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Nigerian artist makes prosthetics
 for dark skin [Inspire Africa]
October 1st, 8:42am
In a new episode of Inspire Africa, presented by Barbara 
Loundou, we meet Job Soyekwo, a young Ugandan tour 
guide who wants to show his country to a local and 
young population.
Despite a diversity of landscapes, the country has
suffered from a decrease in international tourists 
over the last two years.
In Kigali, Paradis Imfura Nishimwe is a young
entrepreneur who has launched a business 
of high-end furniture "made in Rwanda" 
with wood from responsible sources. 
Through her company, she hopes 
to showcase her country's 
Young Nigerian sculptor John Amanam has a 
surprising background. He is one of the only 
persons on the African continent --- to make 
hyper-realistic prosthetics for amputees 
with black skin.
He started out on his own,
following a 
family tragedy.
Watch the video here... by
clicking on the link below

Nigerian artist makes prosthetics for dark skin

Burkina Faso's Military Leader 
Overthrown in Country's
 2nd Coup This Year
October 1st, 8:40am
Burkina's Faso's state television was interrupted 
on Friday night, by members of the country's
army declaring the previous coup's leader 
Lt. Col. Paul Henri Sandaogo Damiba,
 been overthrown.
The spokesman said:  "People of Burkina Faso, 
and fellow citizens, since January 24th, 2022,
 by the continually worsening security 
situation, we...  the officers and junior 
officers of the national armed forces, 
were motivated to take action with 
the desire to protect the security 
and integrity of our territory."
Damiba and his allies overthrew the democratically 
elected president in January but has failed to quell 
jihadist violence and frustration with his leader-
ship has grown in recent months.
The spokesman introduced Capt.
 Ibrahim Traore as the new head 
of state.
On Friday evening it was unclear 
where Lt. Col. Damiba was.
The coup organisers also announced the closure 
of the country's land and air borders from 
midnight, as well as the suspension of 
the constitution and the dissolution 
of the government and the 
transitional legislative
Burkina Faso has experienced 
8 successful coups since 
independence in 1960.

Uganda: Parliament Sets
 Tough Penalties - for 
Human Organ Trade
September 30th
The Independent (Kampala)
(Pan-African News Wire)
Parliament has passed the Uganda Human Organ 
Donation and Transplant Bill, 2022 setting tough
 penalties for dealing in human organs for 
commercial purposes.
The Uganda Human Organ Donation and Transplant Bill, 
2022 seeks to establish a legal framework for organ, 
cell and tissue transplant in Uganda. The Bill also
 sought to regulate the conduct of donation and 
transplant activities in the country.
In an attempt to prevent vices associated with human
 organ donation and transplantation, Parliament
 approved a life sentence for persons who deal
 in human organs and tissue for commercial
 purposes. It also prescribes life
 imprisonment with no option
 to pay one's way out, for 
child organ traffickers.
The Bill establishes the Uganda Organ and Transplant
 Council to oversee and regulate organ and cell 
donation and transplantation in Uganda.
The Committee on Health, which earlier scrutinized the
 Bill, listening to views from various stakeholders
 recommended that child organ donation only be 
done in exceptional circumstances, approved 
by the Council with the consent of a parent 
or guardian.
"The provisions include stem cell therapy for minors 
who are twins or close siblings after approval by the 
Council. Prescribe a penalty of life imprisonment for
 a person who contravenes the provision," said Dr. 
Charles Ayume, the Chairperson of the 
Committee on Health.
The Bill imposes a life sentence for anyone who
 removes a human organ, tissue, or cell from a 
living donor without consent or authorization; 
and prohibits the sale of ones organs for 
financial gains.
Corporate bodies will face a penalty of Shs10 billion for
 being involved in human organ trade. For the same 
offence, individuals including health workers or
 traffickers face a fine of Shs2 billion or 
imprisonment not exceeding 20 years 
or both.
The Bill prohibits monetary or any other forms of
 compensation for organs, tissues, or cells other 
than reimbursement of donation-related 
expenses except for justifiable 
expenses approved by 
the council.
Deputy Speaker, Thomas Tayebwa, said that the Bill 
will help Ugandans get organ transplants, but also 
protect vulnerable people.
Read the original article on Independent (Kampala).


 Russia -- plans to increase 
wheat supplies to Algeria, 
ministry says
September 29th, 1:44pm (TASS)
 Russian producers plan to increase wheat supplies to 
Algeria, the Agriculture Ministry reported on Thursday.
The meeting of the mixed intergovernmental 
commission on trade-economic and scientific
-technical cooperation, chaired by Russian 
Agriculture Minister Dmitry Patrushev and 
Algeria's Minister of Agriculture and Rural 
Development Mohamed Abdelhafid Henni 
was held on Wednesday, according to
 the ministry.
"The issue of the development of agricultural trade,
including an increase in Russian grain supplies, 
is given particular emphasis. I'd like to thank 
the Algerian colleagues --- for consistently 
easing the requirements to import grain
products. This enabled our exporters 
to increase wheat supplies to the 
Algerian market.''
''That said, amid the current environment, major 
joint efforts will be needed for further boosting 
export volumes," Patrushev was quoted 
as saying.
Last year mutual trade between the countries reached 
$3 billion, the ministry said, adding that the minister 
pointed out: a diversification of trade and boosting
trade in civilian industry products, as the main 
long-term task. In particular, engineering, 
energy, the mining industry and the
pharmaceuticals industry, may 
become priority areas... for 
partnership development.
Earlier, the Russian Agriculture Ministry said 
Moscow resumed wheat supplies to the 
Algerian market --- in June 2021,
following a five-year pause.

"Historic moment" as Guinea 
stadium massacre trial 
opens in Conakry
September 29th, 9:41am
The trial of former Guinean dictator Moussa Dadis 
Camara and other former officials, over the 
September 28th, 2009 stadium massacre
 opened on Wednesday in the capital 
Conakry, an AFP correspondent 
Dozens of victims who had waited 13 years for the 
proceedings packed the upper galleries of the 
purpose-built courtroom.
With crowds of journalists and officials below, they 
watched as Camara and 10 other former military 
and government officials standing trial entered 
the courtroom.
The proceedings were broadcast 
live on national television.
"It's like a dream, even if we've always believed it
 would happen," Asmaou Diallo, the head of a
 victims' association, told AFP.
Camara, 58, and the other defendants face a litany 
of accusations: from murder to sexual violence,
 kidnappings, arson, and looting, and Camara 
himself is charged with "personal criminal 
responsibility and command 
responsibility" over 
the crimes.
On September 28th, 2009, and in the days that 
followed, security forces loyal to the then
-junta leader, slaughtered 156 people 
and raped at least 109 women, who 
had gathered for a political rally in 
a Conakry stadium --- according
a UN-mandated report.
The real figures are likely higher.
Tens of thousands of opposition supporters.. had been
 peacefully demonstrating against a possible election
 bid by Camara, who had come to power in a 
December 2008 coup before being sworn 
in as president.
Numerous testimonies report how security forces
 entered the stadium, cordoned off the exits, and
 opened fire indiscriminately on a crowd that had 
previously been festive.
The killers attacked unarmed civilians with knives, 
machetes, and bayonets, leaving the stands, 
corridors and grass strewn with the dead 
and dying.
They sexually assaulted and then killed many 
women. Others were trampled to death in 
the panic.
International investigators found the abuses could
 qualify as crimes against humanity, noting the 
brutality went on for several days, against 
sequestered women and male detainees 
who were tortured.
The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court
 (ICC), Karim Khan, on Wednesday called on Guinean
 authorities to respect international law, namely
 witness protection and the presumption 
of innocence.
"Justice...  is not a cosmetic exercise", he said, in 
Conakry. "I will be watching this trial very closely."
'Political will'
Pramila Patten, a UN special representative,
congratulated the ruling junta -- for its 
"display of political will" for moving 
ahead with the trial.
Despite recurring commitments under former president 
Alpha Conde's regime, victims and relatives have been 
waiting more than a decade for the trial.
Delays by those in power and the impunity for security 
forces that had become an "institution", according to 
the commission, long cast doubt on the chances of 
a trial.
Then the head of the current military junta, Colonel
 Mamady Doumbouya... who came to power in a 
putsch in 2021 after 11 years of civilian rule,
 in July demanded the trial be held before
 the next anniversary date.
Camara had been living in exile in Burkina Faso but 
returned to Conakry, on Saturday, to stand trial. 
Relatives say he intends to "clear his name".
The defendants were jailed on Tuesday and told
 they would be detained for the duration of
 the trial.
"I don't even dare believe that my rapists are still 
alive," one survivor, who asked to remain 
anonymous, told AFP.
"But the fact that this trial is 
taking place... is a relief."

Ethiopia, Somalia Agree 
to Work Together on
 Regional Issues
Thursday, September 29th
Ethiopia and Somalia on Wednesday reached an
 agreement to enhance bilateral relations 
and cooperation on regional issues 
of mutual interest. 
Somali President Hassan Sheik Mohamud is in Ethiopia 
for an official state visit.  Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy 
Ahmed led a delegation to Mogadishu when Hassan
 Sheik was sworn in, for the second time, as 
president of Somalia in June 2022. 
In his speech during the ceremony, Abiy Ahmed spoke
about Ethiopia’s determination to work with the 
new Somali government on regional security 
and economic development issues.
He spoke passionately, about 
regional economic integration. 
He reiterated it today when he met with Hassan Sheik 
Mohamud. The Ethiopian PM tends to think that 
Ethiopian development could happen when
 its neighbours are developing. 
The visiting Somali president reportedly recognized the
 contributions of the Ethiopian peace-keeping force in
 Somalia and expressed gratitude to the people and
 government of Ethiopia. 
The Ethiopian Peace Keeping Force under 
AMISOM has been in Somalia, since 2007. 
ENA, state media, cited  Ambassador Tesfaye Yilma, 
State Minister in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of 
Ethiopia, to report that the leaders from the two
 countries have discussed issues of 
cooperation on regional levels. 
Security has been one of the areas of cooperation.
 And the leaders vowed to work together to 
ensure peace in the Horn of Africa. 
Fighting terrorism in the region has been one of the
 shared goals of the two countries.  Somalia has 
been facing security challenges from the
 militant Al-Shabab forces for 
decades now. 
In July and August of this year, Al-Shabab made 
repeated attempts to penetrate Ethiopia, with
 the aim to coordinate an attack with the 
radical ethnic Oromo nationalist force –
 “Shane,” from the South Eastern part
 of the country. 
However, Al-Shabab’s crusade against Ethiopia ended 
in a fiasco as Ethiopian forces killed more than 800
 militants. Several dozens were captured and
 considerable weaponry and vehicles that 
the militant group deployed for the 
operation, were destroyed. 
Ethiopia and Somalia do have also a trade relationship. 
Somalia is one of the destinations for Ethiopia’s Khat 
export, among other things. 
There were reports of unease in the relationship
... between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and  
Hassan Sheik Mohamud’s administrations 
due to the appointment of a former 
Al-Shabaab top man to a cabinet 
position in Somalia. 
However, that does not seem to be the case, as the 
Ethiopian government has disowned the reportage,
 it was aired in the state media, and later the 
content was deleted from the state media 
youtube channel.
(Source: Pan-African News Wire
The world's only international 
daily Pan-African News source)

Malians celebrate... 
return of interim PM
September 28th, 12:24pm
Mali's interim Prime Minister, Abdoulaye Idrissa 
Maïga, is back home after his speech at the 
UN's General Assembly.
In his speech, Idrissa Maïga praised the military 
junta's successes against the jihadists and his 
country's regained sense of sovereignty.
"I would like to thank his Excellency, Colonel Assimi
 Goita, President of the transition and of course all 
the Malian people. We are doers - and after having
 carried out a mission, to receive such a welcome, 
necessarily we didn't expect it at all. We did our 
duty . I think in all honesty that this is too much 
of an honour for my modest self", said the 
interim prime-minister, Abdoulaye
Maïga, on his return. 
In Mali, the interim prime-minister's speech drew praise 
for what was described as "raw truths", his courage 
and eloquence.
On the streets of Bamako, people celebrated his 
return to the country. Many voiced their support.
"We went out to welcome our Prime Minister. The hero. 
A true African, and a true Malian", shouted resident
 Seydou Thiama. 
"He honoured us at the United Nations General
 Assembly. It is a welcome of gratitude. May 
God save Mali" added Aminata Samaké.
"He put everyone in their place. Anyone who does not
 respect Mali will not be respected and vice versa. 
That is all!", voiced Abdoulaye Diarra, another 
resident in the capital.
Mali is emerging from a six-month trade and financial
embargo imposed by ECOWAS, but relations 
continue to be strained... between an 
organisation that is pushing for the 
return of civilians to power and 
a regime that is promising 
elections in 2024, after 
reneging on its initial 
Since the 2020 coup and particularly the second one 
in 2021 when the military consolidated their grip on
 country facing the spread of jihadism and
crises of 
all kinds. 
Since then, the military have cut ties with France and
 its European allies...... and turned to Russia for help.

