Glasgow, hosted
 by Britain.
 
Countries do not see eye-to-eye on many 
basic issues, beginning with the 1.5C goal.
 
China, India, Brazil, South Africa and Russia are 
lukewarm on it, US special presidential Envoy 
for Climate John Kerry told the New Yorker
 last week.
 
Rich countries, meanwhile, have badly missed a 
deadline to provide funding for developing 
nations to green their economies and 
adapt to climate change already in 
the pipeline.
 
"The new IPCC report is not a drill but the final 
warning that the bubble of empty promises is 
about to burst," said Saleemul Huq, director 
of the International Centre for Climate 
Change and Development, in Dhaka.
 
"It's suicidal, and economically irrational, 
to keep procrastinating," Huq added.
 
 
 
_____________________________________


 
UK's COP26 Head Warns of 
Global 'Catastrophe', From 
Climate Breakdown: Unless 
Measures are Taken NOW
August 8th, 11:30am (Sputnik) 
 
 The UK president of the COP26 Climate Change 
Conference, Alok Sharma, has warned that the
 world is... on the brink of a "catastrophe" 
from climate breakdown, calling for 
urgent actions.
 
The remark, made in an interview with The Observer, 
came ahead of a report by the Intergovernmental 
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the world's 
leading authority on climate science, set to 
be released on Monday. The paper...  on 
how close the world is to a potentially 
irreversible disaster due to extreme 
weather, will be "the starkest 
warning yet, that human 
behaviour is alarmingly 
accelerating global 
warming", the 
official said.
 
"I don't think we’re out of time but I think we're getting 
dangerously close to when we might be out of time. 
We will see [from the IPCC] a very, very clear 
warning: that unless we act now, we will, 
unfortunately, be out of time",  Sharma 
said late on Saturday, noting the 
consequences of failure, will
 be "catastrophic".
 
The UK minister in charge of the flagman UN climate talks 
noted that the impact of global warming was already 
evident across the world, citing deadly flooding in 
Europe and China, as well as wildfires and 
record high temperatures registered in
parts of the world.
 
 Because of climate change, more sea ice is being lost 
each summer than is being replenished in winters. 

Less sea ice coverage also means that less sun-
light will be reflected off the surface of the
ocean 
in a process known as the albedo
effect. The 
oceans... will absorb more
heat, further 
fueling global warming.
 
"I don't think there's any other word for it. You're seeing 
on a daily basis, what is happening across the world. 
Last year was the hottest on record, the last decade 
was the hottest decade on record", Sharma added.
 
Commenting on the upcoming reports, the official said 
that the paper would urge the international community 
— governments, businesses and individuals — to 
push for stronger action on greenhouse gas 
emissions at the COP26.
 
"This [IPCC report] is going to be a wake-up call, for anyone
 who hasn't yet understood why this next decade has to be
 absolutely decisive in terms of climate action. We will
also 
get a pretty clear understanding that human
activity is 
driving climate change at alarming
rates", he said.
 
The COP26 is set to take place in the Scottish city of Glasgow 
from 31 October to 12 November, gathering representatives
 from some 200 countries. The event, which was cancelled 
last year because of the COVID-19 pandemic, will seek to
 speed up the implementation of the ground-breaking
 2016 Paris Agreement that aims at cutting carbon 
emissions and promote green transition.
 
___________________________________


Leaked report reveals US
 oil companies’ conspiracy
July 3rd, 6:27pm (PressTV)
 
A leaked report has revealed how some "shadow groups" 
are undermining government efforts to reduce green-
house gas emissions causing global warming.
 
The report, which was prepared by some of the world’s top 
climate scientists, blames disinformation and lobbying 
campaigns funded by big energy companies -- such 
as Exxon Mobil -- as a major setback in the fight 
against global warming, according to Politico 
on Friday.
 
In the report, which began emerging last week, the Inter-
governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) whose
 job is to examine the state and validity of climate 
research and studies across the globe,  blamed
think tanks, foundations, trade associations 
and other third-party groups -- funded by 
major energy companies, for spreading
“contrarian” information -- that misled 
the public, and undermined efforts to
implement climate policies... needed
 to stop global warming phenomena.
 
“Rhetoric on climate change & the undermining of science 
have contributed to misperceptions of the scientific 
consensus, uncertainty, unduly discounted risk 
and urgency, dissent, and - most importantly - 
polarized public support, delaying any
mitigation 
and adaptative action,
particularly in the 
US,” the
leaked IPCC report
pointed out.
 
In a related development, a British television broadcaster 
aired a video showing a top Exxon Mobil lobbyist 
admitting that the wealthy global energy giant 
gives financial support to "shadow groups" 
that engage in disinformation campaigns 
around climate science, a tactic that 
allowed the oil company to avoid 
direct scrutiny.
 
The revelations have prompted some Democratic lawmakers 
in the United States to step up efforts to force all major oil 
companies to disclose their money payment to research 
and study groups that follow an anti-environmental 
agenda, seeking to undermine climate action by 
distorting the facts and realities proved in 
climate science studies and research 
...about the damaging effect and 
detrimental impact... of burning 
fossil fuels. on climate change 
and global warming.
 
 
____________________________________


Extinction Rebellion Activists 
March Through Falmouth,
 Cornwall on 2nd Day 
of G7 Summit
June 12th, 11:07am GMT (Sputnik)
 
The environmental movement earlier promised to 
organise several major events in Cornwall over 
the weekend to demand that governments,
 corporations, and the media pay more 
attention to climate issues across
 the globe.
 
Sputnik is live from Falmouth, Cornwall, where 
environmental activists from the Extinction 
Rebellion are organising a rally to march 
through the town on the second day of
 the 47th G7 summit, urging global 
leaders to act against
 climate change.
 
Previously, XR members held a rally in the city of
 St Ives, blocking roads and accusing politicians 
of failing "to respect the global climate 
commitments they made in Paris
 in 2015". 
 
Follow Sputnik's Live Feed to Find Out More!
 
https://sputniknews.com/uk/202106121083
132718-extinction-rebellion-activists-march
-through-falmouth-cornwall-on-2nd-day-
of-g7-summit/
 
 
_______________________________



UNGA President
urges to
 create
sustainable economy
 to preserve oceans
 June 2nd 12:55pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
 
The President of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) 
Volkan Bozkir on Tuesday called to create a 
sustainable economy capable of 
preserving the oceans.
 
Speaking on this Tuesday´s high-level debate on 
Sustainable Development Goal number 14
(SDG14) 
of the 2030 Agenda for the
preservation and sustainable
use of the oceans...  Bozkir
urged drawing up stronger
 policies... in favour of
marine ecosystems.
 
He recognized some countries and cities´ stances 
prioritizing coastal & marine areas over tourism, 
as well as their efforts to address illegal fishing 
and the regulation of maritime transport and 
resource extraction.
 
Peter Thomson, UNGA´s Special Envoy for the oceans, 
underlined the significance of complying with SDG14 
and for this reason he called for setting up a 
'sustainable blue economy'.
 
Similarly, Thomson referred to consequences of marine 
pollution by plastic waste in a world dependent on
such
 a material, for which, he advocated out-
laying on more 
infrastructure, for
recycling systems.
 
Oceans provide food, livelihoods and protection to more 
than one billion people, worldwide; while the value of 
economic activities related to the oceans,
exceeds 
US$1.5 trillion a year.
 

___________________________________________



‘Incredibly poisonous’ pesticide 
banned by EU --- may receive
 approval for use in Scottish
salmon farms
May 27th, 3pm (RT)
 
 
A pesticide that has been partially banned by the 
European Union and blamed for decimating bee 
populations is expected to receive approval for
 use in Scottish salmon farms, according 
to reports.
 
The Scottish fish farming industry plans to deploy
 imidacloprid, an insecticide, in order to kill sea 
lice that can fester among caged salmon. The 
chemical is used in a “water filtration” 
system developed by fish farm 
biotech company Benchmark, 
which is reportedly seeking 
to trial its CleanTreat 
product in Scotland. 
 
The system is designed to remove chemicals 
from fish farm treatment water, but its use of
 imidacloprid, raises serious red flags. 
 
According to US government scientists, imidacloprid 
is “very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.” 
And earlier this month, the European Union’s top 
court upheld the bloc’s partial ban on three 
insecticides, which are developed by Bayer
 CropScience. Restrictions were placed on 
the use of the chemical in 2013 after it was 
determined that imidacloprid was harming
 bee colonies. 
 
Despite the issues associated with the chemical, the 
Scottish government is reportedly paving the way 
for its use in salmon farms. In emails first revealed 
by investigative news outlet The Ferret, officials
 express willingness to help CleanTreat clear 
environmental regulations so that it can be
 cleared for approval. 
 
In one message, Annabel Turpie, director of Marine 
Scotland, the Scottish government agency that 
manages fisheries, made reference to offering 
“support” to help Benchmark “navigate Clean
Treat through the system.” She added that 
there was an expectation that CleanTreat 
would begin tests at a fish farm assuming 
that it received the regulatory greenlight. 
 
The initiative already has experts worried. A professor 
of biology at the University of Sussex, Dave Goulson, 
told the Guardian that imidacloprid was “incredibly 
toxic to insects and other invertebrates.” He said 
that it only takes “a billionth of a gram to harm 
aquatic life,” meaning that even tiny traces of
 the chemical have a serious impact on 
marine life. 
 
The CleanTreat system claims to filter imidacloprid from 
water, but the professor said that samples need to be 
tested at an independent laboratory. 
 
A spokesperson for the Scottish government insisted 
that all aquaculture farms are regulated and must 
meet “strict guidelines to ensure environmental 
effects are assessed and managed safely,” 
adding that the government is committed 
to promoting economic innovation 
across all sectors, including
 fish farming. 
 
Benchmark said - in a statement - that CleanTreat is “an 
award-winning and validated water-purification system” 
and claimed that its sea-lice solution, which contains
 imidacloprid, is currently used in Norway... but that 
there are no trials for it in Scotland. 
 
