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Poisoning Earth and our terrible fate, if, if, if

 
Colombia: Global Biodiversity 
Summit ---- to Be Hosted 
in October
February 29th (teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday, Colombia’s Minister of Environment 
Susana Muhamad announced that the Latin 
American country will host the 16th 
Conference of Parties to the UN 
Convention on Biological 
Diversity (COP 16) from
 Oct 21 to Nov 1.
 
The announcement was made on the sidelines of the sixth 
session of the United Nations Environment Assembly 
(UNEA-6) underway in Nairobi, the Kenyan capital. 
 
"This is an opportunity for Colombia's indigenous 
communities to showcase a paradigm shift in 
the way the conservation of biodiversity 
should be undertaken globally," 
Muhamad said.
 
The Colombian minister added that COP 16 will be a
 mixture of cultural and environmental biodiversity 
from Latin American countries.
 
The launch of the logo of a fresh flower took place 
during the official announcement of Colombia's
 hosting of the UN biodiversity summit.
 
A tweet reads, "An everlasting flower, did you know that
the Inírida flower can withstand long floods and 
droughts? It is the symbol of resilience! 
That is why this flower is the logo of 
the COP 16 in Colombia and, 
therefore, of Peace 
with Nature!"
 
David Cooper, acting executive secretary of the Secretariat
 of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, said that 
delegates -- will share experiences, find solutions,
and 
inspire partnerships toward tackling global 
biodiversity loss. He noted, COP 16 would 
allow local indigenous communities, 
to share their experiences.
 
According to Cooper, indigenous communities in
 13 ecoregions of Colombia and neighbouring 
countries will share their knowledge of rare 
endemic species with the delegates.
 
 The COP 16 -- will accelerate action and show 
progress towards turning the four goals and 
23 targets of the biodiversity plan into 
nationally driven action.
 
He said, that the delegates are expected 
to demonstrate the alignment of their 
National Biodiversity Strategies 
and Action Plans with the 
Biodiversity Plan.


A tweet reads, "Great meeting with the Chinese Minister of
 Ecology and outgoing president of COP15, Huang Runqiu, 
during UNEA6. His support and experience will be key 
to ensure the success of COP 16 Colombia in Cali 
this year."
 
Cooper revealed that the fourth meeting of the Subsidiary 
Body on Implementation, which will take place in Nairobi 
from May 21-29, will provide an opportunity to review 
progress 5 months before COP 16 gets underway
 in Cali, Colombia.
 
According to Cooper, COP 16 will be the first biodiversity
 summit since the adoption of the Kunming-Montreal
 Global Biodiversity Framework at COP 15 held in 
December 2022 in Montreal, Canada.
 
During COP 16, governments will review the state of 
the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global 
Biodiversity Framework... develop the monitoring 
framework, and advance resource mobilization 
for the Global Biodiversity Framework.
 
 In addition, the summit will finalize and operationalize 
the multilateral mechanism, for the fair and equitable 
sharing of benefits from the use of digital sequence 
information on genetic resources.
 
 
_______________________________



UN --- calls for more funding
for 
environmental projects
February 28th, 3:09pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
The planet demands that financial flows be realigned and 
business practices be changed in favor of nature, it was
 the demand here on Wednesday --- at the 6th United 
Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA-6).
 
At the opening session of the high-level segment on
 strengthening the science-policy interface for 
effective implementation of environmental 
commitments, UNEP Executive Director 
Inger Andersen noted that humanity is 
currently financing its ‘own failure’ 
rather than investing in a ‘better
 future by supporting nature’.
 
Unfortunately, she added, solutions based on environmental
 protection are underfunded and receive only 200 billion
 dollars globally a year, less than one-third of what is 
needed between now and 2030 to meet climate, 
biodiversity and land degradation targets.
 
Given these figures, it is clear that realigning negative 
financial flows to nature is the best way to halt and 
reverse the loss of nature, and to achieve this we 
need to change incentive policies, provide data 
on long-term economic losses and change 
business practices,’ she said.
 
The high-level debate on strengthening the science-policy 
interface for effective implementation of environmental 
commitments ------ is a forum to address the need for 
transformational change to address the three 
planetary environmental crises: climate
change, the loss of nature and 
biodiversity, and pollution.
 
Participants in the forum will also discuss opportunities 
to strengthen science-policy interfaces - as part of 
UNEA decision-making.
 
They will also discuss best practices where scientific 
knowledge and evidence have successfully helped
 to address environmental challenges.
 
UNEA-6, which will take place until March 1 in the Kenyan 
capital, marks the beginning of a new era of multi-
lateralism focused on environmental issues at 
the same level of importance as other global 
issues such as peace, security and health, 
according to the assembly organizers.
 
Some 5,000 representatives of governments, civil society 
and the private sector are attending the global forum, 
which will consider a variety of resolutions covering 
challenges such as halting desertification, 
counteracting air pollution or limiting 
chemical pollution.
 
 
_________________________________________




UN agency calls to reduce
 heavy vehicle pollution
February 24th, 00:30am
(Prensa Latina) 
 
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) called
 to take decisive measures to cut pollution generated 
by heavy vehicles, especially trucks.
 
Their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have increased by 
30 percent since 2000, according to a report published 
on Thursday.
 
In the document, the head of UNEP’s Sustainable Mobility 
Unit, Rob de Jong, emphasized the need to implement
ambitious regulations --- to curb emissions that are
harmful to the environment and human health.
 
According to the study, heavy-duty vehicles are responsible 
for over 40% of nitrogen oxide emissions on the roads, as 
well as 60% of PM2.5 particulate matter and 20% of 
black carbon, both of which are associated with 
heart and lung problems.
 
The situation is aggravated in developing countries that 
depend on imports of used heavy-duty vehicles, often 
in precarious and polluting conditions.
 
The text also warned, that the increase in exports of 
such used equipment from industrialized economies
to developing nations --- contributes to increased 
pollution in the southern nations.
 
Although heavy vehicle exports represent a modest 3.6%
 of the total value of world trade in automobiles, their
associated CO2 emissions have increased by 
over
30%, since 2000 ----- with trucks 
contributing
80 percent of that increase.
 
CO2 is the main greenhouse gas, the consequence
of which, is global warming... that accelerates 
climate change.
 
The UNEP report, along with the Climate and Clean Air
 Coalition, provides the UN’s first global overview of 
the scale and regulation of used heavy vehicles.
 
On their contribution to global air pollution ----- traffic
 accidents, fuel consumption and climate emissions,
 the research ---- recommends ways to reduce the 
harmful aspects ---- for people’s health and
 the climate.
 
 
_________________________________

 
Humanity ''celebrates'' 
World Energy Day
February 14th, 10:10am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
Coinciding with the date of Valentine's Day, humanity 
also celebrates World Energy Day, to support 
the sustainable use of energy resources
--- in every corner of the planet.
 
The ephemeris also promotes the use of clean energies
 obtained from nature, through the sun and water, 
highlighting its favorable impact on
 the environment.
 
This celebration aims to contribute to the achievement of 
the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), included in 
the UN Agenda 2030, such as ensuring universal 
access to affordable and modern energy 
sources, expanding the use of 
renewable energy sources, 
and improving energy
 efficiency.
 
The date was created in 1949 to raise awareness among
 the world’s population about the use of alternative and 
renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and 
biomass, reducing the burning of fossil fuels 
like oil, gas, and coal, which cause 
global warming.
 
According to data from the United Nations Environment 
Program, more than a third of the world’s population 
has no access to advanced forms of energy, while 
the 30 most developed countries on the planet 
consume more than 60% of this energy daily
 and without interruption.
 