Sudan's Wazza instrument

Sudan's Wazza instrument....
ushers in the harvest season
September 28th, 11:14am
This traditional instrument comes from 
Sudan's Blue Nile southern state and 
has been used for generations.
The sound of traditional Sudanese instrument 
Wazza fills the air in the streets of  Khartoum.
The horn-like instrument has been used in Sudan 
for generations to usher in the harvest season.
Mohamed Adam Soliman is a music professor at
 Sudan's University of Science and Technology: 
He tells us about the origins of this instrument. 
"It's a man-made instrument in the Blue Nile state by
 the ethnic Funj group, either the Barta, or Albroon, 
or the Gumuz and many other communities in the 
area. It is an outcome of the environment. It's 
made from the gourd in a long, rectangular 
or cylindrical shape which is planted in a
 specific way", he said.
The instrument comes from Sudan's southern Blue 
Nile state. Instruments can vary in size, with 
some as long as two metres.
In the village of East Ganis, in Blue Nile State, 
Youssef Moussa Ismail, is a traditional 
Wazza maker. 
"The instrument is made from the gourd which is
 cultivated at the beginning of the rainy season. 
As it grows, we pound a stake into the ground 
and then place a canopy of tree branches 
and dry grass on top for the gourd to grow
 and climb. We are now making a new 
Wazza from a newly cultivated gourd, 
because it has to be re-made every 
year as (the instrument, ed.) wears 
out due to being subjected to 
water and humidity. So we 
must make new ones 
every year", said 
Moussa Ismail.
Wazza players perform in a band 
of... up to thirteen members. 
Some players use animal horns to 
tap their Wazza to create rhythms.

Ethiopian Orthodox faithful 
call for peace during
 the Meskel festival
September 27th, 11:36am
Thousands of Orthodox Christians gathered in Addis 
Ababa, to celebrate the annual festival of Meskel, 
which marks the historic discovery of the cross 
on which Jesus was crucified. The final bonfire
recalls the efforts of St Helena, the mother of 
Emperor Constantine, to find the cross.
This year, the faithful prayed for peace and 
an end to the civil war in the country.
Ebola outbreak in Uganda 
invades new territories
by Alina Ramos Martin
September 27th, 10:04am
 (Prensa Latina) 
A week after its detection, the Ebola outbreak in
 Uganda has appeared in new territories, health 
authorities reported, according to which, 
the deaths due to the disease 
totaled 23.
Last Tuesday Ugandan health specialists confirmed 
the appearance of the disease in the district of
 Mubende (centre)... from a rare strain named 
Sudan and hours before they admitted that 
the virus appeared in the neighboring 
districts of Kyegegwa & Kassanda.
The new infections brought the total number of cases,
 including deaths, confirmed and probable, to 36.
The Ebola virus was first identified, in 1976, in the then
 Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of Congo, but the
 impact of the disease was felt in full force during the
 pandemic between 2014 and 2016.
During that period, 28,546 infected people were
 detected on three continents: Africa, Europe 
and the Americas, of which, 11,323 died.

Sao Tome opposition 
wins legislative vote
September 27th, 9:50am
Sao Tome, is considered a model of 
parliamentary democracy in Africa.
The Independent Democratic Action (ADI, opposition), 
led by former Prime Minister, Patrice Trovoada, won 
Sunday's legislative elections in Sao Tome and
 Principe, with a total of 36,549 votes, 
according to preliminary data 
released today by the 
National Electoral 
Commission (CEN).
The provisional figures for the legislative elections 
were presented tonight at the CEN headquarters 
in the capital, more than 29 hours after the polls 
closed, a delay that prompted protests from
 militants, who burned tyres near the
offices, which were surrounded
the military.
CEN president, Judge José Carlos Barreiros, declined 
to present the distribution of seats by party, as usual,
 referring to the Constitutional Court for this task, 
justifying it as, that the parties have presented
"discrepancies" in their own projections.
"After Sunday's elections, our technical team 
proceeded to project the results that were 
obtained by the candidates that ran in
 these elections," said the 
CEN president.
According to CEN data, the Movement for the Liberation
 of Sao Tome and Principe/Social Democratic Party
 (MLSTP/PSD), of Prime Minister Jorge Bom
was the second most voted
party, with 
25,531 votes.
The Basta movement, created three months before the
 elections, received 6,874 votes, while the Movement 
of Independent Citizens/Socialist Party (MCI), which
 ran in this election in coalition with the National 
Unity Party (PUN) and which had two deputies 
in the previous legislature, received 
5,120 votes.
Trovoada claims victory
The former Prime Minister of Sao Tome and Principe
 Patrice Trovoada (Independent Democratic Action, 
opposition), today claimed victory, with 30 seats
 (absolute majority), in the legislative elections 
and announced that he will head the next 
"We claim victory in the legislative elections, with an 
absolute majority, totaling 30 seats, with 54.55% of 
the votes," he said in a statement before a few 
dozen supporters at the party's headquarters 
in the São Toméan capital.
Patrice Trovoada made the statement at a time when
 the National Electoral Commission of Sao Tome has
 not yet released any preliminary results of the 
legislative, local and regional elections,
 this Sunday.
"As promised, with an absolute majority, I will assume
 the functions and responsibilities of Prime Minister 
and the head of the next Government," he said, 
receiving loud applause from the militants.
Create quality jobs --- and 
provide social protection,
 urges United Nations 
September 27th, 9:49am
(Pan-African News Wire)
UN Secretary-General António Guterres has urged
 governments across the world to quickly invest
quality job creation and the provision
of social 
protection for those
without coverage.
Guterres was speaking at a high-level session to
 discuss the Global Accelerator on Jobs and 
Social Protection for Just Transitions
 (https://bit.ly/3rfWGUk) initiative 
in the UN General Assembly
 meetings in New York.
He told leaders to focus on concrete solutions to 
implement the initiative and warned, “the path of
 inaction leads to economic collapse and climate 
catastrophe, widening inequalities & escalating 
social unrest. This could leave billions trapped 
in vicious circles of poverty and destitution.”
The initiative, launched in 2021 by the United Nations
 International Labour Organization ----- brings together 
governments, international financial institutions,
societies, the UN, and the private sector
---- to create 
400 million new, decent jobs,
especially in the 
green, care, & digital
economies, and 
extend social
protection to the more than 
4 billion people worldwide
--- that are 
without coverage.
The session was also addressed by various leaders
 from around the world including the President of 
the African Development Bank Dr. Akinwumi 
Adesina, Malawi’s President, Lazarus 
Chakwera, Uganda’s Vice President 
Jessica Alupo, and Egypt’s Minister 
for Planning and Economic 
Development, Hala El-Said.
The UN chief praised Togo for protecting thousands 
of its citizens, during the Covid-19 pandemic after 
deploying “innovative digital solutions to expand 
social protection to hard-to-reach populations.”
On its part, South Africa was praised for launching 
the Just Energy transition partnership, signaling 
an important step in the fight against 
climate change.
African Development Bank President Dr. Akinwumi 
Adesina highlighted the bank’s rapid response to 
the Covid-19 pandemic by launching a $10 billion 
facility - which helped provide social protection 
for more than 28 million people. The bank also 
launched a $3 billion social impact bond on 
global capital markets in 2020, which at 
the time, was the highest in 
world history.
“But that is not enough”, Dr. Adesina added, “We have
 to restructure our economies, to be productive with
 education, infrastructure, energy and making sure 
we have productive sectors that can use people’s 
skills and absorb that into the economy.”
“At the African Development Bank, we have taken a
 proactive approach job, jobs, jobs approach,” said
 Adesina. As an example, he named the bank’s 
Jobs for Youth in Africa program to create 
25 million jobs by 2025. Nearly half of 
those jobs had already been 
delivered, he said.
To generate more jobs, Adesina cited sectors such as
 agriculture where the bank is investing $25 billion to
 transform rural areas... and turn the sector into
a business.
In the energy sector, Adesina gave the example of the
 Sahel region. “We are investing $20 billion to build 
10000MW of electricity that will provide energy 
for productive use and create millions of jobs,” 
Adesina said. He added.. that it was time for
Africa - 
to build a manufacturing capacity
polysilicon material, that is used for 
solar panels - “so that we can create
 a lot of green jobs.”
The creative industry especially Nigeria’s film industry, 
popularly known as Nollywood, is another area that
 requires significant investment given its potential
 to generate $20 billion of revenue and create 
twenty million jobs, Adesina said.
The UN expects each government to commit to the 
Global Accelerator initiative and its objectives by, 
among others, developing national policies and 
integrated strategies for just transitions.
Malawi’s President Lazarus Chakwera said given 
the financial constraints his country was facing,
 implementing the initiative would require the 
support of partners, donors, international 
financial institutions and policy support 
from the UN system.
He said the overlapping crises of the Covid-19
 pandemic, climate change... and the war in 
eastern Europe, Malawi is left “to grapple 
with downgrades of our sovereign credit 
ratings, leading to higher borrowing 
costs and intensified debt risks.”
President Chakwera said his country was ready
 to be part of the fact-finding work of the 
Global Accelerator initiative.
Uganda’s Vice President Jessica Alupo said her 
government has initiated efforts to increase 
jobs for Uganda’s under 30 who make up
 75% of the country’s population.
“We are increasing investment in skills development, 
supporting informal social enterprises, to transition 
into the formal economy and supporting the private
 sector to create jobs in key growth areas,
 providing incentives to
investors,” she said.
Egypt’s Minister for Planning and Economic
 Development Hala El-Said, outlined various
 initiatives undertaken by her government
 to mitigate the impact of crises on 
people in Egypt.
“These include increasing beneficiaries of the cash
 transfer program to reach 5 million families, in 
addition to substantially increasing the food 
rations that benefit more than 64 million
 Egyptians,” she said.
“The government has embarked on an ambitious
 program, the Decent Life Initiative --- to revamp 
the rural communities, and transform the lives 
of the more than 50 million Egyptians across
 4,500 villages, constituting more than half
 of the total population,” she added.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of the
African Development Bank Group (AfDB).
Emeka Anuforo
Communication and External 
Relations Department
About the African Development Bank Group:
The African Development Bank Group is Africa’s
 premier development finance institution. It 
comprises 3 distinct entities: the African 
Development Bank (AfDB), the African 
Development Fund (ADF) and the 
Nigeria Trust Fund (NTF). 
On the ground in 41 African countries, with an external
office in Japan, the Bank contributes to the economic
 development and social progress of its 54 regional
 member states. For more information: 

Army worms devastate maize 
fields in DR Congo's east
(by Africanews with Gael Mpoyo)
September 26th, 10:32am
In the territory of Nyiragongo, in the east of 
the Democratic Republic of Congo, maize
 farmers are crying foul.
This field belonging to the Munguiko community 
has been ravaged by the armyworm - and the 
damage is enormous. The pests, attack the 
leaves and stems of maize plants, leaving 
them unable to grow, or reach the 
flowering stage.
"It is army worms that attack our fields. They appear 
any time; in the dry season, or the rainy season," 
said a farmer whose field has been devastated.
The pest is of interest to agronomist Jadot Mateso, 
who has set up a small nursery, where maize 
seedlings are well preserved.. and then 
taken to the fields.
Madot has urged farmers to plant varieties resistant to 
armyworm. In recent years, the pest has devastated
 maize fields in Uganda, Zambia, and Kenya, among 
other countries.
"The caterpillar is called spodoptera frugiperda. It is
 native to North America. It causes a lot of damage 
in the fields. Production can reduce, by upwards
 60%," said Madot.
The consequences are visible in the markets of Goma. 
The price of maize has risen significantly since
 production has been down following the 
appearance of this armyworm.
Georgette Nyabadé, a trader, says that a bag of maize
 that used to cost 30 or 35 US dollars, is now being 
sold for 75 or 80 US dollars.
Armyworms are a serious crop pest in tropical and
 subtropical regions. These hungry caterpillars 
can defoliate entire fields of crops - before 
moving on, in their search for more food 
- with devastating economic 
Maize is a major staple in the east of 
the Democratic Republic of Congo. 
The armyworm invasion, has caused fears of a 
food crisis -- in a region already hit by conflict.