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_________________________________



Germans, Japanese and
Marylanders poisoned
by the US military
April 26th, 10:25am (PressTV)
by Pat Elder
 
PFAS in fire-fighting foams used on US bases worldwide 
are contaminating the environment and endangering 
public health. The Pentagon denies wrongdoing.
 
Günther Schneider, a farmer from Binsfeld, Germany has 
photos that show what the stream flowing through the 
village of Binsfeld looks like as aqueous film-forming 
foam, is released from a fire suppression system, in 
hangars on the Spangdahlem Airbase - like a fluffy 
white ribbon. All around in the meadows, shreds
of 
foam remain like huge snowballs... The toxic 
substances used in fire-fighting foams on base 
have contaminated the sewer water, ground 
water, surface water, and the air, both on 
and off the base. The foam contains the
highly toxic per-and poly fluoroalkyl
 substances, (PFAS).
 
Throughout the world, the US military has taught soldiers to 
practice putting out super-hot petroleum-based fires using 
these deadly foams on military installations. They dug one-
meter-deep craters that were 30 to 60 metres in diameter, 
and they filled them with jet fuel. They ignited the fuel 
before extinguishing the flames with the PFAS-laden 
foams. The toxic “forever chemicals” were allowed 
to leach into the groundwater and pour into sewer 
systems to contaminate the environment.
 
The groundwater monitoring program of the state of Rhineland-
Palatinate in the vicinity of the Spangdahlem Air Base found
 PFAS at concentrations of 1,935 parts per trillion, (ppt). The 
drainage system in Spangdahlem is still spreading the 
chemicals. Some US states, like New Jersey, limit two 
varieties of the PFAS found in the poisoned German 
ground at 14 parts per trillion for Perfluorooctanoic 
acid (PFOA) and 13 parts per trillion forPerfluoro-
octanesulfonic acid (PFOS). There are about 
8,000 types of PFAS --- and they’re all
believed
 to be dangerous.
 
The chemicals - in the tiniest amounts - are known to contribute 
to testicular, liver, breast, and kidney cancers, as well as
abnormalities in the developing fetus - and a host of
 childhood diseases - ranging from Attention Deficit 
Hyperactivity Disorder to childhood asthma. Most 
of the PFAS in our bodies comes from the food 
we eat, especially fish.
 
Alexander S. Neu, a member of Die Linke (The Left) in the 
German Bundestag, along with other Die Linke members 
of the parliament, have questioned the responsibility for
 the assumption of environmental damage caused by US 
troops in Germany. When Wittlich-Land town - close to
the sprawling NATO Spangdahlem base -  tried to sue 
the US military for poisoning the town’s sewer system 
and croplands, with PFAS... where the contaminated 
sludge was spread, it discovered it was not allowed
 to sue the Americans in court. The poisonous sludge 
grows poisonous crops. Today, the town incinerates 
the substances at great environmental and financial 
cost. The PFAS in the sludge, doesn’t burn. 
 
Incineration sprinkles tiny toxic particles of 
PFAS onto the homes and fields downwind.
 
A German Brown Trout caught in Spanger Bach Creek, 
near Spangdahlem was found to contain 82,000 parts 
per trillion of PFAS. Public health scientists around 
the world have been warning people not to 
consume more than 1 ppt of the 
poisons daily.
 
Last year, 9,000 kilometres away, a fire suppression system 
at an aircraft hangar discharged143,830 litres of the deadly 
firefighting foam from Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in 
Okinawa. Carcinogenic clouds of foam soared 30 metres 
into the sky, settling on children at a nearby playground. 
 
Toshio Takahashia, an Okinawan environmental activist, 
reported immediately after the incident that frothy foam 
could be seen pouring from several sewer pipes coming 
from the Marine Corps base, into a a small stream. The 
deadly bubbles flow to the Hira River through Ginowan 
City into the East China Sea, poisoning water and fish 
along the way.
 
Tomohiro Yara, a representative of the National Diet from 
Okinawa, reflected the attitude of the Okinawan public 
when he said, “The US government should take full 
responsibility for cleaning up soil and water at any 
military base abroad. We must protect the 
environment for everyone on the planet.”
 
Swordtail, pearl danio, guppy, and tilapia caught near 
the base all contained more than 100,000 ppt of PFAS.
 
David Steele, Commanding Officer, Marine Corps Air Station, 
Futenma Okinawa, told the Okinawan people, “When it rains 
it will subside.” Sadly, these are “forever chemicals” and 
will poison people and the environment for many 
generations to come. The Americans accept no 
responsibility for their criminality, because
 they don’t have to.
 
Imperial subjects worldwide need only watch this video of a 
suppression system at McGhee Tyson Air National Guard 
Base, in Knoxville, Tennessee to witness the criminal 
assault on future generations in that state. One tea-
spoon of this foam is enough to poison the drinking 
water reservoir of a large, modern city.   
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lK8IIRZ4Q80
 
The US military has known these chemicals are poisonous 
since the 1970’s. They have contaminated huge swaths of 
the earth while using them, and they will continue to use 
them, until they are forced to stop. Much of the world 
has moved beyond the toxic fire-fighting foams and 
has begun using extraordinarily capable flourine 
free foams, while the US military sticks to its 
killer chemicals.
 
The American military is not only at war against many of the 
world’s peoples, but it is also at war against its own people. 
It is a war of poisons. Rather than being fought with bombs 
and bullets --- it is fought with an arsenal of toxins. The 
American military is on a mission (we’re still trying to 
figure out exactly what it is) --- and everything is 
subservient to it. Fetal abnormalities, altered 
DNA, a host of cancers and childhood 
diseases, are no less a threat to 
humanity, than the American 
missiles hurled from afar 
to burn human flesh.
 
Truths conveyed here are largely unmarketable and 
unpalatable in the United States of America. The 
American people must learn to seek truth in 
media that may not include outlets like the 
New York Times or CNN.
 
Like Günther, Alexander, Toshio, and Tomohiro, I’m also 
a subject of the American empire. I have no rights or 
protections from the abuses of the American 
overlords, beyond those of my German 
and Japanese brethren.
 
The Patuxent River Naval Air Station in Maryland (Pax 
River) reported last week that groundwater at Pax 
River’s Webster Outlying Field, contains 84,757 
ppt of PFOS. The toxins were detected at 
Building 8076, also known as Fire 
Station 3. The level of toxicity is 
1,200 times the 70 ppt federal 
non-mandatory advisory.
 
The groundwater and the surface water from the small 
naval installation drain into St. Inigoes Creek, a short 
distance to the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay.
 
I live on the beach 1,800 feet across a deep saltwater 
creek from the area where PFAS was routinely 
released into the environment, over 
many years.
 
Webster Field is located 12 miles southwest of Pax 
River, in St. Mary’s County, MD, about 75 miles 
south of Washington.
 
Webster Field occupies the peninsula between St. Inigoes 
Creek and the St. Mary’s River, a tributary of the Potomac 
River. The Webster Outlying Field annex, is home to the 
Naval Air Warfare Centre Aircraft Division, along with 
Coast Guard Station St. Inigoes, and a component 
of the Maryland Army National Guard.
 
Building 8076 is adjacent to the aqueous film-forming foam 
(AFFF) Crash Truck Maintenance Area where trucks using
 foams containing PFAS were regularly tested. The site is 
less than 200 feet from St. Inigoes Creek --- right across 
from my family. The practice - according to the Navy - 
was discontinued in the 1990’s, although the damage 
continues. The high PFAS levels recently reported 
are a testament to the staying power of the 
so-called “forever chemicals.”
 
==========
 
Firehouse 3 Webster Field
 
Highest Readings
 
PFOS                    84,756.77
PFOA                   2,816.04
PFBS                    4,804.83
 
==========
 
In February, 2020 I tested the water on my beach on St. Inigoes 
Creek in St. Mary’s City for PFAS. The results I published -- 
shocked the community. The water was shown to contain 
a total of 1,894.3 ppt of PFAS with 1,544.4 ppt of PFOS. 
275 people packed into the Lexington Park Library, 
in early March, 2020, immediately before the 
pandemic, to hear the navy dismiss their 
concerns and defend its use of PFAS. 
 
Many were more concerned with the quality of the waters in the 
creeks and the rivers and the Chesapeake Bay than the drinking 
water. They had many unanswered questions for the navy. They
 were worried about contaminated seafood.
 
The results I received, were generated by the University of 
Michigan’s Biological Laboratory, using EPA method 537.1.
 
The Navy has only addressed  PFOS, PFOA, and PFBS. It  
fails to address the  levels of 11 other types of harmful 
PFAS found in St. Inigoes Creek: PFHxA, PFHpA,
 PFHxS, PFNA, PFDA, PFUnA, PFDoA, PFTrDA,
 PFTA, N-MeFOSAA, NEtFOSAA. 
 
 Instead, Patrick Gordon, NAS Patuxent River Public Affairs
 Officer, questioned the “veracity & accuracy” of my results.
 
This is pretty much a full-court press, and I don’t stand 
much of a chance, while trying to warn the public. The 
Navy wants to be left alone. The Maryland Department 
of the Environment doesn’t give a damn, and neither do
St. Mary’s County & Maryland health 
departments. The
five conservative Republican  
County Commissioners
aren’t leading a charge. 
Senators Cardin and Van
Hollen and Rep. Hoyer, 
have been largely silent.
 
The watermen see a threat to their livelihood. My neighbors 
say if it’s this bad, the authorities would have taken care of
 it by now.
 
It’s a lonely, frightening business, telling the
truth 
in the land of the free and the brave.
 
In response to the findings of high levels of the fire-fighting 
toxins at my beach last year, Ira May, who oversees federal 
site cleanups for Maryland Department of the Environment, 
told the Bay Journal that contamination in the creek, “if it 
exists...” could have another source. The chemicals are 
often found in landfills, he noted, as well as in biosolids 
and at sites where civilian fire departments sprayed
 foam. “So, there are multiple potential sources,” 
May said. “We’re just at the beginning of 
looking at all of those.”
 