It is estimated that currently 13% of the world’s population,
 approximately 1.1 billion people, do not have access 
to basic electricity services. Meanwhile, the use of 
fossil fuels such as oil, gas, and coal is estimated 
at 80%, while only 2% of renewable energies are 
generated, which is why the aim is to reverse
a ''reality'' that harms nature and 
the environment.
 


__________________________________



5.5 Tons of Fukushima Radioactive 
Water .....Leak Into the Ocean
February 7th (teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday, Fukushima Central Television reported that
approximately 5.5 tons of water containing radioactive 
materials have leaked from a piece of equipment at 
Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
 
At about 8:53 a.m... workers discovered water leaking from 
the outlet of a device used to purify nuclear-contaminated 
water during the inspection of the equipment, the local 
TV reported, citing the plant's operator Tokyo Electric
 Power Company (TEPCO).
 
The amount of water that leaked, was approximately 
5.5 tons, which may contain 22 billion becquerels of 
radioactive materials such as cesium and strontium.
 
Most of the leaked water appeared to have seeped into the 
soil, but monitoring of a nearby drainage channel did not 
show any significant radiation level changes.TEPCO has
 made the area where the water was leaked a no-go area.
 
Hit by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake and an ensuing tsunami 
in 2011, the Fukushima nuclear plant suffered core 
meltdowns that released radiation, resulting in a 
level-7 nuclear accident, the highest on the 
International Nuclear and Radiological 
Event Scale.
 
The plant has been generating a massive amount of water 
tainted with radioactive substances from cooling down
the nuclear fuel in the reactor buildings, which are 
now being stored in tanks at the nuclear plant.
 
In August 2023, Japan started to discharge the Fukushima 
wastewater into the Pacific Ocean, despite numerous and 
repeated objections by governments and communities, 
environmental groups, NGOs and anti-
nuclear movements.
 
 
_________________________________________



Venezuela Destroys Illegal Mining
Camps ----- in the Amazon Region
February 7th, 2pm 
(teleSUR)


On Tuesday, the Bolivarian National Armed Forces (FANB) 
informed that six makeshift mining camps set up by 
illegal miners were destroyed in the state 
of Amazonas.
 
Previously, on Monday, Venezuelan President Nicolas
 Maduro launched Operation "Fog 2024" for the 
protection of the Amazon region and 
its ecosystems.
 
The facilities destroyed were used "to prey on and
 contaminate the environment," said Gen. Domingo 
Hernandez, the head of the FANB's Strategic
Operational Command.
 
Besides the mining camps, the army also destroyed eight 
illegal rafts used by criminal groups along the banks of 
the Cunucunuma River in Duida-Marahuaca 
National Park.
 
A text reads, "During the Operation Fog 2024, the FANB
 found eight mining ponds on the banks of the 
Cunucunuma River, in the state of Amazonas, 
which were used to predate and contaminate 
the environment. They also found and
 incinerated six logistics camps."
 
Venezuela will not tolerate the existence of illegal groups
 in its territory "nor the indiscriminate and arbitrary
 depredation of the environment," Gen. 
Hernandez pointed out. 
 
“The FANB will deploy 20 Quick Reaction Units, which 
have the strength and means to dismantle and 
destroy illegal mining structures,” he added.
 
The Operation Fog 2024 is a comprehensive intervention
 that will cover all national parks and forest reserves 
located in areas important for the security of the 
Venezuelan State.
 
 
_____________________________________


Chilean scientists warn of 
climate change effects 
on wheat
January 11th, 11:56am
(Prensa Latina)
 
Research by Chilean scientists published here today warns
 of the negative effects of global warming on the yield of 
wheat crops, a cereal of which this country is one of
 the largest consumers.
 
Climate change, associated with phenomena such as El 
Niño, are pushing temperatures to record levels and 
heat waves have increased from nine to 62 in the 
last 10 seasons, and 2024 will be no exception, 
the research states. 
 
According to Dr. Anita Arenas, from the Millennium Institute 
of Integrative Biology and Talca University, responsible for
 the research, these episodes affect both the weight and
 quality of wheat grain ------ key to world food security.
 
One of the main results, he said, was that in response to 
the high temperatures, so-called durum wheat suffered
 a weight loss of -23.9 percent, the starch content 
decreased and the protein level increased.
 
Arenas indicated that on this last point, further analysis 
will be necessary to determine whether the increase
in protein ---- is accompanied by a change in the
gluten composition.
 
 
______________________________


 Panamanian Farmers Reject 
the Indio River Reservoir
January 9th, 6:41pm 
(teleSUR)
 
On Monday, the Farmers for Life Coordinator, the Donoso &
 Omar Torrijos Awake Movement, and the Farmers for the
 Earth Coordinator agreed to reject the Indio River 
reservoir and demanded the closure of 
Minera Panama.
 
The producer organizations rejected the different projects 
presented by the Panama Canal Authority (ACP), which
 insists.. on creating a multipurpose reservoir in the 
Indio River to accumulate water and facilitate 
the transit of ships through the 
interoceanic route.
 
Panamanian farmers maintain, that water is of utmost 
importance for life and that the arguments presented 
by the ACP --- are neither sufficient nor convincing.
 
They also mentioned that the construction of the Indio 
River reservoir would generate disastrous 
environmental consequences.
 
At their meeting, the farmers presented a detailed 
document containing their joint demands, which 
have been substantiated with the support of 
the Catholic Church and professionals 
from different technical areas.
 
Among the demands presented are the defense of their 
lands, rivers and lives from the threats caused by 
large metal mining projects.
 
The producer organizations also demand that the
 Panamanian state immediately create a social 
and technical commission for the closure of 
Minera Panama.
 
 
________________________________________


2023 ----- shatters climate 
records in 125,000 years
January 2nd, 12:14pm 
(Prensa Latina) 
 
The 2023 year was declared as warmest on Earth in 174 
years, and most probably of the last 125,000 years, an 
evidence that global warming is surging and affecting 
the whole planet much faster.
 
According to climate experts: “What we’re looking for is 
a lot of corroborating evidence that it’s all pointing in 
the same direction,” said Chris Smith, a climate 
scientist at England’s University of Leeds.
 
Unrelenting heat waves roasted Phoenix and Argentina. 
Wildfires raged in Canada. In Libya, floods killed 
thousands of people, noted an article in 
the newspaper.
 
Winter ice cover on the seas around Antarctica reached
 record lows, while global temperatures this year not 
only broke previous records.
 
According to June-November analysis, temperatures
 reached new highs month after month & December 
temperatures remained largely above normal.
 
Global temperatures have long risen and fallen 
around a steady warm trend due to cyclical 
factors such as El Niño.
 
 
__________________________________
 
 
 
IUCN -------- warns on 
danger of extinction 
of freshwater fishes
January 2nd, 10:38am
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Climate change threatens a growing number of species,
 from freshwater fishes to Atlantic salmon and green 
turtles, according to IUCN's Red List of Threatened 
Species released today at COP28. The IUCN Red 
List now includes 157,190 species, of which 
44,016 are threatened with extinction.
 
“Climate change is menacing the diversity of life our planet
 harbours, and undermining nature’s capacity to meet 
basic human needs,” said Dr. Grethel Aguilar, IUCN
Director General.
 
“This IUCN Red List update highlights the strong links
between the climate and biodiversity crises, which 
must be tackled jointly. Species declines, are an 
example of the havoc being wreaked by climate 
change, which we have the power to stop with
 urgent, ambitious action to keep warming 
below 1.5 degrees Celsius.”
 
Today’s update.. completes the first comprehensive 
assessment of the world’s freshwater fish species, 
revealing that 25% (3,086 out of 14,898 assessed
 species) are at risk of extinction.
 
At least 17% of threatened freshwater fish species 
are affected by climate change, including 
decreasing water levels, rising sea 
levels causing seawater to move
 up rivers, and shifting seasons.
 