Top 5 Reasons to Attend 
Angola Oil & Gas 2022
September 26th, 9:47am
(Pan-African News Wire)
Under the theme, Promoting an Inclusive, Attractive 
and Innovative Oil and Gas Industry in Angola, 
Angola Oil & Gas 2022 will take place on 
November the 29th to the 30th, and 
December the 1st, in Luanda.
Returning to Luanda, for its third edition, under the
auspices of the the Minister of Mineral Resources,
Oil and Gas, H.E. Diamanto Pedro Azevedo, and in
partnership with the National Oil, Gas & Biofuels
Agency (ANPG) --- (https://bit.ly/3SvnWKn), 
AIDAC and the African Energy Chamber
(https://bit.ly/3Q34QcU), the Angola Oil 
& Gas (AOG) -- 2022 Conference and
 Exhibition (https://bit.ly/3UyBCpP) 
will provide: an exciting lineup 
..of industry-advancing panel 
discussions, presentations, 
investor forums and 
Here are five reasons to attend 
this year’s edition in Luanda.

 Networking Opportunities
Serving as an enabling environment for businesses by
 bringing together the region’s top government leaders
& business executives, for three days of deal-making
& networking, AOG 2022 not only promotes a wide
range of opportunities present in the southern 
African country, but represents the official 
engagement and networking platform 
whereby investors and players can 
be directly introduced to such 
As such, AOG 2022 enables stakeholders from every
part of the energy value chain to interact, network 
and encourage business development, with this
 year’s conference... allowing participants to 
capitalize on new trade and investment 
opportunities across the Angolan and 
regional energy value chain.
Driving Investment
With a focus on driving investment in Angola, AOG 2022
 represents the premier venue for getting deals signed
 in Angola and the southern-African region, thus
 expanding commercial opportunities for 
the country’s energy future.
As the country strives.. to capitalize on its immense
 natural resources -- and achieve fuel-independency
 through large-scale investments within the entire 
energy value chain, attendees will have the 
opportunity to participate in projects that 
drive an effective and equitable 
business environment.
Angola’s energy landscape, will represent the 
ideal place for investment and partnerships
 in sustainable energy expansion and 
industry innovation.
Establish Partnerships
Being held in partnership with Angola’s Ministry of
 Mineral Resources, Petroleum and Gas, AOG 2022 
will facilitate cooperation & collaboration among
 various sectors within Angola’s energy industry
 including within the oil and gas, renewables, 
mining, trade, industry and construction 
sectors, thus ensuring that delegates 
receive access to key opportunities 
and potential partnerships.
The attendance of government officials and
 representatives from the public sector.. will 
provide an unmatched platform for investors
 to participate in Angola’s burgeoning energy 
industry while driving the energy transition
 in the region.
Participate in Industry Innovation
In line with the conference’s theme, Promoting an 
Inclusive, Attractive and Innovative Oil and Gas
 Industry in Angola, Angola’s energy landscape 
will represent the ideal place for investment 
and partnerships in sustainable energy 
expansion and industry innovation. As
 the country undergoes its transition 
towards... cleaner energy sources, 
opportunities have arisen - within 
applications of new technologies,
with a young and capable work-
force --- and new trade and 
investment opportunities
 in the renewable 
energy space.
Additionally, plans by Angola’s Ministry of Mineral
 Resources, Oil & Gas to strengthen the country’s
 oil and gas refining capacity - to meet domestic 
energy demand while reducing energy imports 
and maximizing the monetization of energy 
resources for regional and global markets, 
new projects are on the horizon as the 
country seeks to capitalize on its 
newfound position as Africa’s 
largest oil producer.
Showcasing Success
The AOG 2022 exhibition platform... will provide an 
opportunity for industry players to showcase their
 successes both in Angola and across the regional
 energy space. Along with..... panels, keynote
 presentations and networking workshops, 
AOG 2022 will encourage attendees to 
take part in examining the latest 
products, services, activities, 
trends... and opportunities 
present, within Angola’s
 oil and gas industry.
For more information about AOG 2022, 
visit https://bit.ly/3UyBCpP  
(Source: Energy Capital & Power)

Mali reports progress in 
political transition 
process, fighting
September 25th, 10:50am
(Pan-African News Wire)
The Government has stepped up efforts 
to recruit, train, equip and bolster, the 
national security forces
The authorities in Mali are moving along the path to
political transition and institutional reform... while 
combating terrorism and other insecurity, Acting 
Prime Minister, Abdoulaye Maïga said, in his 
speech to the UN General Assembly 
on Saturday. 
The process to restore civilian rule, in the wake of 
the August 2020 military coup in the West African 
country will conclude in March 2024, when 
power will be transferred to 
elected authorities. 
“I'm pleased to underline that some significant 
progress has already been made,” he said, 
referring to the passing of the electoral 
law, the establishment of an election 
management authority and the 
creation of a commission, to 
draw up a new Constitution. 
Fight against terrorism 
Turning to insecurity, Mr. Maïga said Mali is the only
 country in the world that is simultaneously 
confronting terrorism, intercommunal 
conflicts, cross-border organized 
crime, and violent acts by 
isolated individuals. 
“Alongside our return to constitutional order, Mali is
 continuing to fight tirelessly against this insecurity 
and particularly against extremist groups who are
 responsible for all kinds of abuse against our 
peaceful people,” he reported. 
Mr. Maïga said terrorist groups “have been seriously
 weakened”, though added “these criminal groups 
can still cause harm to a certain extent in their 
desperate attempts to deal a blow to our 
territorial integrity and to terrorize 
our people.” 
Military action, stabilization strategy 
The Government has stepped up its efforts to recruit,
 train, equip and bolster the national security forces.   
A “global integrated strategy” that includes provision 
of social services has been devised, while another
 stabilization strategy for the volatile central 
region was also recently approved. 
He also provided an update on the peace deal to end
 unrest that had erupted in the north a decade ago,
 signed by the Government and two coalitions 
of armed groups, in 2015. 
Following recent meetings, there was a “strong signal” 
that the parties want to commit to a dynamic new 
process to achieve its implementation, 
he reported. 
‘Paradigm shift’ for UN Mission 
Mr. Maïga addressed the UN Mission in Mali, known 
by the French acronym MINUSMA, whose mandate
includes ensuring security, protecting civilians,
supporting political dialogue and reconciliation 
and assisting in the re-establishment of 
State authority. 
He said the Mission’s objectives have not been
achieved after nearly 10 years in the country, 
and despite numerous Security Council
“This is why the Government of Mali reiterates its
 demand - expressed on numerous occasions - for 
a paradigm shift and an adaptation of MINUSMA
 to the environment in which it is deployed, and 
a better interlinking between this mission
the Malian authorities,” he said. 
Mali is continuing to fight tirelessly against this
 insecurity, and particularly against extremist 
groups who are responsible for all kinds of 
abuse against our peaceful people.
The interim Prime Minister also criticized France
 for withdrawing its anti-terrorism force 
Barkhane from Mali last year, stating 
“my country was stabbed in
 the back”.   
He also accused the “French junta” -- of violating Malian 
airspace -- “by sending aircraft such as drones, military
 helicopters and fighter planes over 50 times, bringing
 information, weapons and ammunition to
 terrorist groups.” 
Detention of Ivoirian soldiers 
At the outset of his speech, Mr. Maïga blasted
the international response to the arrest of 49 
soldiers from neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire,
 who entered Mali in July. 
The troops were part of logistical support 
operations at MINUSMA, according to 
the Ivoirian authorities.   
(SOURCE: https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/08/1124692) 
Mali said the soldiers had arrived there without 
permission and are considered mercenaries. 
Three have since been released. 
Mr. Maiga expressed deep disagreement over
 statements by UN Secretary-General,
 Antônio Guterres, reported in 
the media. 
“Clearly the judicial nature of the infringements around
 this affair, do not fall under the competences of the 
Secretary-General of the United Nations,” he said. 
He also spoke out against statements made by the
 head of the West African bloc ECOWAS, President
 Umaro Sissoco Embalo of Guinea-Bissau, and the
 President of Niger, Mohamed Bazoum. 
“We ask those who are refuting our version, to ask if 
they would accept the military troops having hidden
 their identities, by saying on their passports, that 
they were painters or builders, would arrive with
 weapons in their airport without the country of
 destination having been informed in advance, 
with the idea of destabilizing the country,” 
he said. 
Distributed by APO Group on behalf 
of United Nations Office at 
Geneva (UNOG).

Russia: Press release on
Foreign Minister Sergey 
Lavrov’s meeting with 
the Minister of Foreign 
Affairs & International 
Cooperation of the 
Republic of Mali
by Abdoulaye Diop
September 25th, 10:37am
(Pan-African News Wire)

On September the 23rd, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov 
had a meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and 
International Cooperation of the Republic of Mali,
 Abdoulaye Diop, on the sidelines of the 77th 
Session of the UN General Assembly.
The ministers... discussed current issues of Russia-
Mali cooperation, as well as countering the threat 
of terrorism in the Sahara-Sahel region. The 
Russian side reaffirmed its commitment 
on their continued participation in the 
collective efforts on an intra-Mali 
settlement, including at the UN 
and its Security Council.

Distributed by APO Group, on behalf of 
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the 
Russian Federation.

Impossible to resolve UN
 SC expansion without 
regard for Africa’s 
interests — Lavrov
September 24th, 10:49pm (TASS)
 The solution to the expansion of the United Nations
 Security Council cannot be found without taking
 Africa’s interests into consideration, Russian 
Foreign Minister, Sergey Lavrov, said on 
Saturday at a news conference after 
participating in the 77th session of 
the UN General Assembly.
"I have said, that we believe India and Brazil are strong
 candidates for permanent membership at the Security
 Council as international players, provided that the
 profile of Africa, is simultaneously raised 
accordingly," the minister said.
"It is impossible to find the solution to the Security
 Council’s enlargement without meeting African
 interests," Lavrov added, stressing that in 
general, the Security Council should be 
only expanded with representatives 
of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Lavrov explained that he mentioned India and Brazil 
as they had long ago submitted official bids. He 
added that South Africa, in particular, had not 
yet taken such a step.
"African countries - the African Union members - are
 committed to the Ezulwini Consensus, which was
 achieved many years ago and which is their 
collective position," the minister stressed.
Russia does not think that the United Nations Security
 Council should be enlarged with Western countries,
 Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said. "We 
imply that the Council should be only expanded 
with representatives of Asia, Africa and Latin 
America. Talking about adding Western 
countries to the Council would be 
simply ridiculous - for some 
reasons," he said.
The minister pointed out that he would leave out 
the fact that all those countries, are hostile 
towards Russia and China.

Mali’s prime minister hits out 
at 'neocolonialist' France
 in UN speech
September 24th, 7:02pm
Mali has censured France over its deteriorating
 situation, accusing Paris of having
stabbed the
 impoverished, though
Sahel country, in
the back, with the 
of French troops.
Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga, the new acting P.M.
 of Mali, made the remarks in a speech at
the 77th
 session of the United nations
General Assembly 
in New York
on Saturday.
French leaders "have disowned universal moral
and betrayed the rich history of the
 philosophers and turned
themselves into 
a junta in the
service of obscurantism," 
Maiga said.
He also denounced the former colonial power for
 "neocolonialist, condescending, paternalist and
 vengeful policies" - such as sanctions on the 
junta in Mali - which has seen 2 military 
coups since 2020.
“Move on from the colonial past - and hear the anger, 
the frustration, the rejection that is coming up from 
the African cities and countryside, and understand
 that this movement, is inexorable,” Maiga said. 
“Your intimidations and subversive actions have 
only swelled the ranks of Africans concerned 
with preserving their dignity.”
He also slammed what he called France’s “unilateral
 decision” to relocate its remaining troops to
 neighbouring Niger, amid deteriorating 
relations with Mali’s two-time coup 
leader, Colonel Assimi Goita.
In February, France announced that it will withdraw
 thousands of troops from Mali due to a breakdown 
in relations with the country.
According to Western press reports, the arrival of
 Russian paramilitary forces in Mali at the 
invitation of the provisional military 
government in Bamako was a key 
factor in France's decision to 
withdraw its occupation
France's military occupation of Mali began in 2013 to
 allegedly counter militants that Paris claimed were
 linked to the al-Qaeda and Daesh terrorist groups. 

Accordingly, the French government deployed
 thousands of soldiers to purportedly prevent 
separatist forces from reaching Bamako.
The war caused several thousand deaths and more
 than a million people to flee their homes. There 
have been two military coups in roughly a year
...amid growing demonstrations against
 military presence.
France has been a former colonizer in Africa, and, after
 years of outright colonization, still seeks control over
 countries... spread over more than 12 territories and
 treats their people as second-class citizens. It has 
had more than 50 military interventions in Africa 
since 1960, when many of its former colonies 
gained nominal independence.
Although France remains the only Western country 
with a significant military presence in the Sahel,
 its relationship with its former African colonies 
has grown increasingly tense in recent months 
...and has led to an evident increase in 
anti-French sentiment.

