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Thousands celebrate return
of 
Charles Blé Goudé
to Ivory Coast
November 27th, 12 midday
(africanews)
 
Charles Blé Goudé returned 
to Ivory Coast on Saturday.


Thousands of supporters... cheered on Saturday, 
the return to Ivory Coast of Charles Blé Goudé 
---- a key figure involved in the violence that 
followed the 2011 presidential elections.
 
Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara, who earlier 
this year pardoned his predecessor Laurent 
Gbagbo.... in the name of national
reconciliation, has approved
 the return.
 
"In reality - when I was told to come, it was frank, it 
was sincere. That is why I thank here in Yopougon, 
the Ivorian authorities for having facilitated (my
 return, ed.) among you. If I see you today, it is 
thanks to them", said Charles Blé Goudé in 
front of a crowd.
 
Addressing supporters in Abidjan, Blé Goudé, thanked
 the Ivorian authorities for facilitating his return, and 
said his "duty" is -- to "support the peace process".
 
"I have arrived.. I will gather all the information. In this
 same place, we will hold a political rally, where I will
 discuss all the issues. And, as the press is here,
 I ask them to come in a few weeks, to a big 
press conference where we will discuss 
all the issues, I mean all the issues", 
promised Blé Goudé.
 
The former right-hand man to ex-president Laurent
 Gbagbo was acquitted of crimes against humanity
 by the International Criminal Court, last year.
 
 
________________________________________________
 
 
 
South Africans rally against 
the release of the killer of 
an anti-apartheid activist
November 27th, 10:03am
 (africanews)
 
Protests outside the Constitutional Court
 in Johannesburg, on Saturday.
 
Supporters of South Africa's ruling party, the ANC, 
and South Africa's Communist Party, staged a 
protest outside the Constitutional Court in
Johannesburg, on Saturday.
 
The demonstrators protested against the announced
 release of the killer of anti-apartheid activist Chris
 Hani, shot dead in 1993.
 
"When I heard about the judgement to release Chris 
Hani’s killer I was disgusted. I was disappointed 
about our Constitutional Court’s decision - to 
release a right-wing racist - who is viewed
by right-wing movements in Poland.. who 
want to receive him - by the way - as 
a hero", denounced protester 
Lenin Mpesi.
 
Last Monday, the constitutional court announced 
the release of Janusz Walus, a 69 year old Polish
 immigrant with links to the Afrikaner far right.
 
"For the right-wingers who wanted to plunge our 
country into chaos, they killed comrade Chris 
Hani and those right-wingers were arrested 
and they didn’t tell the truth, that's why 
they remained in jail. That is why there 
is anger in the country today, when
 they are about to be released. 
And they have been released 
by the Constitutional Court" 
--- said Solly Mapaila, the
General Secretary of 
the South African 
Communist Party.
 
Janusz Walus was sentenced to death: 
but the abolition of the death penalty 
in 1994, commuted his sentence to 
life imprisonment.
 
 
________________________________________
 
 
 
Ethiopia: Govt Delivers
32,000 Mt Food, Over 
360,000 Litres of Fuel 
to Tigray Region
November 27th
Ethiopian News Agency 
(Addis Ababa)
(Pan-African News Wire)
 
Some 32,000 metric tons of food and over 360,000
 litres of fuel have been made accessible to Tigray
 region after the peace agreement between the
 Government of Ethiopia and the TPLF, the
 Disaster Risk Management Commission 
disclosed.
 
Following the peace agreement, the government has
 also intensified its efforts in making humanitarian 
aid widely accessible to northern Ethiopia, 
including Tigray region, and other areas.
 
Ethiopian Disaster Risk Management Commissioner 
Ambassdor Shiferaw Teklemariam told ENA that
 access to humanitarian aid continues to be 
widely distributed in Tigray region.
 
In keeping with the promise the government made
 in the Pretoria Peace Agreement, it is providing 
unlimited humanitarian aid for Tigray region.
 
In addition to using its own capabilities... the 
government is undertaking wide campaigns 
for humanitarian aid, by coordinating with 
international aid organizations, the
 commissioner added.
 
Accordingly, humanitarian aid is being made 
accessible through four corridors, including
 via Mekele and Shire airports.
 
Commissioner Shiferaw elaborated that after 
the peace agreement and up until yesterday, 
the government has provided humanitarian 
aid of 13,000 metric tons of grains and 
nutritious food.
 
Humanitarian aid organizations have also 
distributed 19,000 metric tons of food
 to Tigray region, he revealed.
 
According to him, the humanitarian aid sent 
to the region in the last few weeks will 
benefit more than 2 million people.
 
The commissioner further stated that over 
360,000 litres of fuel has also been sent
 to the region and neighboring regions.
 
The fuel that arrived at Mekelle will be used 
for the objective set through the World 
Food Program (WFP).
 
On the other hand, the government is making
 accessible medical supplies, water and 
sanitation as well as materials for
schools and local residents.
 
Humanitarian support from the government 
will continue to be strengthened, the 
commissioner said, adding that 
the government is working 
in coordination...  with 
partners and citizens.
 
In addition to the government's efforts in helping 
the people affected by conflict in various areas
 of the Amhara and Afar regions, the 
participation of the community is 
commendable - and needs to be 
strengthened, Shiferaw stated.
 
The commissioner, who stated that there are
 approximately... 5.3 million beneficiaries of
 humanitarian assistance in Tigray region, 
said 4.5 million are receiving support
on
 a regular basis.
 
Moreover... he stated that the government has
organized a coordinating committee - to help 
displaced citizens to return to their villages, 
& rehabilitate them in a sustainable manner.
 
Besides resuming regular services, preparations 
have been made to continue strengthening
 humanitarian support ...until citizens
 return to normal lives, the added.
 
Noting that the government has been working 
to mobilize the capability of aid organizations,
 he urges the Ethiopian Diaspora to support 
the effort.
 
Read the original article on ENA.
 
 
________________________________________________



Electoral authorities in DRC
announce next presidential 
election
November 26th, 2:13pm
(africanews)
 
The electoral authorities in the DRC have announced
 on Saturday that the next presidential election will
 take place on December 20th next year.
 
Current president, Felix Tshisekedi, who succeeded
 Joseph Kabila in January 2019 in a controversial
 election, has already expressed his intention
 to run again.
 
Tshisekedi may be running against Martin Fayulu, 
who continues to claim that he won the 2018 
election and was denied victory.
 
Former Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo (2012-
2016) has also announced his intention to run.
 
According to the electoral authorities, 
insecurity remains the main challenge.
 
Violence is still present, particularly in the east, 
where armed groups, including the M23 rebels
 have recently seized large parts of land 
north of Goma, the provincial capital 
of North Kivu.
 
A mini-summit held this week in Luanda decided on 
a ceasefire from Friday evening, followed, within 
two days, by a withdrawal of the M23 from
 occupied areas.
 
 
 
____________________________________________
 
 
 
Somalia makes gains
against 
al-Shebab
terrorism
November 26th, 1:20pm
 (africanews)
 
 
In Somalia, the government is engaged in an 
"all-out war" against al-Shebab extremists.
 
The new strategy, in place since July, has 
already led to some gains in two regions 
in central Somalia.
 
Since 2007, the al-Qaeda affiliated group 
has been fighting the government.
 
The new strategy unveiled by the new president, 
Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud, seeks to combine 
military operations with ideological and 
economic measures.
 
On the military front, since September the 
government has engaged the army and
 is also supporting clan militias in
 the fight against extremists.
 
On the ground, al-Shebab fighters have been 
carrying out a campaign of attacks against 
civilian targets in towns.
 
At the end of October, Somalia saw its deadliest
 attack since 2017, 121 were people killed and
 333 injured in a double car bombing in the
 capital, Mogadishu.
 

 
____________________________________________




  Tribute paid to Aghostino Neto
 and Fidel Castro --- in Angola
by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado
November 25th, 1:34pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
Angolan and Cuban representatives on Friday 
praised their friendly ties, at a ceremony to 
pay tribute to Fidel Castro and Agostinho 
Neto, key figures of the revolutionary 
struggles of both peoples.
 
Six years after the death of the Commander-in-chief of
 Cubans, this ceremony on November 25th, recalled
 his friendship with the patriot, doctor, writer, and
 poet, who went down in history in this African 
nation as the first president of the republic.
 
The anniversary of Angola’s Independence coincides
 with the beginning of bilateral relations, which 
“started an era of brotherhood, cooperation, 
and heroism that has lived on until present
 times,” Cuban Ambassador in Luanda,
 Esther Armenteros said.
 
Fidel said about Neto, “He is the noblest man I have
 ever known,” the ambassador recalled and thanked
 the recent initiative by former Angolan students 
who graduated from Cuban schools, the 
Caimaneros, of organizing a campaign
 to send donations to Cuba, after 
Hurricane Ian.
 
The National Museum of Natural History... was the
 venue of the fórum, where Angolan historian and
 researcher, Fernando Jaime, gave a lecture on 
Cubans’ internationalist feat in Africa, Fidel’s 
thinking and life, and the unwavering 
brotherly ties.
 
He said that defending Cuba is like defending our own
 blood as no other people in the world has sacrificed
 themselves so much to defend another, as Cubans 
did in Angola, the scholar and secretary general 
of the Angola-Cuba Friendship Association said.
 
For our part, “we have done very little to dignify that
 friendship,” Jaime, who has done continuous 
militant solidarity work, with the Cuban 
Revolution for nearly 40 years...
humbly 
and gratefully noted.
 
Venezuelan Ambassador to Angola Marlon Peña, other 
members of the diplomatic corps, members of the
 Caimaneros group and the Cuban community 
that resides here -- plus several Angolan 
State institutions, attended this event.
 
 
__________________________________________


Africa: Oil Giants Eye 
South African Coasts 
as Fuel, Climate 
Crises Merge
November 25th 2022
(allAfrica.com)
 
Cape Town — French energy giant TotalEnergies is
 preparing to submit its final application for 
approval to drill up to five wells for oil or 
gas between Cape Town and Cape 
Agulhas, writes Liezl Human 
for GroundUp.
 
The application is one -- in a rush of offshore oil and gas
applications along South Africa's coast. This is part of
 a wider expansion by multinational companies into
 Africa --- as a recent report by environmental 
research group Urgewald, in partnership 
with dozens of organisations in Africa 
and Europe, shows.
 
TotalEnergies faces additional scrutiny, over the
 multibillion euro East African crude oil pipeline 
project which it has funded together with the 
China National Offshore Company (CNOC). 
The pipleline's development gained new 
significance following the Russian-
Ukranian War.
 
Russia's invasion.. prompted moves by many countries,
 to reduce their dependence on imports of Russian oil
 & gas. These shifts, combined with western oil and
 gas companies dumping their Russian interests,
 presented an opportunity to other petroleum-
producing countries.. albeit one tempered 
by actions to address the climate crisis. 
 
This has led governments and commentators to
 discuss African producers... as potential 
beneficiaries of Europe's supply gap, 
with talk of a "seismic shift"
to 
Africa.
 
Currently under construction, the East African Crude
 Oil Pipeline (EACOP) pipeline will transport oil
 hundreds of kilometres, from Uganda,
to a port 
in Tanzania. 
 
The U.S.-based Climate Accountability Institute (CAI)
 has warned -- EACOP will emit 379 million tonnes of
 carbon over its 25-year lifespan - a so-called "mid-
sized carbon bomb" --- that exceeds France's 
own national estimates for 2020.
 
A discussion between the Centre for Sustainability 
Transitions (CST) and The South African Institute 
of International Affairs (SAIIA) weighed in on 
...how this war could impact the transition 
away from fossil fuels amid the climate 
emergency and whether it will hasten 
the transition or not.
 
While the war may have provided a short term set
 back to global climate goals, it is likely that in 
the long run... it will accelerate the energy 
transition. If companies and nations are
 incentivised.. to adopt of a range of 
lower carbon energy sources, the
 transition could happen faster.
 
The oil giant's move also comes in the wake of a
 similar case.. involving an application by Shell 
which seeks to perform a seismic survey off 
the Wild Coast, despite a high court ruling 
which deemed the authorisation it 
initially received to do so, as 
being "unlawful".
 
Furthermore, non-profit organisation Save the Wild
Coast has called for the urgent protection of the
coastline in order to preserve numerous
archaeological, palaeontological 
and historic sites.
 
 
____________________________________
 
 
 
War in DRC's east: Demonstrators call out 
'international community's complicity'
November 25th, 11:32am
(africanews)
 
Hundreds of Congolese marched in Goma 
eastern DRC, on Thursday (November 24).
 