This compounds threats from pollution, which impacts
 57% of freshwater fish species at risk of extinction, 
dams and water extraction, which affect 45%, 
overfishing, which threatens 25%, and 
invasive species and disease, which 
harm 33%.
 
Kathy Hughes, Co-Chair of the IUCN SSC Freshwater Fish
Specialist Group said: “Freshwater fishes make up more
 than half of the world’s known fish species, an
 incomprehensible diversity given that fresh
water ecosystems comprise only 1% of 
aquatic habitat. These diverse species 
are integral to the ecosystem, and 
vital to its resilience. 
 
“This is essential to the billions of people who rely upon 
freshwater ecosystems, and the millions of people who 
rely on their fisheries. Ensuring freshwater ecosystems
are well managed, remain free-flowing with sufficient 
water, and good water quality is essential to stop 
species declines and maintain food security, 
livelihoods and economies in a climate 
resilient world.”
 
Produced by a variety of organizations including WWF, the 
World’s Forgotten Fishes details the dazzling diversity of
species and how critically important they are to the
functioning of their ecosystems, other species and
people – with over 200 million relying on them for
food security and 60 million for their livelihoods.
 
“Freshwater fishes are in freefall with one quarter of 
all species now threatened with extinction. This 
devastating news - is the clearest sign of the
damage we have done to our rivers, lakes 
and wetlands – ecosystems that not only 
sustain freshwater fishes and a dazzling 
diversity of other wildlife but also 
underpin our societies 
and economies.
 
“Out-of-sight and out-of-mind, freshwater fishes have always
been undervalued ---- even though they are critical to the
functioning of their ecosystems --- and provide food for 
200 million people and livelihoods - for 60 million. The
shocking state of the World’s Forgotten Fishes must 
serve as a wake up call: decision makers must 
urgently scale up investment in protecting 
and restoring healthy rivers, lakes and 
wetlands. This will safeguard our 
vanishing freshwater fishes, but 
will also enhance water and 
food security, reverse 
nature loss and 
accelerate our
climate action.
 
“Here at COP28, 38 countries have now joined the 
Freshwater Challenge – the most ambitious fresh
water protection and restoration initiative in 
history. We need all countries to follow their
lead because reversing the degradation of
freshwater ecosystems will pave the way 
to a net-zero, nature-positive, and
resilient future.”
 
 
 
____________________________________
 
 
 
UNEP considers slow progress 
in human-nature interaction
January 2nd, 10am
 (Prensa Latina)
 
In spite of more global awareness about the environment 
and fossil fuels, there is still little and slow progress in
 human interaction with nature and the consumption 
of its resources, said UNEP.
 
With only six years to go before the end of 2030 for 
meeting the UNEP Agenda set in 2015 with 17 
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - it is 
true that global awareness over biodiversity 
protection has surged, but unfortunately 
efforts to transform global awareness 
are lagging behind in terms of speed 
and scale.
 
According to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), 
by 2023, three-quarters of the planet’s terrestrial 
ecosystem and about 66% of the marine 
environment had been significantly 
altered by human action.
 
Over one-third of the world’s land area and nearly 75% 
of freshwater resources are now goal-oriented to
crop 
or livestock production.
 
Combined with dizzying levels of pollution, natural habitat
 degradation and biodiversity loss -- have serious impacts 
on communities around the world. In 2023, from 100 to 
300 million people were at increased risk of flooding 
and hurricanes --- given the loss of coastal habitats.
 
There were examples of efforts to address these threats, 
many communities improved their reconstruction actions 
such as Pakistan with the launch of the largest climate
 initiative in the country’s history or the United Nations 
with its new ¨Early Warning for All¨ global project.
 
According to UNEP, clean energy made some progress and
 although 91% of the world now has access to electricity 
such a progress has not been fast or inclusive enough.
 Nevertheless, the number of people with power 
access ramped up to 675 million since 2015.
 
Other data pointed to global investment in clean energy
 reaching near-record levels of USD$1.7 trillion, so
 renewables now account for --- over 28% of
global electricity, growing by nearly 5%.
 
But nowadays, 2.3 billion people still depend on coal,
kerosene or solid biomass as the main cooking fuel, 
so the lack of clean cooking contributes to nearly 
3.7 million premature deaths annually, with 
women and children being most at risk.
 
Plus ---- about 80% of the world’s population with 
no electricity lives in rural areas, predominantly 
in sub-Saharan Africa.
 
Current studies have shown that reaching these 
clean energy targets will require the world to
triple its annual investments by 2030.
 
 
_____________________________________




Paraguay: Pasubio Not to 
Buy Leather Affecting 
Indigenous Lands
December 20th, 5:14pm
 (teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday, Survival International --- celebrated the 
decision of the Italian tannery Pasubio, to refrain from 
purchasing leather  ------whose production is linked to
the
 deforestation ------ of the ancestral territory of
the 
Ayoreo Totobiegosode Indigenous people. 
 
In South America, the Ayoreo people is part of the last 
Indigenous community voluntarily isolating itself 
outside the Amazon Basin.
 
"We are pleased to know that Pasubio has committed to 
boycotting leather from suppliers that threaten the
lives and territories of the Ayoreo people, in 
Paraguay. We hope that other companies 
will follow their example," Survival 
International Director, Caroline 
Pearce said, warning that her 
organization will monitor to 
ensure full compliance 
with the commitment.
 
"We hope that this news.. contributes to speeding up the
very slow process.. of recognizing the territorial rights 
of the Ayoreo, which has already lasted thirty years,"
 she added.
 
"The Paraguayan authorities must - once and for all - 
respect national and international rights, expel all
 ranches from Ayoreo territory, and return the
land to this indigenous people."
 
Previously, the Pasubio Group communicated its decision
 to exclude leather suppliers linked to deforestation in 
the Chaco region, where the Ayoreo Totobiegosode
 Natural and Cultural Heritage (PNCAT) is located.
 
Currently, the Ayoreo territory is "an island of forest
 surrounded by a sea of deforestation, as the land 
around it has been deforested to make room for 
livestock farming," explained Survival 
International --- and warned that 
numerous fires, have been 
occurring in that forest 
since the beginning 
of the year.
 
"An undetermined number of Ayoreo Totobiegosode
 Indigenous people, live without contact in their 
forest, and many others - have been forced to 
abandon isolation and now live in settled 
communities," it added.
 
In February 2016, the Inter-American Commission 
on Human Rights (IACHR) issued precautionary 
measures -- demanding that the Paraguayan 
State halt deforestation in the Chaco and 
protect the Ayoreo Totobiegosode
Indigenous people, from 
potential unwanted 
contacts.
 
 
____________________________________


COP28 Draft Deal Raises Nuclear 
Energy as a Climate Solution
 December 12th,  12:20pm
 (teleSUR)
 
In the latest draft of the Global Balance presented by the 
Climate Summit Presidency (COP28), nuclear energy is 
included as one of the options for the planet's 
decarbonization.
 
Greenpeace, Ecologists in Action, and World Wide Fund for
 Nature (WWF) denounced that the inclusion of this option 
is a response to the growing presence of nuclear 
"lobbyists" at climate summits ------- since the 
COP26 in Glasgow, with the complicity 
of major atomic powers such as the 
United States or France.
 
The presence of pro-nuclear advocates has been "even 
more noticeable in Dubai," and it appears that their 
"management has been successful," said WWF's
 Global Climate and Energy Director -- Manuel 
Vidal-Pulgar, who believes that the COP28's
central goal should be to accelerate the 
ecological transition.... with a "clear 
reference to phasing out 
fossil fuels."
 
In his opinion, nuclear energy is not a viable option for this
 transition. Apart from the fact that only 32 countries have
 atomic plants, nuclear energy generates hazardous 
waste and poses serious security issues, as 
demonstrated by past accidents.
 