It appears the state’s top environmental official was covering 
for the military. The nearest firehouse is five miles away, 
while the closest landfill is 11 miles away. My beach is 
1,800 feet from the deadly foam releases.
 
Fate and Transport of PFAS
 
It’s important to come to an understanding of the fate and 
transport of PFAS. The science isn’t settled. I found 
1,544 ppt of PFOS, while the Webster Field  
groundwater on the facility had 
84,000 ppt of PFOS. 
 
Our beach sits on a cove  north-northeast of the base while
 the prevailing winds blow from the south-southwest -- that
 is, from the base to our beach. The foams gather with the 
tide on many days.  Sometimes the foam is a foot high 
and becomes airborne. If the waves are too high,
the 
foam dissipates.
 
 Oysters, crabs, rockfish, anyone? 
   
Within about 1-2 hours of high tide, the foams dissolve into 
water, like dish detergent bubbles left alone in the sink.
Sometimes we can see the line of foam begin to form.. 
as it hits the shelf of the creek. For approximately 125 
metres the water in front of our house is about 1 - 1.5 
metres deep at low tide. Then, suddenly, it drops to
6-8 metres. That’s where the foams begin to build 
and move toward the beach. This is 20-30 years 
after the Navy says they stopped releasing the 
materials into the ground.
 
There are other factors to consider regarding the fate and 
transport of various PFAS in water. For starters, PFOS is 
the great PFAS swimmer and can travel for miles in 
groundwater and in surface water. The Germans 
and the Japanese know a lot about PFOS levels 
in their rivers near NATO and US bases. They 
know how poisoned their fish have become.
 
PFOA, on the other hand, seems to be more stationary and 
tends to contaminate the land, agricultural produce, beef, 
and  poultry. PFOS moves in the water, as is evidenced 
in the University of Michigan results of the water in 
St. Inigoes Creek.
 
After my water results were discredited by the state I tested 
the seafood from the creek for PFAS. Oysters were found 
to have 2,070 ppt; crabs had 6,650 ppt; and a rockfish 
was contaminated with 23,100 ppt of the substances.
There’s been no official response and no mea culpa
 from the military.
 
This stuff is poison.  The Environmental Working Group  says 
we ought to keep the consumption of  these chemicals under 
1 ppt daily in our drinking water. More importantly, the 
European Food Safety Authority says 86% of the 
PFAS in humans is from the food we consume, 
especially the seafood.
 
The state of Michigan tested 2,841 fish, for various PFAS 
chemicals and found the average fish contained 93,000 
ppt of PFOS alone. Meanwhile, the state limits drinking 
water to 16 ppt of PFOS - while people are free to 
consume fish with thousands of times more of 
the toxins. 
 
The 23,100 ppt found in our St. Mary’s City, Maryland rockfish 
may seem low compared to the Michigan average, but Webster 
Field is not a major airbase and cannot service the Navy’s
 large fighters, like the F-35. Larger installations typically 
have higher PFAS levels. A single F-35 may cost more 
than $100 million and the Pentagon wants to make
 sure they’re not destroyed in a hangar fire or a 
training exercise, so they make a judgement 
that the value of the jet fighter is greater 
than the value of a baby in the womb.
 
======================
 
“It is a curious situation.. that the sea, from which life
first arose should now be threatened by the activities
of one form of that life. But the sea, though changed
in a sinister way, will continue to exist; the
threat is, rather, to life itself.”

Rachel Carson, The Sea Around Us


_______________________________
 

Extinction Rebellion Blocks 
Roads Across UK in May 
Day Climate Protests
May 2nd, 11:35am (FNA)
 
 Extinction Rebellion protesters blocked traffic 
across the UK to urge the government to take 
tougher action on climate change.
 
More than 200 activists, including nurses, teachers 
and students, sat alone in front of traffic in towns
 and cities ranging from Bangor in Northern 
Ireland to Canterbury in Kent, The 
Independent reported.
 
The group described the “Rebellion of One” demonstrations 
held at 11am on Saturday, to mark 2 years since parliament's 
declaration of a climate emergency, as "multiple courageous 
acts of nonviolent civil disobedience".
 
Several protesters were arrested, including GP Sarah Benn, 
who said she obstructed a local road in Birmingham to 
protest "the woeful inertia of our elected leaders in
 taking the action needed to protect us and future 
generations from its effects".
 
Ten of the 40 protesters in London were arrested, according 
to Extinction Rebellion (XR). One man glued himself to 
Westminster Bridge, while Morgan Trowland, a 68-
year-old civil engineer from Hackney, East 
London, glued himself to Tower Bridge.
 
Trowland said, "I'm terrified that billions will die because of the 
climate crisis, humans and non-humans, adding, "I'm freaking 
out that many people are accepting this, or feel powerless to 
change the course. I want to show onlookers that we each 
have phenomenal power."
 
Each of the protesters wore signs bearing messages such as,
 “I am terrified for my grandson’s future because of the 
climate crisis.”
 
Andrea Muntiu, a 36-year-old nurse, who blocked traffic in her 
home town of Ipswich, said, "People may wonder what a nurse 
is doing, sitting in the road with a placard. They may wonder... 
what impact this will have on my career, or whether I'll get in
 trouble with the police."
 
"I am aware of the risks but I feel I have a moral duty to warn 
people about the catastrophic consequences of the climate 
crisis. Floods, hunger, drought, pandemics, species 
extinction and social collapse will all be a reality if 
we don’t act, and the children of this country and 
of this world will be the first and most affected," 
Muntiu said.
 
“We cannot let this happen. We can still change things, we can 
demand the government acts now and safeguards what we 
have," Muntiu added.
 
And Fiona Prior, a 58 year-old retired primary school teacher 
who blocked traffic in Carlisle, said, “I am terrified for the 
future of my 6-year old grandson. What should I tell him? 
That I stood back and did nothing or that nana Fi did 
everything she possibly could to make the changes 
happen?”
 
XR claimed that the government was more concerned about 
creating positive headlines by announcing tougher targets 
instead of taking real action.
 
"We are seeing today that people are scared and frustrated 
at the refusal of this government to accept the severity of 
the crisis," said XR Spokesperson Gully Bujak.
 
"The government needs to commission a national citizens’ 
assembly on climate and ecological justice, because even 
if politicians are scared to face the truth, ordinary people 
are ready for action," Bujak added.
 
May Day also saw several “Kill The Bill” demonstrations 
against proposed legislation which would give police 
more powers to restrict protests and make it an 
offence to “intentionally or recklessly cause 
public nuisance”.
 
The government says... the Police, Crime, Sentencing and 
Courts Bill is necessary to prevent widespread disruption 
caused by the XR protests of 2019 and last summer’s 
Black Lives Matter demonstrations.
 
 
____________________________



China launches spacecraft 
capable of clearing up
 space debris
April 27th,, 12:14 (RT)


China has launched a 30kg (66lb) prototype robot 
capable of catching dangerous space debris and 
destroying it as well as looking deep into space 
and observing celestial bodies for potential 
space mining.
 
On Tuesday, a Chinese space-mining start-up saw 
its unmanned spacecraft launched into low orbit 
on China National Space Administration’s Long
 March 6 rocket, the state-run Xinhua news 
agency reported. 
 
The NEO-01 robot... which was developed by Shenzhen
-based Origin Space, can scoop up debris left by other 
satellites in a net before burning it with its electric 
propulsion system. With thousands of satellites 
having been launched and older ones 
becoming redundant, the decay and 
breakup of spacecraft can present
 a real danger to operations in
 space.
 
 Origin Space, if successful, will become the first 
Chinese commercial company to demonstrate 
the ability to clean up space junk. 
 
Origin Space’s craft can also look deep into space... 
to analyze small celestial bodies, potentially paving 
the way for more technological development in the
 field of space mining. The company hopes to
l
aunch more satellites capable of observing 
asteroids & other bodies with the intention
of commencing its mining 
by 2045, its co-
founder, Su Meng, note
d, in an interview
with Chinese
 media, earlier this month.
 
China intends to become a major space
power by 2030, 
and hopes to catch up
with the leaders, Russia and the US.
 
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__________________________________________________




 Beijing tells Japanese politicians,
 to drink Fukushima’s wastewater
 to prove it’s safe, before they
 dump it into the ocean
April 15th,, 10:24am (RT)
 
The Chinese Foreign Ministry has called on 
politicians in Tokyo to use Fukushima’s 
wastewater for drinking, cooking, 
washing clothes, or irrigation
- in order to prove it is safe 
enough to be discharged 
into the ocean.
 
Speaking on Thursday, Chinese Foreign Ministry 
spokesman, Zhao Lijian, reinforced Beijing’s 
opposition to Tokyo’s decision to dump 
over one million tons of “treated”
nuclear waste-
water into
the ocean. 
 
“Japan’s claims that the safety of nuclear wastewater 
relies only on unilaterally obtained data, which is 
completely unconvincing… The Tokyo Electric 
Power Company, which is responsible for 
operating the Fukushima nuclear power
 plant, has tampered with data and 
concealed the news,” the spokes
-
man claimed, insisting that 
international agencies be
 called upon.
 
Zhao said Japanese politicians are at the centre 
of the coverup, and demanded they prove the 
water’s safety.
 
The spokesman added that, as pointed out by a 
German marine science institute, the Fukushima 
coast has one of the strongest ocean currents
in
 the world. “Within 57 days from the date
of 
discharge, radioactive substances will 
spread to most of the Pacific Ocean, 
and spread to the global waters in
 10 years,” Zhao stated. 
 
On Monday, Tokyo announced it would be releasing 
the wastewater from the Fukushima nuclear plant, 
which went into meltdown in 2011 into the ocean 
“in around two years” as capacity to store the 
liquid runs out. The plan, which had been 
widely rumored to be Tokyo’s preferred 
option, was met with condemnation
by 
Japan’s neighbours. 
 
In 2020, Greenpeace claimed that the supposedly
 treated water, still contains: “dangerous levels of 
carbon-14,” a radioactive substance that has the 
“potential to damage human DNA.” More than a 
million tons of wastewater, containing radio-
active tritium, has accumulated since 
the meltdown.
 