The demonstration took place one day after a 
meeting in Luanda where the DRC, Burundi, 
Rwanda as well as the East African 
Community envoy called for a 
cease-fire to take effect 
on Friday.
 
"I mean, we are satisfied with this agreement signed
 (ceasefire signed in Angola on Wednesday), but we
 are still pessimistic about its implementation, 
especially since this is not the first 
agreement', Jean Claude 
Mbambaze, president
 of the civil society 
of Rutshuru said.
 
"There have been many summits, but the 
decisions have not been implemented."
 
After the summit in Angola, the participants released 
a statement calling for a cease-fire to begin Friday
 evening in eastern Congo, followed by a rebel
 withdrawal from the major towns it holds - 
Bunagana, Rutshuru and Kiwanja.
 
Some protesters carried banners in support of the
Congolese armed forces, who are fighting M23 
rebels. Other placards were hostile to the 
recent agreement. 
 
Demonstrators marched to the 
French and British consulates.
 
"We do not understand, when there are rebels who call
 themselves Congolese - they ask for negotiations, and
 it's Rwanda and Uganda who represent them. That is 
why we protest about this complicity, And there is a
notorious silence of the international community,
the 
EAC (East African Countries bloc), the
African Union ----- 
all are accomplices",
demonstrator Jack Sizahera
 shouted.
 
The protestors delivered a letter to both French and
 British consulates with grievances: including an 
end to the international community's 
ambiguous response, in the face 
of the M23 aggression.
 
"We demand the international community - as a whole
 - to ask the Rwandan and Ugandan heads of state to
 urgently withdraw their fighters camouflaged under
 the label of M23/RDF/UPDF (rebel groups)", John
 Banyene, the president of the civil society of 
Nord-Kivu, read out.
 
Adding, we demand the international community 
"sanction Rwanda and Uganda --- for their 
aggression against DRC for more than
25 years".
 
In August, U.N. experts said they had "solid evidence"
 that members of Rwanda's armed forces backed the
 M23 rebels. Kigali denied the allegations.
 
 
_____________________________________________



Mozambican President 
Inaugurates Major
 FLNG Venture
November 24th,
(teleSUR)
 
"Mozambique joins the list of countries that 
produce gas on a large scale," Nyusi said.
 
On Wednesday, Mozambican President Filipe 
Nyusi inaugurated the Coral Sul Floating 
Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) venture in 
the city of Pemba in the province of 
Cabo Delgado.
 
The inauguration marks the official kick-off of the
 project's full-swing operation, although earlier 
this month the president already announced 
the export of the first cargo of FLNG 
produced by the venture.
 
The event means a renewed stage of emancipation of
 the country's economy. "Mozambique joins the list of
 countries that produce gas on a large scale," Nyusi 
said, inviting investors to choose his country as 
a destination.
 
In the coming years, there may be a global increase in
 demand for Mozambican gas, and an increase in the
 consumption of renewable energy is also expected. 
 
The Nyusi administration will continue to work for
 better wealth distribution, and 10 percent of the
 natural resource tax revenues will be allocated 
to the development of provinces where the 
extraction takes place.
 
"The resources allocated should be used exclusively
to finance infrastructure projects and programs that
have a multiplier effect on the local economy," Nyusi 
said, adding that his administration should reinforce
the Defense and Security Forces -- to improve 
security in the exploration zones of mineral
resources for better viability of the projects.
 
The Coral Sul FLNG project approved in 2016 is a
 benchmark for the national industry. The Italian
 Eni is the operator of the project with a 25%
stake. The other partners are ExxonMobil 
(25%), CNPC (20%), Mozambique's ENH 
(10%), the Korean Kogas (10%), and 
Galp from Portugal (10%).
 
 
________________________________


Namibia pulls down statue
 of German coloniser
November 24th, 1:35pm
(africanews)
 
The authorities in Namibia's capital Windhoek
on Wednesday, took down and relocated
statue of a controversial German 
colonial officer after pressure 
from local activists.
 
The monument commemorated Curt von Francois, a 
German army commissioner who has been credited
 with founding Windhoek -- something local 
campaigners and historians dispute.
 
The statue, which stood on a high pedestal outside
 municipal buildings, depicted von Francois in a 
military uniform with a moustache, a large 
hat, and holding a sword.
 
"This moment is a recollection of dignity, our city 
has been white-washed," Hildegard Titus, an 
activist with the A Curt Farewell movement 
that pushed for the statue's removal, 
told AFP.
 
"There is an emotional tie to the statue
being taken 
down but it also has to do
with historical accuracy".
 
The city council said the statue... 
which A Curt Farewell described 
as "a reminder of genocide" 
...will now be kept at the 
Windhoek City Museum.
 
There --- it will be displayed with an explanation 
of the historical context, said Aaron Nambadi,
a curator at the museum.
 
"We, as historians and curators, were involved 
in this project to correct the false narrative
 that von Francois was the founder of
 the city," Nambadi told AFP.
 
Germany colonised Namibia from 1884 to 1915.
 
From 1904 to 1908, German settlers killed tens
 of thousands of indigenous Herero and Nama 
people in massacres historians have called 
the 20th century's first genocide.
 
Germany acknowledged the genocide 
last year, after lengthy, bitter 
negotiations.
 
It promised more than one billion euros ($1 billion)
 in financial support to descendants of the 
victims, whom many Namibians argue 
were not sufficiently involved in 
the negotiations.
 
Last month Namibia asked to 
renegotiate the terms of
the agreement.
 
The removal of von Francois' statue, comes two years
 after the statue of Cecil Rhodes, a British colonialist,
 was beheaded by activists at the University of Cape
 Town in neighbouring South Africa, during protests 
sparked by the death of George Floyd.
 
 
___________________________________________
 


Nigeria: Presidential hopeful Peter 
Obi ---- holds a campaign rally
November 24th, 12:23pm
 (africanews)
 
Presidential hopeful, and chosen Labour Party
candidate, Peter Obi, held a campaign rally
Wednesday (Nov 23rd) in Ibadan, south 
west Nigeria.
 
Large crowds gathered in the Oyo state 
capital to attend the electoral meeting.
 
Ahead of the February 2023 vote...  Obi 
pledged to bring about positive change.
 
"Let me assure you --- the government we intend 
to form will be building a new Nigeria, it will be 
beginning a Nigeria --- where Nigerians will be 
proud to say we are Nigerians, because we 
will secure and unite Nigeria."
 
There was a voter base of 84,004,084 for the 
2019 election and the electoral commission 
hoped to add at least 20 million new voters.
 
Insecurity, the economy and the fight against 
corruption, will be key election factors.
 
"Both of us, we will fight corruption, corruption is
 killing the future of the youth of Nigeria because
 people are stealing money that could be used to
 develop Nigeria. I and Baba-Ahamed - go and 
check our history - we are wealth creators," 
Obi told the cheering crowds.
 
Seventeen other candidates are running for the top
 job, including Bola Tinubu of the All Progressives
 Congress party and Rabiu Kwankwaso of the 
New Nigeria Peoples Party.
 
 
___________________________________________
 

 
Zimbabwe: President calls for 
peace ------ ahead of elections
November 24th, 10:26am
(africanews)
 
On Wednesday (Nov 23), Zimbabwean president
Emmerson Mnangagwa, officially opened the 
Fifth Session of the Ninth Parliament 
of Zimbabwe.
 
He delivered his State of the Nation address in a 
newly built Parliament. The multimillion-dollar 
building was gifted by the Asian economic 
giant, China.
 
Mnangagwa called for peace  .....as the 
country prepares for general elections.
 
"Political players seeking the people’s mandate 
during the upcoming 2023 harmonized general 
elections, must maintain and consolidate the 
current peace, unity, harmony, and love that 
we have built."
 
In late October, Zimbabwe's ruling party, ZANU-PF, 
endorsed the president as the sole party 
candidate ahead of next year's polls. 
 
80-year-old, Emmerson Mnangagwa, came to power in
 2017 after toppling long-time ruler Robert Mugabe 
in a coup backed by the army.
 
Speaking before lawmakers, Mnangagwa 
also reiterated calls for an end to 
economic sanctions.
 
"The need for the unconditional removal of sanctions
 which have constrained socio-economic growth
 for decades remains urgent and imperative,"
 he urged.
 
The UN Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of
 unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of
 human rights, issued a report in October,
 recommending:--- the "lifting unilateral 
sanctions in line with the principles 
of international law". 
 
As well as "avoiding de-risking policies and ...over 
compliance in accordance with the due diligence 
rule; and engaging in meaningful structured 
discussions on political reform, the rule 
of law and human rights."
 
 
_________________________________________



UNHCR urges to support 
humanitarian actions
 in Ethiopia
by Ana Luisa Brown
November 22nd, 3:39pm
(Prensa Latina)
 
 The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 
on Tuesday urged international institutions 
to complement government efforts in 
confronting the humanitarian crisis
 in northern Ethiopia.
 
A report by Fana Broadcasting Corporate television
 revealed that UNHCR’s representative in Ethiopia
 Mamadou Dian Balde urged UN agencies and 
partners but also addressed the appeal to 
all developed nations and to
regional organizations.
 
Many citizens required assistance to meet basic
 needs, and major reconstruction work is
 urgently needed.
 
The government is making significant efforts,
but needs help to speed up humanitarian 
and recovery operations, Balde stated.
 
Health, education, housing, water and sanitation
 needs of residents in the border areas of Tigray, 
Afar and Amhara states are enormous and 
require our attention, he said.
 
Balde explained that UNHCR in charge of protecting
 refugees and displaced people ‘works so close with
 federal authorities and maintains teams in several
 cities in the three regions’.
 
UNHCR is ready to increase aid and support the
 government’s efforts, but needs the support of 
the international community, he reiterated.
 
We support the African Union-led peace process.
 
 
__________________________________
 
 
 
Egypt calls to eradicate conflicts 
and achieve stability in Africa
by Alina Ramos Martin
November 22nd, 1:15pm
 (Prensa Latina)
 
 Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi called on
 Africans to work together to achieve stability 
and put an end to conflicts, considering that 
these are two of the main problems that the
 region is facing today.
 
In a message on the occasion of the 2nd African Union
 Week, the president assured that Egypt is making
 sincere efforts to support peace in the continent.
 
He affirmed that the day highlights the attention
 devoted by all parties --- to the problems of 
development and reconstruction in Africa.
 
These events coincide with various challenges 
and crises taking place at the regional and
 international levels, he warned.
 
El Sisi stressed the need to strengthen joint efforts to
 support national institutions, the principles of good
 governance, and the means to ensure lasting
 peace and prevent conflicts in the region.
 
As part of our efforts, we collaborate to achieve the
 objectives of the 2063 Agenda, whose goal is
 to achieve inclusive and sustainable 
socioeconomic development in 
Africa, he concluded.
 
 
____________________________________


 
Nigerian Forces Rescue 76
 Kidnapped People in Kaduna
November 22nd, 12:20pm 
(teleSUR)
 
Last week, gunmen wielding sophisticated weapons
 blocked a road with roadblocks in the Giwa local 
government area to abduct commuters.
 
On Monday, the Nigerian police said that security
 forces have recently rescued 76 travellers after
 they were abducted by unidentified gunmen 
from their truck, on a road in the restive 
northern state of Kaduna.
 
Mohammed Jalige, a police spokesperson in Kaduna
 State, said that the police received a report on 
Friday night, saying many gunmen wielding
 sophisticated weapons blocked a road 
with roadblocks in the Giwa local 
government area, to abduct
 innocent commuters.
 
"A combined team of police and military was
 immediately mobilized to the location," 
Jalige said, adding that on reaching 
the location, security operatives 
found a truck, with no one on 
board... and "information 
garnered indicated that 
the gunmen had moved 
a large number of 
passengers on 
the truck... off 
the road."
 
Security forces immediately launched a search and
 rescue operation into the adjoining forest, and 
encountered the gunmen during the process.
 
"Due to the sheer force of firepower and pressure
 mounted on them by security operatives --- they 
were forced to abandon their nefarious mission 
and flee with injuries," he said, adding that 76 
people held by the gunmen were rescued and
 a preliminary investigation, revealed that
 they were passengers on the truck.
 
Jalige said operatives are still operating within the
 general area, in search of the truck driver and two
 other passengers who are yet to be accounted for.
 
Armed attacks have been a primary security threat in
 parts of Nigeria, resulting in deaths and kidnappings.
 