"In COP28, there has been talk from the outset about the 
need for low-emission technologies to justify the use of 
technologies that are not yet proven, are expensive, 
or are not ready (such as nuclear fusion), and that 
is unacceptable," he lamented.
 
"Clearly, this is a tremendous mistake," said the Ecologists 
in Action's Energy and Climate Director, Javier Andaluz, 
who pointed out that the climate impact of a nuclear 
power plant throughout its life cycle, is between 6 
and 15 times greater than the impact related to 
its operation.
 
"This is a clear concession ------- to the lobbying of large 
companies - nuclear power is in the hands of electric 
companies," according to Andaluz, who criticized 
the high presence of accredited pro-nuclear 
advocates in Dubai, to whom "recognition 
similar to that of neutral observer 
organizations" is being given.
 
"Nuclear power is not a solution to climate change because
 it is slow, taking more than 10 years to build a plant - plus
 all the licensing and preliminary studies; it is expensive
 and relies on public funds, and there is no private 
insurance to cover the plants due to their 
hazardous nature," said the Climate 
Change Director of Greenpeace 
Spain, Pedro Zorrilla.
 
Any accident at a nuclear plant has "very serious 
consequences for health and the environment,"
according to Zorrilla, who added that these 
plants are not suitable to support the 
deployment needed in renewables 
as they cannot provide backup 
for wind or solar variability - 
turning on or off a nuclear 
plant takes several days 
or even weeks.
 
 
__________________________________


 Brazil to host COP30 by 2025
December 11th, 5:21pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
Brazil, was formally elected on Monday as host country 
of the 30th United Nations Climate Change Conference 
(UNFCCC – COP30), scheduled to be held from 
November 10 to 21, 2025.
 
“The decision was made --- by a consensus at the COP28
plenary session in Dubai”, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
 
Brazil´s Foreign Ministry pointed out that, “after the 
decision, the Minister of Environment and Climate 
Change and head of the Brazilian delegation 
Marina Silva formally announced that 
COP30 will be held in the city of 
Belem,” capital of the northern 
Amazonian state of Para.
 
Silva defended, “a collective construction of an energy 
matrix that the planet and humanity demand --- for 
its survival.”


________________________________




Initiative to Protect Glaciers 
Launched at COP28
December 4th, 1:11pm  
(teleSUR)
 
On Sunday, an initiative to protect the world's glaciers
was launched at the China Pavilion of the COP28 
climate change conference.
 
At the side event of COP28, or the 28th session of the
 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations 
Framework Convention on Climate Change, 
delegates and scientists... shared their 
views on the risks of melting glaciers, 
and ways to slow down that process.
 
A project named "Memory of Glaciers: Global 
Exploration Initiative" was launched to step 
up research and protection of glaciers, as 
well as raise public awareness.
 
Glaciers bear witness to the history of climate change
 on the planet, and melting glaciers will bring a series 
of risks aside from rising sea levels, delegates said.
 
Potential risks will include ------- damage to high mountain 
ecosystems, increased hazards of landslides and floods,
 as well as losses of tourism and cultural assets. 
 
Measures that need to be taken include limiting global 
warming through reducing greenhouse gas emissions 
and enhancing adaptation strategies which can help 
reduce hazardous impacts. 
 
According to the report "Ten New Reflections in Climate
 Science" ----- which was prepared by Future Earth,
The 
Earth League and World Climate Research 
Programme, humanity is about to exceed 
the limit of 1.5 degrees of global 
warming ----- set in the 
Paris Agreement.
 
Therefore, it is essential to reduce as much as possible 
the magnitude and time in which the world is above
 1.5 degrees to reduce losses, damages, and the 
risk of irreversible changes.
 
 
______________________________________ 


Ethiopia to host the largest wind 
farm in the Horn of Africa
Dubai, December 4th, 12:43pm
(Prensa Latina) 
 
The Aysha wind energy project, an 18,000-hectare wind 
farm considered the largest in the Horn of Africa, will 
be built in Ethiopia in conjunction with an Emirati
 company, it was announced here.
 
The Ethiopian Ministry of Finance and the United Arab
 Emirates renewable energy project operator AMEA 
Power signed an agreement to build the site with
 an investment of $600 million, which, according 
to the state ministry, represents an important 
milestone in the country’s sector.
 
The project is expected to produce approximately 1.22 
terawatt hours of electricity per year, which will 
contribute significantly to Ethiopia’s power
 generation capacity.
 
It will also create approximately 2,000 jobs during the
 construction and operation phases for the benefit 
of the local economy, a joint statement revealed.
 
The document stated that the agreement demonstrates 
Addis Ababa’s unwavering commitment to renewable 
energy and its dedication to attracting private 
investment in the energy sector.
 
Ethiopian Electric Power and the Ministry of Finance, are 
working together to harness the region’s abundant wind 
resources and generate clean, sustainable electricity, 
to meet the country’s growing demand for electricity.
 
 
___________________________________________
 

 
There is real hope out there, 
COP28 President al-jaber
says
Dubai, December 4th,
 (Prensa Latina)
 
 In the first four days of COP28 we set high standards 
for results; there is real hope out there, said the 
president of the 28th UN Climate Change 
Conference, Sultan Al Jaber. 
 
During a press conference, Al Jaber revealed the hope
 expressed by people he has spoken to, that this 
meeting, will be a major turning point and not 
missing the opportunity to deliver a real and 
tangible paradigm shift to correct course 
towards the right path of keeping 1.5 
degrees Celsius within reach.
December 4, 2023
10:21
 
“Let’s remember why we are all here. We are all here
 because we have issued a very clear call to action.
 The UAE takes on this task with humility and 
responsibility and fully understands the 
urgency of this issue,” he stressed.
 
He noted that so far at COP28 they were able to bring the 
United States and China together in an unprecedented 
commitment to reduce methane and other non-carbon
 dioxide (CO2) gases across the economy. These 
gases are more than 80 times more harmful 
than CO2, he warned.
 
Al Jaber also revealed pride - in having issued the first 
declarations on health and food systems, considered
 two huge priorities for the presidency’s action 
agenda. Three additional statements on 
hydrogen, refrigeration and gender, 
will be announced in the coming
 days, he confirmed.
 
 
__________________________________



COP 28: The G77+China 
Summit - is Inaugurated
December 2nd, 4:47pm
 (teleSUR)
 
This Saturday, Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez 
inaugurated in Dubai the historic Summit of Leaders of the 
Group of 77 and China, within the framework of COP28.
 
On his opening speech he highlighted that: "The gap
 between the irrationally opulent North - and the 
increasingly impoverished South - widens -
with 
high human costs ---- while the
resources that 
nature makes
available to us, 
are
squandered".
 
It is our responsibility to assert the voice of the peoples 
of the South -- and to defend their legitimate interests 
and aspirations, Diaz-Canel, president pro tempore 
of the organization, posted on his X account.
 
"In inaugurating the G77-China Leaders Summit in the
context of COP28 -- President Diaz-Canel called for 
reflection, concerted action on the basis of what
 unites us and respect for our rich diversity, and
 together act now - to advance the legitimate 
demands of the South," said the Cuban 
Foreign Minister, Bruno Rodríguez.
 
Also, the Website Presidencia Cuba, emphasized that
 this is the first time the Group has met at a COP to 
agree positions for climate change negotiations.
 
The COP28 Summit opened in Dubai on Thursday with 
the announcement of the creation of the loss and 
damage fund ---- to compensate the most 
vulnerable countries in the face of
 the climate crisis.
 
The largest global meeting to address climate change
 officially endorsed the resolution to operationalize 
the fund, It also received financial pledges from
 the United Arab Emirates, Germany, the
UK, 
US and Japan.
 