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__________________________


European leaders ask US to
 reduce polluting emissions
 April 13th (Prensa Latina) 
 
European parliamentarians, managers and 
union leaders urged the United States to 
cut greenhouse gas emissions by half 
compared to 2005.
 
Continental authorities and industrial representatives 
sent an open letter to President Joe Biden asking him 
for a transatlantic alliance to combat climate change 
and achieve a 'just and sustainable transition' 
towards an economy with low carbon 
dioxide emissions.
 
This request, comes a week before a summit between 
environmental leaders and the president of the United
States, & is headed by the head of the environmental 
committee of the European Parliament, Pascal Canfin.
 
According to the letter, the countries of the bloc and 
the United States together account for a quarter of 
the world's carbon dioxide emissions.
 
The European Union agreed, last year, to cut pollutant 
flows by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
 
Executives from companies, such as the French auto-
maker Renault and the German energy company E.ON
backed the letter, that expresses European concerns 
about the cost of jobs, if the reduction of emissions 
is achieved.
 
Statistics from global organizations rank the US in 
second place, by country, in terms of polluting 
emissions into the atmosphere.
 
Germany tops the list in Europe, due to its great 
dependence on coal, and generates emissions
equivalent to a quarter of the continental total.
 
 
__________________________________



Amazon Lost 17 Percent to 
Deforestation in 2020
- Report
April 7th, (teleSUR)
 
Brazil accounts for 65 percent of the loss, 
followed by Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia. 
The primary forest loss in Bolivia, 
Ecuador, and Peru reached 
unprecedented levels
 last year.
 
The environmental organization Amazon 
Conservation reported on Wednesday -- 
that the South American rainforest lost
 17 percent of its area to deforestation 
in 2020, representing 2.3 million 
hectares devastated across
 nine countries.
 
The study found that "a common phenomenon 
observed in the satellite imagery through
 August -- was that rainforest areas were 
first deforested and then later burned 
-- causing major fires due to the 
abundant recently-cut 
biomass." 
 
This data explains why agricultural practices are
 a significant cause of deforestation in the region.
 
According to Amazon satellite monitoring project 
(MAAP) Matt Finer, "the primary cause of 
deforestation across the Amazon 
appears to be agriculture and 
cattle-related, ranging from:
 ''larger-scale'' operations in 
Brazil to the accumulation 
of smaller-scale clearings
 throughout the western 
Amazon."
 
 
__________________________



'Guilt is Strangling'Young 'PlogMan' in 
India Has Been Waking Up Pre-Dawn
for 
7 Years, Here's Why
by Radhika Parashar
15.03.2021 (Sputnik)


Last week, in the city of Faridabad in India’s Haryana state, a 
pregnant cow died on a busy road. Upon evaluation, it was 
revealed that the cow had grazed on 71 kilograms of 
garbage – with the plastic, iron nails, and glass 
pieces it had consumed injuring it internally. 
The sad case highlighted how unsorted 
waste is choking India.


Meet Vivek Gurav who lives in Pune city in Maharashtra and is 
famous by the name of “PlogMan” on social media. At 25 years 
of age, Gurav is a software engineer by profession, but before 
and after his nine-to-five job, the young techie jogs or walks 
around Pune, cleaning its streets and disposing off garbage 
littering the roads.


Talking to Sputnik, the public speaker revealed that he, along 
with a bunch of his friends, has “adopted” a small river named 
Indrayani to keep its water and banks from getting strangled 
with garbage. The Indrayani River flows just 4.2 kilometres 
before joining into a larger water body, and not too long ago,
like Delhi’s Yamuna River, Indrayani also began to froth with 
toxins on its banks.


“The river Indrayani near my college was a place where I went for 
a daily walk with my friends in the evening. We observed people 
who carelessly dumped a lot of trash and plastic in the river 
body as well as surrounding areas. Me and my friends 
initially blamed the local body and government for all 
these actions. But I personally felt it was the moral 
duty of citizens including me to follow cleanliness 
norms and keep the city clean. That was the 
moment I felt a very close belonging to 
nature”, Gurav said while recollecting 
how dead fish were seen floating
in 
the water as stray animals 
consumed them, as well 
as the polluted water.


Gurav believes that it takes a sudden epiphany for youngsters 
to decide for a lifetime of giving back to nature and 
the environment.


“I appealed to my friends to join me in cleaning Indrayani. Initially 
some were quite resistant, some people even ridiculed the idea, 
completely dismissing it, but I took up this challenge and started
 the cleanup journey solo four years ago. In some time, a few of 
my friends started supporting me and we adopted the River 
Indrayani for a mega cleanup mission”, the engineer and 
environmental enthusiast added.


The efforts of Gurav and his friends have been going on for seven 
years now and on a routine basis they clean the river region and
 areas around it in Pune. The river is healthier and safer for 
animals now, the techie adds.


“After my college days we took up the charge to not only clean 
rivers but all the public spaces in the city. For the last seven 
years, I have been waking up at five in the morning, and 
randomly taking on a jogging route, on which I pick-up 
trash as well for around 45 minutes. The realisation of 
knowing that you’ve done your little bit to benefit the 
air around you and survival resources for the stray 
animals – sleep comes sooner and deeper”, Gurav 
said, with a shy smile.


Recently, a rather touching video from the Himalayan valley 
of Jammu and Kashmir in India created a buzz around 
environmental conservation on social media. The 
video showed some foreigners collecting roadside
 trash in the market area of Lalchowk in Srinagar city.


Locals who shared the footage on their social media handles
 acknowledged that the video testified to how their own 
negligence towards maintaining cleanliness in public 
spaces has ruined the beauty of their city.


In recent years, the roadside garbage situation in cities in India 
has been overshadowed by ignorance despite numerous 
incidents like the death of stray animals crying for
 immediate attention.


In 2017, a survey, co-researched by Chintan, the Delhi Environment 
Department and German NGO GIZ, claimed that India's capital Delhi, 
inhabited by over 30 million residents, generates over 9,100 metric
 tonnes of garbage on average each year. The report also said that
 nearly 76 percent Delhiites wrongly believe that glass and metal 
are biodegradable, dump it on the roadside, and need more 
education on the subject.


While several individuals like Gurav, NGOs, and government 
programmes like the Swachh Bharat (clean India) mission 
are working on cleaning India, the new trend of “plogging”
 is seemingly picking up pace in the country. The term 
“plogging” was coined in Sweden in 2016 and defines
 the activity of “picking trash while jogging”.


“Youngsters are getting more sensitive about environment 
conservation in India, for sure. I am the founder of a 
community called Pune Ploggers, which is a group 
of individuals like me who all pick-up trash while
 jogging or walking. 


“We have more than 4,000 ploggers across India and we are now
 setting up city-wise communities. Collection of more than 250 
tonnes of waste in the last one year is a remarkable 
achievement due to the efforts of this community. 
With over 280 plogging drives across 22 cities in 
India, our community of environment enthusiasts 
has grown exponentially”, Gurav said.


The PlogMan from Pune has appealed to all potential climate 
activists in India to work every day towards passing on a 
greener and cleaner planet to the generations to come.


“Go zero-waste, avoid littering, manage household waste, use 
green alternatives for all the daily essentials, and buy only 
what we really need could be some simple changes we 
can add to all our lifestyles”, Gurav added.


The climate enthusiast noted that while India is emerging as a 
leader in sustainable practices like solar and electric ways of 
producing energy, Indians are far from fixing the real problem
 - accepting the crisis.


According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), ambient air 
pollution causes 4.2 million deaths every year. 91% of the 
world's population lives in places where air quality 
exceeds the WHO guidelines' limits.


Bangladesh, Pakistan, Mongolia, Afghanistan, and India 
make for the world’s five most polluted countries, 
according to a report by the World 
Population Review.


______________________________


 
Post-Brexit 'Loophole' 
Lets UK Keep Sending
 Plastic Waste to Poorer 
Countries, Report Says
12.01.2021 (Sputnik) 
 
 The United Kingdom is facing a backlash 
from 
environmentalists over a post-Brexit
"loophole" 
that allows it to ship plastic 
waste to 
developing countries --- in 
disregard of 
its previous pledges, 
The Guardian reported Tuesday.
 
From January 1, the European Union banned exports 
of non-recyclable plastic waste to countries outside 
the Organisation for Economic Co-operation 
and Development.
 
The UK, which left the EU’s single market and customs 
union on December 31, will continue the practice, 
despite Tory commitments that post-Brexit 
regulations would not undermine 
environmental standards, the 
British newspaper said.
 
The country, which is the 2nd-biggest producer of plastic 
waste after the United States, will now reportedly export 
plastic waste, under a procedure of prior informed 
consent, in accordance with which the importer 
can agree or disagree to take in 
such shipments.
 
Greenpeace political campaigner Sam Chetan-Welsh, 
quoted by the newspaper, slammed the UK 
government for creating a "loophole to
 
allow the dumping of our plastic trash 
on environments and communities" 
 in poorer countries, arguing that 
"this is not leadership, it’s failing 
to do the bare minimum."
 
_____________________________

 
Biden’s climate advisor has ties 
to oil and gas industry: Report
November 21st, 2020 (Press TV)


US President-elect Joe Biden’s senior advisor on climate change 
has faced strong criticism from environmental advocates over
 his ties with the oil and gas industry, according to a report.
 

Cedric Richmond, a Louisiana congressman who has played a 
key role in Biden’s presidential campaign, was named as a 
senior adviser to the president-elect and will become 
director of the White House Office of Public 
Engagement, The Guardian reported.


Richmond will advise Biden on climate change --- and help 
advance the federal response to the coronavirus pandemic.


At a press conference this week, Richmond – who has 
represented a south Louisiana district for 10 years – 
announced that he would resign from Congress 
to assume his new position.


“I look forward to changing not only Louisiana but the 
entire south and empowering its citizens,” he said.


The Democrat has been under criticism from both local 
constituents and climate activists for receiving 
generous donations from the oil, gas and 
chemical industries.