 
_____________________________________________



Mali bans NGOs funded 
or supported by France
November 22nd, 11:43am
 (africanews)
 
The Malian junta announced on Monday evening that 
it would ban the activities of all non-governmental
 organizations financed or supported by France,
 including those operating in the 
humanitarian field.
 
This decision is likely to affect many NGOs that 
France has continued to support despite the 
abrupt deterioration in relations between
 the two countries for more than a year.
 
The interim Prime Minister, Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga, 
justified the decision in a statement posted on social
 networks, by the recent announcement by France, 
that it had suspended its official development 
assistance to Mali.
 
The French Foreign Ministry had cited the use of 
the Russian paramilitary group, Wagner, by the
Malian authorities.
 
The junta, which came to power by force in August
2020 ---- has consistently denied having used this
company. It speaks of Russian army instructors
deployed in the name of a former collaboration
between the two countries.
 
The Quai d'Orsay had specified that France
 maintained its "humanitarian aid" and 
some support to Malian civil 
society organizations.
 
Colonel Maiga denounced in his statement, "fanciful 
allegations" and a "subterfuge intended to deceive 
and manipulate national and international public
 opinion for the purpose of the destabilization 
and isolation of Mali.''
 
"As a result, the transitional government has decided
 to ban, with immediate effect, all activities carried
 out by NGOs operating in Mali with funding or with
 material or technical support from France, 
including in the humanitarian field," 
it said.
 
A multitude of NGOs are working in Mali in the fields 
of health, food or education. The poor, landlocked
 country has been facing the spread of jihadism 
and violence of all kinds since 2012, but also 
a serious political and humanitarian crisis. 
Hundreds of thousands of people are 
displaced by the conflict.
 
Since May 2021 and a second coup d'état that
consolidated their grip, the colonels have 
turned away from France, which was 
pushed out and whose last soldier
left the country, in August. The 
colonels have turned militarily 
and diplomatically to Moscow.
 
A group of NGOs, including CCFD Terre-Solidaire, 
Handicap International, Médecins du Monde, 
and Oxfam, had expressed concern about 
France's suspension of its aid.
 
Recipients of a large part of this funding, these NGOs
said in a letter to President Emmanuel Macron that 
the withdrawal of such funding would lead to "the
 cessation of essential, even vital activities for 
the benefit of populations in situations of 
great fragility or poverty."
 
They pointed out, that 7.5 million Malians are 
in need of assistance, "or more than 35% of 
the population".. and that Mali was ranked 
184th on the Human Development Index.
 
 
__________________________________________
 
 
 
The Ivory Coast and Ghana
note progress ---- in making
buyers pay cocoa premiums
November 22nd, 10:49am
(africanews)
 
Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world's two largest 
cocoa producers noted on Monday, "efforts" by 
some manufacturers, to better pay producers, 
after giving them an ultimatum, earlier 
this month.
 
In a joint statement, the national cocoa management
 bodies of the two countries, as well as the Ivory
 Coast-Ghana Cocoa Initiative (CIGCI), created 
to guarantee a minimum income to farmers... 
"noted the efforts made by some companies
--- and their willingness to find solutions 
together for a sustainable production 
of cocoa that places producers at
 the heart of this strategy.''
 
They "encourage all manufacturers to take action
 and show that they sincerely believe in 
sustainable cocoa production".
 
For several weeks, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana
 reproached the chocolate manufacturers 
for not paying the decent income 
differential (DRD) - a premium of 
400 dollars (390 euros) per ton, 
introduced in 2019 - to ensure 
a decent income for farmers.
 
They had given the industry until November 20th
 to meet their commitments, threatening to "ban
 access to plantations to make crop forecasts" 
and "suspend sustainability programs.''
 
These programs, aimed at fighting deforestation and 
child labour, allow manufacturers to claim that their
 chocolate is sustainably produced, a criterion 
often favored by consumers.
 
But Monday, the producer countries announced to
 continue discussions, and the establishment of 
"a working group of experts" who will provide
 "recommendations by the end of the first 
quarter of 2023...'' to find 
sustainable solutions.
 
Questioned on the subject at a press conference,
 Ivorian Prime Minister, Patrick Achi, hoped that 
an "intelligent compromise" would be found.
 
"The solution is to process 100% of our cocoa" in
 Côte d'Ivoire, he continued. Currently, about a 
quarter of Ivorian cocoa is processed locally.
 
Ivory Coast's cocoa, which accounts for 45% of 
global production, accounts for 14% of the 
country's GDP and feeds 24% of the 
population of this country of 
about 27 million people.
 
Côte d'Ivoire is also considered a major
regional 
destination for child trafficking
from 
neighboring countries, to work on
its crops.
 
Many farm families still face persistent poverty 
on less than a dollar a day, a situation that is
 one of the factors contributing to child 
labour on cocoa farms.
 
But according to Matthias Lange, executive director 
of the International Cocoa Initiative (ICI), a Swiss
 foundation created by the chocolate industry 
to fight child labour, "a lot of progress has
 been made."
 
Mr. Lange praised the establishment of the Child 
Labour Monitoring and Remediation System 
(CLMS), "a mechanism that has reduced 
child labour by 35% in three years and 
has helped remove several tens of 
thousands of children from the 
plantations," he said.
 
 
__________________________________________
 
 
 
Burkina Faso: 30,000 
new army auxiliaries
 to fight terrorism
November 22nd, 9:53am
(africanews)
 
People from all walks of life... are signing up to 
join Burkina Faso's new volunteer programme
 in Ouagadougou.
 
At this military processing station in Ouagadougou,
 men with different backgrunds enrol in Burkina 
Faso's new volunteer programme. 
 
The nation, grappling with a jihadist insurgency 
which has continually extended its deadly grip, 
called for civilian backup in October.
 
"Considering what is happening to my nation, we 
have lost our land, as a butcher I have made 
many trips but I can no longer travel", 
Ablassé Kaboré explains.
 
"And I have lost too many friends...  I have friends 
who used to pan for gold in the bush to the east, 
all of them have returned to Ouagadougou and 
others are dead... when I speak I feel like
crying even...  I am ready to die for
my country."
 
Burkina Faso launched a drive to recruit 50,000
 civilian defense volunteers. Among them, the 
volunteers for the defense of the homeland. 
 
These men and women are on a mission to protect 
the people & property of their localities of origin,
 alongside the defense and security forces.
 
"We women have our strategies, it is like a family, 
the nation is your home, it is your house", 
Edwige Nikiéma says. 
 
"How can you make your house, your home, a
 success? We mustn't expose our strategies 
or people can exploit them! no! We have
our
 strategies, the men also have their 
strategies, we are all here to 
defeat terrorism."
 
Jihadi violence has killed thousands of people since
 2015. The last elected president was deposed 
after he faced a wave of anger over the 
insurgency. According to professor 
Zakaria Soré, the army is 
adjusting its tactics, to
 swell its ranks.
 
"The reality of the country is that the army and other 
security and defense forces are not able to cover 
the entire territory, so when we look at it, there 
is a networking problem that means that there 
is a lot of territory that is not covered by the 
defense and security forces, so recruiting 
50,000 volunteers means hoping to have 
a few fighting forces throughout the 
country", the socio-anthropologist 
and research professor at Joseph
 Ki-Zerbo University, details.
 
Enlistment officially ended on November 18th
and more than 30,000 people registered, 
according to the government data.
 
The volunteers receive 14 days of civic and 
military training before being armed and 
provided with means of communication.
 
___________________________________________


 Mali: 150,000 displaced children 
have no legal identity (NGO)
November 21st, 2:07pm
(africanews)
 
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has said that
nearly 150,000 children displaced by the conflict in 
Mali, do not have birth certificates and are at risk 
of exclusion and disenfranchisement, because
 they cannot prove their identity.
 
"Thousands of children are excluded from society
 when they should be in school," said Maclean
 Natugasha, NRC's director for Mali, in a 
statement released by the NGO 
to AFP.
 
These 148,000 children are among the 422,620 people
displaced by the war in Mali.... according to ''august''
figures, from a joint UN and Malian monitoring tool.
 
In this country of about 20 million people, 7.5 million
 people are in need of emergency humanitarian
 assistance, according to the UN.
 
These 148,000 children have either lost their birth 
certificates when they fled their homes or "never 
had them because of the limited functioning of 
civil registry services in some regions", says
 the NRC.
 
Since 2012, Mali has been in the grip of a security
 crisis that has left thousands dead and of which
 civilians are the main victims. The state has 
only a limited presence in the vast bush 
where jihadist fighters affiliated to Al-
Qaeda and the Islamic State, bandits
 and traffickers of all kinds -- armed 
militias & politico-military groups 
that have signed a peace 
agreement -- are active.
 
If this problem of civil status "is not resolved before
 these children reach adulthood", the NRC warns, 
"they risk being deprived of their freedom of
 movement, the right to vote, and the 
possibility to own or rent property".
 
 
______________________________
 
 
 
Kenyan, Congolese presidents,
 holds talks in Kinshasa
November 21st, 2:02pm
(africanews)
 
Kenyan President William Ruto says a new East
 African Community force will ‘impose’ peace 
on the warring groups in the eastern 
Democratic Republic of Congo.
 
He was speaking after holding talks with his
 Congolese counterpart, Felix Tshisekedi, 
while on a one-day official visit to the 
DRC amid efforts to try to bring 
peace to the country.
 
‘There are a lot of (UN) peacekeeping troops in 
the region,’ he said, ‘but we think there is
 not much peace to keep.’
 
Ruto suggested that the East African troops would 
be more forceful, saying the regional force would
 ‘impose peace on those who are hellbent on 
creating instability’.
 
Contributing troops
 
Kenya is one of several nations that are contributing
troops, tasked with trying to calm deadly tensions
 fuelled by armed groups..  in the troubled eastern
 DRC. The region has been plagued by violence --
 from multiple armed groups for nearly 30 years.
 
The first of over 900 Kenyan soldiers have already
 arrived in Goma, the capital of North Kivu, which
 is under threat from an offensive by M23 rebels.
The largely Congolese Tutsi militia has seized 
large swathes of territory in the region.
 
Ruto and Tshisekedi were also expected to discuss
 various other areas of mutual interest, including 
trade and investments, and regional integration.
 
 
_____________________________
 
 
 
Kenya: Konza Technopolis, 
the new green city tackling
 crowded populations
November 21st, 11:54am
(africanews)
 
With urbanisation, Kenya's capital population has
 grown rapidly, doubling over the last 20 years.
 In 2019, nearly 4.5 million people lived 
in Nairobi.
 
This population density means that buildings have 
been built very close to each other. For this 
supermarket manager, it's a problem.
 
"The building is quite big and we have to use the
 electricity throughout the day, because we can 
not manage to do anything here without lights. 
So, when the power is out, we opt to turn on 
the generator because that is an immediate 
alternative that we have and we can't use
 the solar panels because the building 
here is much too congested," says
 Samuel Mburu.
 
Over-population has led to the creation of many new
 satellite neighbourhoods that sprawl around the
 capital with very little planning, or regulation. 
The density of buildings means natural light 
struggles to reach residents -- who have
to
 turn on the lights most of the day.
 
"Here where I live, there is a problem with light, even 
if you open the window it does not let the light in
 because of the congestion. There is a problem 
when it rains because we don't collect rain-
water, we use borehole water and there is 
a problem with sewage," says Angela 
Mutuku, a Nairobi resident.
 
Rainwater is left to run down the streets, causing 
floods and overwhelming sewage systems. One 
of the solutions being considered is to build 
satellite cities from scratch, with the 
environment in mind.
 
One such project ----- already under 
construction is Konza Technopolis.
 
Just 64 kilometres (40 miles) south of Nairobi, the
 upcoming smart city is supported by the Kenyan
 government with architectural designs that 
factor in rainwater collection and its
utilisation, as well as the use
of 
solar power.
 
According to the developers, affordable residential
 homes, universities and student accommodation 
will be built in the new city ---- as well as 
commercial buildings, technology 
hubs, offices, hotels... and 
entertainment centres.
 
The city will occupy 5,000 acres and will be developed
 in four phases. Phase one - covering 400 acres - is
 estimated to create 12,960 residential units 
housing about 30,000 residents.
 
Developers say the housing project will cater for both
 ends of the market through provision of affordable
 housing units, although the majority will be 
targeted towards professional middle-
income families.
 