 
______________________________________



Pope Francis spurs: to speed up 
the ecological transition ------
after COP28
Dubai, December 2nd, 1:45pm 
(Prensa Latina) 
 
On Saturday, Pope Francis requested  in his speech sent to 
the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP28), 
as he was unable to attend here for health reasons, his
political willingness...... to speed up the 
ecological transition.
 
In the document, read in that forum by Cardinal Pietro
 Parolin, Vatican Secretary of State.... which was 
published on Saturday by the Holy See Press
 Office, Francis stated that, in that sense, 
that COP28 should be a turning point, 
as it is now urgent to return to the 
right track and give “a sign
 of hope.”
 
The Pope assured that this transition must be efficient,
 obligatory and easy to monitor, as well as -- it must 
cover the fields of energy efficiency, renewable 
sources, the removal of fossil fuels ------- and 
education must be directed towards 
less dependent lifestyles on
 fossil fuels.
 
“Are we working for a culture of life or a culture of death?” 
Pope Francis asked those attending the event ------ which 
opened in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates on November 
30 and will last until December 12, with the presence 
of over 150 heads of State and Government.
 
The Pope underscored that the ambition to produce and
 possess --- has turned into an obsession, leading to a
 boundless greed -- that has made the environment 
the target of unbridled exploitation. Finally, the 
senior Catholic authority noted ---  “the 
disturbed climate is a warning to us
--- to stop such a delirium of 
omnipotence.”
 
 
___________________________


Lukashenko urges West: 
to use money it wastes 
on wars.... to better 
the environment
December 1st, 1:08pm (TASS)
 
Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, has suggested 
using the resources that Western countries waste on wars 
to address environmental issues around the globe.
 
"Those speakers who were the first to take the floor, talked 
about peace. They were saying -- that the planet must be 
kept clean -- and the future of grandchildren taken care 
of, while it is their countries that have unleashed and 
are waging ------ the worst war on the planet," the 
Belarusian leader told the World Climate 
Summit in Dubai. 
 
"This is many trillions of dollars. Well, let's use this money to
 make and keep the planet clean. Then there will be no 
need to go door to door and beg for it."
 
Lukashenko stressed that "wars are the 
main source of filth on our continent."
 
"Let's put an end to this. The most important thing
 is to talk less ----- and do more," Lukashenko said.
 
He urged the summit participants, especially the leading 
countries of the world, to carry "the burden of 
historical responsibility."
 
"First, make a proportionate contribution to solving the
 issues of climate security to repair the harm caused 
by a centuries-long thoughtless attitude to nature. 
Second, step up support for developing countries 
and economies in transition. Third, stop paying 
lip service to nature conservation and start 
acting in the name of preserving life on
 Earth," Lukashenko said.
 
 
________________________________________

 
 
Colombia, Uruguay, and
 Ecuador ------- receive 
OEI awards
November 28th, 12:11pm
(Prensa Latina) 
 
The Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, 
Science, and Culture (OEI) has awarded innovation
 prizes to Colombia, Uruguay, and Ecuador.
 
In a press release, the OEI announced on Tuesday that 
among 200 candidates from 14 countries, it selected 
CaféLab, Ecofusion, and Pedagogy Without Limits 
as the best for “Innovation and the SDGs in 
educational centres.”
 
CaféLab, developed by the Municipal Montessori Educational
 Institution-San Francisco Headquarters in Pitalito, Huila, 
Colombia, won first place. The project aims to take
 advantage of the waste generated by coffee 
production to promote entrepreneurship 
and reduce pollution.
 
The second prize has gone in an equal state to two 
projects: Ecofusion from Uruguay and Pedagogy 
Without Limits, from Ecuador.
 
The jury has awarded special mentions to other 
projects from Cuba, Spain, Honduras, and Peru.
 
The awards recognize the efforts of schools in the region 
to promote the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 
of the 2030 Agenda.
 
This edition awarded 10,000 Euros for the first place 
and 5,000 euros for each project in second place.
 
 
_____________________________________


Report --------- Climate Crisis, Energy Costs 
Fuel £600 Rise in UK Household Food Bill
November 27th, 12:11pm (FNA)
 
 British households’ food bills have been driven up by more 
than £600 over the past two years by the global climate
 emergency and soaring energy prices, according to 
a report warning of further increases to come 
in 2024.
 
Sounding the alarm over the impact from increasing extreme
 weather patterns for food production, the Energy and 
Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU) thinktank said that 
global heating ----- is directly contributing to the 
cost of living crisis, The Guardian reports.
 
According to the analysis carried out by researchers from 
the universities of Bournemouth, Exeter and Sheffield, 
more extreme or unseasonal weather accounted for 
a third of all food price inflation in the UK this year.
 
While energy prices have fallen back this year, it
warned
 that the impact from the climate
emergency, 
is increasing.
 
Tom Lancaster, land analyst at ECIU, said, “Climate change 
is playing havoc with global food production, and this is
 inevitably feeding through to higher prices at the tills.
 Across 2022 and 2023, the climate emergency alone
 added the equivalent of six weekly shops to the 
average household food bill.”
 
The cost of the climate crisis rose from £171 in 2022 to £192
 in 2023, more than offsetting the effects of falling energy 
prices this year and having a greater impact than rising 
energy bills, according to analysis.
 
Official figures show ---- inflation in food and drink prices
peaked at an annual rate of almost 20% earlier this year,
the highest level since the 1970s, amid disruption to
food supplies from weather events and soaring
energy costs for producers.
 
Food price inflation has fallen back in recent months, but
remains at historical highs of close to 10%. Prices are
also still near record highs after recent storms –
including Storm Babet ----- flooded swathes of
farmland, hitting UK potato and vegetable
harvests in the run-up to Christmas.
 
In 2022, drought hit production of basic foodstuffs such as
potatoes and onions in the UK, followed by an unusually
wet harvest in 2023, and then the hottest September
on record.
 
It comes after heatwaves across the Mediterranean, India
& South America this year all had a major impact on food
production and prices. Staples including sugar, rice and
tomatoes were affected by extreme weather, such as
droughts in India, while olive oil rose in price by 50%
after two years of drought and heatwaves in Spain
and other major exporters in southern Europe.
 
The situation could be worse next year with the El Niño
 weather system leading possibly to more severe 
weather and further increases in food prices.
 
Prof Wyn Morgan of Sheffield University, one of the report 
authors, said, “Given we expect climate impacts to get 
worse, it is likely that climate change will continue to 
fuel a cost of living crisis for the foreseeable future.”
 
Anna Taylor, executive director at the Food Foundation, said 
that the government needed to “think more seriously how 
households can become more resilient to price volatility”
 in the light of the likely impact of the climate crisis.
 
She called on the government to revive its plans for a 
horticulture strategy, that would build production of 
fruit and vegetables in the UK and reduce reliance 
on crops grown in Southern Europe which is 
becoming increasingly vulnerable to 
drought and extreme heat as a 
result of the climate crisis.
 
A separate report from the Food Foundation warned that 
retailers and hospitality venues in Britain are failing to 
create a food environment where healthy choices 
are affordable, readily available and appealing.
 
It found healthy food ----- is already twice as expensive as 
unhealthy food per calorie, while the cost of sustainable 
alternatives to meat and dairy... can also be high.
 
Most main meals offered by many pub chains regularly 
exceed... 50% of the recommended daily intake for 
calories, saturated fat, salt and sugar, according 
to the report. Meanwhile, just 1% of food 
advertising spend goes towards fruit 
and vegetables compared with 9% 
on meat and dairy while 21.5% of
 buy-one-get-one-free deals are 
on meat and dairy compared 
with just 4.5% on fruit
 and vegetables.
 