Nigeria: Unga77 -
The African Union
 Demands a Seat in
 Security Council
by Chiamaka Okafor
Premium Times (Abuja)
(Pan-African News Wire)
The African Union (AU) has reiterated its demand 
for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council.
"It is time to overcome the reluctance and deconstruct
 the narratives that persist in confining Africa to the 
margins of decision-making circles," the AU 
chairman, Macky Sall, said on Wednesday, 
at the United Nations General Assembly.
He said it is time to do justice to Africa's just and
 legitimate demand for Security Council reform, 
as reflected in the Ezulwini Consensus.
The Ezulwini Consensus is a position on international 
relations and reform of the United Nations, agreed by 
the African Union. It calls for a more representative 
and democratic Security Council, in which Africa, 
like all other world regions, is represented.
The UN Security Council has only five permanent
 members: China, Russia, UK, US, and France.
According to the AU chairman, "it is time for a fairer,
 more inclusive global governance, that is more 
adapted to the realities of our time."
He also said Africa should be granted a seat in the G20, 
so that it can finally be represented where decisions
 that affect 1.4 billion Africans, are being taken.
Mr Sall, the President of Senegal, also called for 
the lifting of foreign sanctions on Zimbabwe.
He described them as harsh measures that continue to
 fuel a sense of injustice against an entire people, and
 to aggravate their suffering in these times of 
deep crisis.
According to the US, the sanctions are targeted at
 Zimbabwean individuals and entities responsible 
for committing human rights abuses, under-
mining democratic processes, or
 facilitating corruption.
On climate change, Mr Sall said, "it is legitimate, fair 
and equitable, that Africa, the continent that 
pollutes the least and lags furthest behind
in the industrialisation process, should 
exploit its available resources, to 
provide basic energy, improve 
the competitiveness of its 
economy and achieve 
universal access
 to electricity."
He encouraged countries to work towards mobilising
 the $100 billion per year to support developing
 countries' adaptation efforts and to finance
 the African Adaptation Acceleration 
Program under the auspices of the 
AfDB and the Global Centre 
for Adaptation.
He said Africa does not see adaptation funding as aid, 
but as a contribution by industrialised countries to a 
global partnership of solidarity, in return for efforts
 by developing countries to avoid the polluting 
patterns that have plunged the planet into 
the current climate emergency.
Chiamaka Okafor is a reporter at Premium Times 
in partnership with Report for the World, which 
matches local newsrooms with talented 
emerging journalists to report 
on under-covered issues 
around the globe.
Read the original article in Premium Times.
CAR top court blocks Touadera's
 plans for constitutional change
September 24th, 11:26am

The Central African Republic's top court has 
cancelled plans for a committee to rewrite 
the constitution.
It marks a setback for President Faustin-Archange
Touadera, who was thought to be seeking a third 
term in office.
Lawyers made the announcement ..on Friday. President 
of the Central African Bar Association, Me Emile Bizon,
 said: ”The Bar's fight is to guarantee the
 independence of justice.”
“That the judges can make their decisions.. with regard
 only to the law, without any pressure from either side.”
The court insisted, a referendum on changing the
constitution could be triggered by the president,
 but he could not act against the oath he had 
taken, when elected in 2020, pledging he 
would not attempt to change the 
number and length of 
his mandates.
Mr Bizon added: “I do not believe for a moment, that the
 public authorities, can take the risk of going against a 
court decision, that would be confirming what we are 
saying here ----- that is to say, the annihilation of 
judiciary power.”
The 65 year-old president was first elected in 2016, 
then re-elected in a controversial poll in 2020 but 
on August 27th, demonstrators took the streets 
of the capital, Bangui, against changing 
the constitution.
Touadera won his second term with a 53.16 percent
 vote share amid widespread insecurity in the CAR, 
which has been battling a decade-long civil war.
Fewer than one in three voters were able to cast 
a ballot in the country which the UN says is the 
world's second least developed nation.

Equatorial Guinea's President 
Obiang confirms he'll stand
 in election
by Philip Andrew Churm with AFP
September 24th, 9:13am 
Equatorial Guinea’s President Teodoro Obiang Nguema 
Mbasogo, who has ruled the country for 43 years.. has 
confirmed he will stand again in November’s elections.
His son and Vice President, Teodoro Nguema Obiang
 Mangue, made the announcement via Twitter on 
Friday saying it was "Because of his charisma, 
his leadership and his political experience.”
Obiang’s Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea holds
 99 of the 100 seats in the outgoing lower house of 
parliament and all 70 of the senate seats.
Over the years the country has become increasingly
 dependent on oil and gas, which makes up around 
75 percent of revenue, which is mostly in the 
hands of a small number of people.
There had been speculation that Obiang’s son may 
be selected as the party’s candidate but Friday’s
 announcement confirmed the president would 
be seeking to extend his unrivalled rule.

Nigeria: AfDB, Islamic Bank, 
Others Invest U.S.$618m
 Digital Programmes
in Nigeria
September 23rd 
(Pan-African News Wire)
The President of the AfDB, Akinwumi Adesina, said 
this at the Nigeria International Economic 
Partnership Forum on the sidelines of
the 77th United Nations General 
Assembly, in New York.
Mr Adesina said the programme would support the 
creation of 225 creative start-ups and 451 digital
technologies in small and medium-sized 
enterprises (digital SMEs).
The AfDB president added that the enterprises 
would create 6.1 million jobs and add 
$6.4 billion to the economy.
"That is the power of international partnerships
 working for Nigeria. Investors must recognise 
this and invest.
"The future is not just digital, the future 
will be driven by the digital revolution.
"Today, Nigeria has five of the seven unicorns in Africa...
 and raised almost $1.4 billion of the total of four billion
 dollars raised by Fintech companies across Africa 
in 2021.
"When you think of financial services digital
 innovations, think Nigeria, with Flutterwave, 
OPay, Andela and Interswitch holding the 
status of unicorn companies, worth at 
least one billion dollars each."
Mr Adesina also said the bank had invested 
$4.5 billion in Nigeria, adding that the 
country remained an attractive 
investment destination.
He further said the bank, the International Fund for
 Agricultural Development, and IsDB had provided 
$540 million to develop Special Agro-industrial 
processing zones to help unlock the 
agricultural potential in Nigeria.,
"This financing will boost food and agribusiness 
value chains across Nigeria and make Nigeria 
more competitive," he said.
He also called for increased international partnerships 
in Nigeria, adding that the bank had invested 
$44 billion in infrastructure in Africa, over 
the past six years.
Furthermore, Mr Adesina said, the growth in Nigeria
would depend on its ability to fix its
 infrastructure deficits.
"The National Integrated Infrastructure Masterplan
 shows that Nigeria will need total financing of 
$759 billion to support infrastructure over a 
23-year horizon (2020-2043).
"These covers tackling the crippling lack of energy to
 power the economy, including power generation, 
transmission and distribution infrastructure, 
water and sanitation, and transport
Moreover, he said, Nigeria had a debt level of N42.84 
trillion or $103 billion with an external debt level
of N16.61 trillion or about $40 billion.
He said the country needed help 
to tackle its debt burden.
"International partnerships on debt
 are helping Africa and Nigeria.
"The issuance of special drawing rights (SDRs) by the
 International Monetary Fund of $650 billion helped
 to provide liquidity support to countries, with 
Africa receiving only $33 billion. 
African countries need more."
He recalled that the African Heads of State and
 Government made a call for developed 
countries to re-channel an additional 
100 billion SDRs to Africa.
He said it would go a long way... in 
helping to reduce the debt burden.
"Allocated SDRs through the bank, as called for 
by the Heads of State and Government, will be
 leveraged by four times, by the bank.
"This will deliver more financial resources
 for Nigeria and other African countries.
"Nigeria and other African countries need debt relief. 
They cannot run up the hill carrying a backpack 
full of sand," he said.
The AfDB president also stressed the need 
for international partnerships to tackle 
climate change.
He said Africa, which only accounted for 3% of total
 carbon emissions, suffered more from the 
negative effects of climate change.
Mr Adesina also reiterated that the bank and the 
Global Centre on Adaptation had launched the 
African Adaptation Acceleration Programme,
 to mobilise $25 billion for climate 
adaptation for Africa.
He further urged the Nigerian government to fix 
the security situation in the country to attract 
foreign direct investment.
"Capital does not like to be troubled. Ultimately, 
investment capital must be made comfortable. 
Only then can it be attracted.
"Investment capital in the quantum required 
can only be attracted in the presence of 
secure environments.
"Essentially, investors vote with their money 
about where to have it positioned.
"With the right conditions in place, we 
can confidently say Nigeria is a great 
investment destination," he said.
Read the original article on Premium Times.

UN General Assembly: Sahel
 situation in
the spotlight
September 23rd, 11am
During the UN General Assembly... Umaro Sissoco
Embalo, president of Guinea-Bissau and ECOWAS
acting chair, seized the opportunity to draw the 
attention of world leaders to the evolution of 
"terrorism, violent extremism and 
transnational crime" in the 
Sahel regions.
"The stability of a large part of our continent in general, 
and of West Africa in particular, is threatened by 
insecurity caused by terrorism, violent 
extremism, and transnational crime. 
We must necessarily involve the 
entire international community
 and the UN, in particular."
The President of Niger, who is chairing the High-Level 
Panel on Security and Development in the Sahel, 
beckoned the international community to 
invest in education to fight against 
violence, and hence ---- 
prevent terrorism.
"The population and the degradation of the climate, in
 combination, have created --- thanks to the regional 
disorder following the fall of the regime of colonel 
Ghaddafi in 2011, the situation of chaos that the 
countries of the Sahel are experiencing today."
We must act by investing the necessary resources in
 education to fight against today's violence and 
prevent tomorrow's violence."
In December last year, the African Union and the United
 Nations pledged to work together, in tandem with the
 Economic Community of West African States 
(ECOWAS) and the G5 Sahel, which brings 
together five Sahelian countries, to
 improve the overall response to 
security, governance and 
development.. across 
the Sahel.
West African leaders impose 
sanctions on Guinea junta
September 23rd, 10:55am
As Malian authorities held a traditional military parade
 on Thursday to mark the country's independence day 
in the presence of the head of Guinea´s military junta,
 Col Mamady Doumbouya,  West African leaders were 
in a meeting in New York on the sidelines of the UN
 General Assembly.
They agreed at the emergency summit to impose
 gradual sanctions on Guinea's junta over its
 inflexibility in setting a date to return to
 civilian rule.
A meeting summary said that the leaders agreed on
 "gradual sanctions" on a list of people linked to the
 Guinean junta who will be identified "very soon" 
by the bloc's leadership.
The West Africa bloc has been struggling with a string
 of military coups in the region, in the past two years.
Mali underwent coups in August 2020 and May 2021, 
followed by Guinea in September 2021 and Burkina
 Faso in January.
ECOWAS has lifted tough sanctions imposed on Mali's
 military regime, accepting a March 2024 return to
 civilian rule.
But Mali and Guinea remain suspended 
from ECOWAS bodies.
Ecowas had condemned the arrest of the Ivorian 
soldiers and had decided to send the presidents 
of Ghana, Togo and Senegal to Mali to obtain 
their release on Tuesday, September 27th.