For sustainability, construction materials used in the
 city must be green with low embodied energy. The
 technopolis has set aside green spaces - and 
adopts green building practices geared at 
reducing greenhouse gas emissions.. 
within the city and ensuring a clean 
environment, a sustainable use of 
water, clean, efficient renewable 
energy, clean sanitation and 
waste management.
 
Announced in 2008, the city was expected to be
 completed by 2019. According to promotional 
material still available on its website it was 
set to contribute $1.3 billion to Kenya's 
GDP by 2020.
 
Running behind schedule, the developers of the
 project are not losing hope, and are going all
 in on eco-friendly features.
 
This building features double-glazed windows, solar
 panels, smart lighting, sensored toilet flushes and
 rainwater collection.
 
"For ensuring that water is consumed adequately,
we ensure that the buildings are designed with
 sensors in the flushing of toilets and also in 
the washing of hands. For this... we also 
encourage water harvesting; especially 
during rainy seasons we have storage 
tanks under there, so that you can 
pump them up -- and they can be 
used for the flushing of toilets," 
explains Beryl Omollo... 
the environmental and 
sustainability officer, 
Konza Technopolis.
 
The developers are fully aware of the environmental 
cost of building these offices and encourage to 
source as many materials as possible locally.
 
"In construction, there is so much material that are
 produced in terms of waste... I can give you an
 example, there is a lot of timber that is used 
for shuttering for use for construction of the
scaffolding. Our approach to ensure that is
 sustainable: we have the multiple use of a 
simple resource such as timber. So that 
rather than using it for a single use, it 
is reused for a different application, 
as mentioned. In doing so, you find 
that we do not have to go and cut 
additional trees... for different 
applications of timber used
 in construction.'' 
 
''Other waste that is generated at Konza is segregated
 primarily for recycling," says Antony Sang, engineer
 and chief manager of construction operations, 
Konza Technopolis.
 
Real estate contributes up to 30 percent of global
 greenhouse gas emissions, according to the 
United Nations Environmental Programme.
 
"We look at the building through its entire life cycle
 from the design, construction, to the use of the
 building and the demolition," says Nickson 
Otieno, architect and environmental 
design consultant, Niko Green.
 
"All those phases... of the development of the built
 environment have an impact on the environment.
 So we are looking at the impacts serrated to
 extraction of materials, manufacturing, 
transporting these materials... and 
putting them up in the building.'' 
 
''They contribute to environmental degradation if not
 properly managed, and we use a lot of energy to be
 able to extract, process materials, and use them 
in the building. And depending on which type of 
energy is used, that energy used in the 
processing of materials and 
construction contributes 
significantly... to 
climate change."
 
The Kenyan government allocated $73,840,680 this
 financial year (2022), towards the development of
 Konza city. The project also received a $6 million
 grant from South Korea in March to help fund the
 Kenya Advanced Institute of Science and 
Technology (KAIST) planned for the site.
 
Neighbourhoods like Konza which are planned from
 the outset, to allow for energy efficiency, space 
and quality of life are very rare, but the Kenya
 government says it wants to build more.
 
 
___________________________________
 
 
 
French-speaking nations summit
 ends in Tunisia as block seeks 
to step up leadership
November 21st, 11:52am
(africanews)
 
The world's French-speaking leaders gathered 
in Tunisia, ended Sunday (November 20th),
their two-day meeting.
 
The conference took place against the backdrop of
growing instability in the Sahel, the Great Lakes
regions ------ and popular discontent in 
francophone Africa.
 
The secretary general of the International 
Organisation of La Francophonie (IOF) 
was elected for a second term. She 
promised to do more to 
resolve crises.
 
"We are headed towards a Francophonie of the future,
 modernised, much more relevant in the midst of 
change which is not easy", Louise 
Mushikiwabo said. 
 
"We feel an obligation to offer our fellow Francophones
 the fruits of the organisation's work. We feel an
 obligation to give more hope to 
Francophone youth."
 
The head of the 88-member IOF bloc, said Sunday 
that "all the conflict zones were the subject of 
long debates".
 
"The IOF is an organisation that can support and
 catalyse (efforts) to mediate between parties
 in conflict," she added.
 
But tensions crept into the International Organisation
 of La Francophonie (IOF) conference itself.. when the
 Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo,
 Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde --- refused to pose for a 
photo next to Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda.
 
The DRC accuses Rwanda of supporting M23 rebels
 who have seized swathes of territory in its eastern
 region, displacing tens of thousands of people and
 igniting regional tensions.
 
The IOF founded was in 1970, aims to promote the
 French language, develop economic cooperation 
and help mediate international conflicts.
 
Many African leaders have expressed dismay at the
 West's rapid response to the war in Ukraine, in
 contrast to conflicts in their own countries.
 
The organisation --- whose annual budget is under 100 
million euros, has been accused of being "powerless" 
in the face of fraudulent elections, power grabs and 
coups in many of its member states.
 
French president, Macron, said the IOF should reclaim
 its diplomatic role, moments before Paris announced
 that it would seek to take on the organisation's
 rotating presidency, from 2024.
 
 
_______________________________________



COP27 agrees 'loss and damage' deal 
to support vulnerable nations
by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP
November 20th, 8:42am
(africanews)
 
The United Nations COP27 climate summit has
 approved the creation of a special fund to 
cover the damages suffered by vulnerable 
nations affected by global warming.
 
The two-week talks have switched from fears 
the whole process could collapse, to hopes 
of a major breakthrough on a fund for 
climate "loss and damage".
 
Delegates applauded after the fund was adopted 
early on Sunday November 20th, following days 
of marathon negotiations over the proposal.
 
Senior Coordinator of the African Group on Loss 
and Damage, Alpha Kaloga, said it was an 
important step.
 
"Today is a symbolic day, it is a symbolic day 
in terms of the impact that this decision will
have on the future. 
 
"Developing countries have been fighting for 30 years
 to have a fund, to have recognition of the losses and
 damages associated with climate change. 
 
"Today, in the morning, when I left [the hotel] at 2am, 
I didn't think we were going to get this deal. And 
there was understanding from everyone. The
deal we have, is a deal that reflects the 
collective will of all the countries."
 
An informal coalition of "high ambition" countries
 called for strong language on cutting emissions, 
moving away from planet-heating fossil fuels 
and to reaffirm the 1.5C goal.
 
The European Union even threatened, Saturday, 
to walk out, rather than having a "bad" decision.
 
The talks still need to approve a range of decisions
 and a final COP27 statement including a call for a
 "rapid" reduction of emissions in order to meet 
the ambitious goal of limiting global warming
 to 1.5 degrees Celsius.... from 
pre-industrial levels.
 
Tasneem Essop from the Climate Action Network said: 
"It is a huge achievement to get an agreement to 
establish loss and damage fund after 30 years 
of small island states vulnerable countries, 
developing countries, trying to get this on
 the agenda. Now, sitting here at the 
COP27 to get this agreed to, is the
 result of a collective struggle."
 
Zambia's Minister of Green Economy and Environment,
 Collins Nzovu: "Collins Nzovu, added: "Excited. Very,
 very excited. This is a very positive result from 1.3
 billion Africans. Very exciting because for us, 
success in Egypt was going to be based on 
what we get from loss and damage."
 
The deal on loss and damage originally 
struggled to make it onto the
 negotiation agenda.
 
Attention now turns to ----- whether the 
summit will agree on a final statement.
 
Scientists say limiting warming to 1.5C 
is a far safer guardrail --- against 
catastrophic climate impacts, 
with the world currently far 
off track and heading for 
around 2.5C.. under the
current commitments 
and plans.
 
 
_______________________


Cocoa producers demand 
promised payment of 
bonuses amid
 rising prices
by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP
November 19th, 2:46pm
 (africanews)
 
The two largest cocoa producers in the world 
are demanding manufacturers pay more to
 their growers.
 
The argument focuses on the Living Income
 Differential, a policy that Ivory Coast and 
Ghana introduced in 2019, to fight 
poverty among cocoa farmers 
in the global $130-billion 
chocolate market.
 
Venance Brou Kouadio is a cocoa producer.  He says: 
"The cocoa you ask for, is made for you. But you
don't
 buy it for the price you have to
pay for it.'' 
 
"The premiums you have to give us --- we don't receive
 them, so it's like stealing. You steal from us. The big
 groups steal from us. They don't respect the 
contract and they don't respect us, they 
don't respect the farmers."
 
Cocoa farmer, Julien Kouamé Konan, agrees. 
 
"The Westerners who come to buy 
cocoa - are getting rich," he says.
 
"Meanwhile, we are suffering. We earn nothing. We
 suffer, cultivating the fields, that's why we ask
 the government to help us"
 
Farmers should receive around 6 percent of the value
 generated by the chocolate market but, while the
 cost has been factored into the price of the 
chocolate, chocolate giants are clawing 
that back --- by putting pressure on 
other premiums, based on the 
quality of cocoa beans.
 
If the multinationals do not respect their commitments
 by November 20th, the two countries are threatening 
to "prohibit access to plantations to carry out 
crop forecasts" and to "suspend 
sustainability programmes."
 
Appoline Yao Ahou is cocoa producer and says: "I am
 angry. I am angry because farmers are working, but
 when the government sets the price per kilo of 
cocoa, the buyers on the ground do not 
respect that price.''
 
"As farmers, we don't earn enough money 
- while the cost of living has increased."
 
Virtually all of Ivory Coast's crop is purchased 
by roughly half a dozen majors. Of this, 
around 80 percent heads to Europe.
 
 
________________________________________________
 
 
 
UN secures deal with Moscow 
to secure grain supplies
 to West Africa
by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP
November 19th, 12:22pm
(africanews)
 
United Nations officials announced on Friday, the 18th
November, a second shipment of Russian fertiliser will
go to West Africa after a first attempt was blocked in
European ports, because of sanctions imposed due 
to the conflict in Ukraine.
 
The move follows talks between Moscow and the UN .
 
Secretary General of UN's trade and development
agency, UNCTAD, Rebeca Grynspan... told 
journalists:  "There are around 300,000 
tonnes of fertiliser in the different 
European ports.''
 
"The first shipping will get out of a Netherlands port
going to Malawi, the vessel is loading right now. 
And the date that has been established for the 
vessel to go, is on the 21st of November, to 
Malawi, through Mozambique."
 
As part of the implementation of the two agreements,
signed on July 22nd in Istanbul to ensure unhindered 
access to food and fertilisers from Ukraine and 
Russia,  the WFP earlier announced, it would 
facilitate the donation of 260,000 tonnes of 
fertiliser by the Russian fertiliser company 
Uralchem-Uralkali, to the neediest 
countries in Africa, with Malawi 
as its first destination.
 
Grynspan added: "Beyond Malawi, with the help 
again with the donation from Uralchem/Uralkali,
the intervention of WFP, and the help of the 
World Bank and France, we hope, that the 
next destination of the fertilisers will be 
West Africa. That has been very 
affected by the affordability 
crisis of fertilisers."
 
Agricultural products and fertilisers do not fall under
the sanctions against Russia, but because of the
risks linked to the conflict in the Black Sea, 
shipowners no longer wanted to hire out
their 
ships, because they could not 
find insurance.
 
After intensive discussions, Russia and the UN have
established a framework for insurance, financial
transactions, and other matters, which is 
compatible.... with the three existing 
sanctions systems (the US, UK and
EU) put in place, following the 
Russian invasion of Ukraine 
on February the 24th.
 
Last week, the Black Sea Grain Initiative, signed on 
July 22nd, between Turkey, Ukraine, Russia and the 
UN allowing Ukrainian grain exports from Ukrainian 
ports, was extended for 120 days, from November
the 19th.
 
 
__________________________________________________




Russia and Mozambique, to 
sign economic cooperation
 program, says ministry
November 18th, 3:27pm (TASS)
 
Russia and Mozambique, will sign a program for
economic and scientific-technical cooperation 
in 2023-2026, according to a statement 
released by Russia’s Economic 
Development Ministry, Friday,
after a meeting of the inter-
governmental commission, 
between the two countries 
on economic & scientific
-technical cooperation.
 
"Following the meeting it was decided to develop 
a program for economic and scientific-technical
 cooperation between Russia and Mozambique
 in 2023-2026 shortly," the statement reads.
 
During the meeting the parties discussed the 
current state of trade-economic cooperation, 
as well as outlined the ways of further 
cooperation in the areas of energy, 
and geology, industry, agriculture, 
education, and sports...  as well 
as information-communication
technologies.
 
