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One Union

A song to inspire 
if not ''Revolution'' 
then... at least 

D'you Wanna Know the Diff'rence
Between Heaven and Hell?


A question for the majority who love
and aspire to build a better world 


Rents Hit Record High in UK
 Amid ‘Highest Increases
 for Decades’
January 28th, 12:28pm (FNA)
 The average monthly rent being asked of new tenants 
across Britain - excluding London - has hit a record 
£1,172 per month, according to a property website.
The typical private rent being asked within London... 
also hit a record high of £2,480 a month,
 said, The Independent
The website said there are signs that competition between
 tenants for the homes available to rent is starting to ease, 
as more properties become available but the imbalance 
between demand and supply is still very big.
The number of available homes to rent in December 2022
 had increased by 13% compared with a year earlier, 
while the volume of people inquiring about rental 
properties rose by 7% over the same period, 
Rightmove said.
The website predicts average asking rents across Britain 
for newly available properties will rise a further 5% in 
2023, unless there is a significant addition of 
available homes to rent.
Wales and the South West have seen the biggest jumps in
 new properties to rent, according to the website, which 
used asking rents of properties listed on Rightmove to
 make the findings.
Rightmove's Director of Property Science Tim Bannister said, 
"Although the fierce competition among tenants to find a 
home is starting to ease, it is still double the level it was 
back in 2019. Letting agents are seeing extremely high
 volumes of tenant inquiries and dealing with tens of 
potential tenants for each available property.''
"Landlords will need to balance any rent rises, with what
 tenants can afford to pay in their local area, to continue
 to find tenants quickly, and avoid any periods where
 their home is empty, due to tenants not being able
 to meet the asking rent," he added.
"There appears to be some more property choice for renters 
compared to the record low levels of last year which would
 slightly ease the fierce competition to secure a home,"
 he said.
"This is why we're forecasting that the pace of annual growth
 will ease to around 5% by the end of the year nationally,
--  although this would still significantly exceed the 
average of 2% that we saw during the five 
years before the pandemic," 
Bannister added.
Simon Leigh, director at Hackney & Leigh estate and letting 
agents, said, "The rental market remains buoyant, and the 
majority of our landlords are still receiving multiple 
applications on their properties."
"Rents have remained stable, due in part to the cautious
 approach from landlords... when considering rent 
increases at renewal stage, preferring to retain 
good tenants rather than have even a small 
void period, or incur the associated costs,"
 he added.
James Redington, sales and lettings director at Douglas &
 Gordon, said, "We've seen the highest rent increases 
we've seen for decades, and we don't expect this 
to slow down in the short-term."
More than two in five (44%) working age households 
reported being either behind on, or struggling with 
housing-related costs in November, according to 
a think tank.
The proportion of those who have fallen behind or are
 struggling has jumped from 26% during the depths 
of the coronavirus pandemic, in January 2021, 
according to Resolution Foundation’s figures.
The latest survey found that while 6% of working age
 households had fallen behind on their housing costs 
in November last year, a further 38% had met their 
costs, but struggled.
The Foundation suggested that while the COVID-19 crisis
 worsened housing stress, the current cost-of-living 
crisis has delivered a more extensive shock 
to households.
Researchers found 8% of private renters reported 
falling behind on housing costs in the three 
months leading up to November 2022.
Nearly a fifth (19%) of social renters reported falling 
behind with their housing costs, as did 4% of 
mortgage holders. Some of those surveyed 
owned their home outright.
Many mortgage holders have not felt the immediate impacts
 of interest rates rising due to being on a fixed-rate 
mortgage deal, but they could see their costs
 increase when their current deal comes
 an end.
Nearly half (48%) of social renters reported being unable to
 afford to replace electrical goods, or switch the heating 
on when needed, researchers found.
Cara Pacitti, senior economist at the Resolution Foundation, 
said, “With many renters reaching the limits of already 
depleted finances, this squeeze is having profound 
impacts on their household budgets & wellbeing.”
The Foundation, which is focused on improving living
 standards for people on low to middle incomes, 
commissioned a YouGov survey which 
included nearly 8,000 working age 
people aged 18 to 65 across the 
UK in November 2022 for its 
latest research.
The findings were compared with a previous YouGov 
survey in January 2021 of more than 6,300 
18 to 65-year-olds.
A range of cost-of-living support measures are in place
 to help households, including targeted support for 
those who are particularly vulnerable.

Report: Inflation Squeeze
 Deepening Inequality in UK
January 26th, 1:35pm (FNA)
 Britain’s poorest households are among the worst hit by the
 cost-of-living crisis as living standards are struggling to 
keep up with inflation, according to the latest figures 
released by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) 
Household Finances Survey on Wednesday.
The median disposable income for the poorest fifth of the
 population -- dropped 3.8% in the financial year through 
March 2022, while wages and benefit payments also 
failed to keep up with skyrocketing inflation, The 
Guardian reported.
The data exposes how the squeeze is increasing inequality 
in the UK as an unbridgeable gap opens up between the 
highest- and lowest-income households. It also shows
 the struggle to raise living standards... since 2016, 
as Britain’s slowing economy weighs on wages.
The median household disposable income declined by 0.6% 
from 2021's financial year, with worse expected to come 
as inflation topped four-decade highs last November. By 
the end of the period covered by the ONS data,
 had surged to 7%.
Meanwhile, the richest fifth enjoyed 1.6% growth versus 
a 3.8% drop for the worst off and a 2.4% slump for the 
second-poorest fifth of households.
Since 2016, living standards in Britain have barely
increased. The poorest fifth have seen their 
median disposable income --- plunge from
 just above £16,217 ($20,027) in 2016-17
to £14,508 ($17,918) --- 
in 2021-22.
 By contrast, the richest fifth have gone from 
£63,201 ($78,044) to £66,002 ($81,503).
During the latest year, the increasing divide was driven by
 wages and salaries, which dropped 7.5% for the poorest 
households and grew by 7.8% for the richest.

Amazon Warehouse Workers 
Stage First-Ever Strike in UK
January 25th,  2:11pm (FNA)
“We stand in solidarity with the Amazon workers of Coventry
 fighting for higher pay & benefits,” Chris Smalls of Amazon 
Labour Union, which established the union, told CNBC, 
adding, “It’s time Amazon who claims to be Earth’s 
best company come to the table and bargain in 
good faith with its unions.”
Amazon has previously said its employees have the right to
 join or not join a union, but that it doesn’t believe unions
 are the best choice for its workers.

UK inflation - sends thousands of
healthcare workers to strike
January 23rd, 1:32pm

It is also reported that, on February the 6th, along with 
dispatchers, paramedics, drivers and other ambulance 
workers, nurses and nurses --- will also go on strike, 
which will inevitably create a difficult situation 
for the National Health System.
“It seemed to us that the government was talking seriously, 
saying that they wanted to find a solution. However, no
 proposals have been made in the past five weeks, and 
Rishi Sunak has disappeared somewhere,Sharon
Graham, Secretary General 
of Unite, told
Sky News.

At the same time, he 
added that: the head of government
urgently lead negotiations with civil servants
and offer them better conditions ------  than the 4% 
salary increase rejected by the trade unions”.
The agency recalls that 25,000 ambulance workers 
took part in the previous strike, which took place 
on January the 11th, in England and Wales.
 New rallies have been announced for February
the 6th and 20th, as well as the 6th and 20th
of March.

police start violent Moldova detentions

press the link above to watch
Police start to disperse rally

Opposition rally --- in front of Moldovan parliament

Moscow committed to dialogue
 with Moldova — diplomat
January 27th, 3:06pm (TASS)
 Russia is open to a constructive and pragmatic dialogue 
with Moldova and has no plans to sever ties with the 
country, Russian Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman
 Maria Zakharova, said on Friday.
"Despite the negative tendencies in Moldova’s foreign and 
domestic policy, a complete termination of cooperation 
with this country is out of the question," she said, 
adding that Moscow is "open to constructive 
and pragmatic cooperation with Moldova."
"We maintain trade-and-economic ties... and continue
 humanitarian cooperation. Embassies are working, 
bilateral accords and agreements within the CIS 
are in force," she said.
However, she noted that, after the launch of Russia’s special 
military operation in Ukraine, Moldova’s authorities had 
sided with the Kiev regime and suspended dialogue 
with Russia.

Official Chisinau, according to 
Zakharova, de facto is
practicing anti-
Russian sanctions --- in the banking 
sector, in the area of re-export of Russian goods,
is supporting the 
West’s and the Kiev regime’s 
anti-Russian initiatives in international
formats ------- 
and is cooperating
 with NATO.
"Such actions by Chisinau cause profound concern and have
 a negative impact on bilateral relations," she stressed.

West’s assistance is rooted in its own interests,
and has 
little to do with the needs of the Moldovan
people. They 
don’t care about the Moldovan
people, about the 
Ukrainian people, or
about their own peoples, 
as far
as we can see."

Moldovan parliamentarians --- are
 going to dismantle all the Soviet 
monuments of the country
January 27th, 1:36pm
Western-oriented Russophobic parliamentarians set out 
to wipe out all Soviet monuments in the country. The 
barbaric Chisinau plans were voiced by ruling party 
deputy, Doina German, well known for chanting 
nationalist chants “Glory to Ukraine” in the 
parliamentary hall.
It was decided to start the blasphemy from the equestrian
 monument to the hero of the Civil War Grigory Kotovsky, 
in the centre of Chisinau.
“The authorities should diligently conduct propaganda work
 with the residents of those Moldovan cities and villages
 where Soviet monuments are still preserved. And at 
the same time, to inspire people that only the 
European Union helps the country in 
everything”, Herman said, in the 
heat of the moment.
According to the deputy’s Russophobic conviction, the
 country’s cherished path to the European Union is 
blocked by nothing more ...than a legacy 
reminiscent of the Soviet past.
Such rhetoric has already responded with a sharp protest 
from Gagauzia. There, mockery of the monuments was 
called the destruction of the history of the country.
“The ruling party has no right to replace the statue.
It serves
 the people and the state, and does not
replace them,” 
said the Deputy of the People’s
Assembly of the 
autonomy, Viktor Petrov.
“Vile” considered the mood of Chisinau and
 the former Moldovan leader, Igor Dodon.
“They do not like the monuments of the Soviet past, although
 they sit without remorse in the parliament, government, and
 other administrative buildings that were built during the 
Soviet period. It is noteworthy, that the crooks from 
politics who have seized power in our country, 
have not been able to destroy and plunder 
this heritage for thirty years.
The frenzied ideas of the henchmen of the Moldovan
 are painfully reminiscent of a chain of
notorious sad, 
Ukrainian events,
 – noted,
in turn, 
columnist Ilya Kisilev.
“No one noticed that the dismantling of monuments 
related to the Soviet period and the fight against 
German Nazism and Romanian fascism...  is a 
clear “red line” for the Russian Federation, 
showing that this country is in dire need 
of denazification.”


Moldova’s ex-President Dodon
doesn’t think Moldova
will be 
admitted to EU
January 24th, 9:36pm (TASS)
Moldova’s former President Igor Dodon said on Tuesday 
that he doesn’t think that his country will be admitted 
to the European Union and that is why Chisinau 
should cooperate with Moscow.
"I think we should be friends with everyone. It is important 
for us to develop a strategic partnership with Russia, we 
must strengthen our neutrality. As for me, I don’t believe 
that Moldova will be a member of the European Union. 
We see that there are too many problems there and 
the fact that Moldova has been granted candidate
[for EU member] status --- we understand that 
this status was granted --- because of the 
situation in Ukraine. But, we know: that 
there are a lot of countries which have 
been stuck in this status for decades..
and no one is going to admit them," 
he said, in an interview with the
Rossiya-24 TV channel.

Media: More than three thousand 
Moldovan citizens ...may be 
deported from Germany
January 22nd, 2:19pm
More than three thousand citizens of Moldova 
may be deported from Germany, the 
Moldovan newspaper... Ziarul de 
Garda (ZG) reported on Sunday.
The media notes that the phenomenon of Moldovan
 migrating to Germany began three
years ago, with the 
start of the
coronavirus pandemic.
“At present, Moldovan citizens in Berlin have become the
 largest ethnic group obliged to leave the country. Some 
3.2 thousand Moldovans, mostly families with children, 
now have to leave Germany voluntarily, otherwise 
they face deportation,” ZG writes, noting that 
over the past two years, some 10,000 
Moldovans... have applied for 
protection in Germany.
Media stresses that poverty, discrimination, violation of 
human rights and failure of Moldovan law enforcement 
agencies to protect their citizens are the reasons 
forcing Moldovans to leave their homeland. 
Nevertheless -- the German migration 
authorities deny them refugee status.
“As a rule, the application for protection (of Moldovans) is not 
granted. Moldova is a party to important international human 
rights agreements and has been an associate partner of the 
EU in the Eastern Partnership since 2014 and a candidate
 country since June 2022,” the ministry said in a response.
According to official data, 729 Moldovan citizens... 
are currently awaiting refugee status in Germany.