Nigeria: Lawyer Says ASUU's
 Failure to Resume Despite
 Court Order "Legal"
by Qosim Suleiman
 September 23rd,
(Pan-African News Wire)
Also speaking on the Twitter Space, a former Welfare
 Officer of ASUU OAU, Chijioke Uwasomba, confirmed
 that the union has filed an appeal at the 
appellate court.
A human rights lawyer, Inibehe Effiong, has said the
 failure of the striking Academic Staff Union of
 Universities (ASUU) to resume as ordered by 
a court on Wednesday could be legal as long 
as a stay of execution application has been 
filed "together with the appeal application."
A judge, Polycarp Hamman, of the National Industrial
 Court of Nigeria (NICN) sitting in Abuja had granted 
an interlocutory injunction application by the 
Nigerian government to restrain ASUU from 
continuing with the strike... pending its 
determination of the substantive suit.
While ASUU said it is appealing the court order, many
 Nigerian students have asked if it would not amount
 to contempt of court if the union fails to suspend 
the strike before the appeal is heard.
But speaking on PREMIUM TIMES' Twitter Space on
 Thursday, Mr Effiong said it would be legal to 
continue with the strike if the union already 
filed a motion for stay of execution 
alongside the application for 
an appeal.
He said: "A stay of execution may be granted on terms
 where an appeal has been filed or when an application
 is made to the court. I am aware that a decision was 
taken to appeal and I am also aware that that 
appeal is to go with a motion for a stay."
Also speaking on the Twitter Space, a former Welfare
 Officer of ASUU at the Obafemi Awolowo University
 (OAU), Ile-Ife, Chijioke Uwasomba, confirmed that
 the union has filed an appeal at the 
appellate court.
"First thing this morning, our lawyers have appealed 
and they have also asked for a stay of execution," 
he said on Thursday.
He noted that the disputes that resulted in the strike
 could have been easily resolved if the government 
was committed to funding public education.
Mr Uwasomba also condemned the government's 
stance on 'No Work, No pay,' insisting that 
teaching was the only aspect of the 
lecturers' work affected by 
the strike.
He noted that research and community service 
being engaged in by the lecturers have 
continued unhindered for the past 
seven months.
'Court won't resolve dispute'
Both Messr Effiong and Uwasomba stated that 
the legal option would not bring an end to the 
dispute between the Nigerian government
 and the aggrieved lecturers.
Mr Uwasomba said the option would,
 rather, complicate the conflict.
He accused the government of being 
irresponsible and having no regard 
for the Nigerian people.
On his part, Mr Effiong suggested that both 
parties return to the negotiation table, 
noting that "litigation is not the best
 way to resolve the issue."
While he called on both parties to find a middle 
ground, he noted that returning to class 
without any significant achievement, 
will be counterproductive.
He said: "If you tell students to go back to classes and
 then they do not get any difference - nothing is felt in
 terms of impact, nothing is seen in terms of positive 
outlook from this strike - what would have been the
 essence of staying at home for seven months."
He called on the federal government to implement the
 agreements reached with ASUU "but I'm also saying
 that ASUU must also be mindful and amenable to 
areas where some form of compromise can be 
reached because ultimately, there has to be 
a compromise."
'ASUU should uphold students' right'
Meanwhile, Mr Effiong charged ASUU to also stand up
 for the rights of students being trampled upon in 
some public universities.
The human rights lawyer condemned cases where 
some university management proscribed the 
student union and its activities.
"When it comes to the issues affecting the students in 
this country ASUU does not seem to exude the level 
of passion that we all see when they have matters 
relating to the agreement with the federal 
government," he said. 
"So after the strike, I hope that ASUU will go back to
 their various branches and begin to interrogate how
 they can be more effective... in responding to 
concerns by students, both against lecturers
 who are victimising students and against 
university managements that are also 
clamping down on the rights of 
students to organise and also
to speak for themselves."
Qosim Suleiman is a reporter at Premium Times in
 partnership with Report for the World, which 
matches local newsrooms with talented 
emerging journalists to report on 
under-covered issues around 
the globe
Read the original article on Premium Times.

Mozambique, Tanzania 
reach deal ------- to 
fight terrorism
September 22nd, 11:30am
The leaders of Mozambique and Tanzania have signed
 defense and security agreements aimed at fighting
 terrorism and crime.. along their shared border.
No details were released, on the content of the 
agreements signed during a visit to Maputo by 
Tanzanian President, Samia Suluhu Hassan,
Wednesday (September 21st).
A deadly insurgency broke out in northern Mozambique 
near the Tanzanian border five years ago, killing 
thousands and displacing hundreds 
of thousands.
However, life is "gradually returning to normal" after
 thousands of foreign troops from several African
 countries were deployed more than a year ago 
to quell the unrest, Mozambican President, 
Filipe Nyusi, said.
"The enemy is now operating in small groups trying to
 come down to the southern districts," Nyusi said,
their talks.
President Hassan said because the two neighbours
 share a "very long" border... "we need a good 
security system, that allows us to protect 
our border."
"We have seen  ...  cross-border 
crimes (and) terrorism," he said.
Nyusi visited the recovered port of Mocimboa 
da Praia, a former de facto jihadist 
headquarters, on Tuesday.
In October 2017, about 30 gunmen launched a dawn
 raid on three police stations in Mocimboa da Praia,
 marking the beginning of the insurgency.
Since then, more than 4,258 people have been 
killed, according to ACLED, and 820,000 
have fled their homes.
Mozambican forces, backed by Rwandan troops, 
claimed in August 2021 to have driven out the 
militants occupying the port.
Nigerian lecturers to challenge 
back-to-class order by court
Sepember 22nd, 11:24am
A Nigerian court on Wednesday ordered lecturers at
 public universities to call off a strike over salary 
issues that have dragged on for seven months 
and disrupted classes during the process.
The lecturers are demanding higher pay and several 
negotiations with the government have not yielded 
any positive results, which forced President 
Buhari's administration to approach the 
National Industrial Court.
Strikes over working conditions by public university
 lecturers are common in Nigeria and often go on 
for months.
In an interim ruling, judge Polycarp Hamman said 
the lecturers should go back to work until the 
case brought by the government, is finalized.
-Students protest-
Following this strike, Nigerian students on Monday
(September 19th) protested the strike deadlock 
that has shut the country's public universities 
causing frustration for an estimated 
2.5 million students.
Defying armed security personnel in the commercial 
hub of Lagos, hundreds of students blocked a major 
road.. leading to Murtala Muhammed International
 Airport, Nigeria's busiest airport. Some flights 
were disrupted.
They marched with placards and chanted songs urging
 the Nigerian government to carry out the demands of 
public university lecturers who have been on strike 
since February.
-Lectures appeal-
According to local media reports, Nigeria's striking
 university teachers say they will appeal to the 
National Industrial Court of Nigeria, which 
ordered the union to call off its ongoing 
nationwide strike and resume work.
the Academic Staff Union of Universities said its
lawyers were already filing an appeal, and 
urged its members to “remain calm”.
The government approached the court to stop the
 lecturers from continuing their strike after both 
parties failed to resolve their differences.
It said the strike would result in irreparable damage to
 Nigerian students and to the country if not suspended.
Additional sources • AP
UN assembly: African leaders 
raise Global South's issues,
 call for reforms
September 22nd, 11:15am
The UN's General Assembly convened on Wednesday
(September 21st), under the theme: "A watershed
 moment: transformative solutions to interlocking
 challenges". African leaders adressed 
diffent issues.
Kenya's president, William Samoei Ruto and Nigeria's 
Buhari, were concerned with the climate crisis.
When Buhari highlighted the fact that the largest
 polluters suffer the least from climate change,
 Ruto presented the situation his country is 
faced with.
"The northern arid and semi-arid rangelands of our
 country have been gravely impacted by drought, 
whose severity ------ has not been seen or 
experienced in 40 years, he said.
"Three point one million residents of these ASALS (Arid
 and Semi-Arid Lands) are now severely food insecure
 on account of scarce rainfall over three consecutive
 seasons, leading to poor crops and pasture."
It was the first time that Ruto also explored solutions to
 financially support nations faced with a conjunction of
 crises: "I join other leaders in calling upon the World
 Bank, the International Monetary Fund and other
 multilateral lenders to extend pandemic related 
debt relief to the worst hit countries", he said.
Mentionning particularly countries "affected by the
 devastating combination of conflict, climate 
change and COVID-19."
On the second day of the General Debate in New York,
 President Hichilema, focused on those bearing the
 brunt of the impact of the war in Ukraine.
"Zambia joins other governments in expressing
 particular concern about the ongoing war in 
Ukraine", the 60-year-old insisted. 
"As we stand with all those affected, we 
also take this opportunity to stress the 
far-reaching negative consequences, 
particularly.. on the prices of food 
across the world, fuel, fertilizer 
and other key commodities", 
Hichilema concluded.
Growing call for reform of international agencies
Delivering his final speech as head of state ahead 
of stepping down, Nigerian leader, Buhari, said
challenges raised by the war in Ukraine and 
other recent crises --- justify calls for the 
reform of the United Nations system -- 
to make the Security Council and UN 
agencies more representative 
and capable of meeting 
current demands.
Kenya's president doubled down on that: "It is time 
for multilateralism --- to reflect the voice of the
farmers, to represent the hopes of villagers, 
champion the aspirations of pastoralists, 
defend the rights of fisherfolk, express 
the dreams of traders, respect the 
wishes of workers and indeed, 
protect the welfare, of all the
peoples of the Global South."
The 77th UN general assembly will 
end... on the 26th of September.

Nigerian president calls on
 UN --- to solve conflicts
by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
September 21st, 2:13pm 
 (Prensa Latina) 
Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday
 called to peacefully resolve conflicts worldwide, 
reform the United Nations and reduce the 
effects of climate change.
Addressing the high-level session of the United
 General Assembly, Buhari said that
the global
 challenges include problems
- increasingly 
driven by non-state
actors, the 
proliferation of small
and light 
weapons - and several
of terrorism and violent 
Referring to other obstacles to development, such as
 the misuse of technology, irregular migration, and
 unequal opportunities, the Nigerian head of 
State pointed out that the United Nations 
demonstrates, in its actions, that it can 
be strong, when the will of its member 
countries is mobilized.
He insisted that, nevertheless, events such as the
 military conflict in Ukraine, which, in his opinion,
 created tensions that may be unprecedented in
 a generation, are weighing down the leading 
principles of this institution which are to
 peace and security.
That situation will have adverse consequences, after
 hindering our capability of working together to 
resolve conflicts elsewhere, especially in 
Africa, the Middle East, and Asia,
 he noted.
In another part of his speech, the president called to
 reform the Security Council... and other UN bodies 
that need to transform their structures to meet 
the current demands... and become 
more representative.

South Sudan on High Alert
 After Ebola Outbreak
 in Uganda
September 21st, 12:22pm
Authorities advised communities living along the border 
with Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
 to report any suspicious case of Ebola.
On Thursday, the South Sudanese government said it 
is stepping up vigilance along its borders following 
an outbreak of the Ebola-Sudan strain in 
neighboring Uganda.
Victoria Anib Majur, the undersecretary in the Ministry
 of Health, advised communities living along the 
border with Uganda and the Democratic 
Republic of the Congo (DRC) to report 
any suspicious case of Ebola to
the health authorities.
"We are very concerned about the Ebola outbreak in
 Uganda, because we share the border. We have a 
lot of movement across the border, our families 
are in Uganda and Ugandans are on this side," 
Majur told journalists in Juba, the capital of
 South Sudan.
She also urged the public to refrain from eating
 bushmeat since Ebola spreads to humans 
through animals. Majur disclosed that 
national assessment teams will be 
deployed in the border areas of 
Yambio and Nimule bordering 
both DRC and Uganda,
On August 21st, the DRC government announced an
 Ebola outbreak after detecting a 46-year-old woman
 living in the city of Beni... in the province of North 
Kivu. Majur added that they would be partnering 
with the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
 to promote public awareness of the Ebola 
virus disease.
Fabian Ndenzako, the acting WHO Representative 
for South Sudan, said that the ministry of health 
has already activated the incident management 
system for Ebola virus disease.
"There is a lot of movement across the border, so it's
 really important that this incident management 
system is really activated. We don't have a 
case in South Sudan but given the 
proximity and closeness, 
we have to prepare," 
Ndenzako said. 

South Africa: candidates obliged 
to declare campaign donations
September 21st, 11:07am
South Africa's Constitutional Court on Tuesday ruled
 that campaign donations must be declared.
This decision is aimed at fighting alleged corruption
 cases that come ahead of an internal vote by the 
ruling ANC party ---- to name its president and 
candidate for the next presidential election.
President Cyril Ramaphosa's campaign financing for 
the party leadership sparked controversy in 2017. 
He was accused of hiding a donation of 500,000 rands
 ($35,000 at the time) from Parliament. Under the
 current rule, the declaration of donations in 
campaigns "for positions in political 
parties" is not mandatory.
This measure "undermines the Ethics Act and the
 conflict of interest regime", whose provisions are 
"essential for transparency and the fight against 
rampant corruption", the Supreme Court ruled 
in a decision copied to AFP.
Mr. Ramaphosa, 69, had been finally cleared by the
 Constitutional Court and had taken over the reins 
of the country in February 2018 after the 
resignation of Jacob Zuma, implicated 
in scandals. He has made the fight 
against corruption his main focus.
However, the head of state is in turmoil around a murky
 burglary case, months before the ANC decides 
whether to present him as a candidate
 for a second term in 2024.
He is accused of concealing from the police and tax
 authorities a burglary in 2020 at one of his 
properties, during which large sums of 
cash were found hidden in furniture.
An investigation is underway and Parliament has
 appointed an independent commission... whose 
findings could lead to a vote in Parliament to 
remove Ramaphosa from office.
In South Africa, the impeachment of the head of 
state is subject to a two-thirds majority vote in
the Assembly. The ANC holds more than 
two-thirds of the seats.
South Africa to host 2027 
Women's World Cup?
September 21st, 11:04am
South Africa, which hosted the men's World Cup 
in 2010, intends to bid to host the 2027 
women's edition, the South African 
Football Association (SAFA) 
announced on Tuesday.
"We would love to have the opportunity to roll out 
the red carpet again in 2027 for the women's 
tournament," SAFA chief executive 
Tebogo Motlanthe told AFP.
The decision was made last weekend at the
 federation's executive council meeting.
The Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany have 
already made a joint bid. South Africa was
 the running to host the women's 
competition in 2023, 
but withdrew.
In 2010, the southern African country became 
the only African country to host a World Cup.
The 64 matches held in one month took place in 
ten stadiums, five of which were purpose-built. 
These facilities are now used by soccer and 
rugby teams.
South Africa, Morocco, Zambia, and Nigeria are 
the African countries that have qualified for the
Women's World Cup in 2023, which will be 
hosted by Australia and New Zealand.
Cameroon and Senegal are among the ten teams 
that have qualified for the playoffs (February 
2023), with three places up for grabs.