 
____________________________


 Tunisians protest over 
Sfax garbage crisis
November 18th, 10:44am
(africanews)
 
Over 1,000 people demonstrated in Tunisia's second
city, Sfax, on Thursday, amid an ongoing trash crisis 
exacerbated by a landfill fire polluting the city's air.
 
Rubbish has been piling up in the streets of Sfax for
 months, as available dump sites reach capacity 
with local residents forced to burn their 
own refuse.
 
Protestors, including refuse collectors, gathered in
 front of the provincial government headquarters
 chanting: "Sfax is forgotten, rubbish is eating
 it in every street".
 
They demanded the resignation of Sfax's governor
 Fakher Fakhfakh, who the previous day attempted
 to play down the dangers of a landfill fire near the
 city's port.
 
On Wednesday, he called on residents not to 
talk about the fire, threatening to arrest
 those responsible.
 
"It's a bit of smoke that we have to put up with, and
 thank God because it could have been worse," he
 said. "Help us with your silence".
 
Social media users had posted images of thick smoke
 covering the port area, prompting Fakhfakh to call for
 Facebook to be shut down in Sfax and say that
 people had "false information that is harming
 the country's economy".
 
Sfax, a key economic hub with a million residents, has 
seen a string of protest movements since 2021, over
 trash in the streets and on pavements.
 
In November 2021, a general strike paralysed the city
 as authorities reopened a controversial toxic landfill
 site in nearby Agareb. A 35-year-old man died of 
tear gas suffocation... during a protest.
 
President Kais Saied, who froze parliament and seized
 near-total power in July 2021, has vowed to resolve
 the situation, but residents say little has changed.
 
On Wednesday, Saied ordered Environment Minister
 Leila Chikhaoui to "take immediate action" to 
solve the crisis.
 
Tunisia's household waste is mainly buried, either 
at official landfills or in fly-tips, and authorities 
are struggling to find new sites for the 
2.6 million tonnes the country 
produces annually.
 
 
_____________________________
 
 
 
Cameroon: Entrepreneur 
recycles charcoal into 
green gas
November 18th, 10:35am
(africanews)
 
Tonnes of coal waste are thrown away each year 
in Douala, the economic capital of Cameroon.
 
The waste can pollute both the air and 
water supplies and is also a fire hazard.
 
Eric Tankeu came up with a environmentally-friendly 
solution - recycling the charcoal and turning it into 
a usable "green gas".
 
Tankeu is no stranger to going green - for years 
he worked on different projects to help protect 
the environment.
 
He says the "gas" project has helped to repurpose
 many hectares of forest by reusing the discarded
 charcoal waste.
 
Tankeu explains that the "gas" is a synthetic gas, 
produced from carbon-containing materials. Not 
only charcoal waste, but also biomass, plastics, 
household waste or similar materials.
 
The end product is bottled in a cylinder that 
can be used for a household stove.
 
Tankeu explains that his "gas" stove offers a 
safer and more sustainable way of cooking 
food or heating water.
 
A large part of Cameroon's population has no 
access to electricity and domestic gas is 
expensive or even unavailable in 
some areas.
 
As a result, many Cameroonians rely on firewood 
and coal for cooking and covering basic needs.
 
According to Global Forest Watch (GFW), 
Cameroon's forests are feeling 
the pressure. The platform, 
provides data and tools for 
monitoring forests online.
 
It says Cameroon lost 1.7 million hectares 
(4.2 million acres) of tree cover between
 2002 and 2021, more than 5% of 
its total.
 
The main causes were harvesting wood 
for fuel, logging, and the conversion of 
forests into agricultural land, 
GFW reported.
 
 
___________________________________
 
 
 
Electoral campaign ends
 in Equatorial Guinea
November 18th, 9:39am
(africanews)
 
The election campaign is in full 
swing..... in Equatorial Guinea. 
 
Voters are going to the polls this Sunday 
November the 20th, to elect a new 
President of the Republic.
 
The candidate of the ruling party Teodoro Obiang
 Nguema will be running for a sixth term as head 
of state.
 
He will face Buenaventura Monsuy, candidate of the
 Social Democratic Coalition party and Essono Ondo
 Andress, president of the opposition Convergence
 for Social Democracy.
 
"These elections, which will take place on November
20th, are taking place in a formal atmosphere..... of
 international observers, civil society is coming 
as you yourself have seen in town", said
 Equatoguinean journalist Luciano 
Ndong Alberto.
 
On the ground, the two opposition parties are not very
 visible. The campaign is dominated by the meetings
 and posters of the outgoing president who has
 teamed up with 14 opposition parties, for
 these elections. 
 
These are combined elections where deputies,
 senators and mayors will also be elected.
 
The opposition believes that the
time for change...... has arrived.
 
"We are convinced that Equatoguineans want to listen
 to a different message than the one conveyed by the
 ruling party. They need a message of hope and we
 can give it to them. We are saying through this
 election that staying at home will not help to
 solve our problems" said opposition 
candidate, Essono Ondo Andress, 
president of the Convergence
for 
Social Democracy.
 
This presidential election... was 
brought forward, by five months. 
 
The government had justified the anticipation of the
 elections in Equatorial Guinea by the concern to
 reduce the costs of organization in a context
 of economic crisis.
 
Africanews reporter in Malabo, 
Lambert Ngouanfo, adds: 
 
"The electoral campaign is in its final stretch. 
The closing meetings.. will be organised this 
Friday, because Saturday is not a campaign 
day. On Sunday, the day of the elections, a 
little more than 427,000 registered voters
 are expected to go to the polls".
 
 
___________________________________



WHO Says Urgent Funds 
Needed --- to Support 
Uganda Ebola 
Response
November 17th, 2:47pm
(teleSUR)
 
Since September 20th, when Uganda declared the
 Ebola outbreak, there have been 141 confirmed 
and 22 probable Ebola infections in Uganda, 
and 55 confirmed and 22 probable deaths.
 
On Thursday, Matshidiso Moeti, regional director for
 Africa of the World Health Organization (WHO) said
 urgent funds are needed to support the Ebola
 response in Uganda and the readiness in 
neighboring countries.
 
So far, only 20 percent of the US$88.2-million appeal
 has been collected. "We plead -- that time is of the
 essence," Matshidiso said, as she concluded her
 three-day trip here, where she was observing 
the country's Ebola response.
 
Since the Sudan strain of the virus was announced in
 the country on September 20th, it has now been
 detected in a ninth district, which has a large 
urban population. Cities favor the spread of 
the virus due to their highly-mobile 
residents and often crowded 
environments.
 
WHO figures show since September 20th, when
 Uganda declared the Ebola outbreak, to date, 
there have been a total of 141 confirmed and 
22 probable Ebola infections in Uganda, and 
55 confirmed and 22 probable deaths.
 
"We, as partners, all need to expand and intensify
 our support to the response, so that we bring this
 outbreak to an end," Matshidiso said, noting that 
the WHO Africa region office has deployed 80 
experts to support the fast-paced response, 
and assisted Ugandan health authorities to 
deploy a further 150, including over 
60 epidemiologists.
 
She said several health workers and village health
 teams have been trained in contact tracing and
 infection prevention and control in 
health facilities.
 
Personal Protective Equipment was also delivered to
 protect health workers caring for patients. "Most
 unfortunately, 19 health workers have already 
been infected, and tragically, seven of them 
have died," Matshidiso said.
 
 
______________________________________________



Interpol SA arrests Israeli fugitive
wanted for several attempted 
murders
November 17th, 2:22pm
(africanews)
 
South African police have announced the arrest of an
 Israeli suspected of belonging to a mafia gang and
 wanted for attempted homicide.
 
The 46-year-old man is associated with a major crime
 organization called Abergil, named after brothers 
Meir and Yitzhak Abergil who were extradited 
more than a decade ago to the US, and had 
been the subject of an Interpol red notice 
since 2015, the police said in a 
statement on Thursday.
 
"Israel's most wanted man," according to South
African police --- was arrested in the early hours 
of the morning along with seven other suspects 
in a house in Bryanston, an affluent suburb 
north of Johannesburg.
 
Photos and videos of the arrest, shared by the police, 
have circulated widely on social networks, showing 
stocky men in shorts or pajamas, sitting on the 
floor hiding their faces or lying on their 
stomachs, their hands shackled with 
plastic handcuffs.
 
According to information from their Israeli
 counterparts, the South African police 
say the main suspect belongs to "a 
notorious gang involved in drug 
trafficking, extortion, and other
 criminal activities.
 
In 2003 and 2004, he "allegedly placed a bomb under
 a man's car in Israel on two occasions. As a result of
 the first explosion, five people were seriously injured,
 but all miraculously survived," the statement said. In
 the second incident, again targeting the same 
person, this time he placed a bomb on the 
roof of a vehicle, leaving three people 
seriously injured.
 
The police also seized 12 firearms, including five
 assault rifles and seven pistols, 40,000 U.S.
 dollars and three stolen motorcycles, the
 statement said.
 
 
 
__________________________________________



 African students face 
discrimination in battle
 for Canada visas
 November 17th, 2:13pm
 (africanews)
 
Long viewed as a multicultural and inclusive nation, 
Canada admitted recently that its immigration 
system is tinged with racism and concern 
has risen over high rejection rates for 
African students.
 
"I have met people who have had their visas refused
 more than five times," says Serge Nouemssi, white
 coat and pipette in hand.
 
Originally from Cameroon, the 33-year-old biology
 student has been working on his doctorate for
 more than three years in a laboratory at the 
University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres 
(UQTR).
 
Surrounded by greenery, the campus located halfway
 between Montreal and Quebec City hosts more than
 15,000 students, including the largest proportion of
 Africans in the province -- 65 percent of 
international students.
 
But "we have seen rejections of up to 80 percent of
 applicants coming from Africa," says the school's
 rector, Christian Blanchette, who noted it has 
been an ongoing problem "for several years."
 
In a report quietly released at the end of September,
 the national immigration department said it
 "recognizes the presence of racism in 
Canada --- and within our 
own organization."
 
According to federal data, Quebec is the Canadian 
province with the highest rejection rate of African
 students -- around 70 percent from French-
speaking African nations between 2017 
and 2021.
 
The data says applications from France, Britain or
 Germany to study in Quebec are almost always
 accepted -- approximately a 90 percent 
approval rate.
 
'Absurd' refusals
 
As well as having to pay tuition ranging on average
 from Can$17,000 (US$12,750) to Can$19,000 per
 academic year to study in Quebec and rising up 
to Can$50,000, African students must also 
provide financial guarantees.
 
"For us Africans, generally they (immigration officials) 
insist on proof of financial means" to be able to
 afford to live and study in Canada, 
explains Nouemssi.
 
"There are cases where we have demonstrated
 financial resources...  that were close to one 
million dollars," explains Caroline Turcotte
-Brule, an immigration lawyer. "The agent 
replied that our client did not have 
enough financial resources."
 
"I have the impression that it's a bit random," she
 adds, specifying that the reason for refusal is 
often the same: "a fear that the person will 
not return to his country of origin after"
 his studies.
 
"It's a bit of hypocrisy," said Krishna Gagne, 
another lawyer, who notes that students 
have the legal right to consider staying
 in Canada after their studies.
 
Ottawa has even been encouraging foreign students
to do so as it rolled out incentives in recent months
 in order to help deal with a labour shortage.
 
Sitting at her desk in a small laboratory at the end of a
 maze of underground corridors, Imene Fahmi says
 that she had to try twice, before being able to 
come and study in Quebec.
 
"I encountered a lot of difficulties", explains the
 Algerian-born doctor, who was refused the first 
time, because the program she'd chosen was 
"not related to her previous studies," even 
though she had been aggressively 
recruited by her future 
research director.
 
She had to apply a second time and 
wait eight months, before finally 
getting approvals.
 
"In regards to immigration, there doesn't seem to be
 an understanding, of the nuances and backgrounds 
of certain students, so we have refusals which are 
a bit absurd," her research supervisor Mathieu 
Piche says, unable to hide his frustrations.
 
Refusals and delays have consequences on the
 students but also "on the work of the 
teachers," he adds.
 
'Systemic racism'?
 
The problem does not only affect students. In July, 
Canada faced a backlash over its denials of visas 
for hundreds of delegates, including Africans,
that were to attend the AIDS 2022 
conference in Montreal.
 
In its September report, the government
promised ---- better training for its 
immigration agents, to consider 
creating an ombudsman post 
to manage disputes and 
review its much 
maligned case 
processing 
software.
 