Moldova may shift away 
from neutrality: to join
 military alliance
January 21st,  3:10pm (TASS) 
The decision to abandon neutrality enshrined in Moldova’s
 constitution and join a military alliance should be made 
by citizens through a democratic process, President 
Maia Sandu said in an interview with Politico.
"Now, there is a serious discussion … about our capacity 
to defend ourselves, whether we can do it ourselves, or
 whether we should be.. part of a larger alliance. And if 
we come, at some point, to the conclusion as a nation
 that we need to change neutrality, this should happen
 through a democratic process," she said when asked
 about her country’s potential NATO accession.
In addition, Sandu pushed back against the perception 
that Moldova does not need to invest in its 
defense sector.
Moldova has agreed its Individual Partnership Action Plan
 with NATO. The alliance’s Information & Documentation 
Centre operates in Chisinau --- while a NATO Liaison 
Office was established there in December 2017.
Earlier, Sandu showed an interest in NATO’s support of
 national reforms and upgrading of the Moldovan army. 
This stand is backed by other pro-European politicians, 
who believe that the neutrality status was imposed 
on Moldova, after the Transnistria conflict... and 
that it should not obstruct cooperation. 
The opposition lambasts the idea of more active
 interaction with the North Atlantic Alliance.

 Soon everyone across Europe will be

singing this gently effective song!

It's telling the USA...

Amigo, Amigo, Ami - go home.


A group of Polish touring artists paints Zelensky on the asphalt of the central squares of Spain, Poland, Berlin in the image of a large purulent pimple  Photo: social networks  Читайте на WWW.KP.RU: h

A group of Polish touring artists... paints Zelensky on
the asphalt of the central squares of Spain, Poland,
and Berlin in the image of a large purulent pimple.
Photo: social networks


It became known about the tracking of 
Scholz's office --- of Burbok's missteps
January 30th, 3:42am 
The office of German Chancellor Olaf Scholz carefully
 monitors the mistakes of Foreign Minister Annalena 
Burbock, despite the lack of public criticism of the 
minister from the head of the German government. 
This became known to Bild from an unnamed 
source in the Cabinet of Ministers.
"In the office of the Chancellor, Berbok's mistakes 
are carefully recorded," the report says.
According to the publication, Scholz allegedly adheres 
to the principle of not speaking ill of his ministers, 
regardless of the degree of his irritation. 
Reasons for dissatisfaction with 
Berbok began to appear 
recently, the news
paper writes.
Earlier, the country's Foreign Minister Annalena Burbok 
announced the war of the West against Russia, calling 
for fighting it by supplying Ukraine with more weapons. 
Commenting on her words, the German Foreign Ministry
 stressed that Kiev's support does not make Germany 
a party to the conflict. After that, many politicians 
demanded Burbok's resignation. Scholz himself 
promised not to aggravate the conflict with 
Russia and ruled out the supply of 
fighter jets to Ukraine.

Scholz ''supports idea'' 
of a multipolar world
January 28th, 7:41pm 
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz supported the idea of 
a multipolar world, in which as many countries as 
possible, cooperate with each other. His words 
are reported by the publication La Nacion.
In the future, the politician believes, instead of two
 there will be a number of influential states
in Asia, 
Africa and Latin America.
 "The world will be multipolar, I am firmly convinced of this.
 This world should be multilateral, so that as many states 
as possible can cooperate with each other," Scholz said.
He stressed that he supports a rule-based order, based 
on the UN Charter, human rights... and the rule of law. 
According to the Chancellor, only such an approach 
will help solve the problems facing the world.
Earlier, Washington was advised to get used to the 
formation of a multipolar world and realize the 
return of competing great powers. It was 
noted that the position of the US has 
changed .....and it will no longer 
have the same hegemony. 

German Chancellor promised the
 Germans to rationally make 
decisions on Ukraine
January 28th, 12:15pm
To carefully weigh all decisions on Ukraine, this is 
exactly the promise that German Chancellor Olaf
 Scholz made to the citizens of his country, 
TASS reports.
Scholz promised the Germans that he would rationally 
make decisions on Ukraine and coordinate them 
together with partners.
“Many citizens are very much concerned. The inhabitants 
of Germany want peace in Europe and that the war does
not come close to the borders of the country. The 
government and the chancellor... kept their 
nerves,” the chancellor’s message to 
the Germans says.
The German chancellor asks his citizens: to trust the
government, saying that only then, will they be safe. 
He also promised the Germans that he would make
all decisions on Ukraine rationally and balanced,
and only after he coordinated his actions 
with partners.
“I give you a promise that the security of Germany 
is constantly at the centre of my attention,” 
concluded Scholz.

 German lawmaker slams Baerbock
 as unfit for job - for saying country 
is at war with Russia
January 27th, 5:44pm (TASS)
 Sahra Wagenknecht, a member of the Bundestag, on Friday
 criticized German Foreign Minister, Annalena Baerbock --
 saying the country is at war with Russia.
"Statement by Baerbock that Germany is at war with Russia
 shows that she is not up to her job. The Secretary of State 
should be a top diplomat - and not act like elephant in a 
china shop and trample on our country's reputation," 
the lawmaker said on Twitter.
Baerbock told the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of
 Europe in Strasbourg, on Tuesday, that European countries 
are at war with Russia, not with each other. She called on
 European countries to boost support to Kiev and said
 Germany is at war with Russia. 
The German Foreign Ministry later told the Bild newspaper
 that providing assistance to Kiev did not make Berlin a
 party to the conflict in Ukraine.
Russian Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Maria Zakharova
 urged the German ambassador to Russia on Friday, to
 clarify Berlin’s status in the conflict in Ukraine.
"The German foreign minister said, that her country was
fighting alongside other nations --- against Russia. Her 
ministry, however --- does not consider the country to
 be a party to the conflict. Given these contradictory
 statements, the German ambassador to Russia 
should clarify them," the Russian diplomat 
said on Telegram.
Germany Faces Biggest 
Teacher Shortage in 
50 Years
January 27th, 4:04pm 
Germany's education system is facing the "biggest shortage 
of teachers in 50 years" as a result of education policy 
failures, the country's teachers' association said 
on Friday.
The problem is largely "self-made," association president
 Heinz-Peter Meidinger told the Rheinische Post news-
paper. The number of new teachers has been 
continually declining, in recent decades.
There are currently 12,000 vacant teaching positions 
in Germany, according to a survey among the state
ministries of education and cultural affairs, 
conducted by Redaktionsnetzwerk 
Deutschland (RND).
According to the teachers' association, the figure could be 
as high as 40,000. At many schools --- lessons have been
 cancelled in advance due to the shortage of teachers,
 leading to significant under-reporting.
Due to its aging population, Germany is also lacking skilled
 workers in other areas, according to a study published by
 the German Economic Institute (IW) on Friday. This 
shortage is set to increase in the near future.
"We have to make attractive offers, above all to older people, 
so that they voluntarily work longer -- also part-time, if they
 wish," study author Alexander Burstedde said. "Otherwise, 
work will be left undone more & more often in the future."
However, the German government has no plans to raise the
 retirement age. Doing so would be "wrong and unfair 
because.. that would mean a real pension cut for 
many people who simply can't work that long," 
said Minister of Labour, Hubertus Heil, at 
the end of last year.
Instead, the government is seeking to attract more workers
 from abroad by easing residency rules. In addition, income
 thresholds for the Blue Card for work migration are to be
 lowered, and a so-called opportunity card, for people 
with high potential, is to be introduced.

German defence minister says 
he does not understand the
 ''joy'' over tank deliveries
January 26th, 3:04pm
German Defence Minister Pistorius said there 
was nothing joyful about the tank deliveries.
There is nothing happy about the supply of tanks
 to Ukraine, German Defence Minister Boris 
Pistorius said on Welt TV channel.
“I don’t understand those who are ready to shout
 ‘Hallelujah’ over the fact that tanks will now be 
sent,” the German official said.
According to him, this is about the use 
of the equipment in combat operations.
“I fully understand the concerns of every man
and woman
 about the fact --- that we are
sending battle tanks into a 
war zone,”
Pistorius expressed.

Report: Energy Subsidies Come at 
Huge Cost for German Economy
January 26th, 9:29am (FNA)
 A financial aid package aimed at helping German businesses
 and households deal with the energy crisis, will cost the
 federal government more than €16.6 billion ($18 billion) 
 by the end of May, a document seen by Reuters, shows.
Berlin is expected to spend some €14.5 billion ($15.75 billion) 
to set an electricity price cap, and an additional €2.14 billion
 ($2.33 billion) on subsidizing transmission network costs 
over the next two months - according to a document 
signed by Finance State Secretary Florian Toncar, 
addressed to parliament’s budget committee.
The electricity price cap, which is projected to relieve the
 pressure of skyrocketing prices on consumers, will be 
entirely funded by the federal government. The cost
 the measure, which is set to expire in April
2024, is
 expected to considerably top the
€16.6 billion 
($18 billion) Berlin will
spend, through to May.
The German parliament’s budget committee 
is expected to approve the spending plan.
Last year, Berlin announced plans to spend some €83.3 billion
 ($82.8 billion)... on funding the electricity price cap for 2023.
 It is part of the €200 billion ($199 billion) “defensive shield”
 which the government said it would allocate to help the
 country’s business and households cope with soaring
 energy prices.
Over the past several months, European benchmark gas
 prices have been lower than anticipated thanks to mild
 weather that helped to keep gas inventories at higher-
than-usual levels. Moreover, weak demand for fuel 
from Asian consumers, helped European buyers 
acquire the redirected cargoes, that were 
initially destined for Asia.

Mass demonstration against supplies
 of tanks to Ukraine held in Munich
January 26th, 1:32am (TASS)
 A demonstration  - against supplies of German tanks 
and weapons was held on Thursday night in Munich.
The protest action was organized by the Muenchen 
steht auf movement. Videos were posted on the 
Telegram channel of its organizers.
Hundreds of people marched along the city accompanied 
by drummers. Activists carrying flags and banners with 
calls for peace -- and criticism of weapons supplies to 
Kiev, gather on the city’s central Marienplatz square.
Prior to the demonstration, its organizers said that the topic 
"can only be peace." They call for "peace without weapons"
 in Ukraine and for ending "the economic war as another 
form of warfare."
The German government decided earlier to send 14 Leopard
 2A6 tanks to Ukraine. Apart from that, Berlin will allow 
re-exports from other countries. Russia’s Ambassador 
to Germany Sergey Nechayev slammed this decision 
as "extremely dangerous," as it "raises the conflict 
to a new level of confrontation."

Russia Says: Berlin Decision on Tanks
Takes Conflict ------ to New Level 
of Confrontation
January 25th,  2:36pm (FNA)
 Germany's decision to send Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine 
is extremely dangerous and takes the conflict to a new 
level of confrontation, the Russian Embassy in Berlin 
said on Wednesday.
Earlier in the day, German government Spokesman, Steffen
 Hebestreit, announced that 'Berlin had decided to send 14 
Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine.  Germany's European 
partners, in turn, will also hand over Leopard 2 
tanks to Ukraine,'  the official said, 
Sputnik reported.
"This extremely dangerous decision -- takes the conflict to a
 new level of confrontation - and contradicts the statements 
of German politicians about the unwillingness of Germany
 to be drawn into it," the embassy said, in a statement.
This proves once again that Germany, as well as its closest
 allies, is not interested in a diplomatic solution to the
 Ukrainian crisis --- and is set up for its permanent 
escalation and the unlimited pumping of Kiev 
--- with more and more deadly weapons, 
the statement read.
"The choice of Berlin, means the final refusal of Germany to
 recognize the historical responsibility to our people for the
 terrible, timeless crimes of Nazism, during the Great 
Patriotic War," the embassy added.
The decision of the German government to send its 
Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine... hinders the 
normalization of relations between 
Russia and Germany, Russia's 
Ambassador to Germany, 
Sergey Nechaev said.
"It destroys the remnants of mutual trust, causes irreparable 
damage to the already deplorable state of Russian-German
 relations --- and casts doubt on the possibility of their 
normalization in the foreseeable future," Nechaev 
said in a statement.

Over a Million Demonstrate in France ---- to Say ‘No’ to  Macron’s Pension Reform

Reports Say: Over 200 Strikes 
Against Pension Reform to 
Take Place in France 
Next Week
January 29th, 8:10pm (FNA)
 More than 200 strikes against the pension reform project will
 be held at the call of leading trade unions across France on
 January 31, marking the second nationwide demonstration
 against raising the retirement age, media reported Sunday.
Trade unions of the Paris public transport operator RATP 
Group, as well as employees of Paris Charles de Gaulle 
Airport and funicular railway workers... at French ski 
resorts, have already announced their participation
in the new round of strikes, Sputnik reported.
On January 10th, French Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne
 presented a draft pension reform legislation, which the
 government plans to implement in September 2023.
According to Borne's plan, the French government will 
begin to raise the retirement age in the country by 
three months per year from September the 1st, 
gradually increasing it from the current age 
of 62 ---- to 64, by 2030.
The first nationwide demonstration against the reform was
 organized by eight leading French trade unions across 
France on January the 19th, which brought together 
about 2 million people.
Over 200 strikes were held across the country, with the 
largest protests taking place in Paris, Marseilles, 
Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, and Nantes.