Lancaster said that the dependence of the UK’s current
 farming system on volatile oil, gas and fertiliser prices
 had created a “perfect storm of extreme weather, 
high gas prices and global instability” --- to food
 price inflation.
 
He said, “The good news is that steps to make farming more
 sustainable cannot only cut emissions but also make our
 food production more resilient to the extremes of 
flooding and drought. Government plans --- in 
England - to support greener farming with 
more hedgerows, improved soil health 
and tree planting schemes are 
therefore vital to our future 
food security.”
 
 
__________________________________



Pesticides Found in US Baby Food
November 27th, 11:21am
(teleSUR)
 
The Environmental Working Group (EWG) published a study
 showing that baby food in the United States may still 
contain potentially harmful pesticides, but is less 
toxic than it was about 30 years ago.
 
Some 38 percent of conventional, or non-organic, baby food 
in the United States, is found to contain toxic pesticides,
 the EWG said, adding that at least one pesticide 
residue was detected in 22 of the 58 
conventional baby foods.
 
It warned that "babies and young children are particularly 
vulnerable to potential health harms from consuming food 
that contains residues of agricultural pesticides."
 
The NGO said it tested products from three popular brands in
 the United States -- Beech-Nut, Gerber, and Parent's Choice.
 
While the findings are alarming, the good news, according to
 the EWG, is that the pesticide levels in baby foods have 
been decreasing compared to a similar study 
conducted in 1995.
 
In the 1995 study, "an eye-popping 53 percent of 72 baby 
food products sampled --------- had residue of at least one
pesticide," and the pesticides discovered were, overall,
 far more toxic and dangerous than the ones the 
latest tests uncovered.
 
One toxic pesticide the EWG no longer found in baby food 
was the brain-damaging bug killer chlorpyrifos, which
 in very small amounts can permanently damage
 the health of babies and children.
 

[Rhondda Records adds:

the article soft soaps on
how much pesticide is
STILL POISONING US

methinks ''someone'' is very
scared of an ''eye-popping''
reaction to this !!!]



______________________________________



Germany Not to Reallocate 
COVID-19 Funds for 
Climate Actions
November 15th, 6:41pm
(teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday, Germany's Federal Constitutional Court
 annulled the national government's decision... to 
reallocate 60 billion euros from a COVID-19 
relief fund to be used for measures 
combatting climate change.
 
The law under which the funds were retroactively shifted 
to the Climate and Transformation Fund (CTF) at the 
beginning of 2022 for the previous year's budget 
"does not meet the constitutional requirements
 for emergency borrowing," the court ruled.
 
With its so-called debt brake, Germany has an instrument 
that prevents the government from taking on new debt, 
except in crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The 
court found that transferring the funds for another 
purpose circumvents this regulation.
 
The "de facto unlimited" continued use of emergency-
related credit authorizations in subsequent financial 
years ---------- is "inadmissible," the ruling added.
 
Since the 60 billion euros will now be withdrawn from
 Germany's climate fund, financed projects will have
 to be covered by other budget resources.
 
"The Federal Government will pay close attention to this
 ruling by the Federal Constitutional Court," Chancellor 
Olaf Scholz said on Wednesday. However, the 2024 
budget meetings scheduled for Thursday -- are to 
take place as planned.
 
The CTF has a total budget of 211.8 billion euros for the
 next four years. The German government wanted to 
invest 57.6 billion euros from the fund into green 
projects in areas such as transport, buildings 
and the switch to renewable energies
 in 2024.
 
Germany is aiming to achieve climate neutrality by 2045, 
five years ahead of the European Union (EU) target. As 
part of this process, Germany wants to achieve an 80 
percent share of renewable energies in its electricity 
supply by 2030, up from about 53 percent currently.
 
"This ruling is a bitter setback for climate protection," said 
Martin Kaiser, managing director of Greenpeace Germany, 
adding that all budgetary leeway must now be used on 
the path to climate neutrality, "because we are 
already in the midst of the climate crisis."
 
 
 
___________________________


 
Namibia ------ Launches First Seed 
Bank for Biodiversity Protection
November 14th (teleSUR)
 
On Tuesday, the Environment Investment Fund (EIF), a 
Namibian environmental fund, said the country has
 launched its first Community Seed Bank in 
Kavango West, one of the country's 14 
regions ------ to safeguard local seed 
varieties to promote biodiversity 
and ensure food security.
 
EIF spokesperson Lot Ndamanomhata stated that the main 
objective of the seed bank is to protect natural resources 
by preventing overexploitation of different seed varieties.
 
"This proactive intervention not only prevents depletion of
 resources, but also ensures seed conservation for the
 benefit of future generations. Community seed banks
 play a crucial role in collecting, storing and 
safeguarding local seeds," he said.
 
"In times of crop damage or destruction, these banks act as
 an emergency seed supply, allowing farmers to access 
seed for the next planting season," he added.
 
According to official reports, beyond preserving seeds, the 
project emphasizes a broader goal of protecting natural 
resources, promoting environmental sustainability, and 
ensuring that Namibia's future generations have 
access to diverse and resilient 
agricultural resources.
 
Furthermore, Ndamanomhata highlighted that this initiative 
goes beyond financial support, representing a shared 
commitment to environmental sustainability and the 
preservation of the country's natural heritage.
 
The EIF was officially launched in 2012 and is currently
 funded by a government allocation with the mandate
 to tap into local conservation fees and
 environmental levies.
 
These funds will be used to invest in the protection of the 
environment, its biological diversity and ecological life-
support functions; and the promotion of sustainable 
natural resources use - for economic development 
by supporting green & environmental enterprises.
 
Namibia intends to expand the establishment of such
 infrastructure, with plans for upcoming projects in 
other regions within the next five years.
 
 While Namibia introduced its inaugural community seed 
bank in 2023, neighboring countries such as Zambia, 
South Africa, and Zimbabwe have already largely 
embraced this practice, with Zimbabwe now
boasting 26 community seed banks. 
 
 
 
______________________________________


 
Bolivian President begins 
Green Lungs program
November 11th, 9:53am 
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Bolivian President Luis Arce has launched, today, in 
the municipality of El Alto, the Pulmones Verdes
 (Green Lungs) project by planting the first 
tree of a forest of native species to 
counter climate change.
 
The initiative was presented ---- by the Vice Minister of 
Coordination and Government Management - Gustavo 
Torrico, who initially proposed to start with a certain
amount of trees to generate a small forest in El Alto,
Gabriela Arauco, Director of Public Management in 
that government agency, explained.
 
In an interview granted to Prensa Latina, Arauco said that 
the support of other ministries made it possible to
advance 
towards, a larger and more
ambitious project.
 
'It will be the first forest with five hectares, five thousand 
seedlings, and it will not only be the planting stage, but 
the commitment of caring for them, so that these trees 
reach the necessary size and give the expected result: 
to improve the microclimate, the ecosystem and 
increase water levels and forestation in that 
environment’, she said.
 
The director explained to this news agency that the most 
important thing is that Pulmones Verdes will provide the 
community with access to cleaner air.
 
Pulmones Verdes promotes an effort to mitigate global 
warming, the greenhouse effect, the reduction of 
permafrost, the loss of water and the climatic 
crisis, and for this the State and the society 
of Bolivia receive the support of the youth 
of El Alto, as well as public and private 
business people.


______________________________________


Deforestation in Brazilian 
Amazon drops to 22.3%
November 9th, 4:47pm
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Deforestation rate in Brazil´s Amazon scaled down 22.3% 
from August 2022 to July 2023 -- the lowest figure in a 
12-month term since 2019, according to official data.
 
The National Institute for Space Research -- revealed that 
about 9,001 square kilometres of the Amazonian forest 
was deforested at that stage.
 