Those efforts are welcomed by Turcotte-Brule, 
but she underscores -- that there has been "a
problem of systemic racism for a long time"
in Canada -- and that "it will not be 
resolved overnight."
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
Climate change induced by 
human activity behind
 floods in Nigeria
November 17th, 10:12am
(africanews)
 
Climate change was the main cause of the floods that
 killed over 600 people in Nigeria this year, according
 to scientists.
 
In a study revealed on Wednesday, scientists claim:
that the floods that affected Nigeria, but also Niger,
Chad, and neighbouring countries, were directly 
linked to human activity.
 
According to the experts the floods between June 
and October this year displaced more than 1.4 
million people and were 80 times likelier to 
occur because of human activity.
 
The report comes as COP27 climate talks continue in
 Egypt's Sharm el-Sheikh, where developing nations
 are demanding rich polluters pay for climate-
change-linked calamities.
 
Africa is home to some of the countries least
 responsible for carbon emissions but 
hardest hit by weather extremes, 
with the Horn of Africa currently 
in the grips of a severe drought.
 
 
__________________________________



Libya: risk of partition with 
the delay of the elections 
- UN
November 16th, 12:46pm
(africanews)
 
The UN's new special envoy for Libya warned Tuesday
 that the first anniversary of the postponed elections,
 was fast approaching and that further postponement
 of the polls could lead the country to even greater
 instability, putting it "at risk of partition.
 
Abdoulaye Bathily told the U.N. Security Council
that the October 2020 ceasefire still held 
despite escalating rhetoric and the 
build-up of rival governments' 
forces in the east and west 
of the country.
 
Oil-rich Libya plunged into chaos after a NATO-
backed uprising toppled and killed longtime 
leader, Muammar Gaddafi, in 2011. 
 
In the chaos that followed, the country was divided
 between rival administrations supported by rebel 
militias and foreign governments.
 
The current political crisis stems from the failure of
 elections on December 24, 2021, and the refusal of
 Prime Minister Abdelhamid Dbeibah - who headed 
a transitional government in the capital, Tripoli - 
to resign. 
 
In response, the country's eastern-based parliament
 appointed a rival prime minister, Fathi Bachagha, 
who has been trying for months to install his 
government in Tripoli.
 
Bathily, a former Senegalese minister and diplomat
 who arrived in Libya in mid-October.. and has 
traveled to all parts of the country, told the 
council, that he has seen Libyans hope for 
"peace, stability & legitimate institutions."
 
"However, there is a growing recognition, that some 
institutional actors are actively impeding progress 
toward elections," he said.
 
He warned that further prolonging the elections "will 
make the country even more vulnerable to political, 
economic, and security instability" - and could risk
 partition. And he urged Security Council members
 to "join efforts to encourage Libyan leaders to 
work with determination to hold elections 
as soon as possible.''
 
Bathily urged the Council to "send an unequivocal
 message to the obstructionists that their actions 
will not go without consequences."
 
He said the Security Council must make it clear that
 ending the ceasefire and resorting to violence and
 intimidation "will not be accepted and that there
 is no military solution to the Libyan crisis."
 
Russia requested this preparatory meeting and its
 deputy ambassador, Dmitry Polyansky, described
 the situation in the country as "very tense" and
 "rather unstable", with no sign of an end to
 the rival governments soon.
 
This "means that there will be no inclusive national 
elections or unification of Libyan state bodies in
 the short term," he said.
 
Mr. Polyansky warned that "the situation risks getting
 out of control under the influence of the divergent
 interests of external stakeholders.''
 
He accused Western nations, especially the United
 States, of prolonging the Libyan crisis by using the 
turbulent situation in the country to pursue their 
own interests, namely unfettered access to
 Libyan oil.
 
Polyansky asserts that Western governments have set
 themselves the goal of "turning Libya into a 'gas
 station' -- to meet their energy needs." And he 
asserted that the U.S. administration.. "still 
views the Libyan political process solely 
through the prism of U.S. economic 
interests ... with the aim of 
preventing the growth of 
'black gold' prices."
 
U.S. Deputy Ambassador Richard Mills countered by
 saying, "The United States rejects accusations 
that somehow access to Libyan oil reserves
is
 the cause of the political impasse in 
Libya today."
 
Referring to Russia, he said the U.S. was dismayed
 that a Council member that violated the U.N. 
Charter by invading and occupying its 
neighbor continues "to divert the 
attention of this Council with 
baseless conspiracy 
theories."
 
"This is simply a failed attempt to shield itself from
 legitimate criticism," Mills said. "Libyan leaders 
must take responsibility for achieving lasting 
peace, good governance, and ultimately 
prosperity for the Libyan people. And 
the United States stands ready to 
support them."
 
 
_________________________________________
 


Rumours about rebel advances 
cause scramble to safety
 in eastern DRC
November 16th, 9:51am
(africanews)
 
In eastern DRC, rumours of an imminent advancement
 of the M23 rebels have sent scores of people fleeing
 towards the city of Goma on Tuesday.
 
"It hurts us a lot to see that we are still fleeing, we
 have fled from Kibumba, and now, we are fleeing 
again from here, we are heading to Goma. We 
were told that the M23 was a few metres 
away, that's why we are worried 
because we were told that one 
person was killed here", said 
Alexis Bahunga, one of
 the displaced.
 
The arrival of the displaced in Goma coincided with a
 visit to the region of peace mediator, former Kenyan
 president, Uhuru Kenyatta, who appealed
 for dialogue.
 
"People are now becoming displaced in their own
 country, what I have to say, no matter what our
 differences are, even if we have our problems, 
please let us stop this war, these children, 
these mothers, these old men who don't 
know why people are fighting let us 
have mercy on them, let us stop 
this war and start dialogue", 
said Uhuru Kenyatta, former 
president of Kenya and 
peace mediator. 
 
The M23 rebels, whom Congo accuses of receiving
 support from neighbouring Rwanda... have more
 than doubled the territory they hold in recent 
weeks... as they've grabbed control of
several 
key towns.
 
''I ask you to remain calm and to return to your
 business freely. I would like to reassure you 
that the loyalist forces (Congolese Armed 
Forces, Ed.) are performing well, in the 
field of operations, and are containing 
the enemy in the heights of Kibumba", 
reassured General Constant Ndima, 
military governor of North Kivu.
 
Rwanda denies any involvement. 
 
The M23 rebels signed a peace agreement 
with the government but re-emerged late
 last year, saying the terms had not 
been met.
 
 
____________________________________________



Nigerian monarch shot 
dead inside palace
November 15th, 12:10pm
(africanews)
 
Police in Nigeria say suspected Biafran separatists
 have shot dead the traditional ruler of Obudi 
Agwa, in Oguta Local Government Area of 
Imo state, Eze Ignatius Asor, and two of 
his aides.
 
The state Police Public Relations Officer, Mike
 Abattam, confirmed the incident, local 
media reports.
 
The gunmen visited the palace in Oguta, under
the guise of reporting an emergency situation,
before opening fire.
 
It was not immediately clear why the monarch, 
Eze Ignatius Asor, was targeted in the attack
on Monday (November 14th).
 
The Nigerian authorities.. said the gunmen also
attacked the office of a community vigilance 
group as they fled --- killing at least one 
person and stealing three motorbikes.
 
The secessionist group, Indigenous People 
of Biafra – which police blamed for the 
killing – has not yet commented.
 
The group is campaigning for a breakaway 
state of Biafra in the southeast of
 the country.
 
 
____________________________________________
 
 

UN Security Council extends 
peacekeeping mission in CAR
November 15th, 11:12am
 (africanews)
 
The UN Security Council voted on Monday 
to extend for another year the UN Peace
keeping mission in the Central 
African Republic.
 
The vote was 12 in favour with three abstentions, 
namely those of Russia, China and Gabon.
 
The French-drafted resolution maintains the robust
 mandate of the 17,500 peacekeeping mission,
 focusing on protecting civilians, whilst 
encouraging President Faustin-
Archange Touadera and his 
government to promote 
lasting peace and 
stability through 
a reinvigorated 
political.... and 
peace process.
 
Intercommunal fighting has raged in the 
mineral-rich but impoverished Central 
African Republic, since 2013.
 
The government.. controls the capital, 
but much of the country is controlled
 by armed groups.
 
The resolution adopted Monday
urges all parties to respect 
the ceasefire, and urgently 
implement a reconciliation 
process.
 
CAR’s Foreign Minister, Sylvie Valérie Baipo-Temon,
denounced “an alarming humanitarian situation,”
adding the country needs a mandate to 
address the armed groups.
 
 
______________________________________________
 
 
 
UK announces 
withdrawal from Mali
November 15th, 10:15am
(africanews)
 
The British government announced on Monday 
the early withdrawal of its military contingent
 currently deployed in Mali as part of the 
UN mission to the country.
 
Behind the decision is the ruling junta's use 
of the Russian paramilitary group, Wagner.
 
According to the Ministry of Defence, the commitment 
was supposed to last three years, but faced with the
 rising instability in the country, London decided to
 anticipate the withdrawal of its troops, who 
should leave the country in the next 
six months.
 
France, the main country intervening militarily in Mali, 
notably through the Barkhane force, alongside its
 European partners announced in February their
 withdrawal from the country. The last French 
soldiers left Mali this summer, after nearly 
a decade.
 
Almost 300 British soldiers have been in Mali since 
the end of 2020, as part of the deployment of a UN
peacekeeping mission in the country, launched
in 2013 (Minusma, Ed.), aimed, in particular, at
stabilising the security situation in a country
plagued by jihadist attacks.
 
 
____________________________________
 
 
 
Fighting in eastern DRC 
continues as peace
 efforts gather pace
November 15th, 10:10am
(africanews)
 
Fighting in eastern DRC continued on Monday 
between government forces and the M23 
rebels near the strategic city of Goma 
in North Kivu province.
 
Former Kenyan president and EAC mediator Uhuru
 Kenyatta arrived in Kinshasa on Sunday for peace
 talks set to take place on November 21st.
 
"The message that we have today is that all groups
who currently bear arms should lay those arms 
down -- and choose the path of peace through 
dialogue -- because there is nothing that can 
be gained through the barrel of a gun", said 
Uhuru Kenyatta, former President of Kenya, 
and East African Community's facilitator on
 the Peace Process in the Eastern region
 of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
 
The Congolese government accuses Rwanda 
of supporting the rebels, an accusation
 rejected by Kigali.
 
"Silence the guns and join in a political process. 
That is to the local groups. To foreign based 
groups, it is basically saying.. that the DRC 
is no longer the battleground for problems 
that are not from this country", added 
the former President. 
 
Eastern DRC was the theatre of two bloody 
regional wars in the 1990s leaving scores
 of armed groups that remain active in
 the region.
 
 
_____________________________________



 Sudan: Thousands of 
supporters of Islam
march for democracy
November 13th, 1:06pm
(africanews)
 
Protesters holding placards reading "No to foreign
 interference" and "Volker out", in reference to 
the UN's Khartoum envoy, Volker Perthes, 
marched in Khartum, this Satursday.
 
Thousands of Sudanese Islamists gathered Saturday
 - for the second time in two weeks - to call out what 
they see as "interference" in the country’s affairs. 

They are opposed to the UN's efforts to mediate 
between the Sudan's military junta and civilian 
leaders, following last year's coup, staged by 
general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan.
 
"Any compromise will bring this country into a 
real crisis and we, the youth of Sudan, do not 
want these parties and their agreements", 
protestor Mohammed warned. 
 
"If a government is supposed to emerge, 
it should be the result of elections."
 
"We will take to the streets, to the squares, every 
day, in every city, in every corner to protect this 
country, to preserve its unity and its security. 
No to (foreign) agents!", Luay exclaimed.
 
The protestors also expressed anger at a transitional
 constitution proposal by the Sudanese Bar
 Association --- which plans on banning 
activities by the National Congress 
Party, the Islamist movement of
 former leader al-Bashir.
 
The army chief last week warned the Islamists to
 steer clear of the military, saying: "The army 
does not belong to any party."
 
His warning came a week after some 3,000 
Islamists staged a similar march in front 
of the UN headquarters.
 
It comes, despite repeated accusations from 
civilian factions that the army was colluding 
with the Islamists, pointing to the recent
reappointment of Islamist figures
in positions of power.
 
 
__________________________________
 
 
 
Export of Russian fertilizers
unblocked – UN World
Food Program
November 13th, 12:28pm
https://en.news-front.info/
 
Director of the UN World Food Program David Beasley
said that the first ship has already been chartered to
transport Russian fertilizers to African countries,
TASS reports.
 