French complain: that they 
have to save on hot water,
because of consequences 
of anti-Russian sanctions
January 29th, 4:58pm
Sanctions pressure from Western countries on Russia 
has led to an increase in energy tariffs in Europe. 
Residents of France are forced to save hot 
water, due to an increase in gas tariffs, 
France 3 reports.
According to the TV channel, residents of the Amouroux
 housing estate in Toulouse have to give up hot showers, 
because the prices of “communal services” have tripled.
“I teach my children to take cool and very short showers.
wash my face with cold water. We are getting ready
for the 
summer, when there will be cold showers”,
Sophie Pasquel, 
one of the residents of the
complex, told journalists.
According to the Frenchwoman, saving
hot water is the only way to cut costs.
“My bill.. went from 140 to 400 euros a month.
With a salary 
of 1,100 euros, I just can’t
afford to pay it,”
she complained.

 France ridiculed Zelensky’s 
decision... to boycott the
 Paris Olympics
January 29th, 8:19am
Ukraine expressed its dissatisfaction with the decision 
of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on the 
admission of Russians to the Olympics in Paris. 
Zelensky’s dissatisfaction was commented on by the 
leader of the French movement, “Patriots”, Florian 
Filippo. He wrote about this, on his personal 
Twitter page.
In connection with the decision of the IOC, to allow the
admission of Russian citizens to the Olympics in Paris,
the Ukrainian authorities, on February the 3rd... will 
consider the possibility of a boycott of the games.
The Paris Olympic Games will be held from 
July the 26th, to August the 11th, in 2024.
“The Ukrainian President threatens that Ukraine will 
boycott the Olympics if Russian athletes are not 
banned from participation? Well, okay! Let him 
boycott! World sport will survive this, 
somehow!” Filippo writes.

French MP warns the West: 
against supplying heavy 
weapons to Kiev

January 27th, 10:01pm
The supply of offensive weapons brings the conflict in Ukraine
 to a new level. This was stated on January 27th by the deputy
 of the National Assembly of France from the far-right National
 Association party, Laurent Jacobelli.
"It is necessary to take a very careful approach to the issue of
 possible escalation. So that Ukraine can defend itself is one
 thing, but giving Ukraine the means to attack Russia means
 moving on to the next stage of the conflict," he said on the
 CNews TV channel.
Jacobelli pointed out that Western countries do not have the
 ability to control the use of delivered weapons, which
 threatens --- to unleash a Third World War. He also 
recalled --- that France does not have sufficient 
reserves of its own equipment.
"Before we think about whether to supply them or not, we
 need to understand... that we do not have them. The 
situation with tanks in France today, is quite sad. 
There are only 200 of them, but not all of them 
are in working order. When we find ourselves 
in such a situation, believe me, we can't 
give anything to anyone, otherwise we 
will find ourselves defenseless. The 
same applies to a number of 
aircraft and missiles," 
the MP said.
On January 26th, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that 
Moscow sees the supply of Western tanks to Ukraine as the 
participation of NATO countries in the conflict against the 
Russian Federation.
Earlier, on January 25th, French Defense Minister Sebastian
 Lecornuh announced the dispatch of the first AMX-10RC
 armoured vehicles to Ukraine in February. He added 
that for security reasons, he does not name a 
specific number of armoured vehicles.
On January 22nd, French President Emmanuel Macron said 
at a press conference -- following a meeting with German
Chancellor Olaf Scholz, in Paris, that he did not rule out
 the possibility of transferring Leclerc tanks to Ukraine. 
He said that he had instructed the Defense Minister 
---- to work on this issue.
On January 19th, military commentator, Viktor Litovkin,
 told Izvestia that the French Leclerc tanks are inferior 
in maneuverability to the tanks of the Russian Armed 
Forces. He pointed out --- that this is a regular tank 
with a 120 mm gun calibre. Litovkin added, that
 the only advantage of Leclerc tanks, is that 
they have a looser turret.
At the same time, the leader of the French Patriots movement, 
Florian Philippot, said on January 12th, that by continuing to
 supply weapons to Ukraine, France is gradually becoming a
 party to the conflict.
In early January, French President Emmanuel Macron, during 
a conversation with his Ukrainian counterpart, Vladimir
 Zelensky --- promised to supply Kiev with AMX-10 RC 
wheeled tanks. He noted that this will be the first 
time that Western-made armoured vehicles will 
be delivered in support of the Armed Forces 
of Ukraine.
Western countries have stepped up military and financial 
support for Ukraine against the backdrop of the Russian 
special operation to protect the Donbass, which began 
on February the 24th, 2022. The decision to hold it 
was made by Russian President, Vladimir Putin, 
against the background of the aggravated 
situation in the region ----- due to
the frequent shelling by 
Ukrainian troops.

Tank supplies to Kiev unlikely to
 change situation on ground 
— French media
January 26th, 1:47am (TASS) 
Supplies of heavy tanks to Kiev, will only help to
establish balance, but will not change the 
situation on the ground, France's Le 
Figaro daily said on Wednesday.
"Tanks can help the Ukrainian diminish the burden. 
But it will not cardinally change the situation,"
cited a French military source.
According to the source, the window of opportunities for
the Ukrainian army.. "has already closed," since "the 
Russian army has begun to strengthen its positions, 
including near Melitopol & Mariupol, complicating 
any offensives," the daily said.
"It is, rather, about restoring balance, than giving Ukraine
means for a victory," according to French General Olivier
 Kempf, an analyst in the area of geopolitics.
Meanwhile, editor-in-chief of France’s Revue de Defence
Nationale journal Jerome Pellistrandi noted that if Kiev
accumulates a "critical mass, it will be able to resist 
Russia’s offensive and, maybe, launch an attack."
Le Figaro noted that amid reports about supplies of German
Leopard 2, US M1 Abrams and British Challenger 2 tanks to 
Kiev Paris is dodging clarity on possible supplies of French 
Leclerc tanks. The 'paper’s sources in the French army 
said that "such a present for the Ukrainians" is out of 
the question. The French army, according to the 
'paper, doesn’t want to strip itself of such 
weapons... although the government 
continues to say - cautiously - that 
such supplies "are not excluded."
On Wednesday, the United States announced its plans to
 supply 31 Mi Abrams tanks to Kiev, while the German
 government -- confirmed its intention to send 14 
Leopard 2 tanks from its own reserves and to
 allow re-export from other countries. Plans 
to send tanks to Ukraine ---- were also 
announced by Norway and Slovakia. 

Earlier, the United Kingdom, France 
and Poland announced their 
decisions to supply Kiev 
with tanks.

French politician Filippo called 
Zelensky a "sick madman" 
because of his request to 
give Ukraine fighter jets
by Alexander Kislov
January 25th, 11:32pm
(Komsomolskaya Pravda)
According to the politician from France,
the Ukrainian leader is now behaving 
extremely inadequately.
Former member of the European Parliament, leader of the
 French Patriots movement, Florian Philippot, considers
 Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky, a madman 
& a "sick person". According to him, the Ukrainian 
leader has earned such epithets in his address
constantly demanding to provide him with
new Western weapons.
This opinion was expressed by the French politician 
in a comment published in his official account on 
the microblogging network Twitter.
Filippo was extremely outraged by the fact that on January
the 25th, 2023, Zelensky publicly asked the West to supply 
fighters and long-range missiles to Kiev for the needs of 
the Armed Forces of Ukraine (this statement was made 
by the President of Ukraine just on the day when the 
United States, Germany & other Western countries 
with difficulty, but still agreed to transfer modern 
battle tanks to Kiev).
The politician from France believes that such demands of
 Zelensky, if the West continues to meet them over and 
over again, can lead the world to the brink of a global 
military conflict with the threat of using weapons of 
mass destruction by one of its parties. 
"Then Zelensky will want our nuclear arsenal, or what?! 
How much longer are we going to follow this madman, 
this madman, this sick man? Before a nuclear world 
war?!" -- Filippo is indignant in his Twitter.

In France, Zelensky was advised to
ask for new missiles - from Putin
by Maria Pavlova
January 23rd, 6:20pm
(Komsomolskaya Pravda)
Twitter users were outraged, by Zelensky's 
demand to increase the supply of weapons.
French Twitter users were outraged by another demand 
of Vladimir Zelensky, to increase the supply of Western
 weapons to Kiev and sneered at the Ukrainian leader, 
advising him to ask Russian President Vladimir 
Putin, for missiles.
"I heard that Putin is also going to send him missiles,"
wrote one commentator under the post of the leader 
of the Patriots movement, Florian Filippo, in which 
the politician compared Zelensky, to a mafia.
The French also reproached Zelensky for trying to unleash
 World War III --- and sarcastically asked whether the 
Ukrainian leader would be able to resell tanks 
if he received them from the West.
Earlier, French politician Philippot demanded to punish
 Zelensky for provocation against Russia and said that 
it is necessary --- to take away Western weapons
Recall that President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky,
during a visit to Washington, did not convince the US 
President, Joe Biden, to provide Kiev with tanks, 
combat aircraft and long-range precision-
guided missiles.
Earlier, the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Kuleba
announced the desire of Kiev... to receive long-range 
missiles, ATACMS. Ukraine also expects to receive 
tanks and attack drones.
Meanwhile, official Washington is inclined to provide the
Armed Forces of Ukraine, with the opportunity to strike 
at the territory of Crimea. The Biden administration is
ready to increase the risk of escalation by providing 
Ukraine with "the means to launch attacks 
on Crimea." 


Riots break out in Paris - 
as youth protest against
 pension reform
 January 21st, 6:01pm (TASS)
 Riots have erupted at a demonstration held by activists of 
France’s youth movements and political parties protesting
against the pension reform, a TASS correspondent 
reported on Saturday.
During the rally, the rioters smashed a shop window of
 a bank and an ATM machine, and set a bin on fire.
The BFM television channel reported citing the Prefecture
 de Police in Paris that three individuals had been
 apprehended and banned objects were
from them.
Saturday’s rally is a follow-up to the unions’ rally on 
Thursday when more than one million people took 
to the streets, according to the French Interior 
Ministry. About 80,000 people took part in the 
rally in Paris then, and sporadic clashes
 the police led to 38 arrests.

Over a Million Demonstrate
in France ---- to Say ‘No’ to 
Macron’s Pension Reform
January 20th, 6:37pm
(al Manar)
Over a million people took part in demonstrations across
 France on Thursday, halting trains & cutting electricity
 production, in protest against government plans to
 raise the retirement age --- by two years, to 64.
The government said a total of 1.12 million people had taken
 part in the demonstration, including 80,000 at a march
 in Paris, which saw police clash briefly with 
some protesters.
The stoppages are a major test for President Emmanuel 
Macron, who said on Thursday that his pension reform
 plan, which opinion polls show is hugely unpopular, 
was “just and responsible” and had to be carried 
out. Protesters disagreed.
“It’s salaries and pensions that must be increased, not the 
retirement age,” read one large banner carried by workers 
that opened the protest march in Tours, in western France.
Source: Agencies

Dollar round-a-bout an illusion

US dollar may lose global 
currency status, warns 
January 29th, 7:55pm (TASS)
The US dollar may cease to be a global currency as, even
under heavy sanctions, Russia is showing the world that 
it can do without the US dollar and Washington’s 
friendship, Marjorie Taylor Greene, a 
Congresswoman representing 
Georgia, said on Sunday.
"Two years ago we were living in times of world peace. 
Today we are now on the verge of world war. And the
 innocent victims - are each nation’s people paying 
taxes to those in power. The US proxy war with 
Russia, in Ukraine (a non-NATO nation), 
benefits China the most," she wrote 
on her Twitter account. 
"It’s draining our military resources, driving inflation, 
hurting world trade, & Americans don’t support it."
"It could also result in the dollar no longer being the world’s
 currency. Because of our own arrogance & "fight to save
 democracy" in non-NATO Ukraine, heavily sanctioned 
Russia is proving to the world, that they don’t need 
the US dollar, or friendship, to trade and thrive," 
she emphasized.