Equatorial Guinea moves up 
presidential election 
by five months
September 21st, 10:33am
Equatorial Guinea, on Tuesday, brought forward its
 presidential election by five months to November 
20th, the same time as the legislative elections.
"The presidential, Chamber of Deputies, Senate, and 
municipal elections are called for November 20th, 
2022," according to a decree issued by the head 
of state, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, 
broadcast on state television.
Mr. Obiang holds the world record for longevity 
in power among living heads of state, 
excluding monarchies.
The only issue at stake will be the designation of the
 candidate of the Democratic Party of Equatorial 
Guinea (PDGE), which holds 99 of the 100 seats 
in the outgoing lower house and all 70 seats
 the Senate.
Will Mr. Obiang, 80, run for another term or will he
let his son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, 
nicknamed Teodorin, succeed him?
The latter, all-powerful and feared vice-president in
 charge of defense --- a publicly assumed jet-setter 
has long been considered his father's successor 
and has been omnipresent on the political
 for the past two years.
However, the congress of the PDGE, which was to
 enthrone him as a candidate in November 2021,
 did not do so in the end, to the surprise 
of everyone.
With two months to go before the election.. Equato-
Guineans -- but also observers and diplomats -- are
 wondering who will win, Teodorin or the caciques
 of the regime - who see the son as the head of 
this small country... rich in hydrocarbons -
are pushing the father to run again.
The outcome of the legislative elections... is hardly in 
doubt, as in every election: the PDGE -a single party
 until 1991- should leave only a few crumbs to
 "tolerated" opposition movements among 
the few...  that are not the target of 
relentless repression....  regularly 
slated by international NGOs.
Ten months ago, the party congress gave rise to
 unprecedented quarrels between supporters of
 Teodorin and Teodoro, who has been president 
since 1979 when he overthrew his uncle 
Francisco Macías Nguema, in a coup.
The anticipation of the presidential elections, was
 justified in Tuesday's decree by the need to group 
together costly polls in the midst of an economic 
crisis due to "the war in Ukraine" and the "covid
 pandemic", but observers see it more as the 
desire of one of the two camps, to push 
what it believes to be its advantage.
UN assembly: Sall advocates 
more seats for African Union 
at the G20
September 21st, 10:30am
From rising prices to a warming planet and deadly
conflicts... the global state of affairs is dire.
Speaking Tuesday on the 77th session of the UN's 
General Assembly, Macky Sall, the Senegalese
 president, and the chairperson of the African 
Union, insisted on the threat of terrorism.
"Terrorism gaining ground on the continent.. is not just
 an African matter. It is a global threat that falls under
 the primary purview of the (UN) Security Council, the
 guarantor of the collective security mechanism,
 under the UN Charter", he said.
During this first in-person general assembly since 2020, 
Sall also reiterated his call for a better representation 
of the continent on the world stage: "I would like to 
remind you of our request for the African Union to
 be granted a seat within the G20, so that Africa 
can, at last, be represented... where decisions 
are taken that affect 1,400,000,000 Africans."
Lift sanctions imposed on Zimbabwe, was
 another plea of the Senegalese president.
New Cold war
The AU chairperson said that Africa "does not want to
 be the breeding ground, of a new Cold War," alluding 
to the pressure mounting on the continent's leaders 
to choose sides over the war in Ukraine.
Many African countries depend heavily on grain imports
 from Russia and Ukraine. Amid market shortages,
 Russia’s foreign minister, has blamed the West 
for rising food prices. Western leaders, mean-
while, have accused the Kremlin of using 
food as a weapon and waging an 
imperial-style war of conquest.
Some observers have called the efforts by Russia and
 the United States the strongest lobbying campaigns
 since the Cold War, when the continent was 
wracked by proxy wars as the U.S. and 
Soviet Union vied for influence.
Among those staying neutral.....  is the continental
heavyweight South Africa. International Relations
minister, Naledi Pandor, said that finding an end
game to the Ukraine war will be South Africa’s 
focus... when it participates in the annual 
meeting of the U.N. General Assembly 
next week.
Tunisia: Opposition party denounce
 ill-treatment of chief during
 interrogation process
September 21st, 10am
Tunisia’s 81-year-old opposition leader Rached
Ghannouchi, appeared before an anti-terror 
unit, on Tuesday.
After hours waiting on Monday and a postponement of
 his questioning, he was eventually questioned over 
alleged involvement in sending jihadist militants
 Syria and Iraq.
The supporters of the Ennahdha chief chanted
 "freedom" and slogans, as they gathered in a 
show of solidarity. The party spokesperson 
denounced "a willingness to ill-treat" 
Ghannouchi, throughout the 
interrogation process:
"He is a citizen [Rached Ghannouchi] ...who came 
willingly. He came freely, not under arrest. They 
[his lawyers] asked.. that the interrogation be 
postponed to today because the conditions
 for the interrogation hadn't been fulfilled 
yesterday. What surprised us was that 
there was a willingness to ill-treat 
Rached Ghannouchi, and subject 
him to these conditions - despite 
his age,'' Imed Khemiri lamented.
''We think this is a form of torture, 
and it undermines the 
transparency of the 
"Without evidence"
One of the deputies of the party, Ali, was also
questioned and held at the headquarters of 
the anti-terror unit, until late Monday.
 In a statement released overnight, Ennahdha 
denounced the interrogation as "a flagrant 
violation of human rights".
Citing one of his lawyers, the Reuters agency 
reported.. that Laarayedh will appear before 
a judge on Wednesday. "We are shocked..
the file is completely empty and 
without any evidence", Samir 
Dilou, another lawyer, 
told Reuters.
After the 2011 overthrow of long-time president Zine 
El Abidine Ben Ali... thousands of Tunisians joined 
the ranks of jihadist organizations - most notably
the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq, but 
also in neighboring Libya.
Ennahdha played a central role in Tunisia's post-Ben 
Ali politics until president Kais Saied began his 
power grab in July last year, followed by a 
controversial referendum that granted 
unchecked powers to his office.
Ennahdha had on Sunday decried attempts "to use
the judiciary... to tarnish the opposition's image" 
and implicate its leaders in "fabricated affairs".


Education transformation
needed for --- ‘inclusive,
peaceful world’
– United Nations chief
Egypt, September 20th, 
10:51am (APO Group) 
Pan-African News Wire
The UN chief pointed out that education is fast 
becoming “a great divider” - noting that some 
70 per cent of 10-year-olds in poor countries 
are unable to read and are “barely learning”
Education has been Secretary-General António
Guterres’ “guide and touchstone,” he said on 
Monday, the final day of the Transforming 
Education Summit, warning that it is 
in “a deep crisis”.
“I regard myself as a lifelong student… Without 
education, where would I be? Where would 
any of us be?”, he asked those gathered 
in the iconic General Assembly Hall.  
Because education transforms lives, economies
and societies, “we must transform education”.  
Downward spiral 
Instead of being the great enabler, the UN chief pointed 
out that education is fast becoming “a great divider”, 
noting that some 70% of 10-year-olds in poor 
countries are unable to read and are 
“barely learning”. 
With access to the best resources, schools and
universities ---- the rich get the best jobs, while 
the poor – especially girls – displaced people, 
and students with disabilities, face huge 
obstacles to getting the qualifications 
that could change their lives, 
he continued.  
Meanwhile, COVID-19 has “dealt a hammer blow to
progress on SDG4”, the Sustainable Development 
Goal targeting equitable quality education. 
“But the education crisis began long before – and 
runs much deeper”, Mr Guterres added, citing the 
International Commission on the Future of 
Education report card, which clearly 
stated: “Education systems don’t 
make the grade”.  
Failing grade
Dependent upon outdated and narrow curricula, under-
trained and underpaid teachers, and rote learning, 
he maintained that “education is failing 
students and societies”.
At the same time, the digital divide penalizes poor 
students as the education financing gap “yawns 
wider than ever”.  
“Now is the time to transform education 
systems”, underscored the UN chief.
21st century vision
With a new 21st century education vision taking 
shape, he flagged that quality learning must 
support the development of the individual 
learner, throughout their life.
“It must help people learn how to learn, with a focus 
on problem-solving and collaboration…provide the 
foundations... for learning, from reading, writing 
and mathematics to scientific, digital, social 
and emotional skills…develop students’ 
capacity to adapt to the rapidly 
changing world of work…[and] 
be accessible to all from the 
earliest stages & through
-out their lives”.
At a time of rampant misinformation, Mr. Guterres
stressed the need for education systems that 
“distinguish fact from conspiracy, instill 
respect for science, and celebrate 
humanity in all its diversity”.
From vision to reality
To make the vision a reality, he highlighted five 
commitment areas, beginning with protecting 
the right to quality education for everyone, 
everywhere – especially girls and those
 in crisis hotspots.
As “the lifeblood of education systems,” Mr. Guterres
next, called for a new focus on the roles & skillsets 
of teachers to facilitate and promote learning,
 than merely transmitting answers.
Third, he advocated for schools to become “safe, 
healthy spaces, with no place for violence, 
stigma or intimidation”.
Now is the time to transform education systems
To achieve the 4th target, that the digital 
revolution benefits all learners... he
encouraged governments to work
with private sector partners (sic)
to boost digital learning content.
Financial solidarity
“None of this will be possible, without a surge in 
education financing and global solidarity”, said 
the UN chief, introducing his final priority.
He urged countries to protect education budgets 
and funnel education spending into
 learning resources.  
“Education financing must be the number one priority
 for Governments. It is the single most important
 investment any country can make in its people 
and its future,” spelled out the Sec.-General. 
“Spending and policy advice should be 
aligned with delivering quality 
education for all”.
‘Global movement’
In closing, he stated that the Transforming 
Education Summit will only achieve its 
global goals by mobilizing 
“a global movement”.
“Let’s move forward together, so that everyone can
 learn, thrive and dream throughout their lives. Let’s
 make sure today’s learners and future generations 
can access the education they need, to create a 
more sustainable, inclusive, just and peaceful 
world for all”.
Distributed by APO Group on 
behalf of United Nations 
In Egypt.
[Redacted by Rhondda Records]
Nigeria: Govt Plans Ban 
On 'Ponmo' to Revive 
Leather Industry
September 20th,
Vanguard (Lagos)
Pan-African News Wire
The Federal Government has said it was proposing a 
legislation to ban the consumption of animal skin, 
locally known as ponmo, in the country to 
revive tanneries.
Director-General, Nigerian Institute of Leather and
 Science Technology, NILEST, Zaria, Muhammad 
Yakubu said this in Abuja on Sunday. NILEST 
was set up to promote leather production..
provided in the Agricultural Research 
Institute Act of 1975. The institute 
researches the production and 
products of leather and the 
utilisation of local tanning 
materials in the country.
Yakubu, who said the litigation was necessary to 
revive the comatose leather industry in the 
country, said the habit of eating animal 
skin, which has no nutritional value, 
should be stopped to save the 
industry and boost the 
nation's economy.
The Director-General added, that the institute, in
 collaboration with stakeholders in the industry, 
would approach the national assembly.. and 
state governments, to bring out legislation
 banning "ponmo" consumption.
He said: "To the best of my knowledge, Nigerians 
are the only people in the world that overvalue 
skin as food, after all, Ponmo has no
 nutritional value.
"At one point, there was a motion before the two
 chambers of the national assembly... it was 
debated but I don't know how the matter 
was thrown away."
He also said the current National Leather Policy had
 addressed some fundamental problems of the sector.
Yakubu said: "If we get our tanneries, our footwear 
and leather production working well in Nigeria,
 people will hardly get pomo to buy and eat.
"When implemented fully, it would turn around 
most of the comatose tanneries and ginger 
greater output in production."
Read the original article on Vanguard.