He has also exhibited a degree of indifference to local air 
pollution, with his congressional district being home 
to seven of the 10 most air-polluted census tracts
in the US.


Richmond pledged greater public engagement 
to address the issue.


Some advocates said while they were worried about 
Richmond’s track record on the climate, they were 
cautiously optimistic about his new appointment.


“I think he’s in a position now to be able to better serve the 
constituents of his district,” said Robert Taylor, president 
of the Concerned Citizens of St John Parish, a community 
group in one of the most polluted parts of the region.


“I’m happy to see him get the appointment, I just hope he 
uses it to help us,” he told the paper. Taylor added: “I 
would like to see him hold these chemical plants 
accountable because they are getting away
with murder.”


Biden has signaled his intent to put climate change on top 
of his administration's policy agenda. However, concerns 
persist about the degree to which the Democrat is willing 
to challenge the power of the fossil fuel industry.


Apart from Richmond, environmental activists are worried 
about Ernest Moniz, another individual with ties to the oil 
and gas industry who is widely speculated to have been 
picked to lead the Department of Energy.


Moniz was Secretary of Energy in the administration of 
former President Barack Obama from 2013 through to
2017 and played a critical role in mustering support 
for the controversial use of fracking to produce 
natural gas.


Moniz is currently a director of Southern Company, the 
second-highest carbon-polluting energy company 
in America.


During the 2020 campaign, Biden unequivocally rejected 
calls to ban fracking, which experts say is harmful to the 
environment and people’s health.


___________________________________________



Obsession with consumerism will
destroy the world of our children
by Ken Livingstone
December 24th, 2018.

Ken Livingstone is an English politician, he served as
 the Mayor of London between 2000 and 2008. He is
also a former MP and a former member of the
Labour Party.

Amid growing climate change concerns, what politicians
 fear most, is not standing up to the coal and oil
industries, but having to tell the people that
they need to buy and consume less.

As two hundred nations gathered in Poland to discuss
 climate change, the opening comments of David
Attenborough, went global across the
world’s media.

“Right now, we are facing a man-made disaster of global
scale, our greatest threat, in thousands of years…
climate change… If we don’t take action,
the 
collapse of our civilisations, and
the 
extinction of much of the natural

world, is on the horizon… Leaders
 of the world, you must lead. The
 continuation of civilisations and
 the natural world, upon which,
we
 depend, is in your hands,”
said
 Attenborough.

He went on to recommend that ordinary people make a
 change every day by using public transport and other
measures to reduce carbon emissions.

Yet, for all Attenborough’s warnings, we have seen the
election of a climate change denier to the White
House, in the form of Donald Trump, and the
recent election of a Brazilian president
who also denies climate change.

So,
 what is the truth?

The simple fact is that the twenty warmest years in
our history have been in the last twenty-two years
and the four warmest years have been the last
four years on our planet.

Scientists are now warning that we need to increase
 our actions to tackle climate change by at least five
 times, merely to stop the increase in temperature
going above 1.5 centigrade.

It’s not just temperatures that threaten our existence.

Since 1970, we have wiped out 60 percent of birds,
mammals, reptiles and fish across our planet. This
 information comes from a World Wildlife Fund
 report, which drew on the evidence of 59
scientists around the world.

The report warns that the rapid increase in the waste
 of food and other resources is wiping out the web of
 life ,on which our society depends, for clean air and
water. The director of science and conservation at
 the WWF, Mike Barrett, warned that we “are
sleepwalking towards the edge of a cliff.”

He pointed out that a similar 60 percent wiping out of
 the human population, would be the equivalent of
 killing every human in Europe, China, Africa and
the Americas. He went on to warn, that nature
is not just nice to have, but it is our life
support system.

The simple fact is, we are running out of time and,
unless
 
we find ways to restore our eco systems
and tackle 
climate change, we face the prospect
of humanity’s 
extinction, by the end of
the century.

. Since the 
dawn of civilisation, we have destroyed
eighty-
three percent of all mammals and half of
all
 plants, and it could take millions of years

for the world to recover.

The WWF report pointed out that the main cause of wildlife
 loss is the destruction of natural habitats, mainly to create
 new farmland. Three quarters of all the land on our planet
has now been affected by our activities. Here in Britain,
 we have seen the loss of most of our wildlife, and we
have less biodiversity, than 189 other nations.

Although politicians at their conferences keep agreeing
to 
limit the rise in the earth’s temperature to 2 degrees

centigrade and, if possible, just 1.5 degrees by the end
of this century. This would still mean the destruction
of all our coral reefs, which play a vital part in
sustaining the population of fish. There will
also be rising sea levels and increasing, 
violent weather events.

This year’s storms have devastated South Korea, Vietnam,
the Philippines and Tonga. Hurricanes also caused wide-
spread damage in the USA and wildfires erupted in
California, Canada and Greece, claiming many
lives. In Kerala, India nearly one and a half
million people were forced out of their
homes by violent floods, which also
occurred in East Africa and Japan.

In the last one hundred years the amount of carbon dioxide
 in our atmosphere has gone up by a third. The increase in
 greenhouse gas emissions has doubled since 1971,
mainly caused by industrial activity.

The UK’s Met Office [national weather service] has warned
 that rising sea levels and climate change threaten over
 one and a half million homes --- with the prospect of
farmland being turned into marshes and beaches
 washed away, by the end of the century.

The UK Climate Projections recent report predicted the sea
 around our shores will have risen by between three and
 four feet by the end of the century, putting 1.7 million
 homes at risk.

Many coastal towns will have to be abandoned, with large
parts of the counties of Kent, Somerset and Essex, being
submerged under the sea. The worst example is that the
 sea could now extend so far into Britain, that it could
 overwhelm the city of Cambridge.

The rise in sea level would leave 100,000 coastal homes
and other buildings at risk, with another 100,000
 vulnerable to collapse from landslides.

The report warns that, unless we reduce our emissions,
the temperature will have risen by 4 degrees centigrade
 by the end of the century, with melting glaciers and
ice caps overwhelming the Thames Barrier and
flooding London.

But it’s not just here in London that we are at risk. Houston,
 Shanghai and Jakarta, are increasingly vulnerable to
storms and flooding. The charity Christian Aid
warned in its recent report that city planners
 are failing to prepare for what is coming.

Most of our biggest cities are built close
to the coast or by large rivers and all
are now at risk.

In 2015, 195 countries meeting in France agreed to
 keep global warming below two degrees. But the
US has now announced it intends to withdraw
from this agreement, and here in Britain, one
of the first actions of the newly elected Tory
government, back in 2010, was to reduce
funding for green energy and it has now
unleashed a new strategy: for a vast
 increase in fracking across
the country.

Even the Tory MP Zac Goldsmith has warned his
government, of the risk of a political backlash.
The fracking - near Blackpool - caused several
minor earthquakes which forced the company,
Cuadrilla, to halt operations, after a 0.8
magnitude tremor.

In 2017, we saw fifteen deadly weather disasters:
heatwaves, floods and droughts. If I think back
to 
the 1960s, there would be one or two violent

weather events in the year: now, it’s become
 a regular part of our news coverage.

In September, Indonesia was struck by a tsunami
and an earthquake that killed thousands and left
many missing. Given the thousands of lives lost
this year, with just a one degree increase, I
 dread to think how many more are going
to die, even if we cap the increase at
1.5 centigrade.

 Even to meet that target, carbon emissions have to
 be cut by forty-five percent, by 2030, but they’re
still going up and most of the difficult decisions
- that should have been taken at the Poland
conference - have been deferred to the
 next meeting.

Although the US has a climate change denying president,
latest opinion polls show that 80% of Americans believe
 climate change is happening, including a majority
of Republicans.

Nicholas Stern, who cooperated with me when I was mayor
 of London and is author of a landmark report on climate
 change economics, said: “It is clear that the progress
 we are making is inadequate, given the scale and
urgency of the risks we face… a much more
attractive clean and efficient path for
economic development and poverty
 reduction, is in our hands.”

It was 26 years ago - in 1992 -  that the UN Framework
 Convention on Climate Change was signed, binding
governments to a commitment to reduce the level
 of carbon emissions. Yet now, a quarter of a
century on, even if we achieve the target
set by those governments, the world’s
temperature will increase by more
 than three degrees centigrade.

It’s not just that politicians lack the courage to stand up to
 the coal and oil industries, but what they fear most, is
having to tell all of us, that we need to buy and
consume less. A third of all the food used in
Europe and North America ends up wasted
and thrown away. More and more of the
 things we buy, are just left in our cup-
boards and drawers, until they are,
 eventually, thrown out.

I grew up in that post-war world where nothing was wasted
 and our pleasure came from the time we spent with our
friends and family, but, over these last fifty years, the
Western world has switched to an obsession with
shopping and consumption and we spend less
 time with our friends and our family. We can
 either go back to that world without waste,
 or we are going to destroy the world of
our children.

(Source - RT)



_____________________________________________



Japan finds itself
buried in plastic waste

 after China stops
importing world’s trash

21st of October, 2018, at 4:11am

Nations across the globe are beginning to suffer from
waste build-up, after China stopped importing
recyclable garbage this year. Japan has
become the latest country reporting
severe recycling industry overload.

China’s ban on imports of 24 types of solid waste materials,
such as soda bottles, mixed paper, recycled steel and
newsprint, has impacted the recycling chain across
the globe. Japan, which, last year, exported about
half its 1.5 million tons of annual plastic waste,
is now piled, higher and deeper, in its own
garbage, 
with many local governments
struggling to cope 
with the problem.

About a quarter of 102 local governments surveyed
 reported seeing accumulated plastic waste, which
in some cases overreached sanitary norms, the
Environment Ministry data showed, this week.

 At least 34 municipalities noted that they are failing to
 find new destinations to outsource their plastic, after
 the domestic costs of processing waste, shot up.

China’s refusal to accept more garbage is overstretching
the Japanese recycling industry, with 34.9 percent of
companies limiting or considering restricting the
quantities of plastics they can accept. To deal
with the problem, the Japanese ministry said
it will expand domestic capacity to process
plastic waste. The government also wants
 to introduce measures to prevent illegal
dumping and to expand the use of
bioplastics, 
which are
biodegradable.