Such statistics were supported by the Real-Time 
Deforestation Detection System (DETER) which 
produces daily signals of alteration in forest 
cover for areas larger than three hectares 
(0.03 square kilometres).
 
Indications occur for totally deforested areas as well as
 for those in the process of wild degradation (logging, 
mining, burning and others).
 
DETER is not the official deforestation data, but 
an alert on where the problem is occurring.
 
The devastation in the Amazon increased under the 
government of former President Jair Bolsonaro 
(2019-2022).
 
 
___________________________________________


Luzhsky breeding centre.....
sent 500,000 pine saplings 
to the new region
November 8th, 6:54pm
(Komsomolskaya Pravda)
 
500 thousand pine seedlings were brought to the Donetsk
 People's Republic from the Luzhsky Forest selection and 
Seed production Centre. 
 
The Leningrad Region, helps the Donetsk People's
 Republic restore forests lost during the fighting. 

500 thousand pine seedlings were delivered to 
the new region of Russia from the Luzhsky 
Forest selection and seed Centre.

Seedlings of coniferous trees 
were grown in the nursery 
for two years. Now their 
new home will be 
the DPR.
 
The region participates in the restoration of Donetsk
 forests on behalf of Governor Alexander Drozdenko. 
The project is supervised by the Committee for 
Natural Resources of the Leningrad Region.
 
"When in April of this year, together with the head of the
 DPR, Denis Pushilin, we planted spruce and pine trees 
from the Leningrad region at the foot of Saur-Mogila,
promised that the supply of seedlings would be 
regular," said Governor Alexander Drozdenko. 
 
''This is part of our assistance to the Donbass...  it's 
systematic in nature. Today, the Leningrad Region
 continues to work at facilities in Yenakiyevo, 
Mariupol, and Makeyevka. We already 
perceive the residents of these 
localities.... as our own.''
 
''There is already a "Leningrad Quarter" in Mariupol, 
and there will eventually be a "Leningrad Forest"
 in the Donbas.''
 
Alexey Shebalkin, Chairman of the Forestry and Hunting
 Committee of the Donetsk People's Republic, said that
 the "green" cargo... has successfully arrived at its
 destination. This... is the second campaign to 
send seedlings from the Leningrad region
 in 2023. 
 
Earlier, in April, 70 thousand seedlings of scots pine and
 30 thousand seedlings of European spruce were 
brought to the Donetsk People's Republic. 
 
According to Governor Alexander Drozdenko, the young
 coniferous trees planted on Donetsk's land will help
 restore the forests damaged during the fighting.
 
"Leningrad kids" - in a decade - will turn into 250
hectares of forest.... traces of the war in the
Donetsk People's Republic. 

''The April batch of 100 thousand pine and spruce saplings 
has already taken root in a new place, including at Saur-
Mogila. Seedlings with a closed root system, were 
shipped from the Luzhsky breeding Centre - so 
that they could move on the road and adapt 
more easily to a new place," the head of 
the region noted.
 
Before taking the seedlings to the DPR, the planting
 material... is carefully checked. The best seedlings 
with high survival rates are selected for shipment.


 
________________________________________________


 
China’s initiative - wins 
UN’s most prestigious 
environmental prize
October 30th, 2:02pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
China's Blue Circle initiative has won the United Nations 
Environment Program's 2023 Champions of the Earth 
award for its innovative marine plastic treatment 
technology, Xinhua reported on Monday.
 
The Blue Circle initiative won the award in the
 Entrepreneurial Vision category --- for its 
contributions to monitoring the entire
 lifecycle... of plastic pollution in 
the oceans - comprehensively,
 encompassing collection ---
as well as regeneration,
re-
manufacturing, 
and re-sale.
 
Over 6,000 individuals and 200 enterprises from East 
China’s Zhejiang Province are involved in the project.
 To date, it has successfully gathered about 10,700 
tons of marine debris.
 
According to Xinhua, these data, make Blue
Circle China’s 
great marine plastic waste
collection program.
 
A study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation in the United
 Kingdom.... estimated that -- oceans could carry more 
plastic than fish - by 2050, leading to more pollution.
 
The organization, founded in 2010 to accelerate the
 transition to a circular economy, pointed out that 
such materials take about 1,000 years to 
degrade -- which has very negative
 impacts on the oceans and 
the environment.
 

[R.R. adds: Well done, China -
we're all gonna die!]



_________________________

 
Ozone hole over Antarctica grows
-- to one of the largest on record
October 4th, 4:36pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
The annual ozone hole that forms over Antarctica
has ballooned to near-record size, scientists say.
 
Measurements from satellite imaging taken on Sept. 16
 --- showed that the ozone depletion area had reached 
26 million square kilometres — roughly three times 
the size of Brazil, according to Copernicus, the 
European Union’s Earth observation program.
 
Every year, an ozone hole forms over the Antarctic due to 
the presence of ozone-depleting substances in the 
stratosphere and the specific conditions of
 the region, according to Copernicus.
 
The size of the ozone fluctuates from August to October,
typically reaching maximum depletion between mid-
September and mid-October.
 
This year, the ozone hole got off to an early start and has 
grown “rapidly” since mid-August -- “making it one of the 
biggest ozone holes on record,” Copernicus Atmosphere
 Monitoring Service senior scientist, Antje Inness, said
in 
a statement. The size of the ozone hole is largely 
determined... by the strength of a strong wind 
band that flows around the Antarctic area - 
a result of the rotation of the Earth and 
the oppositional temperature 
differences between polar
 and moderate latitudes.
 
Ozone levels usually return to normal by mid-December, 
after temperatures high up in the stratosphere rise in 
the southern hemisphere, slowing ozone depletion 
and weakening the polar vortex, according 
to Copernicus.
 
There is some speculation that the unusual behaviour 
of the ozone layer in 2023, is a result of the Tongan 
underwater volcano eruption in January 2022.
 
The immense amount of water vapour that was injected 
into the atmosphere likely just started reaching the 
south polar region after the end of the 2022 
ozone hole, Antje said.
 
The water vapour could have led to a heightened
formation 
of polar stratospheric clouds ---
allowing chlorofluorocarbons 
to react
and accelerate ozone depletion.
 
The impact of the widespread use of damaging 
chlorofluorocarbons in products such as 
refrigerators and aerosol tins in the 
1970s and 1980s -------- led to the 
depletion of the ozone high in 
the atmosphere, allowing for 
the ozone layer above 
Antarctica - to open 
up, according to 
Copernicus.
 
 
_____________________________



The scientist declared
deterioration of
 all
global ecological
characteristics
September 30th, 1:47pm
(RT.ru)
 
All global indicators in the field of ecology, except for the
 problem of ozone holes, are getting worse, said Viktor 
Danilov-Danilyan, a Russian scientist and scientific 
director of the Institute of Water Problems of the 
Russian Academy of Sciences.
 
"Absolutely all global environmental characteristics
are
 deteriorating, except ----- and this is the only 
exception ----- that characterizes the state of
the 
ozone layer," RIA Novosti quotes 
Danilov-Danilyan as saying, at
 the Altai Economic Forum
"Thread of Nature".
 
He noted that the situation with the ozone layer is 
improving, after the adoption of the Montreal 
Protocol --- and the implementation of 
its obligations.
 
The scientist added that the concentration of 
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is 
growing in the world, the area of 
forests is decreasing, and the
chemical poisoning of soils
 ...continues.
 
Earlier, US President, Joe Biden, said that 
global warming.... remains the only real 
threat to humanity.
 
 
 
_____________________________________
 


 Japanese scientists find --- 
microplastics are present
 in clouds
September 27th, 9:03pm
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
Researchers in Japan have confirmed - microplastics
 are present in clouds, where they are likely affecting
 the climate in ways that aren't yet fully understood.
 