“This is the first vessel.. that will carry shipments of
Russian fertilizers.. which are of critical importance 
for African countries. The Black Sea Grain Initiative 
is vital to stem the tide of global hunger in the 
coming months,” Beasley said.
 
It also became known that the first 20 thousand tons
 of fertilizers will be loaded next week. In total, WFP
 will help export 260,000 tons of Russian fertilizers
 to Africa.
 
 
________________________________________________



Ethiopian govt, rebels, agree on 
humanitarian access to Tigray
November 13th, 11:10am
(africanews)
 
Warring sides in the Ethiopian conflict agreed
on the peace roadmap, on Saturday (Nov 12).
 
The Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces 
and the Head of the Tigray Forces, signed an
agreement in Nairobi, Kenya, that they said 
calls for adisengagement from all forms 
of military activities.
 
Both parties assented to protect civilians and
facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid in 
the war-torn northern region of Tigray.
 
The African Union-led talks in Nairobi, followed 
the cessation of hostilities agreement signed 
by Ethiopia and Tigray leaders in South 
Africa, last week.
 
"We want to express our full commitment for 
bringing peace and stability to our people 
and country. Therefore, we will fully 
dedicate our service to implement 
the Pretoria agreement and this 
declaration", Field Marshal 
Birhanu Jula, the chief of 
staff of the Ethiopian 
Armed Forces said.
 
"To this end, we would like to affirm our full 
commitment to the people of Ethiopia, 
to this panel and to the world", 
he concluded.
 
"We have suffered a lot of misery.... over the last two
years and still continue to suffer. The commitment 
we are making today, is with the hope and 
expectation, that our people's suffering 
will come to an end... soon", General 
Tadesse Werede, the commander
-in-chief of the Tigray forces,
doubled down.
 
The commanders, who have been meeting 
since November, signed the agreement 
on November the 12th.
 
The agreement states that disarmament will be 
"done concurrently with the withdrawal of 
foreign and non-(Ethiopian military) 
forces" from Tigray.
 
Former Nigerian President, Olusegun Obasanjo, 
who is helping to facilitate the talks... said on
Saturday that “humanitarian aid should have 
resumed... yesterday."

The former Kenyan 
president, Uhuru Kenyatta,
who is also 
involved in the talks, thanked 
the commanders ------ for their 
commitment to peace.
 
According to the lead negotiator for the Ethiopian
 federal government, the next meeting of military
 leaders will "most likely" be held in Tigray in 
mid-December, before a final meeting in 
Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital,
 in January.
 
The Tigray conflict began in November 2020. The
 brutal fighting spilled into Amhara and Afar 
regions as Tigrayan forces tried to break 
the military blockade of their region. 
 
The war - in Africa’s second-most populous country -
which marked two years on November the 4th, has
seen abuses documented on both sides, with 
millions of people displaced... and many 
near famine.
 
It reignited in August, after months of a lull 
that allowed thousands of trucks carrying 
humanitarian aid into Tigray.
 
Phone and internet connections to Tigray are still
 down, and foreign journalists and human rights
 researchers remain barred, complicating 
efforts to verify reports of ongoing 
violence in the region.
 
 
_______________________________________


 
Africa: Buhari Calls for More 
Western Commitment On
 Climate Action
by Timothy Obiezu
November 13th, 2022
Pan-African News Wire
 
Abuja — As world leaders meet in Egypt for a two-
week climate change summit, COP27,  African
 leaders.. have been emphasizing the need for 
their western counterparts to increase their
 commitment to addressing climate 
change's impact on Africa.
 
Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari is the latest 
African leader to weigh in on the issue, saying 
African leaders are frustrated by what he 
called Western hypocrisy. 
 
His op-ed in The Washington Post this week --- titled, 
"How Not to Talk With Africa About Climate Change"
came amid discussions by delegates at the United
Nations climate change summit.. to compensate
poor nations, for the mounting damage linked 
to global warming.
 
The president said that Western development has
unleashed climate catastrophe on Africa and that
part of his nation was under water caused by the
severe flooding that has affected 34 of Nigeria's
 36 states and displaced 1.4 million people.
 
Buhari also cited drought-driven famine in the 
Horn of Africa, wildfires across the north, 
and intensifying cyclones in the south, 
as part of the consequences of
climate change in Africa.
 
Only about 3 percent
 
Africa is the continent most affected by climate
change, despite contributing only about 
3 percent of global emissions, 
according to the U.N.
 
Nigeria's head of the International Climate Change
 Development Africa Initiative, Seyifunmi Adebote, 
said the president's charge was very timely.
 
"I think - for the first time - African leaders beyond the
 negotiating room are putting up very strong opinions,
 statements about what they believe, and it's coming
 from a pain point ------ of what they've witnessed at
 different levels in their respective countries," 
said Adebote. "From Nigeria - to Niger - to 
Rwanda - to Kenya - you've seen African 
leaders come out to voice very 
strong opinions."
 
The Nigerian leader said Western governments
- repeatedly - have failed to honour a 2009 
agreement ---- to pay $100 billion for 
climate adaptation and mitigation
in developing nations.
 
He said most financing currently flows toward 
mitigation projects such as renewable energy.
 
Africa advised to embrace renewable energy
 
Buhari said Africa's future must be carbon free 
but said the continent's current energy 
demands cannot be met by weather-
dependent solar and wind power.
 
Even if Africa used up all its reserves of natural gas,
 its share of global emissions would only rise from 
3 percent to 3.5 percent, he said.
 
But ''program coordinator'' at the Social Development
Centre, Isaac Botti, said African leaders must stay 
on course with best practices for climate... by 
embracing renewable energy sources.
 
"For me, I feel that fossil fuel productions..  should be 
stopped, and if president Buhari is saying we should
look at the energy available to us, that is inimical
to 
the reduction of climate change globally,"
said Botti. 

"For instance, the solar system provides the biggest
option for energy production globally, particularly 
in Africa, considering our climatic situations."
 
Seyifunmi said poor accountability also could 
be the reason why Africa is not getting 
much-needed support.
 
"We -- also -- do not have the structures to maintain or
utilize -- or to be accountable for -- the resources we 
get from them," said Seyifunmi. "It will not excite 
them to keep pumping money if there are no 
structures to process the money 
or mechanisms to reflect the 
outcomes of what those 
funds are used for."
 
As COP27 proceeds, many are hoping the outcome 
of this year's climate summit will be different.
 
Read the original article on VOA.


[Rhondda Records adds, that ''lack
of accountability'' ...doesn't stop
Western states from throwing
billions ------ into supporting 
war in Ukraine.]
 
 
____________________________



 'Pay for loss and damage' 
activists demand during 
protest at COP27
November 12th, 9:44am
(africanews)
 
Demonstrators called on wealthy and more polluting
nations... to pay fair compensation for the global 
impacts of the climate crisis, on Friday.
 
Chanting "pay up for loss and damage" and "no 
more bla bla bla", the small group was led by 
seven activists. 
 
Outside the Egyptian resort hosting the COP27, they
participated in a Fridays for Future protest, calling 
for money for climate action.
 
Ina Maria Shikongo, a climate activist and member of
Fridays For Future organization, was one of them.
 
"We have to stop fossil fuel extraction - not only for
Africans but for the entire planet and that is what 
the people need to realize - this is not just an 
African issue anymore, or a Global South 
issue", she said.
 
"This is an issue that is actually affecting humanity."
 
Demonstrations had been slightly muted at 
the United Nations climate summit... so far.
 
Friday has become a day for climate protests
worldwide, since Swedish activist Greta 
Thunberg launched the Fridays for 
Future movement in 2018.
 
To finance climate adaptation, some developing
 countries rely on loans --- which have citizens 
worried about the burden of debt.
 
For the sake of climate justice, others, including
the UN chief, urged wealthier countries to 
meet their financial commitments - 
to back poorer nations.
 
 
_________________________________________________



Africa: Agroecology Is the 
African-Led Solution
We Need From COP27
by Sena Alouka
November 12th
(African Arguments)
 
Industrialised agriculture is big driver of emissions. 
Agroecology is sustainable, resilient, high yield,
 and gives farmers sovereignty.
 
It is a welcome shift to see nations recognise the 
inextricable link - between agriculture and the 
climate crisis at COP27 - the first UN Climate
 Conference to be held in Africa in six years. 
 
It has never been clearer that we cannot protect our 
people and planet without tackling the problems in
 our food systems, one of the biggest contributors 
to the climate crisis. But.... recognition and 
conversation are not enough. We cannot 
allow false promises and abstract 
commitments to derail the swift, 
transformative action this 
crisis demands. 
 
We need real solutions, which will only be effective
if devised in partnership with impacted 
communities and local
 food producers.
 
The Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA) 
- representing more than 200 million farmers, 
pastoralists, fisherfolk, Indigenous peoples,
 and women's and youth movements 
across the continent - is therefore 
calling on COP27 to prioritise 
agroecology as an African-
led solution to tackle the 
climate crisis.
 
Agriculture - particularly industrialised agriculture - is
 responsible for at least 10-12% of global human-
driven emissions. This doesn't even include 
emissions from transporting, storing, or 
refrigerating food, nor from changes
in 
land use.
 
 In the last 20 years, industrial agriculture has
 expanded across Africa --- even as the 
continent and its food systems bear 
the brunt of the climate crisis. 
 
Rising temperatures, droughts, and floods, are hitting
 communities relentlessly, with the greatest impacts
 felt among small-scale farmers and women. 
 
Estimates suggest, that global warming, will reduce 
Africa's overall food production capacity by 10-20%, 
putting the food security of hundreds of millions of 
Africans at risk.
 
Despite this growing threat, both international and
 African policy makers and donors are neglecting 
to substantially invest in locally-led solutions... 
and sustainable models of African agriculture 
like agroecology. This cannot continue. 
Rising food prices, increased hunger, 
and disruption of the global food 
supply chain in the face of 
increasingly extreme 
weather expose the 
failures --- of our
 current model. 
 
We must change course toward food systems that 
will not only mitigate the climate emergency, but 
also offer African communities stability in, and
 sovereignty over, their own nutrition.
 
Governments at COP27 have an opportunity to
recognise --- the expansive potential of agro-
ecology, to address these challenges. From 
Puerto Rico to Kenya -- food producers are 
putting agroecological principles to action, 
working with the land, in an ecologically-
sound way, to sustain themselves and 
their communities. 
 
But many proponents of agroecology do not hold the
 same microphone as multinational corporations or
 funders. They receive far less consideration and
 financing than industrial or technological 
agricultural approaches that pursue 
mass production... at the expense
 of climate resilience.
 
Agroecology is a farmer-driven system of sustainable
 agriculture that unites Indigenous knowledge and
 science-based innovation with an ecosystem's 
natural processes. It focuses on growing a 
diverse range of crops suitable for the 
climate and land in which they are 
grown, as opposed to industrial 
approaches that mass produce 
one crop for export. 
 
Without a dependence on fossil fuel-based pesticides, 
fertiliser chemicals, and other industrial techniques
 that release greenhouse gasses, agroecology fights
 climate change while allowing farmers to feed their
 communities and protect their livelihoods.

This 
keeps food systems localised, building resilience
 .....as communities become more self-sufficient
 and capable of withstanding global shocks.
 
In Benin.... we can see the benefits of a transition to 
agroecology in action. While farmers are living with 
the impacts of the climate crisis, many have been
 encouraged... to adopt industrial approaches like
 growing a single crop and using harsh chemicals
 that leave the soil unable to retain moisture and
 nutrients. Yields have fallen year after year, and
 80% of households say their food security is 
under threat. 
 
But farmers in Kom'dè, a small village in north-west
 Benin, have developed agroecology-based
 sustainable farming methods... that are 
delivering increased yields by 50-60% 
and even bringing back some crops
 once thought lost.
 
Agroecology is not only the most sensible climate 
solution - there is also a clear economic case. 
 
Transitioning away from industrial agriculture toward
sustainable food systems ----- will have far reaching
effects... saving the $12 trillion spent worldwide 
on the "hidden costs" of food and eliminating 
8.5% of global emissions attributed 
to agriculture.
 
We do not have the luxury of time. COP27 offers 
a global opportunity to begin a just transition 
----- away from high-emitting industrial 
agriculture, corporate monopolies 
of food systems --- and false 
climate solutions toward 
agroecology, food 
sovereignty, and 
self-sufficiency.
 