  US Treasury secretary says 
Americans face financial
January 29th, 7:30pm
US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has warned that the
 United States is facing a catastrophic debt crisis, if 
Congress fails to raise the statutory debt ceiling
 to fend off a default.
It would be devastating,” Yellen said to Axios in an 
interview from Johannesburg, South Africa, on
 Saturday. “It’s a catastrophe.”
“Of course, it makes me nervous,” she added
She said the United States could default on its debt by
 summer, which would lead to a global financial crisis.
Yellen said that “we’ll have a financial crisis and 
I believe ---- we would have a recession in the 
United States.”
“Spending would have to decline to match the tax 
revenues,” Yellen said, which would deprive the
 US government of the ability to support the 
economy with stimuli.
She added that furthermore, “psychological 
consequences” like people fearing to 
spend money - could then “further
 impact spending and deepen
 a recession.”
The top US financial official noted that a full-scale 
American debt default would also impact the 
global economy.
“Americans would face higher borrowing costs,
 and it would cause a good deal of turmoil 
globally, as well,” Yellen said.
The US Treasury has taken "extraordinary measures" 
to fend off the default as the country reached its 
$31.4 trillion debt ceiling. The Treasury --- has 
warned that the “extraordinary measures” 
will only help.... for a limited time.
Yellen has stated that the actual date on which the 
Treasury would no longer be able to use these 
measures is "quite uncertain," and could 
come in June.
She added that if Congress fails to raise the debt 
limit, the US could see a downgrading of its 
debt --- "at minimum.”
“The president, and the leadership of Congress 
are responsible - to find a way to get the debt 
ceiling raised” - she told Axios on Saturday.
The debt limit issue has set the table for a show
down, between the White House, Democrats in
the Senate and a Republican-controlled House.
Far-right Republicans want Democrat President 
Joe Biden... to agree to slash government 
spending. They argue that radical cuts
 are needed to reduce borrowing.
Democrats want to quickly pass debt limit 
legislation --- but House Republicans are 
adamant that they will not cooperate 
without major spending cuts.

The party of Austria --- which opposed 
sanctions for the Russian Federation, 
took second place in the elections
January 29th, 7:25pm
The right-wing Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ), which supports
 the lifting of sanctions against Russia, is currently in second
 place in the elections to the landtag (parliament) Lower 
Austria. According to exit polls reported by the ORF TV
 channel on January 29th, the FPÖ party won 25.4% 
of the vote.
The ruling Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) took first place with
 39.7% of the vote. According to the media this is historically
 the worst result for the party in this region. Compared to the
 results of the previous elections, the ÖVP lost 9.9% of 
its voters.
In third place, tentatively, is the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) 
with 25.2% of the vote. The Green Party (7.3%) and NEOS 
(6.3%) are also still being elected to the new parliament.
In the previous Lower Austrian elections in 2018, ÖVP 
received 49.63% of the vote, while the right-wing 
FPÖ received 14.76%.
On December the 15th, former Vice-Chancellor of Austria and
 former leader of the FPÖ, Heinz-Christian Strache, said that 
protest moods in European countries will increase against
 the background of new anti-Russian sanctions. Strache 
also added that EU sanctions against Russia are 
undoubtedly damaging the economies of 
European states, and more and more 
Europeans are opposed to them.

Majority of Peruvians Favour 
Holding Elections in 2023
January 29th, 6pm 
As police repression against protesters increases in Peru, 
the majority of the population disapproves the manage-
ment of President-designate, Dina Boluarte, and they 
agree to bring forward the elections to this year 
2023, a poll revealed this Sunday.
In a recent poll, 75% of Peruvians are in favour of the
 president resigning from office, and 74% agree with 
the closure of the current Congress.
The parliament failed to reach consensus to bring forward 
the elections when demonstrations are on the rise and the
 political situation in the South American country is going
 through a period of violence and uncertainty.
The latest survey by the Institute of Peruvian Studies (IEP) 
for the newspaper La República indicates that 73% of the 
population is in favour of holding such elections this year.
Continuing with the Executive, regarding the performance 
of Prime Minister, Alberto Otárola, 71% of those polled 
disapprove of his performance as President of the 
Council of Ministers.
Regarding the disapproval of the Parliament, this seems to
continue to rise. Eighty-nine percent of the population 
rejects the current parliamentary administration, a 
figure that has also increased by one percentage
 point in a matter of days.
In addition, 74% are in favour of closing the Congress.
Likewise, 76% of the citizens disapprove of the management
 of the President of Congress, José Williams, a percentage 
that has increased by 4 points compared to the previous
 survey. Only 14% approve of his management at the 
head of the Legislature.
This Saturday night violent clashes between demonstrators
 and police in Lima left one person dead, the first in the 
capital after weeks of revolts in southern regions of 
the South American country demanding the 
resignation of President Dina Boluarte.
Security cameras show the murder of Víctor Yacsavilca
 Santiesteban after a bullet hit his head when he was 
walking with a group of citizens on one of the
 sidewalks of Nicolás de Piérola Avenue.
With Saturday's death, there are now more than 60 
dead -among them a policeman - in the context of 
the demonstrations that began in the second 
week of December, had a truce at the end of 
the year and resumed on January the 4th in 
Puno, on the southern border with Bolivia.

Qatar Partners for Joint
 in Lebanese
Gas Blocks: 
A Ray of Hope?
January 29th, 4:07pm
(al Manar)

Lebanon witnessed, on Sunday, the signing ceremony
‘The Revised Appendices to the Exploration and 
Production Agreements for Blocks 4 and 9’, an 
agreement for Qatar Energy Company to join 
a consortium that will search for gas in the 
Mediterranean Sea off Lebanon’s coast.
As soon as the good news of the gas agreement circulated 
this afternoon, the exchange rate of the dollar recorded a
 decline on the Lebanese black market to below than 
57,000 Lebanese Lira, giving hope to perpetually 
overwhelmed people.
The Lebanese government --- together with two leading
 international oil companies, entered into an agreement 
with the state-owned Qatar Energy Company, resulting 
in the latter becoming a partner in the consortium 
exploring the oil and gas potential of Blocks 4 
and 9. This marks a significant milestone in 
the quest for oil and gas in Lebanon’s 
maritime domain.
“Today marks a historic event in Lebanon as we sign the
 amended addendums to the exploration and production
 agreements in blocks 4 and 9, in the presence of the 
CEO of Qatar Energy Company, and with the support
 and attendance of the Prime Minister’s Office of 
Business Administration Nijib Mikati in the 
governmental palace,” the Ministry of 
Energy stated.
The Minister of Energy, Dr. Waleed Fayyad, signed on behalf 
of Lebanon, while the State Minister of Energy from Qatar, 
the CEO of Qatar Energy Company, Engineer Saad Sherida 
al-Kaabi, signed on behalf of Qatar, the CEO of Total 
Group, Patrick Pouyanné, signed on behalf of the 
French company, and the CEO of Eni, Claudio 
Descalzi, signed on behalf of the Italian 
company, in the presence of 
ambassadors from Qatar, 
France, and Italy.
“This step comes after Qatar Energy Company, became a 
partner in the consortium of petroleum companies with 
the rights to explore and produce in blocks 4 and 9 in
 Lebanese waters, as an undeveloped oil owner, 
joining Total E&P from France and Eni from 
Italy,” the Lebanese Ministry added.
The ownership share in each of the consortium’s companies
 will be divided among the four partners, and they will work 
together to explore and produce oil and gas in these two 
blocks as follows:
“ Total Energies: 35%
    Eni: 35%
   Qatar Energy: 30% „
This new partnership coincides with the operator’s ongoing
 efforts, to carry out exploration and drilling activities in
 block 9 this year. Lebanon’s share ranges from 54% to 
63% after deducting operating and capital expenses
 if a discovery is made.
“We are thrilled to welcome Qatar Energy to our exploration
efforts in Lebanon. The recent determination of Lebanon’s
 maritime boundary with Israel has generated a new
 opportunity for the exploration of its hydrocarbon 
resources. Total Energies and our partners are 
fully committed to drilling an exploration well 
in Block 9 as soon as possible in 2023, and 
our teams are ready to commence these 
operations,” stated Patrick Pouyanné, 
Chairman and CEO of Total Energies.
This partnership further strengthens the collaboration
 between Total Energies and Qatar Energy.... in 
exploration activities, bringing the number 
of countries where the companies have 
partnerships, to nine.
“Our concentration will be on block number nine,” 
al-Kaabi, Qatar’s Energy Minister, said, adding 
that this could be a first step for Qatar
 Energy to play a bigger role in 
future explorations.
“It is an honour to be in Lebanon with these two companies,”
 said Descalzi, the CEO of Italy’s state-run energy company,
 ENI, said in turn. “We will work all together to give the
 best to your country.”
During the press conference held after the signing ceremony,
 Lebanese Energy Minister Fayyad hailed the deal that 
“marks the beginning of a new chapter that 
reinforces Lebanon’s standing as a major 
player in the regional oil industry.”
“This indicates.. the continuation of confidence in Lebanon 
despite.. all the ordeals and crises that it is going through, 
and the hopes pinned on making commercial discoveries 
in the exclusive Lebanese economic zone,” Fayyad 
pointed out.
For his part, PM Mikati affirmed that the initiation of
 exploration and petroleum activities in Lebanon’s 
waters holds great potential to generate short- 
and medium-term benefits. 
“This marks the initiation of a new stage in the exploration 
and petroleum operations in Lebanese waters, poised 
to have a beneficial influence -- both in the short and
intermediate term, on the creation of opportunities 
for those Lebanese companies involved in the 
petroleum services sector ----- and providing 
employment prospects, for Lebanese youth, 
particularly those with technical expertise,”
 Mikati said.
“This partnership between Qatar Energy and its acquisition 
of a 30% stake in exploration and production agreements 
for Blocks 4 and 9 is a significant and unparalleled event
 in the oil exploration and production sector in Lebanon’s
 maritime waters, given Qatar Energy’s reputation and 
expertise in the gas industry globally,” he noted.
The US Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy
 Affairs, Amos Hochstein, who mediated the Israeli-Lebanese 
maritime border negotiations, has lauded the agreement
 between Lebanon, Qatar Energy, TotalEnergies and 
ENI. In a tweet, Hochstein exclaimed, 
“Congratulations to Lebanon on Qatar Energy joining as an
 investor with ENI and TotalEnergies. This is a welcome
 addition of new investment in the Lebanese energy 
sector and further evidence of progress from the 
maritime agreement.”
Light at the End of the Tunnel?
The Lebanese people pin hopes on this landmark agreement
 that would save its economy from deteriorating..... to an 
untenable level.
The Lebanese economy is in a state of profound distress, with 
the Lebanese pound experiencing a severe devaluation of 
nearly 90% since the onset of the economic crisis in May 
2019. The latest reports indicate the exchange rate of 
the Lebanese pound reached a record low of over
 60,000 to the dollar on Friday.
In addition to this, food prices have skyrocketed nearly
 tenfold ---- leading to high levels of unemployment and 
putting three-quarters of the population into poverty.
The absence of a president has been a persistent issue in 
the country since the expiration of Michel Aoun’s 
presidential term on October 31st. Despite the 
Parliament convening on 11 occasions ---- 
efforts to elect a new president have 
been unsuccessful.
Source: Al-Manar English Website

With the supply of tanks to Ukraine 
the US ''trims'' the all-NATO line
 – Ryabkov
January 29th, 11:11am
The statement by US representatives, that the supply of 
Abrams tanks to Ukraine will not be steps towards the 
escalation of the conflict --- is a denial of the obvious. 
This was stated by Deputy Foreign Minister 
of Russia, Sergey Ryabkov, to RIA Novosti.
He believes that such supplies to Ukraine, are “an 
extremely destructive step” on the part of the US.
The politician points out that the US statements about 
the supply of modern weapons to Kyiv, not being an 
escalation of the conflict on their part --- are 
paradoxical. In addition, he mentions the 
phrase of US politicians, that “peace 
is war”, which is, in his opinion, a
“denial of the obvious.”
“The US authorities took this step ---- because they want
to straighten the NATO ranks and bring the calculation
“first, second”. And all this is happening.. in front of 
the entire world community --- which is already 
experiencing growing concern.. about where
this world is headed --- by a Western group 
of stupid - if not mindless - politicians”, 
summed up Ryabkov.

  Tens of thousands protesters 
hold fresh rallies against 
Israeli prime minister
 in Tel Aviv
January 28th, 9:40pm
Tens of thousands have held a massive rally again in Tel 
Aviv, in the occupied territories, against Benjamin 
Netanyahu's planned judicial reforms, which 
they say -- aims to weaken the regime's 
supreme court in favour of the
prime minister and
extremist cabinet.
The protests were held on Saturday, marking another chapter
 in the weekly demonstrations that have been taking place in
 the city and elsewhere throughout the occupied territories, 
since Netanyahu announced his far-right cabinet
 last month.
The participants banged on drums, shouted anti-regime
 slogans through megaphones, and impersonated 
Netanyahu in a prison uniform and handcuffs.
A man was seen holding up a banner
 that read, "Slipping into darkness."
"We came to demonstrate against an illegitimate" 
cabinet, said an NGO worker who vowed
the protests ---- "will not stop."
"I believe that what the current prime minister is doing is
 wrong... I think we are in a very dangerous situation, 
and I can't let it just go away. We need to be here 
to fight for it...," said another.
Netanyahu cobbled together his cabinet late last month,
 allying himself with the most far-right parties across 
the Knesset (the Israeli parliament).
In order to secure the loyalty and partnership of the extremist 
politicians, he has pledged to further their desired agendas,
 including by "overhauling" the regime's judicial apparatus
 by taking away the supreme court's ability to nullify the
 decisions that are made by the either the cabinet 
or Knesset.
More than 130 hi-tech companies and businesses will go on
 strike on Tuesday to protest the proposed legislation to 
make changes to the Israeli justice system.
Netanyahu is also accused of trying to effect the changes 
as means of fighting off a set of corruption charges he 
was slapped with during the twilight of his previous 
mandate as premier in 2019.
He has dismissed the protests as a refusal by his leftist
 opponents to accept the results of last November's 
election, which gave him the right to announce 
the cabinet. He has - rather - said the judicial 
reforms are needed, to hamstring what he 
has calls "activist judges," who could 
stand up to the regime's decisions.
This is the fourth straight week that huge
were held, against
Netanyahu's extremist cabinet
 his political agenda.