A similar problem was reported this weekend in the UK,
which last year exported roughly two-thirds of its
recyclables. The Local Government Association
 (LGA) blamed the Chinese ban for the change
in councils’ recycling methods, which are
forcing the local authorities to add an
 extra £500,000 a year, in costs.

“It’s clear that the ban by China on imported waste, which
could, soon, be implemented by other countries, could
have a marked impact on councils’ ability to recycle,”
said Martin Tett, the LGA's environment spokesman.

China, which over the last 25 years was taking in 45 percent
 of cumulative plastic imports, without a doubt made a huge
 impact on the global recycling system. While many Chinese
companies relocated their operations to Malaysia, the Asian
 country does not have the capacity to replace China, and, 
this week, imposed a three-month ban on imports. We
 "will do our very best to ensure that Malaysia not be
 the plastic rubbish bin of developed countries,"
Science, Technology and Environment and
Climate Change minister Yeo Bee Yin said.

Vietnam, which once welcomed foreign shipments, is also
finding it hard to cope with recyclables, imposing a new
temporary ban on imports, between June & October.

Thailand, the other world destination of plastic
goods, 
reportedly, will ban imports, by 2021.

The closure of 
Asian countries to plastic, will also
affect the US, 
which, in the first six months of
this year, 
exported its recycling to Thailand,

Malaysia and Vietnam.



__________________________________________________



Clock is ticking: Planet
has 
only TWELVE years to
avert 
global climate chaos,

 UN warns
October 8th, at 11:59am

The world’s nations should unite in an “unprecedented”
 effort --- to curb the global rise of temperatures by a
larger-than-agreed margin, a UN climate-change
panel said. This would limit the damage
caused by industrialization.

The consequences of global climate change will be less
severe for our planet, if countries across the world
managed to curb the rising of temperatures to
1.5 º C above pre-industrial levels, instead of
the 2º C benchmark targeted today, the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC) said on Monday.

Reaching this objective is possible, the study noted, but
will require revolutionary changes to power generation
 methods and the phasing out of fossil fuels, coal in
particular. A major transformation will also be
required to the transportation network, as
well as to human lifestyles, especially
when it comes to growing food.

The half-degree difference could stop the almost complete
 eradication of corals and would ease pressure on the
Arctic, which is seeing a steady meltdown. Sea level
rises would be 10 cm lower, with a 1.5º C rise
compared to 2º C by 2100. “Every extra bit
of warming matters, especially since a
warming of 1.5ºC or higher, increases
 the risk associated with long-lasting
or irreversible changes, such as the
loss of some ecosystems,” said
Hans-Otto Pörtner, Co-Chair of
IPCC Working Group II.

 “Limiting global warming to 1.5°C compared with 2°C
would reduce challenging impacts on ecosystems,
human health and well-being, making it easier to
achieve the United Nations Sustainable
Development Goals,” Priyardarshi
Shukla, Co-Chair of IPCC WG III
 #ipcc #sr15

 ''Our top-level politicians should
make tackling climate
 change
their utmost priority,
before it's too late'' 

(Op-Ed by Ken Livingstone)
https://on.rt.com/9fll

The report, based on more than 6,000 scientific works,
 noted that consequences such as water scarcity,
extreme weather, the spread of diseases and
food shortages will be less severe at 1.5 º C
 rather than 2 ºC. If humanity passes the
1.5º C threshold, humans will need to
rely on technologies to remove
carbon from the atmosphere.

However, “the effectiveness of such techniques
is unproven at large scale and some may carry
significant risks for sustainable development,”
 the report notes.

Monday’s report is a follow-up to the 2015 Paris Climate
Change Agreement, under which 195 nations pledged
to hold global temperatures “well below” 2º C above
pre-industrial levels. Whether or not the goal is still
attainable, remains questionable, after President
Donald Trump pulled out of the agreement,
claiming it was unfair to his country. 

So far, the planet has witnessed a 1º C rise in temperature
compared to pre-industrial levels. National commitments
to cut emissions will not limit global warming to 1.5 º C,
the report warns, stressing that 1.5 º C warming will be
witnessed, sometime between 2030 and 2052, if the
current trends continue.

(Source - RT)


________________________________________________________



Fantastic news
from Wales –


 the Planning Inspectorate has rejected plans
for an opencast coal mine at Nant Llesg
near Merthyr Tydfil.
 
This historic victory comes after years of tireless
 campaigning by the local community campaign
United Valleys Action Group, alongside our
local group in Merthyr and the team at
Friends of the Earth Cymru.
 
If given the go-ahead, the mine would have seen
 6 million tonnes of coal extracted over the next
 14 years – causing huge harm to local residents,
wrecking our beautiful countryside, and
 contributing to runaway climate change.
 
But yesterday’s decision is a true testament to
 what we can achieve together when we put
 our minds to it. Alyson Austin, from the
local 
group, summed it up perfectly:

"Words can't express how pleased and relieved we
are, that communities in Rhymney, Pontlottyn

and Fochriw, have been spared this
horrendous
 experience – they
deserve this outcome."


__________________________________________________


Ukrainian chemical factory
triggers ecological disaster
 in Crimea
September 6th, at 11:41am

The work of the Crimean Titanium factory was suspended
for two weeks, because of emissions of sulfur dioxide. A
state of ecological disaster was declared, in the town
of Armyansk.

More than 4,000 children are being evacuated, schools in
 the town of Armyansk, were closed for two weeks, as a
result of the accident. Emissions of harmful substances
into the atmosphere occurred, due to the negligence of
both the owner of the factory and the local authorities.

 Crimean Titanium belongs to Ukrainian oligarch, Dmitry
 Firtash. Accidents have occurred at the factory before
 too, although they were on a smaller scale.

"The emission of chemicals into the atmosphere, led to
an increase in atmospheric air temperatures. They also
resulted in the sustainable absence of precipitation,
and a lower water level in the acid storage facility,"
Deputy Prime Minister of Crimea, Igor
Mikhailichenko, said.

This term 'acid storage facility' designates a diked part
of Sivash Lake, also known as the "Rotten Lake." The
owner of the factory continued with the dangerous
production, knowing that there was not enough
water to neutralize acid, and did not report
the emergency to the authorities.

As for the local authorities, supervisory bodies seem to
have ignored the fact that there was no water running
on the blocked North-Crimean channel to the factory.
The authorities were supposed to close the factory,
but they turned a blind eye on the problem and
preferred to let the chips fall, where they may.

Residents of Armyansk started complaining on August 23,
but the authorities set up a commission only on Aug. 28.
At first, most of the patients were diagnosed with ARVI
(acute respiratory viral infection), but they later
developed allergic conjunctivitis, allergic
pharyngitis and Quincke's edema.

Meanwhile, the head of the Crimea, Sergei Aksenov, continues
to say that people's lives are out of danger and there is no
threat to their health, although it was Aksenov, who
ordered children to be evacuated from the
affected region of the peninsula.

Crimean Titanium is the largest producer of titanium dioxide
 in Eastern Europe. The company also produces red iron
oxide pigment, mineral fertilizers, sulfuric acid,
aluminum sulfate, liquid sodium glass, and
iron vitriol.

(Source - Pravda.Ru)


____________________________________________________________



China builds an
‘Ecological Civilization’
while the world burns
August 31st, 2018
by Denis Etler

Like the Soviet Union in the 1930s with its accelerated push
to industrialize, China in the 1990s and 2000s threw caution
 to the winds, and industrialized at break neck speed. The
 Soviets realized, that if they didn’t rapidly industrialize,
 the Western capitalists, both of the liberal and fascist
 variety, would direct all their fire at the first worker’s
 state and try to destroy it. That Soviet drive to
industrialize had many negative consequences,
but if they hadn’t done so, the Nazi onslaught
in 
1941, may well have succeeded.

Such a result would have been an unprecedented disaster for
 the entire world. Instead, the Soviet Union was able to repel
and defeat German imperialism, a victory of unparalleled
 importance. The industrial foundation laid down by the
Soviet Union prior to and during, WW2, allowed for a
swift recovery from the devastation visited upon
her. After the war, the Soviet Union become a
bastion of peace and socialism, serving as
 a bulwark --- against the spread of US
imperialism and a steadfast ally of
 newly emerging nations fighting
for liberation from European
colonialism.

With the demise of the USSR and the collapse of the Soviet
 bloc - in the late 1980s and 90s - China found itself in the
cross-hairs of US imperialism. While disputes with the
USSR had protected the PRC from attempts by the US
 to destabilize and sabotage her, once the Soviet
Union
 was no more, China became the next
target. The 
Chinese leadership realized it
had to quickly 
industrialize, under the
new conditions of 
US global
hegemony.

Like the Soviets before them, China threw caution to the
winds --- and put all her efforts into a vast program of
industrialization, come hell or high water. As a result,
 China experienced severe environmental damage.

The Chinese people saw their country surge ahead
 to become an industrial power, the factory to the
world, and they put up with environmental
degradation and pollution.

But, many soon realized that the path taken, while
 expedient, was unsustainable. With the advent of
XJP, corrective measures were taken, which are
 turning things around, and setting China on a
course of sustainable development, towards
an ecological civilization. John Bachtell,
 national chair of the Communist Party
USA, has written an incisive essay,
 that recounts the history of China’s
 industrialization, its trials and
travails, and its new march
- towards sustainability.

In remarks to the CPC leadership in 2013, President Xi Jinping
said, “We will never again seek economic growth, at the cost
of the environment.”

 More recently, Xi stressed “To protect the ecological environment
 is to protect [the] productive forces. To improve the ecological
environment is to develop the productive forces. A good
ecological 
environment is the most just public product,
one that most 
fully promotes the well-being of all
the people.”

China has committed to a sustainable path and building an
“ecological civilization” as a national strategy, since the
17th CPC Congress, in 2007. The goal is, to form “an
energy and resource efficient, environmentally
friendly structure of industries, pattern of
growth, and mode of consumption.”