Kenya: Kakuzi Readies for 
Second Avocado Shipment 
to China
by Susan Nyawira
September 20th
Capital FM (Nairobi)
(Pan-African News Wire)
Local agribusiness firm Kakuzi Plc has secured pre-
shipment approvals from the Kenya Plant Health
 Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS) for its second 
fresh avocado shipment to China.
The firm is expected to ship several 20-foot container 
loads to China by sea before the end of this week as
 demand for Kenyan avocados continues to grow.
Kenya is currently enjoying a market advantage as it 
is the only approved African source market for fresh 
avocado fruits in China.
Speaking when he confirmed the scheduled shipment, 
Kakuzi PLC Managing Director Christopher Flowers 
said the containers were prepared and transferred
 to Mombasa over the weekend.
"We received the pre-shipment clearance by KEPHIS
 last week and proceeded to load and dispatch the
 container to Mombasa over the weekend. The
 container is expected to leave the port of 
Mombasa for a 30-day voyage to China," 
Flowers said.
Speaking from China, Kakuzi market agents HALLS 
Fresh Produce Representative Lifan Yu said the 
firm is sourcing its supplies from approved 
countries, including Chile, Peru, New 
Zealand and Mexico, using its Halls' 
Responsibly Sourced Network' of 
global partners, who are 
carefully selected.
"This year, we started our supply programme with
 Kenya, who have finally received market access 
into China. We have planned for sea-freight 
shipments for the rest of the year, which 
will arrive for October and November 
sales, in a period where we feel the 
market will have limited Chilean 
avocados," Yu said.
The Chinese market, Yu said, clearly needs more 
supply of quality fruit and more options to enable
 consumers to purchase avocados 365 days a 
year at affordable prices.
The export of fresh avocados to China follows the 
early January signing of two protocols to facilitate
 bilateral trade, mainly the export of avocados and
 aquatic products from Kenya to China.
Government data indicates that Kenya exports an
 average of 80,000 tonnes of avocados annually, 
with main markets over the years being 
countries in the European Union as 
well as the Middle East.
Read the original article on Capital FM.

President Ramaphosa Cancels 
UNGA Address to Deal With 
September 19th, 5:23pm 
"Load shedding is costing the South African economy
 US$41.2 million per stage," the South African 
Chamber of Commerce and Industry holds.
On Monday, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa
 canceled his planned address at the United Nations
 General Assembly (UNGA) in New York and will
 return home... after attending British Queen 
Elizabeth's funeral to deal with nation-
wide blackouts.
South Africa continues to endure long hours without 
electricity due to the breakdown of five generating
 units, the power utility Electricity Supply 
Commission (Eskom) said. 
The country is currently at load shedding level six, 
meaning that the power utility must remove 6,000
 megawatts of power... from the grid. During this 
stage, the country can go without electricity
 for up to at least six to eight hours per day. 
Eskom said the country lost about 7,210 
MW due to planned maintenance and 
16,597 MW of capacity was lost
 to breakdowns.
"The system has been under pressure.. over the past
 week. This has caused us to run our reserves -- our 
diesel and our dams - very hard and we are now in
situation - where we urgently need to replenish
these reserves in order to maintain an adequate
buffer - as we are required to do by the

grid code," said Eskom Chief Operating
Officer Jan Oberholzer on Sunday.
The country is recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic 
and the load-shedding would make it difficult to 
recover, said Mtho Xulu, the president of the 
South African Chamber of Commerce
 Industry (SACCI).
"Our estimate is that load shedding is costing the South
 African economy US$41.2 million per stage," he
 pointed out, adding that unreliable energy 
supply makes it difficult to convince
 investors that the country is the 
best investment destination.
Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) said 
the government is eroding the little confidence 
citizens have regarding its leadership due to 
the current Stage 6 of nationwide rolling 
blackouts. The trade union said... the 
government has poorly addressed 
the issue and called on the 
president --- to find a 
permanent solution
 to the crisis.
The Democratic Alliance (DA) has reiterated its call for 
President Ramaphosa and the government to account 
for the energy response plan, saying Eskom is not
 entirely to blame for the country's power crisis.

 March in Niamey
against presence of 
French army
September 19th, 7:07am
Some 3,000 French troops are still deployed in the
 Sahel - with many moving to Niger in August, 
after being kicked out of Mali.
Several hundred people demonstrated peacefully
 Sunday, in the streets of the Nigerien capital 
Niamey, to protest against the French anti-
jihadist force Barkhane, while praising 
Russia, a journalist from AFP noted.
With cries of "Barkhane out", "Down with France", 
"Long live Putin and Russia", the demonstrators 
went through some streets of the capital 
before holding a meeting, in front of the 
headquarters of the National Assembly.
Some demonstrators carried Russian flags and
 held up signs hostile to France and Barkhane.
Some of the placards read "Get out of the criminal 
French army" or "The colonial army Barkhane 
must go" in this demonstration, authorized 
by the municipal authorities of Niamey.
Some 3,000 French troops are still deployed in the
 Sahel - including Niger, one of Paris' main allies
- after their total withdrawal from Mali.
The Barkhane force had been ousted by the junta 
in power in Mali since 2020, which is suspected 
of working with the Russian paramilitary
 group Wagner.
In April, Niger's deputies had largely voted in favour 
of a text authorizing the deployment of foreign 
forces on the territory, including French, to 
fight jihadists.
"There are anti-French slogans because we demand the
 immediate departure of the Barkhane force in Niger ---
 which is alienating our sovereignty and destabilizing
 the Sahel," Seydou Abdoulaye, the coordinator of 
the M62 Movement, which is organizing the
 demonstration, told AFP.
Wearing a T-shirt bearing the image of Burkina Faso's
 former revolutionary president, Thomas Sankara, 
he accused the former colonial power of "active 
support" for the "jihadists who have spread 
terrorism from Mali," which borders 
Niger and Burkina Faso.
Last month, the Malian government accused France 
of supporting jihadist groups, statements that 
were "insulting" to Paris.
In recent months, several anti-French demonstrations
 have taken place in the Sahel, notably at the end of
 November 2021 when a Barkhane military convoy 
was blocked and stoned in Burkina Faso and
 then in Niger.
Three demonstrators were killed in Téra, in western
 Niger, in shootings blamed by the Nigerien 
government on its forces, or on the
French forces.
Sunday's demonstration was also aimed at protesting 
the cost of living in Niger, where a recent increase in
 the price of diesel fuel has quickly affected the price
 of some commodities. According to M62 leaders, 
another demonstration took place Sunday, in 
Dosso, a town in southwestern Niger.
Niger faces regular and deadly attacks by jihadist
 groups linked to al-Qaeda and the Islamic State 
group in the Sahel in the west and by Boko 
Haram and the Islamic State group, in 
West Africa (Iswap) in the southeast.
The country has for years been home to several 
foreign military bases, including French and 
U.S. bases.

 How West Uses Climate Agenda 
to Keep Africa's Oil & Gas
 Underground: to Satisfy 
Own Appetite
September 18th, 3:44pm
Hydrocarbon-rich African countries are viewing 
the unfolding energy crisis as an opportunity 
to monetize their untapped reserves and 
eliminate the continent's energy poverty. 
However, a plethora of western-backed
 environmentalist groups are resisting 
the effort, claiming that Africa's new 
oil and gas projects are nothing but
 a trap.
"The West puts so much importance on the climate
 change agenda --- in [Africa]," commented Dr 
Mamdouh G. Salameh, an international oil 
economist and a global energy expert. 
"I would hazard two explanations for the West’s 
attitude. The first explanation is that the West 
is under the misjudged - and erroneous - view 
that any future energy assets - like investing
 in oil and gas production and building 
pipelines - will end up after 2030
stranded assets.'' 
''The second explanation is a more sinister one, with
 the West wishing to keep African energy resources
 underground, in order to satisfy its own appetite
 for energy in the future."
On September 15th, the Nigerian National Petroleum
Company (NNPC) inked a memorandum of 
understanding (MoU) with Morocco to 
build a 7,000-kilometre offshore gas 
pipeline running across 13 African 
countries. According to Nigerian 
daily The Nation, the endeavour 
will be supervised by the 
Economic Community of 
West African States 
It is expected that the Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline
 (NMGP) will improve the living standards of African
 nations, boost economic integration within the 
sub-region and tackle desertification through
 sustainable and reliable gas supply.
Earlier, a number of Central African countries, including
 Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon, Chad, Angola, 
the Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of
Congo, signed an agreement on September 8th to
 create a regional oil and gas pipeline network 
by 2030 to ensure energy security, tackle 
energy poverty and boost the internal 
supply of hydrocarbons.
Likewise, Uganda and Tanzania are planning to build
 the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP), which
 could become the world's longest heated crude
 pipeline stretching 1,443 kilometers (896 miles).
 The pipeline will transport crude from Uganda's 
oil fields to the port of Tanga, Tanzania, on
Indian Ocean.
However, numerous western-backed environmentalist 
entities, the EU parliament and Joe Biden's climate 
czar John Kerry are up in arms about Africa's bold
 energy projects. The EU has advised member 
states not to assist in the implementation of 
Uganda's oil and gas projects either 
diplomatically or financially with 
20 western banks...  and 13 
insurers already voicing 
For his part, Kerry warned against investing in long-
term gas projects in Africa... while speaking to 
Reuters on the sidelines of the 18th session 
of the African Ministerial Conference on 
the Environment (AMCEN) in 
Dakar, Senegal.
Energymonitor.ai, which describes itself ---- as a
partisan voice," cites "civil society groups" 
arguing that Africa's hydrocarbon projects
 will not benefit African people and that 
the investment would be better spent 
on a new green economy. According
 to the website, $400 billion worth 
of new energy projects could
 implemented in Africa.
Still, Africa-based groups claim that the continent's
 natural gas pipelines - pose a "threat" to "Africa’s 
energy sovereignty" and "accelerate the already 
run-away climate crisis." They go on to employ 
Africa's anti-colonial sentiment... by insisting 
that the continent's "corrupt governments" 
will sell all the fuel to the Global North 
anyway, leaving the people of the 
region in poverty. 
Most of the civil society groups arguing this position,
however, either maintain partnerships with EU and 
US environmentalist funds and non-for-profits or 
belong to western climate networks.
Their stance is nothing new, given that in 2018, 
40 European and African organizations signed 
a petition against the Nigeria-Morocco 
gas pipeline. 
The petition insisted that the increase in the extraction
 of fossil resources.. would exacerbate global warming; 
that the initial section of the pipeline was built "with-
out consulting the populations"; and that the pipe-
line is simply "bad for the region, our peoples 
and the planet”.
West's Climate Change Hypocrisy
"The continent of Africa accounted in 2020 for 3.8% of
 the world’s emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from
 fossil fuels - and industry," Salameh explained. "In 
the last two decades, the continent’s contribution
 to the global greenhouse gas emissions 
fluctuated between 3.4% and 3.8% -
 the smallest share among all 
world regions."
Furthermore, climate groups who call for an abrupt end
 to fossil fuels and a sudden adoption of renewable
 energy fail to recognize the obvious lack of
in this, according to him.
"On their own, renewables aren’t capable of satisfying
 global demand for electricity and energy because of
 their intermittent nature," he argued, adding that 
"total energy transition is an illusion" and "the 
notion of net-zero emissions is a myth."
Meanwhile, EU countries which promote climate
 change and the need to accelerate energy 
transition from fossil fuels to renewable 
energy, have abandoned their green 
credentials to resurrect coal-fired 
electricity plants because of the
rising prices of gas and oil, 
Salameh pointed out.
Similarly, western multinational corporations... have
 never stopped investing in oil and gas --- behind the
 scenes --- the oil economist continued, noting that 
they "will be more than happy to twist their green
 credentials and exploit loose climate regulations
 in African countries."
While denying Africa's right to push ahead with its own
 energy endeavours, the West would be eager to offer 
investments and technological know-how to the
 continent in exchange for receiving the lion's 
share of the regional hydrocarbon wealth, 
according to Salameh. 
"The West doesn’t care whether African countries are
 experiencing severe energy poverty or not as long 
as it gets its hands on these reserves," he said.
"Despite incessant efforts by environmental activists
 and divestment campaigners to keep oil and gas
 underground ---- they will continue to drive the 
global economy throughout the 21st century 
and probably far beyond," he commented. 
"Therefore, it is impossible for the United States and 
the EU to abandon their own oil and gas projects."
Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline:
 Russia to the Rescue
Many argue that Africa needs its bold energy projects 
to ramp up the continent's development. In this light, 
the Nigeria Morocco Gas Pipeline (NMGP) is of great 
importance, according to Akinyinka Akinyoade, a
 Nigeria expert and Senior Researcher at the 
African Studies Centre, Leiden.
"Nigeria has large reserves of natural gas," Akinyoade
 explained. "Despite what this means...  for national 
power generation, as well as cooking and heating,
 it has - relatively - largely been unused for such 
purposes. In fact, large amounts have been
 (and still are) flared --- for decades now.''