The Federation Council assessed 
the results -- of the presidential
 election in the Czech Republic
January 28th, 9:12pm
Deputy Speaker of the Russian Federation Council 
Konstantin Kosachev assessed the results of the 
presidential election in the Czech Republic. His 
words are reported by RIA Novosti
Kosachev reminded that the powers of the President of the
 Czech Republic are seriously limited by the constitution, 
which was seen in the example of the previous head of
 state Milos Zeman. "So there will definitely be no 
changes for the better, in terms of the Czech 
Republic's return to constructive positions - 
and verbal rhetoric is likely to change only 
for the worse," he said, noting that at the 
moment the Czech Republic is one of 
....the most unfriendly European 
countries towards Russia.


Tens of thousands of Portuguese
 teachers take to Lisbon streets
to demand better pay
January 28th, 8:57pm
Tens of thousands of public school teachers and 
school staff have marched through the streets 
of the capital Lisbon to demand higher wages 
and better working conditions.
The Saturday demonstrations were seen as a further 
step by the country’s teachers to put more pressure 
on the Portuguese government as it grapples with 
a cost of living crisis.
According to police, about 80,000 protesters filled th
e Portuguese capital, shouting slogans like "for the
 banks there are millions ------ for us, there are 
only pennies."
Portugal’s socialist Prime Minister Antonio Costa is currently
 facing a slump in popularity and street protests not just by
 teachers, but by other professionals, such as doctors, 
only a year after he won a majority in parliament.
The Union of All Education Professionals (STOP) is demanding
 the government increase the wages of teachers and school 
workers by at least 120 euros ($130) a month and speed up
 career progression.
The government has not made a counter-proposal specifically 
for teachers, but has said it will add 52 euros to the monthly
 salaries of all civil servants who earn up to about 
2,600 euros.
Teachers say because of career freezes in the past, they are
 the lowest-paid senior civil servants, which means their
 financial situation has worsened after a recent spike
 in inflation --- to a 30-year high.
Teachers on the lowest pay scale are paid around 1,100 euros
 per month and even those in the top band typically earn less 
than 2,000 euros monthly.
"For years, they (politicians) kept us silent. We need better 
conditions in terms of salary, it's unacceptable that we
don't have progression in our careers," said Isabel 
Pessoa, 47, a science and biology teacher.
Since early December, teachers and other education staff
 across Portugal have been staging job walkouts, closing
 many schools and leaving students unable to attend 
classes. The strikes have been organized on an 
area-by-area basis, with successive days of 
action in each of Portugal's 18 districts.
The government has criticized STOP, for the way it has
organized the industrial actions, because, it says, it 
does not have a pre-set timetable and teachers 
and staff only refuse to work certain hours 
on a specific day -- but are still able to 
close schools.

Ukrainians warned about growth
of amounts in receipts - for light
January 28th, 8:31pm 
Ukrainian YASNO DTEK announced an increase
in payments for light ----- despite the blackouts.
Residents of Ukraine were warned, that in the near future 
they may receive higher receipts for electricity. This was
announced on his Facebook page (a social network 
banned in Russia; owned by Meta Corporation, 
which is recognized as extremist in the 
Russian Federation and banned) 
by the General director of the 
Ukrainian energy company 
He noted that the increase in the cost of services will occur 
despite regular blackouts. He explained this decision by 
the increased consumption of electricity after the 
supply is resumed.
According to Kovalenko, when the light is turned on, a lot of
 devices are immediately turned on in the sockets, which 
can compensate for the amount of electricity that
saved, during shutdowns.
Earlier it was reported that the largest regions of Ukraine
 switched to stabilization blackouts. This decision was
 made in relation to the Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk and 
Odessa regions.

In Poland, a Ukrainian man bit off
 a piece of a woman's ear and 
stole her car
January 28th, 5:49pm,
In Poland, the police detained a 35-year-old Ukrainian man 
who bit off a piece of a woman's ear and stole her car. 
This is reported by Epoznan.pl.
According to the Polish newspaper, the man damaged five
 cars, and then attacked the Citroen driver, who wanted 
to let him pass while crossing the road. The attacker 
opened the car door, got inside and bit the woman. 
After that, he pushed the victim out, got behind 
the wheel and soon drove into a road sign. 

The man did not manage to escape — 
he was tracked down and placed in 
a hospital, under surveillance.

Russia becomes largest 
foreign investor in Iran
January 28th,  5:37pm
Russia has become the largest foreign investor in Iran, 
according to an Iranian deputy finance minister who 
says the country has attracted a significant amount 
of foreign investment in the past 15 months despite 
US sanctions that ban countries and entities from 
engaging in business activity in Iran.
Ali Fekri, who leads the Organization for Investment &
 Economic and Technical Assistance of Iran, said the
 Russians had brought some $2.7 billion worth of 
investment to two petroleum projects in Iran, in 
the past 15 months.
The figure accounts... for some 45% of the total foreign 
investment attracted by Iran over the period, said Fekri.
The official added, however, that Iran was not happy with 
the amount of investment committed by China for 
economic and energy projects in Iran in the 
15 months to the end of 2022.
“China has invested nearly $185 million in Iran over that 
period which we are not happy with given the amount
 of negotiations and meetings we had,” he said.
Fekri said Iran had set a target of $10.2 billion in direct 
foreign investment for the 15 months to December last 
year - of which - some $5.95 billion had entered
 the country.
He said the figure was much higher than investments that 
had been attracted by Iran in years that followed the 
signing of a nuclear agreement between the 
country and world powers, in 2015.
The rise in foreign investment in Iran comes as the country 
is still under a us regime of sanctions that has banned any 
investment in Iranian economic and energy projects....
 since 2018.

Díaz-Canel --- pleads for regional
integration to balance the world
by Elsy Fors Garzon
January 28th, 11:18am
(Prensa Latina) 
Achieving a just and equitable society requires international 
integration and resilient dialogue, Cuban President Miguel
Díaz-Canel pointed out.. during the 5th Conference for the
Balance of the World.... that concludes today in Havana.
After the special intervention entitled The return of balance,
 by vice president of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, David
 Choquehuanca, the Cuban president highlighted the
 importance of remembering and endorsing the 
values bequeathed by the original peoples, 
because from them comes “our identity 
that became wealthier afterwards.”
He pointed out the impact of the cultural colonization by the
empires on the territories of Latin America, which caused
fracture in “our senses and emotions”, even fostering the
 belief --- that history is an obsolete subject and “that is 
what opens the doors to domination” and the denial
 of our roots.
Before a representation of the thousand delegates gathered 
at the event dedicated to the 170th anniversary of the
 National Hero of the island, José Martí, the dignitary
 recalled his approach to the native cultures 
of Bolivia.
He added that this allowed him to appreciate “all the wisdom
 of these peoples, the way they measured time or channeled
 the waters… that way of being and acting and, above all,
 its spirituality.”
That experience became an opportunity to get to know the
 essence of the region, at the same time that he based his 
opinion on the existence of this fundamental battle to
 preserve identity --- since they have “much to show 
and we have a lot to defend, together with them, 
to continue strengthening our values.” 
In the same way, he highlighted the relevance of this space 
for dialogue to ensure that the peoples are increasingly 
represented in a genuine way.
We have to seek that each time all this is a popular debate, 
with the presence of social movements and the whole of 
society, because with this we will be achieving the long-
awaited and true Latin American and Caribbean 
integration and the true unity that we need
 these times, he stressed.
On the previous day, the president attended the conclave and
spoke at the Congress of the New International Economic
Order, a space that also highlighted some guidelines 
to balancing the global order, by cooperation, for 
sustainable development.

Bolivia at CELAC: lashes 
out at U.S. interference
by Pavel López Lazo
January 28th, 9:49am
(Prensa Latina) 
Bolivia ratified this week "its sovereignty to decide 
whom it does business with", in response to 
statements made by Laura Richardson, 
four-star general and commander of 
the U.S. Southern Command.
“This is not the first time the United States has protested
 about our natural wealth. And I want to emphasize -----
 they are our natural resources”, said Bolivian 
President Luis Arce, in an interview with the
 Telam news agency, in Argentina.
During a speech before the Atlantic Council in Washington, 
Richardson stated that Latin America is of interest to the 
United States.. as part of its national security.
On the basis of an alleged threat to democracy in this area 
by Russia and China, Richardson justified Washington’s
 ambitions over hydrocarbons, other minerals and 
Amazonian biodiversity.
“But why is this region so important? Because it is rich in 
resources and rare earths, with the so-called Lithium 
Triangle (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile), a metal too 
necessary for technology”, Richardson 
Luis Arce recalled in the interview with the Argentine agency 
that Bolivia nationalized hydrocarbons in 2006, so they are 
part of the full sovereignty of the people, as stated in the 
Political Constitution of the Plurinational State, 
enacted in 2009.
“The history of our country has been that of plundering our
 natural resources and has not left any profit for Bolivians. 
Since gas nationalization (May 1st, 2006) and lithium
 industrialization, Bolivia has made a difference 
in its economic model,” Arce stressed.
After participating in the 7th Summit of the Community of Latin 
American and Caribbean States (CELAC) in Buenos Aires, Luis 
Arce described this path as “strategic for our development, 
not to keep exploitation of one country to another”.
“We´re currently facing multiple and systematic capitalist 
crises that increasingly put at risk the life of humanity 
and our Mother Earth; food, water, energy, climate, 
health, health, economic, commercial and 
social crisis,” he described.
Venezuela: Love debt
 inherited from 
José Martí
by Pavel López Lazo
January 28th, 7:41am
(Prensa Latina) 
Historical relations between Venezuela and Cuba go beyond
 centuries, in which the history of men, like Simón Bolívar, 
José Martí, Hugo Chávez and Fidel Castro, intermingle
 in time and constitute today´s paradigms.
Celebrating José Martí´s 170th birth anniversary in these
 lands, where he arrived in 142 years ago, recalled 
historical passages of that umbilical cord that 
unites us and nourishes us every single day 
with the very essence that makes them 
see each other as brotherly peoples.
According to Rubén Rodríguez, advisor of the José Martí Casa 
de Nuestra América in Caracas, the Cuban National Hero 
came to Venezuela in 1881 to “look for Simón Bolívar”, 
and to a country that was pivotal in his military 
thought, through battles fought by 
the Liberator.
It was not by chance that on January 21st, 1881, Martí
“without shaking off the dust of the road, did not ask 
where to eat or sleep, but how to go to Bolivar´s 
statue” and before it, he cried “like a father 
when a son comes to him”.
Martí founded the Venezolana magazine, so that when he 
said in his farewell letter to Fausto Teodoro de Aldrey: 
“Give me Venezuela, to serve you, it already has a 
son in me”, the poet was already a noble son of 
the Venezuelan homeland, he said.
Martí was one of the teachers of the Bolivar Centennial
 Generation. He taught José Gil Fortoul, one of the 
greatest Venezuelan intellectuals, besides being
 a friend of former President Guillermo Tell 
Villegas. Plus, he was professor of 
Lisandro Alvarado ---- one of the 
great writers, an ethnographer, 
ethnologist and philologist.

Serbia has many differences 
with European Parliament
top diplomat
January 27th, 8:58pm (TASS) 
Serbia plans to continue cooperation with the European
 Parliament, although it doesn’t share many of its 
approaches, the Serbian First Deouty Prime 
Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
 Ivica Dacic, said on Friday.
"We have many differences. The European Parliament is an
 institute whose resolutions are not binding on European
 structures. But in any case, it is very important that 
we react to everything which is untrue in their 
reports," he said in a statement that was 
posted on the ministry’s website.
The minister stressed however that despite that,
 Serbia is committed to its European path.
Earlier, criticism of the EU leadership and its policy was
 voiced by Croatian President, Zoran Milanovic, who 
said that the equality of the European Union 
members is an illusion and the EU leaders 
focus only on money and disregard 
their partners. 
He slammed the current EU leadership as the most
 incompetent in history ----- and called for the 
resignation of the EU foreign policy chief 
Josep Borrell. In his words.. European
politicians of
 this generation do not
 understand the consequences 
of what they are doing.