The concept of “ecological civilization construction” was
added to the CPC constitution, during the 18th CPC
 Congress, in 2012. It was placed on a par with
“economic, political, cultural and
social progress.”

The adoption of several reforms, in 2015, to accelerate
the 
process, addresses many of the country’s major

 environmental issues. “The proposals cover
the 
protection of natural resource rights; the

establishment of a national parks system;
better, stricter systems for the protection
of arable land, and water resources
management; the establishment of
 a green financing system; and the
improvement of environmental
 compensation mechanisms.”

Only an eco-socialist oriented society can move with such
 unity, purpose and speed, toward sustainability. It helps,
 that government and CPC leaders are deeply committed
 to building the ecological civilization and driving the
process, including President Xi and Premier
Li Keqiang.

Consequently, the CPC initiated a “war on pollution” just like
 its “war on poverty”, which will be eliminated entirely, in the
next 3-5 years. With an overall economic slowdown, the
priority has moved from quantity to quality: in
production,
 environmental protection, and
becoming a global leader
 in the fight
against the climate crisis.

A law passed in 2014 to reduce CO2 emissions from coal
 power plants, has resulted in a 14 percent reduction, as
of June 2018.

 New measures adopted in May 2018 will result in the
“comprehensive recycling” of hard waste materials. 

China is one of a few countries to pass laws and
 develop a strategy to create a circular economy
 (reuse, recycling and remanufacturing).

The ministry of Ecology & the Environment has identified
9 million sources of pollution, 7.4 million of them, being
 from industrial sources.

China is doubling the previous target for solar power
production, by 2020, and is the largest producer of
 solar panels, in the world.


________________________________________________________



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Campaigners accuse government
of silencing opposition to fracking
Friday, August 16th, 2018.
by Will Stone

Environmental campaigners accused the government today
 of silencing public opposition to fracking by removing
questions about the unpopular practice from its
quarterly opinion poll.

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
 has announced that it will be reducing the frequency with
 which it surveys public opinion on fracking,
to 
once a year.

Its decision to omit fracking questions from the quarterly poll
was revealed in the department's latest public attitude
tracker on energy.

However, Green Party MEP Keith Taylor accused
 the department of trying to silence criticism.

He said: “Ministers have been asking the public whether
they support fracking on a quarterly basis, for over
 four years.

“But, despite a huge PR push, opposition has always
outstripped support, which has never exceeded 30%
and long languished below 20%.

“How have the Conservatives responded to such a
consistent rejection of the climate-destructive
 industry?

“By stopping asking what we think so often, and
giving fracking the green light, in the meantime.”

The government said that, following analysis of data,
it found “there is little change over the years” in
public opinion on certain questions, including
fracking, from one season to another.

Other topics removed from its quarterly poll include
trust in energy suppliers, knowledge of radioactive
waste and support or opposition to nuclear energy.

Friends of the Earth campaigner Tony Bosworth said:

 “The government’s very own survey, consistently
showed climbing support for renewable energy,
while support for fracking was really low.

“Perhaps, having recently tried to change planning rules
 so that fracking companies could drill more easily,
they were just scared of a record bad survey
result for them this time, so have stopped
even asking, any more.”

Greenpeace UK energy campaigner Nina Schrank added:

 “The government needs to catch up with the electorate,
 who can already see that our future is renewable.”

Fracking company Ineos, was granted permission by
the 
government's planning inspectorate, yesterday,
to launch 
the first shale gas exploration scheme
in Derbyshire.

(Source - Morning Star)



_______________________________________________________




Global Tree Cover Has Increased
7 Percent Since 1982,Says Study
August 10th, 2018

Prensa Latina - A team of US researchers has found that
new global tree growth over the past 35 years, has more
 than offset global tree cover losses.

In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group
describes using satellite data to track forest growth
and losses over the past 35 years and what they
found by doing so.

There has been a growing consensus in recent years
that because humans cut down so many trees (most
 particularly in the rainforests) that global tree cover
is shrinking. In this new effort, the researchers have
found that not to be the case. They contend that
global tree cover, is actually increasing.

The researchers report that most of the new tree cover
occurred in places that had previously been barren,
 such as in deserts, tundra areas, on mountains,
in
 cities and in other non-vegetated land.

They further report that much of the new growth came
about due to efforts by humans (such as reforestation
efforts in China, and parts of Africa) and because of
global warming, warmer temperatures have raised
timberlines in some mountainous regions, and
allowed forests to creep into tundra areas.

Other areas of new tree growth resulted from large farm
 abandonments in places like Russia and the U.S. The
researchers report that their calculations showed
that human activities have directly caused
approximately 60 percent of new global
 tree growth.

They suggest their technique for monitoring tree cover
could be used to predict tree cover changes in the
future, due to global warming.


___________________________________________________



The bloody slaughter
goes on and on

by Peter Frost
Friday, August 3rd, 2018

A sad PETER FROST discovers that despite
a little good news, the slaughter of whales
 still continues.

It seems incredible, and very sad, that every year
 we have to return to the subject of the bloody
 slaughter of whales and other sea mammals.

Japan, Iceland, and Norway still think it is OK to
 ignore worldwide public opinion, and even the
increasing anti-whaling views of their own
 populations.

One bit of recent news cheered me up a little.
Holiday giant Thomas Cook has announced
it will stop selling trips to aquariums and
animal parks that keep killer whales,
orcas, in captivity.

The tourism giant said it had made the decision
because more than 90 per cent of its customers
 were concerned about animal welfare, hence
they will no longer sell tickets to SeaWorld
in
 Florida and Loro Parque in Tenerife.

“When so many of our customers are so clear in
 their view, I could not allow our business to
ignore them,” Peter Fankhauser CEO of
Thomas Cook said.

Less good news has just arrived with the return of
the Icelandic whaling fleet after killing a very rare,
threatened - and supposedly legally protected -
blue whale.

The Icelanders rushed to find DNA evidence
that it was only a blue whale hybrid.

After viewing the photographic evidence of the dead
whale being winched aboard the ship, most experts
agreed --- the corpse had all the features of the
largest animal that has ever existed on Earth.
Mottled blue skin, black baleen, tiny hooked
dorsal fin — a blue whale.

The Icelandic fleet had resumed its whale hunt in June,
 after a three-year break -- caused by the Tokyo
government being unhappy with the standard
of the meat Iceland was seeking to sell
 to Japan.

Others suggested that the real reason was that
 the demand for whale meat in Japan, was
falling dramatically.

This year Iceland set itself a target of 191 fin whales
 and early reports suggest it has met this target.
Most meat will be heading for the sushi bars of
 Japan, the Icelanders hope, but the
international freight shipping
market - and many ports -
refuse to have anything
to do with this bloody
 trade.

A recent poll by Iceland itself, shows that, even in Iceland,
 support for whaling continues to drop. Only 34 per cent
of Icelanders now support continued commercial
whaling, while another 34 per cent of Icelanders
 say they are opposed to whaling - 31 per cent
say they are neutral.

As recently as five years ago a solid majority of Icelanders
 supported whaling. A 2013 poll found that 60 per cent of
 Icelanders supported it, while only 18% opposed it.

Another whaling nation, Norway, hasn’t just continued
whaling, but has angered environmentalists, by
provocatively announcing a 28 per cent
 increase of its annual whaling quota
 to 1,278 whales.

This, despite the fact that, in recent years, Norway’s
 whalers have failed to catch the quotas set by Oslo
 - and the number of whaling ships has plummeted.

The Norwegian government hopes that, by raising the
quota, more whalers will join the fleet — there were
just 11 Norwegian whaling ships in 2017 and that
 was just half of the previous year’s number.

Norway, says it only hunts the minke whale,
 which it kills, using explosive harpoons.

In both Norway and Iceland few people actually eat
whale any longer. In Iceland most is consumed by
tourists curious to sample the exotic, if
contentious, novelty.

Most of the Icelandic whale meat is sold to Japan
 but over the last few years the Icelandic whalers
 have had great difficulty finding ships or transit
ports prepared to handle the bloody cargo.

Which brings us to Japan itself. When three Japanese
whaling vessels returned to port from a controversial
trip to Antarctica earlier this year they had caught
333 minke whales. Tokyo claims the slaughter is
 for scientific purposes.

Japan is a signatory to the International Whaling
Commission moratorium on whale hunting, but
makes use of a loophole, that allows the
mammals to be killed for scientific
research.

Commercial hunting of whales was banned in 1986, but
 Japan would like to see it permitted once more. Tokyo
makes no secret of the fact that slaughtered whales
 often end up being eaten.

After tiny samples go to the laboratory, the rest ends up on
Japan’s dining tables, or feeding Japan’s many lap dogs.

Tokyo’s insistence on continuing with whale hunts, draws
 regular protests worldwide and Japanese ships have
clashed at sea, in the past, with animal rights
campaigners. This season there appear to
have been no such protests at sea.

The most recent hunt killed 120 pregnant female whales
among the 333 total. The International Whaling
Commission said that, apart from the pregnant
whales, another 114 were immature.

The Japanese proudly displayed pictures of the
slaughtered pregnant whales, each slit open
to
 reveal a fully developed foetus.

In 2014, the International Court of Justice ruled that
 the annual whale slaughter programme was for
commercial purposes, which is illegal.

The Japanese government scrapped the illegal
whaling programme and began a new one in
 2015, described as having a scientific
purpose, but, again, it is clearly just a
cover, to continue whaling for profit.

Even in Japan, eating whale becomes less and less
popular. Much of the whale harvest ends up in
expensive treats for pet dogs. Still, Japan’s
 legendary pride won’t let it fall in to line
 with the rest of the world and ban the
 slaughter of whales forever.

Only a continued political campaign, against Iceland,
Norway and, most of all, Japan, will end this murder
forever. Are you playing your part, in saving
 the whale?

(Source - Morning Star)



___________________________________________________



Pope Francis tells top oil executives
world ‘must convert to clean fuel’
May 9th, at 9:56am

Pope Francis, addressing top oil company executives,
 has said that the world must convert to clean fuel,
Reuters reports.