''Interestingly, Nigeria has concentrated
 more efforts in export of gas; not only 
being shipped outside the continent, 
but also to neighboring countries via 
the West African gas pipeline."
Therefore, if meeting the energy needs of neighbours 
helps to reduce the environmental disaster brought 
by flaring in Nigeria, then exports via the NMGP 
gas pipeline should be supported, argued the 
Nigerian expert. Moreover, "gas use in the 
countries along the gas pipeline, would 
contribute... to increases in the use of 
clean energy and reduction of carbon
 emissions in the countries involved,"
 he noted.
"Lessons are being learnt on associated environmental
 issues on the current stretch of WA gas pipeline ---
 Nigeria--Benin--Togo--Ghana; these lessons must 
be integrated to minimize the environmental
 impacts... feared for the extension to 
Morocco," continued Akinyoade.
When it comes to the pipeline's economic impact,
 "stretching the supply chain further to Morocco,
 expands, not only the South-South/intra-African
 economic cooperation that has been clamored 
for in the continent for so long, it also helps to
 smoothen the accession of Morocco in the 
ECOWAS sub-regional body, that it has 
applied to join," the Nigerian expert
"Nigeria and other African countries need to evolve
 energy policies that will help address the issue of
 energy scarcity.. and to utilize multiple energy 
sources that will help meet the needs of its 
teeming population.. while reserving the
right to grow at a pace that will not be
 inimical to its youthful population," 
said Olufola Wusu, a Lagos-based 
oil and gas expert and policy 
consultant... who was part
the team that helped
review Nigeria's
National Gas
 "Nigeria needs to grow at its own pace, even if other
 nations... are keen on abandoning their oil and gas
 projects for reasons best known to them. Nigeria 
and other African nations need to ramp up their 
oil and gas production to be able to meet the 
growing demand for energy in Africa and to 
be able to improve the standard of living 
of its people."
Meanwhile, the implementation of the NMGP project
 requires investments and expertise from foreign
 specialists in order to see the light of day, 
according to Salameh.

Given the West's 
environmental manipulations, he
 that if African countries want to strike
and beneficial energy infrastructure deals,
 they should turn to either Russia, or China’s
Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
 Thus, earlier this month, the Russian United
 Metallurgical Company, announced that it 
might supply metal products to meet the 
needs of the construction of the Nigeria-
Morocco Gas Pipeline. In addition --- the 
Russian Ministry of Energy has signaled 
that Moscow is ready to develop joint 
projects with African countries...  in 
order to increase energy supplies 
to African markets.
"Providing African countries with high-quality energy
 resources, creating conditions for the development 
and growth of cooperation in energy, increasing 
trade between Russia and African countries is 
an important task of our interaction," First 
Deputy Minister of Energy Pavel Sorokin 
said in an official statement following 
his recent meeting with Chairman of 
the African Energy Chamber,
N.J. Ayuk.

Nigeria: Why We Dispersed Rally 
By Peter Obi's Supporters 
in Ebonyi - Police
by Chinagorom Ugwu
Premium Times (Abuja)
September 18th
(Pan-African News Wire)
In a statement sent to journalists, the Ebonyi police
 spokesperson, Chris Anyanwu, said the police 
acted based "on the rules of engagement."
The police in Ebonyi State... have justified their decision
to disperse hundreds of supporters of the Labour Party
presidential candidate, Peter Obi, who gathered for a
rally on Saturday.
The police accused the 'Obidients' - the nickname of
 supporters of Mr Obi - of not paying the required 
fees and attacking police officers.
PREMIUM TIMES reported how the police dispersed 
the political gathering on Saturday morning, 
in Abakaliki, the state capital.
In a statement sent to journalists, the Ebonyi police
 spokesperson, Chris Anyanwu, said the police 
acted based "on the rules of engagement."
Mr Anyanwu also suggested that the police acted 
based on the request of the Ebonyi government 
over the non-payment of approved fees.
Mr Anyanwu, a superintendent of police, said the
 supporters met with police before the rally but 
failed to make the payment approved by the 
state government.
The supporters also failed to pay another refundable
 sum of money as collateral in case of any damage 
to government property during the rally, he said.
Nigerian law does not require a police permit or 
payment before peaceful rallies or protests are
 held. The police only need to be informed so 
they can provide the necessary security.
However, some state governments have started 
putting campaign rules in place ahead of the
 campaigns for the 2023 elections which 
start later this month. Some of the 
rules include payment of money.
In his statement, Mr Anyanwu also claimed that the 
Labour Party (LP) governorship candidate in the 
state, Edward Nnwegu, pleaded with the 
supporters to shelve the rally to avoid 
"the looming catastrophe", but they 
insisted, and maintained that
 nobody would stop them.
The police spokesperson said operatives were
 deployed to the take-off venue of the rally, 
Pastoral Centre, to maintain peace
 and order.
He said the decision followed information that 
the rally could become "turbulent and create
 a state of insecurity" in the state, if 
left unchecked.
"Unfortunately, while the policemen were properly 
deployed to ensure that there was no breakdown
 of the law, the radicals and mischief-makers 
among the rallyists became violent and 
started hauling missiles on the police 
operatives, uttering all manners of 
unprintable statements on the 
police and the government. 
Many of them... even went 
physically to assault and
attack the policemen," 
he said.
"So, in response, and guided by the presidential
 pronouncements at the era of the unpopular 
End-SARS protests, the police personnel on 
duty rose to the occasion to dislodge the 
violent and criminally-oriented attackers.
"After taking control of the situation, the rally 
continued and ended peacefully," Mr 
Anyanwu stated.
Earlier, one of the 'Obidients' at the rally, Steve
Ugama, told PREMIUM TIMES, that the police 
fired tear gas to disperse the 'peaceful rally'.
He also said four of his colleagues 
were arrested by the police.
"We have gathered here this morning for our 
peaceful march. All of a sudden, the police 
came and started tear-gassing us and 
arresting our people.
"They said we can't hold the march because 
Governor David Umahi asked them to stop 
us, that we can't hold it. About four of our 
colleagues have been arrested. We need 
help here," Mr Ugama said minutes after 
the rally was dispersed.
The rally was later held successfully, 
despite the actions of the police.
Umahi speaks
In his reaction, Governor Dave Umahi of Ebonyi
State denied that he ordered the dispersal of 
the rally.
The participants had accused the Ebonyi State
Government of being behind the attempt to 
disrupt the rally.
But Mr Umahi, in a statement by his media aide, 
Chooks Oko, said he was not aware of the 
disruption of the rally.
Mr Oko said it was not true that the governor 
ordered the police to disrupt the rally.
"The Governor of Ebonyi State is certainly not 
aware of any disruption of any gathering,
 he didn't order any.
"He is a democrat who believes firmly in the rule of 
law. He wishes every contending politician the 
very best ...and will insist on a level playing 
ground for all. If it is true that the police 
dispersed people, the answer will 
surely rest with the police,"
 he said.
Mr Okoh admitted that the state government asked 
the organisers of the rally to pay some fees before 
they would be allowed to use the stadium."For
record purposes ---- the relevant government 
agencies had approved the use of Abakaliki 
township stadium for a rally by the Labour 
Party subject to the payment of some 
specified fees," he said.
Mr Oko said rather than pay the fees, the organisers
chose to hold the rally on the streets, causing
hardship for citizens going about their 
daily pursuits.
"The police, we are told, had to step in to restore law
 and order. The governor appeals to all citizens to
 always abide by the dictates of the law and 
decent living so that law and order will 
always reign supreme."
However, Mr Ugama, a supporter of Mr Obi, insisted 
that Governor Umahi ordered the disruption.
Mr Ugama, a lawyer, claimed that an officer 
who led the police team said the governor 
ordered them to stop the rally.
"I had to raise my hands.. so that the police will know 
I am not armed. I had a conversation with the leader 
of the police team on behalf of the group and he
 expressly told me that the governor asked 
them to stop the solidarity walk.
"They teargassed us, fired live bullets in the air.
 But we defiled the odds and marched on.
"Thank you Ebonyi youths. I'm so proud of everyone
 who turned out for this walk. Nigeria must walk 
again," he said.
Read the original article on Premium Times.


Uganda: Thousands throng 
Nyege Nyege festival
September 17th, 12:04pm
The Nyege Nyege festival delivering on its promise: 
Days and nights of partying and merrymaking.
Party-lovers from all over the world have trooped to
 Uganda to attend the percussion-filled fest with 
over 300 artists drawn from across the world.
The event is back after a three-year
 break prompted by the pandemic.
"Nyege Nyege was started in 2015 in Uganda, we had
 five physical editions here in Jinja, then we had two
 years hiatus due to Covid and now we resorted to a
 new location, about 5 times the size of the former 
location. Nyege Nyege is now an institution, you 
know, in terms of representing African music 
and culture," said Arlen Dilsizian, cofounder 
and Nyege Nyege festival organizer.
Taking place on the banks of the river Nile in eastern
 Uganda, this year's edition has attracted some 
12,000 revellers.
The east African country is also using 
the event to market its tourism.
"It is actually my third time. I always do Nyege Nyege, 
I like the fun, I like the crowd, I like how it’s different,
 I like how… the energy. If you know, you know," 
said Sarah Mutesi, a festival goer.
Set in the picturesque countryside, the event has
 gained both notoriety and fame, in the culture 
and entertainment industry.
With a week to go, Uganda's parliament attempted to
 ban the event after lawmakers accused organizers 
of promoting immorality.
But the members of parliament, were 
overruled by the country's executive.

Guinea trial to start 
on anniversary of 
2009 massacre
September 17th, 10:06am
Guinea on Friday announced that the long-awaited trial
 over a 2009 massacre will begin on September 28th, 
13 years after the bloody event that shaped 
its history
The West African state of Guinea on Friday announced
 that the long-awaited trial over a 2009 massacre will
 begin on September 28th, 13 years to the day after 
an event that marked a turning point in its history.
The proceedings will "revisit our history" and ensure
 "we all come out of this trial with a new vision of
 Guinea, where impunity will no longer have its 
place," Justice Minister Alphonse Charles 
Wright said at a press conference.
He said he hoped for a "process of reconciliation."
On September 28th, in 2009, a group of NGOs and
 opposition parties organized a rally at a stadium 
in the capital Conakry.
Thousands gathered there to protest against the
 possible presidential candidacy of then-junta 
leader, Moussa Dadis Camara, who had 
seized power in a December 
2008 putsch.
Camara's government sent in the army, which carried 
out a bloody crackdown in and around the compound.
At least 157 people were murdered and 109 women
 raped, according to a UN international commission
 of inquiry.
The victims' testimonies are harrowing, with the 
UN inquiry concluding that the massacre was 
a "premeditated act" by the junta.
Long wait
A judicial investigation ended in December 2017 
and dozens of defendants, including Camara, 
were referred to court.
Despite recurring commitments under former president 
Alpha Conde's regime, victims and relatives have been 
waiting for the trial ever since.
Human rights defenders have also been pushing for the
 trial, as well as the International Criminal Court (ICC),
 which sent a delegation in early September
 to assess preparations.
"Since investigations opened before the Guinean courts
 in February 2010, many victims have died, some are
 sick and live in the most precarious conditions,"
African Francophone Coalitions for the
Criminal Court, a civil
society network, said in a
 statement on Thursday.
"To this sad fact, we must add the situation of women
 repudiated by their husbands and those infected with
 HIV, following the rapes, of which they were victims,
 without forgetting.. the orphaned children who have
 lost their schooling, who have now become adults."
Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, head of the ruling junta,
 had called in mid-July for the trial to begin before
 the massacre's anniversary.
"The Minister of Justice... has been able to do
 everything possible to ensure that Guinea 
has the technical capacity to meet its 
international commitments, to 
promote and protect human 
rights," Wright said Friday.
He had previously suggested the trial could begin 
on September 26th but said it was not confirmed.
The date was pushed back to September 28th, "at
 the request of the ICC prosecutor, who requested 
to be present here on the 28th to attend the 
opening of this trial," the minister said.
Camara, who had been exiled in Burkina Faso since 
he renounced power in 2010, returned to Guinea in 
December 2021.
He had said he was ready to face justice 
but has since returned to Burkina.
The massacre was a key factor in the rise of Conde, 
who a few months later became Guinea's first
 democratically elected president since 
independence from France in 1958.
Conde himself was overthrown in a coup in September
 2021, which came on the back of protests against 
his bid for a third term in office.

Key Chadian rebel returns; 
for talks on country's future
Sepember 17th, 9:11am
A leading Chadian rebel flew home on Friday to
 join talks on the country's political future, 
after spending nearly two years in jail in
 Egypt, an AFP reporter saw.
Tom Erdimi, 67, arrived at N'Djamena airport aboard 
an EgyptAir flight and was greeted by his twin 
brother, Timan Erdimi, who leads the Union
 of Resistance Forces (UFR).
The brothers -- nephews of Chad's iron-fisted late 
president Idriss Deby Itno -- were key figures in 
the regime in the 1990s before they rebelled 
against it, co-founding the UFR.
Erdimi was arrested in Egypt in December 2020, 
a move that the UFR said.... was the result of 
Chadian pressure on the Cairo government.
But on Wednesday, the Chadian government 
announced that he had been pardoned by 
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi 
and would be returning home.
There have been no other details about his release, 
which had been a condition set by the UFR for
 joining a forum on charting the military-run 
country's return to civilian rule.
Erdimi, wearing a traditional white gown, was warmly
 eceived by relatives and sympathisers. Two of the
ministers in the junta-appointed government were 
also present.
He called for "peace and reconciliation, 
in a democratic system".