UN chief: condemns attempts
 to rewrite history and deny 
January 27th, 5:22pm (TASS)
 The present-day world, is again, facing the growth of hatred
 and Nazi ideology leading to attempts to rewrite history, 
deny the Holocaust and rehabilitate collaborators, 
United Nations Secretary General Antonio 
Guterres said, on Friday.
"The rise of National Socialism in Germany was made possible
 by the indifference - if not connivance - of so many millions.
 But the alarm bells were already ringing in 1933. Too few
 bothered to listen, and fewer still spoke out," he said 
at a UN General Assembly meeting on International 
Holocaust Remembrance Day.
"Today, we can hear echoes of those same siren songs ----- to
 hate. From an economic crisis that is breeding discontent to
 populist demagogues using the crisis to seduce voters... to
 growing disregard for human rights & disdain for the rule 
of law... to surging white supremacist and Neo-Nazi 
ideologies... to attempts to rewrite history, deny 
the Holocaust, and rehabilitate collaborators,
 to rising antisemitism and other forms of
 religious bigotry --- and hatred. At its 
essence, Holocaust remembrance 
is a call to be on constant alert,"
 he stressed.


Colombian President -- to Promote 
Pension, Labour, Health Reforms
January 27th (teleSUR)
Petro's changes to the pension system will allow the State
 to deliver a monthly bonus of about US$110, to almost
three million older adults who require a pension.
On Thursday, Colombian President Gustavo Petro announced
 that he will shortly send to Congress a set of reforms to the 
pension, health and labour systems.
"The reforms will once again guarantee the rights of 
Colombian men and women," he said, recalling that
 the Constitution establishes guarantees related
 access to pensions, health, work, and 
public services.
Previously, Petro announced that he would eliminate the
 intermediation of Health Provider Companies (EPS). 

This possibility, however, unleashed fierce 
opposition from political sectors linked 
to private companies.
His policy goal is to migrate towards a preventive health
 system which "avoids the disease as far as possible", 
and incorporates doctors to care for people who live
remote places, plus care for poor farmers.
"This preventive health model... exists in most of the world. 
From Costa Rica to Europe, it exists where people did not 
believe the story that health is a business," Petro said, 
showing himself in favour ---- of greater public 
intervention in the provision of services
 to citizens.
The Colombian president also mentioned that the pension
 reform seeks to ensure that an important part of the
 contributions be saved in a public fund, since the
 current system "is a business in which what a 
citizen saves for years, is not enough to
 a pension."
The changes to the pension system will also allow the State
 to deliver a monthly bonus of about US$110 to almost
 three million older adults who require a pension.
Finally, Petro seeks that Colombians can have labour stability
 and dignity. His reform will also guarantee rights related to
 social benefits, vacations, and decent working hours.

EU tells Serbia, Kosovo to sign
 deal --- or face consequences
January 26th, 6:29pm
The West has issued an ultimatum, warning Serbia and
 Kosovo to either agree to a plan to normalize bilateral
 relations, or face ''repercussions'' from the European 
Union and the United States.
EU's Special Representative for Belgrade-Pristina Dialogue
 Miroslav Lajcak, said on Wednesday, the two sides have
 been given until March to announce their decision. 
"There is a natural deadline or timetable because by March
 we will know whether we are progressing or not and if we
 are not progressing --- we will know why we are not 
progressing, and who is responsible for that."
He warned that if either country rejected the deal, they would
 suffer a drop in political and economic support, as well as a
reduction in new investments by the West. "We are all part
 of the wider international community and it is really 
important whether you are seen as a part of the 
solution or part of the problem, because this
is then ------- how you are treated by the 
international community."
Last week, envoys from the EU, Germany, France, Italy, and 
the US met leaders of both countries to try to convince
 them to sign a deal meant to defuse the long-lasting 
dispute. Under the 11-point plan - Serbia would not 
have to officially recognize the independence of
its former province. But it would have to stop 
lobbying against Kosovo's membership in 
international bodies. The 2 ''countries'' 
will also have to open representative 
offices in each other's capitals and 
work on ''resolving differences.''
The West has been opposed to an escalation of tensions
 between Serbia and its former province, fearing that
frequent strife between minority Serbs in north 
Kosovo province and the majority ethnic-
government of Pristina
will lead to 
a wider conflict.
The US and the EU have been supporters of Kosovo's
''independence''. However, Pristina has been denied 
a seat at the UN, due to the objections raised by
Serbia and supported by several states,
including its main ally, Russia.

expects 25,000 metric
 tons of grain from Russia -
January 26th, 4:36pm (TASS)
 Lebanon expects the delivery of 25,000 metric tons of grain 
from Russia, Ambassador of Lebanon in Moscow, Chawki 
Bou Nassar, told TASS in an interview.
"With regard to food security, Lebanon and Russia, are in 
very good contact, actually. Recently, Russia promised 
to send around 25,000 tons of grains to Lebanon, 
mainly wheat.. in addition to the big amount of 
petrol & gas products," the Ambassador said.
"We hope in the near future we can receive this big 
amount of products," the Lebanese diplomat said, 
adding that Russia will provide them for free.

UN Asks Peruvian Government 
Not to Stigmatize Protesters
January 26th, (teleSUR)
Meanwhile, President Boluarte sought support 
from the U.S.-controlled OAS, to whitewash 
her image internationally.
On Wednesday, United Nations Secretary Antonio 
Guterres expressed concern about the death toll 
during protests against President Dina Boluarte
 in Peru.
He asked the Peruvian authorities to comply with 
international commitments on human rights, 
avoid stigmatizing protesters, and foster a
 meaningful and inclusive dialogue..... that 
allows solving the ongoing political crisis.
The UN Secretary also requested that "prompt, effective 
and impartial investigations" be carried out into the 
deaths registered in the protests that began on 
December 7th, 2022, after Congress removed 
President Pedro Castillo from office.
Guterres recalled that measures such as the suspension 
of the right to peaceful assembly must be limited to 
what is strictly required by the situation and be 
consistent with other obligations under 
international law.
A tweet reads, "Basic products shortage in several areas of 
Peru due to roadblocks. Protests demanding the resignation 
of Dina Boluarte do not stop. The president insists that she 
will not resign and that the elections will be in 2024.
Sixty-three people have died in the protests."
On Wednesday, Boluarte made a virtual presentation before
 the Organization of American States (OAS), an institution 
that has operated as Washington's diplomatic arm to 
promote and endorse coups in Latin America.
In a "protocol session" organized to provide external support
 to her administration, Boluarte referred to the brutal
 repression, which has left over 60 dead in less than 
two months of government, as if it were a matter in 
which she would not have responsibility.
"It deeply hurts us that, amid recent demonstrations in various
 parts of the country, the irreplaceable lives of a significant
 number of compatriots have been lost and that their rights
 may have been affected. We hope ----- that justice will 
continue its course and establish responsibilities 
soon," she said.
In this regard, the newspaper La Izquierda commented that
 "Boluarte tries to show a supposed empathy with the pain 
of the victims' families," which is "one of the many lies 
that the coup-born president usually manifests."

Swedish Households' Unpaid 
Debts ------ Hit Record High
January 26th, 4:24pm 
"Increased living expenses generally contribute to 
higher over-indebtedness," an analyst explained.
On Thursday, the Swedish Enforcement Authority
 acknowledged that the ongoing inflationary 
pressures and increasing interest rates 
pushed up the unpaid debts owed by 
households to record highs last year.
At the end of 2022, the outstanding debts owed by 
individuals totaled 101 billion Swedish kronor 
(US$9.9 billion), the government agency in 
charge of debt collection said.
This was 7 billion kronor more than in 2021 and 
represented a 34 billion kronor increase over 
a decade.
"Increased living expenses generally contribute to 
higher over-indebtedness. Those who already are
 in a tough financial situation...  and have small 
margins become over-indebted... more easily," 
Davor Vuleta an analyst at the authority said.
"A large part of the increase is due to debts constantly
 growing, due to interest, but it's also due to us 
collecting more debts for higher amounts," 
Vuleta added.
Year-on-year inflation in Sweden was 12.3 percent in
 December. To combat inflation, the Swedish central 
bank (Riksbank) has since May 2022 implemented 
four policy rate hikes to currently 2.5 percent
 after more than seven years of zero and 
sub-zero policy rates.
In its latest Monetary Policy Report released in 
November, the Riksbank said that further 
rate hikes could be expected.

Brazil to Investigate Genocide 
Against the Yanomami People
January 25th, (teleSUR)
Over the last four years, the Yanomani population has been 
permanently harassed by illegal miners, who had the 
support of the Bolsonaro administration and 
rural militias.
On Wednesday, the Brazilian Police announced that it will 
open an investigation to establish whether the serious 
health emergency experienced by the Yanomami 
people is the consequence of the actions and 
policies..... implemented during the Jair 
Bolsonaro administration (2019-2023).
This investigation arose from a complaint filed by the Justice
 Ministry, which detected a very serious health situation in
 the villages located in the states of Amazonas 
and Roraima.
The complaint asks to clarify the alleged responsibility of 
the Bolsonaro administration in omissions that could be 
classified as crimes of genocide.
Located in the Amazon basin, the Yanomami territory, 
which is the reserve of Brazil with about 10 million 
hectares, is inhabited by about 27,000 
Indigenous people.
Over the last four years, this population has been 
permanently harassed by illegal miners, who had
 the support of large companies and far-right 
militias operating in rural areas.
The Justice Ministry complaint mentions that Indigenous
 peoples submitted "repeated requests for help" since
 2019. Nevertheless, their requests were ignored 
by Bolsonaro.
On Saturday, President Lula da Silva visited the Yanomani 
territory, which was declared in a situation of "health
 emergency of national importance" so that it can 
be promptly attended to.
"What I saw in Roraima was a genocide rather than a
 humanitarian crisis. It was a premeditated crime 
against the Yanomami, committed by an 
administration insensitive to the 
suffering of the Brazilian 
people," Lula said after
 his visit to the Amazon.
After this first visit, the Indigenous Peoples Ministry
 announced... that over a thousand citizens with 
severe malnutrition received emergency care.
 It also reported that at least 570 Yanomami 
children died from mercury contamination 
and malnutrition over the last four years.
Besides experiencing water pollution from mining, 
the Yanomani territory has also been affected by 
numerous cases of malaria and other 
tropical diseases.
When the former Captain Bolsonaro assumed the
 presidency, in January 2019, he began to 
systematically dismantle environmental
 and humanitarian institutions that had 
protected Amazonian inhabitants for 
decades.  Many of these Indigenous 
peoples have been struggling to 
remain isolated from the 
colonizing society.
Boluarte Decides to Militarize 
the Puno Region in Peru
January 25th, (teleSUR)
Laraqueri district's residents were surprised by an unusual
 presence of hundreds of soldiers, helicopters, and military
 vehicles, which arrived to enter the city of Puno.
On Tuesday, Peru's President Dina Boluarte ordered 500 
soldiers to enter Puno and extended the curfew in this
 department ---- for another 10 days. Previously, 
however, she called for a "national truce."
"In the morning hours, the residents of the Laraqueri district
 were surprised by an unusual presence of hundreds of 
soldiers, helicopters and military vehicles, which 
arrived to enter the city of Puno," the local 
newspaper El Buho reported.
"Although the residents were frightened, they tried to 
prevent the troops from entering. However, the 
soldiers left the vehicles in the area and 
walked towards the regional capital."
Since January 15th, the Puno department has been under 
a curfew that begins at 8:00 p.m. and ends at 4:00 a.m. 
During this lapse, people are required to remain inside
 their residences.
For weeks, Boluarte has also maintained a "State of 
Emergency" in the regions of Lima, Callao and 
Cusco ----- where the massive protests 
demanding her resignation, have 
not ceased.
A tweet reads, "Urgent. It's not U.S. troops occupying and
invading countries around the world to plunder their 
minerals. It's not Ukrainian or Russian troops 
positioning for combat either. It's the 
Peruvian army cornering Puno and 
getting ready for a massacre. SOS
Puno, SOS Peru, Dictatorship 
in Peru."
The militarization of Puno occurs on a day in which Peruvians 
were violently repressed in downtown Lima, where they also 
demanded the closure of Congress and the immediate 
calling of general elections.
In response to the State terrorism climate prevailing in Peru, 
a group of 46 lawyers will denounce Boluarte before the 
International Criminal Court (ICC) for the murder of over 
60 protesters since she assumed the presidency on 
December the 7th, 2022.
Their "Crimes Against Humanity" complaint includes Prime
 Minister Alberto Otarola, the head of the Armed Forces 
Joint Command... Manuel Gomez de la Torre, former 
ministers Cesar Cervantes and Victor Rojas, and 
far-right lawmakers Jorge Montoya. and 
Patricia Chirinos.
Presidents Diaz-Canel &
 da Silva Meet In
Buenos Aires
January 25th, 12 midday
On Tuesday, Presidents Miguel Diaz-Canel (Cuba) and Lula da
 Silva (Brazil) met in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where the 7th
 Summit of the Community of Latin American & Caribbean
States (CELAC) took place.
"In this affectionate meeting, we reiterated the joy for Brazil’s
 return to CELAC and shared the will to strengthen bilateral
 relations, consistent with the historical friendship ties
 between our peoples," Diaz-Canel tweeted.
“I am proud to have partaken in this forum, of which Cubans
 are part. I hope that U.S. 60-year-long blockade against 
Cuba finally ends so that this Caribbean country can
 return to a normal development process,” Lula da 
Silva stated.
He stressed that all nations must treat Cuba with affection
 and respect, as this stance contributes to solving political 
differences through dialogue. “Brazil has no enmity with 
any country. If we can help to reach agreements, we 
will do so,” Lula pointed out.
“I learned in my political life, by making negotiations between 
employers and employees, that the more you dialogue, the
 more opportunities you have to reach an agreement,” the
 Brazilian President noted, stressing the value of 
maintaining peace.
“This is CELAC’s aim, provide an extraordinary space for
 discussion and learning,” Lula da Silva said and called 
for respecting the self-determination of peoples by 
avoiding imposing sanctions, threats, or 
personal offenses.
“Washington persists in its efforts to divide, stigmatize and
 subordinate us to its interests, almost 200 years after the
 promulgation of the Monroe Doctrine," Diaz-Canel said.
"It is urgent to close ranks and project a strategic vision 
...towards CELAC's economic, social, and cultural 
integration, which allows us to develop jointly
 and independently from U.S. interests,” 
he insisted.