 “Civilization requires energy but energy use must not
 destroy civilization,” he told the group at the end of
 a two-day conference in the Vatican on Saturday.

 He also noted that climate change was a challenge of
 “epochal proportions,” saying that the world needs to
 come up with an energy mix that combats pollution,
 eliminates poverty, and promotes social justice.

The pope wrote a major document on protecting
 the environment from global warming, in 2015.

(Source - RT)



___________________________________________________




Beekeepers stage funeral for
France's dying bee population
Thursday June 7th, at 3:03pm

Bees in France are fast dying, say beekeepers who
 staged a mock funeral in central Paris on Thursday.

French beekeepers say an average of 30 percent of
 bee colonies died, following the last winter, due to
pesticides used across the country.

They said the ravaged bee population has severely
affected the honey harvest, hence threatening
their livelihood.

The colonies have deteriorated so badly that some
 beekeepers may not be able to carry on,
demonstrators said.

A small delegation marched toward the
presidential palace, but was stopped
by police.

Pesticides destroy insects and other organisms harmful
to cultivated plants and crops, with knock-on effects
through the food chain.

An EU court last month upheld a partial ban on three
insecticides known as neonicotinoids, saying the
European Commission had been right, in 2013, to
restrict their use, to protect bees.

(Source: Reuters)


________________________________________________



EU court upholds
partial ban 
on pesticides
threatening bees

 May 17th, at 8:23am

An EU court upheld a partial ban on three insecticides
 known as neonicotinoids, on Thursday.

The General Court of the European Union, said that
 the European Commission had been right to restrict
 their use in order to protect bees. The ruling covers
 three active substances - imidacloprid developed
by Bayer CropScience, clothianidin developed
by Takeda Chemical Industries and Bayer Crop-
Science, as well as Syngenta’s thiamethoxam,
Reuters said.

 However, the court did annul restrictions on the use
of another pesticide BASF’s fipronil, because the
Commission had not carried out “an adequate
assessment” of the impact of its measures.

___________________________

Huge dead zone in Gulf of Oman

 is far worse than feared - but
 what is it?
May 1st, 2018, at 1:48pm

A large ‘dead zone’ in the Gulf of Oman is increasing in size,
 according to scientists who warn the oxygen-scarce area
is worse than previously thought and poses a threat to
the environment. But what does that mean?

The dead zone in the Arabian Sea is now the world’s
biggest Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ). About the
size of Scotland or Florida, the dead zone
almost covers the entire Gulf of Oman,
which borders Iran, Oman, Pakistan
and the United Arab Emirates.

What is a dead zone?

A dead zone is an area of the sea or a large body of water
that’s almost entirely devoid of oxygen. The low-oxygen
areas are called dead zones as they can’t sustain
marine life. Fish, animals and plant life in the
zones suffocate as a result of low oxygen
 levels, while some marine life manages
to swim away from the area, leaving
it empty.

Scientists began noticing increasing areas of dead zones
in the 1970s. In 2008, 405 dead zones around the world
were noted by Sweden's Göteborg University.

One Third of 'Dead Zones' in World’s Oceans
 Around United States - Kerry

Roughly a third of all 'dead zones' in the
 world’s oceans, are in or around the US,
Secretary of State, John Kerry, revealed.

Conditions in Gulf of Oman

The existence of the Gulf of Oman dead zone has been known
for about 50 years, but the extent of the area has only recently
 been confirmed thanks to the use of underwater robots,
 called Seagliders.

“The Arabian Sea is the largest and thickest dead zone in the
 world. But until now, no-one really knew how bad the
situation was because piracy and conflicts in the
area have made it too dangerous to collect
data,”
 Dr Bastien Queste from UEA’s
School of 
Environmental Sciences said.

''We barely
 have any data collected for almost half

a century, because of how difficult it is
to send ships there.''

The remote-controlled submarines are the size of a small person
and can spend months underwater at 1km. They were deployed
 by researchers from the University of East Anglia to the Gulf of
 Oman for eight months.

The team’s findings have now been published in Geophysical
 Research Letters. They found a strong decrease of oxygen
in the afflicted zone compared to pre-1990 levels, and also
 charted how the oxygen is spread around the area across
different seasons.

“Our research shows that the situation is actually worse than
feared – and that the area of dead zone is vast and growing.
The ocean is suffocating,” Queste said.

What causes dead zones?

Dead zones can occur naturally, but also grow as a result of
 excessive nutrient pollution from human activities, the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
explains. Many chemical, physical and biological
factors combine to create dead zones, but
nutrient pollutions are the primary culprit.
Nitrogen and phosphorus in fertilizers
run into the water, and then act as
 nutrients which fertilize algae.

The algae eventually dies and decomposes in the water.
This feeds bacteria which consume the oxygen around
them, depleting the supply. Climate change has
exacerbated the issue, as warmer waters
contain less oxygen.

The Gulf of Mexico is home one of the largest dead zones,
which occurs each spring when farmers fertilize their land
 and the rain washes the fertilizer into rivers - and into the
sea. An area in the Baltic Sea, is another large dead zone.

Why are dead zones bad?

Dead zones are “a real environmental problem, with dire
consequences for humans too who rely on the oceans
 for food and employment.” Guete said.

More worryingly, dead zones produce nitrous oxide, which
 is more damaging to the environment than carbon dioxide.

Scientists warn that computer simulations of ocean oxygen
 reveal levels will decrease over the next 100 years, with
oxygen minimum zones growing. The next step for
researchers is further study - to determine all of
the contributing causes of the increasing
dead zone(s).



______________________________________________________




Six Fold Increase in Renewable
 Energy Required to Stay Below 2ºC
April 19th, 2018

Prensa Latina - A six-fold increase in renewable energy
adoption is required in order to prevent the world over-
heating beyond 2ºC, and this would also benefit
the global economy and human welfare, finds
the latest edition of the International
Renewable Energy Agency''s (IRENA)
long-term renewable energy outlook.

The latest edition of the International Renewable Energy
Agency's (IRENA) long-term renewable energy outlook
has concluded that increasing the speed of global
renewable energy adoption by at least a factor of
 six, critical to meeting energy-related emission
 reduction needs of the Paris Climate Agreement,
can limit global temperature rise to two degrees.

The report also finds that by 2050, the global economy would
grow by one percent and global welfare, including benefits
not captured by GDP, such as health benefits from reduced
air pollution and reduced climate impacts, among others,
would improve by 15 per cent, compared to the current
trajectory.

Global Energy Transformation: A Roadmap to 2050, was
launched today at the Berlin Energy Transition Dialogue.

The report also finds that increasing cumulative energy
system investment by 30 per cent to 2050 in favour of
renewable energy and energy efficiency, can create
over 11 million additional energy-sector jobs,
completely offsetting job losses in the
 fossil fuel industry.

Immediate action will also reduce the scale and value of
stranded energy-related assets in the future. The road-
map currently anticipates up to $11 trillion of stranded
energy assets by 2050 - a value that could double if
action is further delayed.

'Renewable energy and energy efficiency together form
 the cornerstone of the world's solution to energy-related
CO2 emissions, and can provide over 90 per cent of the
energy-related CO2 emission reductions required to
keep global temperature rise to two degrees Celsius'
said IRENA Director General Adnan Z. Amin.

'If we are to decarbonise global energy fast enough to avoid
 the most severe impacts of climate change, renewables
must account for at least two-thirds of total energy
by 2050.

'Transformation will not only support climate objectives, it
will support positive social and economic outcomes all
over the world, lifting millions out of energy poverty,
increasing energy independence and stimulating
sustainable job growth. An opportunity exists to
 ramp up investment in low-carbon technologies,
 and shift the global development paradigm from
 one of scarcity, inequality and competition to
 one of shared prosperity - in our lifetimes.

'That is an opportunity we must rally behind by
adopting strong policies, mobilising capital and
driving innovation across the energy system.'

Current government plans fall short of emission reduction
 needs. At today's trajectory, the world would exhaust its
 energy-related ‘carbon budget' (CO2) for 2°C in under
 20 years, despite continued strong growth in renewable
capacity additions.

By the end of 2017, global renewable generation capacity
 increased by 167 GW and reached 2,179 GW worldwide,
yearly growth of 8.3 per cent. However, without an
increase in deployment, fossil fuels such as oil,
natural gas & coal would continue to dominate
 the global energy mix by 2050. The roadmap
analysis outlines an energy system in which
 renewables account for up two-thirds of total
final energy consumption, and 85 per cent of
 power generation by 2050 - up from 18% and
25%, respectively, today.

To achieve this, at least a six-fold acceleration of renewable
 energy is needed, both through increased electrification of
transport and heat, and more direct use of renewables.

 Electrification, and renewable power are key drivers
outlined in the report, with solar and wind capacity
leading the energy transformation.


_______________________

US demands China reconsider

 ‘catastrophic’ ban on importing
 foreign garbage & recyclables
March 25th, at 12:45pm

Amid fears of a potentially devastating trade war
 between the US and China, Washington has
urged Beijing not to implement the ban on
US garbage and recyclable materials
that Asia’s giant threatened to
 impose last July.

In an effort to battle the "illegal foreign garbage" influx
into China, last July, China’s Ministry of Environmental
Protection notified the World Trade Organization (WTO)
that it plans to ban imports of 24 types of solid waste
materials, such as soda bottles, mixed paper, recycled
 steel and newsprint. Despite the threat to implement
the ban by the end of the year, the document stated
 that the “proposed date of adoption” is “to be
 determined.”

Concerned over the massive impact the ban could have
on the US economy, the US trade representative, on
Friday, urged China to re-examine its decision.

“We request that China immediately halt implementation
 and revise these measures in a manner consistent with
existing international standards for trade in scrap
materials, which provide a global framework for
transparent and environmentally sound trade
in recycled commodities,” the US spokes-
person noted at the WTO Council for
Trade in Goods session in Geneva.

“China’s import restrictions on recycled commodities</