Leaders at COP27 must put food systems at the centre
 of climate adaptation plans for Africa --- and integrate 
agroecology into the climate negotiations. Systemic
 change will require a permanent body to coordinate 
agriculture talks.. and monitor the implementation 
of decisions within the United Nations Framework 
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
 
 Funders who claim to prioritise climate resilience 
and locally-driven approaches must also commit 
to providing new, direct, and accessible climate 
financing to agroecology.
 
Ultimately, solutions will only be long-lasting if they
can be owned and driven by the very people whose 
way of life the climate crisis is upending. Small-
scale food producers and Indigenous 
communities, especially youth and 
women.... must be meaningfully 
engaged and their voices and 
needs must be prioritised.
 
With the right support ---- Africa can lead 
the rest of the world in developing just 
and sustainable food systems.
 
Sena Alouka is Chair of the AFSA Climate and
 Agroecology Working Group and Executive 
Director of Young Volunteers for the 
Environment in Togo.
 
 AFSA (the Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa)
 represents more than 200 million farmers, 
pastoralists, sherfolk, Indigenous 
peoples, faith groups, women's 
movements, plus youth and 
consumer associations, 
across 50 countries.
 
Read the original of this report, 
including embedded links and 
illustrations, on the African 
Arguments site.
 
 
__________________________________


 First batch of Russian fertilizers 
to be shipped to Malawi 
next week — UN
November 11th, 9:27pm (TASS)
 
The first batch of Russian fertilizers, which are
blocked at European ports, will be shipped to 
Malawi next week, the United Nations said 
on Friday.
 
"The UN also briefed... on recently issued General
Licenses & shipments of fertilizer to developing
countries’ destinations and its ongoing 
engagement with private sector and
member states. It is anticipated 
that the first shipment of 
donated fertilizers will 
depart for Malawi, in 
the coming week."
 
This was  said in a UN press statement, released 
after a meeting between the Secretary-General 
of the UN Conference on Trade & Development, 
Rebeca Grynspan, the Under-Secretary-
General for Humanitarian Affairs and 
Emergency Relief Coordinator... 
Martin Griffiths, and a Russian 
delegation, led by Deputy 
Foreign Minister, Sergey
 Vershinin.
 
 
_________________________________


Angolan president 
left for Uganda for 
mediation efforts
by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado
November 11th, 11:56am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
Angolan President João Lourenço left on Friday for the
 city of Kigali, Rwanda´s capital, as a mediator in the
 conflict between that country and the neighboring
 Congo Democratic Republic.
 
According to Spokesman Luis Fernando, the president
 will try to reconcile the parties in dispute in an
 attempt to reach a negotiated solution 
to the current crisis.
 
Before leaving, Lourenço paid tribute to the heroes of
 his homeland, at a ceremony held at the National
 Museum of Military History, in Luanda, on the 
47th anniversary of Angola’s independence.
 
In every province there were several commemorative
 activities, including a central ceremony in this city
 in which various government personalities,
 Parliamentarians, politicians, scientists 
and civil society organizations 
took part.


_________________________________________


 
People in Mozambique could
 lose humanitarian aid
by Alina Ramos Martin
November 11th, 11:47am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
The World Food Program (WFP) of the United Nations
notified that it is about to stop its humanitarian
 assistance to 1 million people in Mozambique, 
due to the lack of funding.
 
This statement was made in Geneva, by the head of
 the agency in the African nation, Antonella D’Aprile.
 
The only way to avoid this outcome, she added, is to
 receive the $51 million in additional funding required
 to continue providing aid, particularly in Cabo 
Delgado province, where the situation 
continues to worsen, due to armed 
violence in recent months.
 
He said that WFP’s funding situation has long been a
 cause of concern, as the agency is running out of
 options and all these activities are in danger.
 
WFP’s funding is heavily dependent 
on contributions from the world’s 
wealthiest nations.
 
 
_______________________________________
 
 
 
MPLA praises Angola’s 
independence
 by Alina Ramos Martin
November 11th, 11:44am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola´s
 party (MPLA) praised the struggle of this African
 nation for its independence and significance
 in the current goals of socioeconomic 
development.
 
In a message for the 47th anniversary of
 independence, the party recognized the 
direct and selfless commitment of 
thousands of countrymen, in the 
confrontation with Portuguese 
colonialism, which led to the 
establishment of a 
national State.
 
As a political force in the Government, the MPLA
 stressed this Friday, its decision to reassure 
itself at the forefront of the promotion and 
political, economic & social reintegration 
of all the vital forces of the country.
 
According to the MPLA, the party observes with
 optimism the actions of the Executive aimed at
 ensuring the right to decent and quality work, 
the qualification of personnel... and the 
encouragement of entrepreneurship, 
especially for the youth, based on a
 serious commitment to a national 
vocational training system.
 
Finally, he pounded all Angolans to contribute, 
with acts of citizenship and high patriotism,
 to the necessary development tasks of a
 democratic state, based on the rule
 of law.
 
 
____________________________________________



South African News Briefs 
by André van Wyk
November 11th, 2022
(allAfrica.com)

South Africa:
Water Crisis a Greater Threat 
than Energy Crisis, Infrastructure
Group 
Warns
 
 
According to the US multinational infrastructure
 consulting firm, AECOM.. a looming water crisis 
in South Africa will eclipse the nation's current 
struggle for a stable supply of electricity, 
Business Tech reports. 
 
Darrin Green, Africa MD at the globally trusted
infrastructure firm AECOM, said: The energy 
crisis is confronting us first, or maybe it is 
the most obvious, but for me, the current 
water shortage in Gauteng is absolutely 
a worse crisis. While the fundamental 
issues are the same, it is going to be 
a much more difficult situation for 
people to live with on a day-to-
day basis". 
 
Green added that, as climate change becomes 
increasingly important, South Africa has 
failed to make the topic more note-
worthy and, thereby, changing its 
current reactive stance to 
one that is more 
proactive. 
 
''Clients are not perceiving this as a priority.   It must 
start with an overall understanding of sustainability 
and its key drivers. The South African market has 
not reached a sufficient level of maturity in this
 regard," Green said. An additional example 
was made... of integrated hydrological 
models of South Africa's coastlines 
not being updated or maintained.
 
 
Civil Servants Return to Work 
After Nationwide Stay-Away
 
Civil servants have returned to work after a national
 wage strike organised by the Public Servants
 Association of South Africa (PSA), Eye-
witness News reports.
 
The PSA has maintained its call for a 10% wage hike
in the face of a unilateral 3% increase instituted by
the government. Workers have called on the 
government to honour 2018's wage agree-
ment... following its failure to provide 
increases in the final year of 
the bargain. 
 
President of the PSA Lufuno Mulaudzi said: 
"Government failure to implement decent 
salary increases for public service is a 
result of years of fraud and corruption."
 
 Unions --- have given government a 7-day 
ultimatum to respond to their demands 
and threatened to stage a national 
shutdown if negotiations are not
 re-opened.
 
 
R10 Billion French, German Loans 
Aim to Lessen South Africa's 
Reliance on Coal
 
France and Germany have signed loan agreements
 totaling R10 billion to expedite South Africa's Just
 Energy Transition, Business Tech writes. 
 
The loans, made available by he French and German
public development banks, Agence Française 
de Développement and Kreditanstalt für 
Wiederaufbau - are directed squarely 
at the National Treasury which said 
on the matter: The loans are highly 
concessional as their terms are 
substantially more generous 
than what the government 
of South Africa would be 
able to raise in capital 
markets." 
 
The Treasury added that this is a critical stage in 
attracting investment to the nation, as it forms 
part of the Just Energy Transition. 
 
''South Africa requires more support for its just energy
 transition - given the large scale of the required
 transition in the context of the current socio-
economic challenges - and will therefore 
continue discussions with various 
multilateral lenders to pursue 
this objective," said 
the Treasury.
 
 
______________________________



Angola reviews problems of
 national refugees in Zambia
by Alina Ramos Martin
November 10th, 4:08pm 
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
A multisectoral commission of the Angolan
 Government analyzed the problems of 
national refugees in the neighboring 
Republic of Zambia.
 
The Secretary of State for International Cooperation
 and Angolan Communities, Domingos Custódio 
Vieira Lopes, headed a preparatory meeting, 
which was dedicated specifically to 
examining the situation of the 
Angolans of Cazombe --- and 
the refugees in the district 
of Ikelenge, in the north-
west province of Zambia.
 
As reported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Mirex), 
the multi-sectoral team discussed possible effective
 methods for the return of migrants and their 
relocation in the Angolan province of 
Moxico in the east of the country.
 
In later September, delegations from the two States 
discussed, in Lusaka, the ways to operationalize a
 memorandum of understanding, with the purpose 
of... guaranteeing the integrity of the common 
border. and deepening cooperation in the 
fight against drug trafficking. and the
 illegal movement of people.
 
 
_______________________________


 
Festival of Russian Culture
to be held.. in Zambia, 
Tanzania and Ethiopia
November 15th-19th
November 10th, 3:30pm
 (TASS)
 
The Festival of Russian Culture will take place 
in three African states, Zambia, Tanzania and 
Ethiopia... the press service of the Russian 
Ministry of Culture reported on Thursday.
 
"The festival is intended... to popularize the diversity 
of Russia’s cultural heritage, and will introduce the 
foreign audience to the best examples of Russia’s 
unique vocal folklore performed traditionally and 
in modern adaptation, as well as the popular 
pieces of musical academic art," its 
statement said.
 
Additionally, the festival will include a photo exhibit of
picturesque locations of Russia’s Far North. Visitors
will view the landscapes of the northern parts of 
Russia, from Murmansk to Kamchatka Regions.
 
The festival is held to bolster intercultural interaction
 with African countries, on the eve of the second 
Russia-Africa Summit, which will take place
 in St. Petersburg, in 2023.
 
 
_______________________________________



Sudan’ s former president
 ....in prison again
by Ana Luisa Brown
November 10th, 12:31pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Sudanese judicial authorities have ordered the
overthrown President, Omar Hassan al-Bashir --- 
convicted of corruption, to return to a capital 
city prison after his release from hospital,
defense lawyer said on Thursday.
 
Hashim Ali told local media that the announcement
 about the return of the former head of State to 
prison, after recovering from an illness, was 
informed on Wednesday by representatives 
of the aforementioned prison.
 
The source said that, in addition to Al-Bashir, other
 Islamist representatives, such as the former Vice
 President, Bakri Hassan Salih, and the former 
Interior Minister, Ali al Haj, among others, 
were also imprisoned.
 
The former head of State and some 30 high-ranking
 members of the National Islamic Front are 
currently being prosecuted for their 
alleged involvement in a coup 
d’état in June 1989, which 
brought al-Bashir himself 
to power.
 
 
____________________________________________



Kenya to invest $37 million
in force protection
to Congo
November 10th, 11:39am
(africanews)
 
Kenya's parliament.. has approved the deployment 
of nearly 1,000 troops for a new regional force in
 eastern Congo, amid questions about the $37 
million cost for the first six months of 
the mission.
 
A parliament committee report says the money will be
spent on equipment, allowances, and operations for 
the more than 900 troops joining the East African
 Community Regional Force that will support 
Congolese forces against armed groups.
 
Kenya's President, William Ruto, last week, called the
mission "necessary and urgent" for regional security. 
Violence by armed groups in eastern Congo, has
led to a diplomatic crisis between Congo and 
neighboring Rwanda, which is accused 
of backing certain groups.
 
The Kenyan forces will be based in Goma, eastern
Congo's largest city. The regional force, agreed 
upon by heads of state, in June, and led by 
a Kenyan commander, also has two 
battalions from Uganda, two from 
Burundi and one from S. Sudan.
 
There is a possibility that international financing 
may be secured for the mission, the committee
 report said.
 
 
_______________________________________________
 
 
 
South Africa: Public Servants 
Take to the Streets in 
National Strike Action
by André van Wyk
November 10th,
(allAfrica.com)
 
Cape Town — Public servant workers have embarked
 on a nationwide strike in a demonstration calling for 
higher wages, Eyewitness News reports. 
 
The workers are on a one-day stay-away in opposition
 to a 3% wage hike offered by the government; unions
have called for a 10% increase instead. Government
 instituted the 3% increase unilaterally, in October, 
after wage negotiations with unions failed to 
make progress.
 
The Public Servants Association of South Africa (PSA)
 recommended that citizens - avoid the Department of 
Transport and Home Affairs offices. Workers in cities
 including Cape Town, Pretoria, Johannesburg and 
Durban, are also expected to join the the strike.
 
Disruptions at governmental offices... would be