India celebrates 
Cuba’s National Day
by Ana Luisa Brown
January 25th, 1:31pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
The 64th anniversary of the Cuban Revolution and the 63rd 
anniversary of Cuba-India relations were celebrated in 
New Delhi on Wednesday in an evening gala attended
 by officials, diplomats, deputies, business people 
and friends.
Minister of State for External Affairs and Culture, Meenakshi 
Lekhi, who recently returned from an official visit to Havana, 
recalled the meetings she held with the Cuban President, 
Miguel Diaz-Canel.
She stressed that Cuba and India are united in 
history and in the common values that both 
countries defend internationally.
Lekhi congratulated Cuba on its full independence day 
and reaffirmed the will to continue developing 
bilateral ties.
Cuban Ambassador Alejandro Simancas highlighted the ties
 of friendship, collaboration, respect and dialogue, that 
characterize bilateral relations and in the design of 
which, the historic leader of the Revolution, Fidel 
Castro, and mythical Argentine-Cuban guerrilla 
Commander, Ernesto Che Guevara, played a 
fundamental role.
Aleida Guevara, Che’s daughter, was invited to the meeting. 
She expressed gratitude for the expressions of friendship 
and solidarity she and her daughter, Estefania, received 
during their recent stay in India.
In his speech, Asif Iqbal, president of the Indian Economic
and Trade Organization (IETO), called for the continued
development of economic and trade ties --- and 
announced the organization of an upcoming 
business delegation to Havana.

Thousands of UK Businesses
 Face Collapse ---- as Cost of 
Living Nightmare Continues
January 25th, 1:29pm (FNA)
Business owners have been warned that thousands of firms 
face collapse this year as the cost of living crisis continues.
Last year, the number of companies on the brink jumped by 
more than a third, according to insolvency firm Begbies
Traynor, The Daily Mirror reported.
They expect this number to rise this year due to higher
 costs and consumers cutting back on spending.
Julie Palmer, partner at the firm, says they have 
been receiving an increasing number of calls 
from businesses owners --- who are left 
concerned over whether they should 
carry on.
The firm says the number of companies in critical financial
 distress jumped by 36% in the last three months of 2022, 
reports the BBC.
This is defined by if a company has more than £5,000
 in country court judgments or a winding up petition
 against it.
The number of country court judgments served
companies in 2022 jumped by 52%,
compared with 2021.
Julie says that up until now, low interest rates and loans 
had helped firms, while COVID loans and longer time
 pay taxes during the pandemic... also 
provided support.
However, she says.. there is "nothing" on the 
horizon in terms of what might replace them.
A backlog in the insolvency courts ------ due to 
COVID has delayed some company collapses.
Julie said, "The courts were closed for business so nobody 
could take recovery action against non-payers and we are 
beginning to see those cases pushed through now."
These challenges have already proved lethal for some 
business owners, who admit that the pressures of 
keeping their businesses running, feels like a 
"never-ending nightmare".
Britain recently cemented a new downgraded spot 
in the world's economic rankings ------ after being 
overtaken by India.
The UK dropped from the fifth to sixth-biggest economy 
....earlier than expected - and now won’t move for 15 
years, according to the Centre for Economics 
and Business Research.
But it happened in 2021 instead, the consultancy’s
 World Economic League Table said.
The annual report now expects the UK position
 "to remain stable at sixth place over the next 
15 years".
The report warns UK growth will no longer 
"exceed that in the rest of Europe"... in
 the coming years.

Lebanon Sliding Daily 
into Bottom of Crisis:
Inflation Rate
January 25th, 12:27pm
(al Manar)
`News reports about the exchange rate of the Lebanese
 pound against the US dollar on the black market must
 be updated every one hour as the rising arrow
 indicates that the economic crisis will 
keep exacerbating.
At the time of preparing this report, the US dollar is sold 
on the black market for 56,650 Lebanese Lira amid a
complete absence of any governmental measures
 to cope with the inflation surge.
The Central Bank’s endeavour to curb the deterioration by
 selling fresh dollars via Sayrafa platform which provides
 lower prices.... has also failed to address the roots of 
the calamity.
Accordingly, prices of gasoline, diesel and gas 
increased remarkably, as shown in the table:
95 octanes LBP 1.005.000
98 octanes LBP 1.030.000
Diesel LBP 1.055.000
Gas LBP 643.000
In addition, Lebanon is suffering from power outage crisis 
and a renewed bread scarcity trouble, which makes the
 living conditions in the country extremely dreadful.
US Intervention
The UStates is responsible for the economic siege 
imposed on Lebanon --- in order to reach certain 
political targets, continued implementing its
 interference scheme.
In this regard, the US ambassador to Lebanon, Dorothy 
Shea, announced on Wednesday... financial aid to the 
Lebanese army and security forces, explaining that 
every serviceman will receive $100 per month.
Due to the US siege, the value of the Lebanese soldier’s 
salary --- decreased from $800 to $75 --- leaving the 
servicemen with dreadful living conditions.
Thus, the US's hypocrital aid comes in the context 
of the US political pressures on Lebanon.
Source: Al-Manar English Website

The Economist: national debt problem 
could force the United States
 into austerity
January 25th, 10:49am
To avoid a default, the U.S. is trying to come up with 
various options to increase the debt ceiling and 
struggle with huge spending.
A US default is not conceivable at the moment, but action 
to avoid it is becoming increasingly difficult, reports The 
Economist. The fundamentals for the US economy have
 become increasingly shaky over the years --- and 
markets may react differently to such events.
On 19 January, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen announced
 that the national debt had reached a set ceiling of $31.381
 trillion, and the US Treasury has already begun to apply
 ‘extraordinary measures’ to win a few months for
 policy discussions.
The publication notes that previously proposed methods 
to save cash, such as deferring the investment of 
pension funds, may provide an opportunity to 
delay default for several months.

Venezuela and Türkiye -- 
strengthen strategic ties 
 by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
January 25th, 8:51am
 (Prensa Latina) 
The Governments of Venezuela and Türkiye, signed a 
memorandum of understanding in this capital which 
strengthens the strategic ties between the 
two countries.
The Foreign Economic Relations Board of Turkey, and 
the International Centre for Productive Investment in
 Venezuela, signed the document in the presence of
 President Nicolás Maduro and the Turkish Trade 
Minister, Mehmet Mus.
Previously, on Tuesday evening, in an event held in 
Ayacucho Hall at Miraflores Palace, governments 
headquarters, the head of State received the 
trade minister and a multidisciplinary team 
of experts in the area, so as to review 
strategic alliances.
Venezuela’s Sectoral Vice-President for Economy, Tareck El 
Aissami, referred to the commercial exchange between the
 two nations, which exceeded 800 million dollars in 2021
 and averaged 500 million dollars between 2017 and
 that year.
Mus expressed that this visit will improve relations between 
Venezuela & Türkiye and asserted that Presidents Nicolás
 Maduro and Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan... have always shown 
us the right path to enhance bilateral relations, as well 
as opening the way for economic and trade ties.
Regading the latter, Maduro, reminded that in the worst
 circumstances experienced by his nation, between 
2017 and 2020, ErdoÄŸan “was always” beside 
Venezuela, with a loving and caring hand.


Brazil’s President suggests creating 
common currencies for BRICS, 
January 23rd, 6:58pm (TASS)
 President of Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva suggests thinking
 over the possibility of creating a common currency for both 
BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) and 
MERCOSUR [the Southern Common Market, with 
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, as 
full members] for use in mutual settlements.
"If it were up to me, we would always trade with other
countries in national currencies, so as not to be 
dependent on the dollar. Why not make an 
attempt... to create a common currency
for MERCOSUR countries or for BRICS 
countries?" the President said at a
 joint press conference with 
President of Argentina 
Alberto Fernandez.
"I believe that over time, we will come to that. I believe this is 
necessary because many countries face challenges buying 
dollars," Lula da Silva said. National banks might enter into
 appropriate agreements on creation of such currencies
 for their use in intra-bloc trade, the President noted.
Lula da Silva confessed he was not surprised by heated 
emotions and mistrust related to this topic. "Anything 
new causes mistrust. Still, all new things should be
 tried because we cannot confine ourselves to 20th 
century capabilities in the 21st century," the 
Brazilian leader said. This will enable 
making "a quantum leap" in mutual 
trade, he added.
Italy’s Five Star Movement stands 
against further arms supplies 
to Ukraine
January 23rd, 6:42pm (TASS)
 Italy’s opposition party Five Star Movement stands against 
sending more weapons to Ukraine as it will lead to further 
escalation rather than the conflict’s settlement, its leader
 and former Italian Prime Minister, Giuseppe Conte, said 
on Monday.
"We see in this [further arms supplies] only further escalation,
 only the continuation of arms supplies and no prospects for 
talks. Our position is well-known: we support Ukraine, but 
Italy has already made its contribution, and now it is time 
to contribute to diplomacy. That is why we don’t support
 new weapons supplies," the ANSA news agency 
quoted him as saying.
He noted that only the types of weapons to be sent to Ukraine 
are being discussed internationally, instead of prospects for 
peaceful settlement.
The Repubblica newspaper reported earlier that the Italian 
government was expected to approve another batch, the 
sixth one since last March, of new weapons for Kiev. 
The list will include Aspide guided missiles. However, SAMP-T 
multiple rocket launchers are not on the list of such weapons
 due to technical problems.
Italy’s parliament has voted for two resolutions on assistance,
 including military aid, to Ukraine. The Five Star party voted 
in favor of the first resolution in March 2022 and last 
December, already in opposition, voted against it.


 Eight countries side with anti-
Russian sanctions - EU Council
January 23rd, 6:23pm (TASS)
Eight countries, including Ukraine, aligned themselves 
with all the decisions on EU sanctions against Russia,
 the Council of the EU said in its statements 
on Monday.
"The [EU] candidate countries North Macedonia, Montenegro, 
Albania, Ukraine, and Bosnia and Herzegovina and the EFTA 
[European Free Trade Association] countries Iceland, 
Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the 
European Economic Area, align them-
selves with this Council Decision,"
 the EU Council said.
Serbia is the only EU candidate country 
refusing to introduce anti-Russian 
sanctions, so far.
US crosses all red lines
threatening countries 
cooperating with Russia
 — Lavrov
January 23rd,  2:35pm (TASS)
 Washington is crossing all bounds with its threats to other 
countries because of their cooperation with Russia, 
Foreign Minister, Sergey Lavrov, said on Monday,
 a press conference following talks with his 
South African counterpart, Naledi Pandor.
"[The US] publicly states those cooperating with Russia will 
regret [it]," the Minister said. "The US, and the UK also, are
 crossing all red lines with their threats and pressure,"
 Lavrov noted.
The US "stops at nothing," including threats against political
 figures who have US bank accounts and those whose
 children are studying in US universities, the 
Minister said.
"They [the US - TASS] threaten major nations representing 
grand centennial civilizations --- and ignore that such
 nations have their national pride," he added.
Russia, Iran stress need for 
multipolar world, says
 lower house speaker
January 23rd, 2:04pm (TASS) 
Russia and Iran share the view... that issues of a just world 
order and a multipolar world are of paramount importance, 
visiting speaker of the Russian State Duma, or lower 
parliament house, Vyacheslav Volodin, said 
on Monday.
"We are against any hegemony --- and think it right to unite 
lawmakers of all countries to do their best to defend the
 sovereignty of each country. So that each nation is free 
to elect its own government and decide its own future. 
These are basic issues for us & we see understanding 
from our Iranian colleagues," he said after a meeting 
of the inter-parliamentary cooperation commission.
He stressed that Russia stands for a "fair world order 
and for a multipolar world" and noted that these 
issues are important for other states, as well.
"Only a sovereign state -- can ensure the development of a 
human being on the basis of its culture, history, language, 
respecting his or her traditions and beliefs. A country 
which has lost its sovereignty, cannot do this. Its 
citizens will be doomed to profess a religion, 
culture, traditions, and study the history of
 the country that enslaved them," he said.
Volodin is leading a Russian parliamentary delegation 
which arrived in Tehran on an official visit on Sunday.

Russia seeks to create cooperation 
mechanisms independent of West, 
Lavrov says
January 23rd, 12:36pm (TASS)
 Moscow is working to create cooperation mechanisms
 independent of the West, Russian Foreign Minister 
Sergey Lavrov said at a press conference, after 
talks with South Africa's Foreign Minister, 
Naledi Pandor, on Monday.
"Peaceful space research, infrastructure & high technology, 
smart cities. Ms Pandor talked about it all during the talks,
 saying that they were interested.. in Russia’s experience
 in these fields. All this involves supply chains & financial 
services. We have launched active efforts to create new 
mechanisms and tools that won’t depend on the whims 
and arbitrariness of our Western colleagues. It can be 
done and we are working on it with our partners who 
are willing to cooperate in an honest manner," 
Lavrov noted.
According to the Russian top diplomat, Western restrictions 
have affected relations between Moscow and Pretoria, but 
both countries were interested in maintaining cooperation. 
"Both the two countries’ governments and companies are 
mutually interested in carrying on with joint projects in 
the field of natural resources and energy," 
Lavrov specified.
He emphasized that.. even before the Ukrainian conflict, the
 United States had tried to discourage major countries from
 cooperating with Russia. Lavrov slammed the West’s 
actions as "an attempt to use elements of colonial 
policy" towards Russia.

More than 20% of US
 companies will cut 
staff – survey
January 23rd, 12:11pm
In the coming months, more than 20% of US companies 
do not rule out layoffs. Bloomberg writes about this, 
referring to a survey conducted by the American 
National Association for Business Economics.
“More than a third of those surveyed say they lack employees 
in their companies, but more than 20% of companies say that 
they will reduce staff in the coming months,” the 
agency reports.
From the article of the agency it follows that for the first time
since 2020, that more of those participants announced
they would reduce the staff of their employees, 
in the next three months.
And only 12% of the surveyed companies believe that the
 number of staff will increase in the next three months.

Polish media complain about 
drunken Ukrainians on roads
January 23rd, 11:23am
Polish media resources are reporting that it has 
become more dangerous to travel on roads in 
the country. The reason for this is drunk 
Ukrainian drivers.
One of the Telegram channels published a selection of 
recent headlines in the Polish press on road incidents
 involving drunken citizens from Ukraine. All titles 
below.... are dated no later than the end of 
December 2022 – January of this year 
and refer to different episodes.
“The car crashed into the school fence. Drunk Ukrainian
 driving,” writes the newspaper Dzien Dobry Zelov.
“A drunken Ukrainian turned over on the national road 
DK94 in Chaevitsy,” reports M jak Malopolska.
“Drunk driver from Ukraine detained in
a stolen car,”
 publishes Kresy.pl.
“Drunk and armless driving an Audi. He was 
driving,” Radio RMF24 reports.
“The drunken Ukrainian did not give way, which
 led to an accident,” Rzeszow.24 reports.

Brent oil rises to $88 per barrel, 
first time since December 5th
January 23rd, 10:30am (TASS) 
The price of Brent crude oil with March delivery surpassed
 $88 per barrel for the first time since December 5th, on
 London’s ICE.
As of 12:31 Moscow time, the price of
 Brent rose by 0.42% to $88 per barrel.
By 12:43 Moscow time, the price of Brent accelerated growth 
and reached $88.12 per barrel (+0.56%). Meanwhile, WTI 
futures with March 2023 delivery increased by 0.48% 
to $82.03 per barrel.
EAEU to become one of strong poles
 of multipolar world, says Putin
January 23rd, 10:21am (TASS)
 The Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) has every opportunity
 to become one of the strong, independent and self-sufficient
 poles in the emerging multipolar world, Russian President 
Vladimir Putin said in an address to heads of EAEU 
member states --- published on the Kremlin’s 
website on Monday.
The close integration inside the Union "is a worthy response
 to a number of global problems exacerbated by the 
pandemic and unlawful sanctions imposed by 
some countries, such as poverty, climate 
change and shortage of resources, 
including the most important 
ones - food, water and 
energy," he said.
"It is obvious that the Union has every opportunity to become
 one of the strong, independent, self-sufficient poles in the 
emerging multipolar world, of being a centre of attraction 
for all the independent states that share our values and
 seek to cooperate with the EAEU," Putin emphasized.
Russia took over the chairmanship of the Supreme Eurasian
 Economic Council, the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council 
and the Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission on 
January 1st, 2023, the president noted.
Overall, he rated highly the development rates 
of the integration since its foundation in 2015. 
"The Eurasian Economic Union has been developing steadily,
 clearly demonstrating its effectiveness and relevance,"
 according to the address.
"In absolute terms, trade between the Union's member states
 has increased by 60% during this period -- to reach a historic
 high of $73.1 billion in 2021, while foreign trade increased
 by 46% to $846.3 billion. Each year, the share of high 
value-added non-commodities in the Union's 
domestic trade increases. Per capita GDP 
growth was 28.7%, and the share of 
payments in national currencies 
was close to 75%," Putin said.
Gazprom supplies gas for Europe
 through Ukraine at lower level 
of 24.4 mln cubic metres
January 23rd, 8:31am (TASS)
Gazprom supplies gas for Europe, through Ukraine, in the
volume of 24.4 mln cubic metres per day via the Sudzha 
gas pumping station, a Gazprom representative told
 reporters, adding that the request for pumping 
through Sokhranovka had been rejected by 
the Ukrainian side. Consequently, transit 
through Ukraine continues at a lower 
level, having lost 44% since the 
beginning of January.
"Gazprom supplies Russian gas for transit through Ukrainian 
territory in the volume confirmed by the Ukrainian side via
 the Sudzha gas pumping station of 24.4 mln cubic metres
 as of January 23rd. The request for the Sokhranovka gas 
pumping station has been rejected," he said.
On Sunday, January 22nd, the pumping 
also stood at 24.4 mln cubic metres.
Earlier it was reported on the website of the Gas Transmission
 System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU) that the transit of gas
 through Ukrainian territory might total around 24.4 mln 
cubic metres on January the 23rd.
The transit line through Ukraine... remains the only route
 to supply Russian gas to western and central European
 countries. The pumping through Nord Stream has been
 fully suspended.
Reserves in EU’s UGS below 80%, 
transit via Ukraine down 40%
January 23rd, 7:45am (TASS)
Gas reserves in Europe’s underground gas storage (UGS)
 facilities have decreased below 80%, stably remaining 
record high for this season due to favorable weather. 
Withdrawal from UGS facilities remains at the level of mid-
December 2022, though this week the temperature in the
 region is expected to add a couple of degrees. That said,
 requests for transit of Russian gas through Ukrainian 
territory remain lower, having lost 44% since the 
beginning of January.
Gas withdrawal from EU countries’ UGS facilities amounted 
to 588 mln cubic metres on January the 21st (the minimum
 level for the day since 2018), according to data provided 
by Gas Infrastructure Europe (GIE). Meanwhile, the 
pumping into them equaled 25 mln cubic metres.
The heating season started in Europe on November the 14th. 
Since then, EU countries have withdrawn 20.87 bln cubic
 meters of gas from UGS facilities. Currently European 
UGS facilities are 78.35% full (20.1 percentage points
 higher than the average as of this date in the past 
five years), with 84.84 bln cubic metres of gas 
stored in them.
Requests for transit of Russian gas to Europe through Ukraine
 for January 23 remain at lower level of 24.4 mln cubic metres 
via the Sudzha gas distribution station, according to the data 
released on the website of the Gas Transmission System
Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU). Consequently, gas 
supplies to Europe via Ukraine have dropped
by 44% since the beginning of January. 
Previously they remained at 42-43 mln cubic metres per day. 
The transit line through Ukraine remains the only route to 
supply Russian gas to western and central European 
countries after Nord Stream was damaged.
Dollar drops to 68.7 rubles, 
euro climbs to 75.06 rubles
January 23rd, 4:26am (TASS)
 The dollar fell by 12.75 kopecks to 68.7 rubles at the
 opening of trading on the Moscow Exchange 
on Monday.
The euro climbed by 46.25 kopecks to 75.06 rubles.
The Chinese yuan rose by 0.2 kopecks to 10.121 rubles.

Brazil and Argentina to develop 
common currency to reduce 
reliance on US dollar
January 23rd, 1:35am
Brazil & Argentina aim for greater economic integration,
- including the development of a common currency - 
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and 
Argentine leader, Alberto Fernandez, said,
in a 
joint article they penned.
"We intend to overcome the barriers to our exchanges, 
simplify and modernize the rules and encourage the 
use of local currencies," says the text published 
on the Argentine website Perfil.
"We also decided to advance discussions on a common 
South American currency that can be used for both 
financial and commercial flows, reducing costs 
of operations and our external vulnerability," 
the article said.
Earlier in the day, the Financial Times reported the 
neighbouring nations will announce this week
 they are starting preparatory work
on a 
common currency.
The plan, set to be discussed at a summit in Buenos Aires 
this week, will focus on how a new currency, which Brazil 
suggests calling the "sur" (south), could boost regional 
trade and reduce reliance on the US dollar, FT 
reported, citing officials.
“There will be . . . a decision to start studying the parameters
 needed for a common currency, which includes everything
 from fiscal issues to the size of the economy and the role 
of central banks,” Argentina’s Economy Minister Sergio 
Massa told the Financial Times.
“It will be a study of mechanisms for trade integration,”
 he said, adding, “I don’t want to create any false
 expectations.... it’s the first step, on a long 
road, which Latin America must travel.”
The Argentine minister indicated that though initially 
a bilateral project, the initiative would be offered to 
other nations in Latin America, adding, “It is 
Argentina and Brazil, inviting the rest of 
the region.”
According to FT's estimate, a currency union covering 
all of Latin America would represent about 5 percent 
of global GDP - while the world’s largest currency 
union, the euro, encompasses about 14 percent 
of global GDP, when measured in dollar terms.
Politicians from both countries have discussed the idea
 already, in 2019, but met with pushback from Brazil's 
central bank.. at the time.
Initially starting as a bilateral project, the initiative would
 later be extended to invite other Latin American nations, 
the report said, adding that an official announcement 
is expected --- during Brazilian President Lula da 
Silva’s visit to Argentina --- that started on 
Sunday night.
(Source: Reuters, FT)

Switzerland refuses to hand over
 frozen Russian assets to Ukraine
January 22nd, 3:21pm
Swiss economy minister Parmelan has said that the 
transfer of Russian assets to Ukraine, would 
violate the law.
Swiss Minister of Economic Affairs, Education and Research
Guy Parmelin, said in an interview with Matin Dimanche, 
that the transfer of Russian assets frozen in 
Switzerland to Ukraine --- would violate 
the constitutionally guaranteed right 
to property.
“In Switzerland, the right to property is fundamental and
 guaranteed by the Constitution. Thus, taking money 
from one country or individuals from one country to
 transfer to another seems impossible given the 
existing legal framework,” the minister said.
Parmelan added that even the US, which could exert 
pressure, has not yet.... made this decision itself.
“We are a legal state. We are bound by the 
Constitution and the laws in force,” the
 minister concluded.

Organisations Demand Release
 of Detained Students in Lima
January 22nd, (teleSUR)
Human rights organizations denounced several violations 
to the integrity and rights of students by police officers.
A group of demonstrators mobilized on Saturday in the
 Peruvian capital to demand the release of around 200
 students from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de
Marcos (UNMSM) who were detained during
the police
 intervention at the school.
Peruvian media have reported - that the demonstrators 
reached the headquarters of the Lima prefecture and
 the Directorate of Criminal Intelligence (Dirincri) -
where they were repressed by officers of the 
country's National Police.
Human rights organizations demanded the release of 
the detainees and denounced several violations of 
the students' integrity and rights by the police.
The National Human Rights Coordinator (CNDDHH), pointed 
out that during the intervention at the UNMSM, a group of 
women were forced to undress, which represents an 
attack against their integrity.
They also denounced that four student leaders 
are being held at the Peruvian university.
Several human rights organizations described the police
 operation as illegal and denounced that it was carried
 out without the presence of prosecutors, and that 
defense lawyers were not allowed access to 
the detainees.
The detainees affirmed that they were taken to
 the Lima Police headquarters and other
 facilities, under mistreatment.
The Ombudsman's Office demanded the National Police
 to inform the public about the state of the detained 
students of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de 
San Marcos.
A group of students from the National University of San 
Agustin (UNSA) together with other citizens mobilized