In a study published in Environmental Chemistry Letters, 
scientists climbed Mount Fuji and Mount Oyama in order 
to collect water from the mists that shroud their peaks, 
then applied advanced imaging techniques to the 
samples to determine their physical and 
chemical properties.
 
The team identified nine different types of polymers and 
one type of rubber in the airborne microplastics — 
ranging in size from 7.1 to 94.6 micrometres.
 
What’s more, “hydrophilic” or water-loving polymers were 
abundant, suggesting the particles play a significant 
role in rapid cloud formation and thus, 
climate systems.
 
“If the issue of ‘plastic air pollution’ is not addressed 
proactively, climate change and ecological risks 
may become a reality, causing irreversible 
and serious environmental damage in 
the future,” lead author, Hiroshi 
Okochi of Waseda University
 warned in a statement 
on Wednesday.
 
Microplastics — defined as plastic particles under 5 
millimeters - come from industrial effluent, textiles, 
synthetic car tires, personal care products, and 
much more.
 
These tiny fragments have been discovered inside fish 
in the deepest recesses of the ocean peppering Arctic 
sea ice and blanketing the snows on the Pyrenees 
mountains between France and Spain.
 
But the mechanisms of their transport have remained 
unclear, with research on airborne microplastic 
transport, in particular, limited.
 
“To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on
 airborne microplastics in cloud water,” the authors 
wrote in their paper.
 
Emerging evidence has linked microplastics to a range of 
impacts on heart and lung health, as well as cancers, in 
addition to widespread environmental harm.


 
____________________________________________



 
 
South Korea to increase 
radiation meters in
the ocean
September 18th, 11:38am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
South Korea will strengthen emergency radiation tests to 
ease public concern over the discharge into the ocean 
of contaminated water from Japan's Fukushima 
nuclear power plant, it was announced.
 
South Korean Minister of Oceans and Fisheries Cho 
Seung-hwan told a news conference that more 
coastal measurement points will be added
 for this purpose.
 
''We chose the points where the released waters are expected 
to arrive first, given the ocean currents. We will add more 
locations to the list, especially in the East Sea, to 
ensure safety further,'' he said.
 
Cho explained that in addition to the 75 spots in territorial 
waters, radiation tests are conducted in 33 more distant 
areas, and the ministry plans to increase the number 
to nearly 250 by next year.
 
South Korea began conducting emergency radiation tests in 
July on samples from 75 coastal points in the east, west 
and south of the country, as well as in the waters off
 the southern island of Jeju.
 
The monitoring began about a month before Tokyo began 
discharging treated radioactive water into the sea.
 
In 2011, Japan’s Fukushima nuclear power plant was 
severely damaged by a strong earthquake and a 
subsequent tsunami.
 
 
_________________________________

 
Angola plans to eliminate 
refrigerant gases by 2030
September 17th, 9:17am
(Prensa Latina)
 
Angola plans to eliminate, by 2030, the use of refrigerant 
gases belonging to hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), 
according to sources from the Ministry
of Environment.
 
Since 2012 the country began to apply the schedule for the 
gradual elimination of these gases, which are harmful
to 
the ozone layer --- and cause global warming,
in 
compliance with the Montreal Protocol, 
Ivone Pascoal ---- the person in charge 
of the issue in the aforementioned 
ministry ---- explained to the 
Angolan Press Agency.
 
It is expected that the application of the measure of 
not importing these gases and their exclusion from
 consumption... will be completed by 2025, leaving 
a margin until 2030 for their total disappearance.
 
Reaching this point, required intense awareness-raising work 
on good refrigeration practices, the introduction of new
 techniques, and the implementation of rules on the 
export, re-export and import of ozone-depleting 
substances and equipment, among 
other actions.
 
However, the challenge remains, as the country sets out to 
reduce the consumption of substances that contribute to 
global warming until 2050, in compliance with the Kigali
 Amendment --- an agreement that provides for a
phased 
reduction in the consumption of
hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) 
until that year.
 

____________________________________________________________



  Zakharova: ammunition with
 uranium ...makes Ukraine 
uninhabitable land
August 24th, 10:21pm
(RT.ru)
 
Supplies of depleted uranium ammunition, from the West, 
have already led to radiation contamination of Ukrainian
 territory...... which is turning into uninhabitable land.
 
This is stated in an article by the official representative 
of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, 
published on Komsomolskaya Pravda's website.
 
"The threat that Russia has repeatedly warned the 
Ukrainian population about, is also confirmed on
 Ukrainian territory," the diplomat said.
 
According to her, radiation contamination of 
the soil, is already taking place in Ukraine.
 
Zakharova also said that the Ukrainians 
should demand the export of depleted
 uranium shells.
 
 
_____________________________________


Japan’s residents - intend to file 
lawsuit: over discharge of nuke 
water from Fukushima NPP
August 23rd, 3:56pm (TASS)
 
Residents from the Fukushima, Miyagi and Ibaraki 
prefectures, which are located on the Pacific 
Coast of Japan, intend to file a lawsuit 
against the state, on September 8, 
demanding that the treated water 
from the Fukushima 1 Nuclear 
Power Plant (NPP) not be 
discharged, Kyodo news 
agency reported 
on Wednesday.
 
The lawsuit will include the Tokyo Electric 
Power (TEPCO) company, which operates 
the nuclear power plant.
 
According to the plaintiffs, the discharged water would mean 
the spread of destructive substances and would inflict harm 
on the region's residents. Local fishermen are among those 
who intend to launch the legal action, Kyodo added.
 
Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said earlier that the 
discharge of water that was used to cool the reactors at 
the plant would begin on August 24, barring any 
obstacles in terms of the weather or 
sea conditions.
 
According to the Kyodo news agency, in the 2023 fiscal 
year (ending on March 31, 2024) as many as 31.2 
metric tons of wastewater will be released into
 the ocean. The overall concentration of 
tritium in it would be about
 5 trillion becquerels.
 
In March 2011, a tsunami caused damage to power supply
 and cooling systems at the Fukushima 1 Nuclear Power 
Plant, which caused a nuclear fuel meltdown in three 
reactors, accompanied by explosions and the 
emission of radiation into the atmosphere. 
Vast territories were contaminated, 
forcing the evacuation of tens of
 thousands of people.
 
The reactors used water for cooling, and storing this water
 has become problematic due to its large volume — over 
1.25 million tons. 
 
In April, 2021, the Japanese government authorized the
 discharge of a large amount of this water, which is 
said to be mostly cleared of radioactive 
substances, but still contains tritium, 
a radioactive hydrogen isotope.
 
TEPCO underscored --- that the tritium content in the water
 is being brought to one fortieth of the minimum allowable 
standard set by the International Commission on 
Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the 
government of Japan, and one 
seventh of the level allowed 
by the World Health 
Organization for 
drinking water.
 
Despite this, Tokyo’s plans have drawn sharp criticism from a 
number of countries, mainly Russia and China. Japan plans 
to discharge the water in stages over a 30-year period. 
 
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) intends 
to monitor the process on a continuous basis. In the 
past few years, IAEA specialists have carried out 
several inspections at the nuclear facility.
 
 
_____________________________________________


Environmentalists celebrate
 Referendum victory 
in Ecuador
August 21st, 3:39pm
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Different environmental and social sectors in Ecuador 
are celebrating today the "yes" vote in this Sunday's 
referendum and they consider this result ------ as an 
historic milestone in the South American nation.
 
For Ivone Ramos, member of the Accion Ecologica movement, 
with the consultations that seek to leave the Yasuni National 
Park oil underground and stop mining activity in the Andean 
Choco, direct democracy has been achieved -she said- it is
 an historic event, a great hope, she stressed.
 
For his part, Inti Arcos, member of the Commonwealth 
of the Andean Choco, recalled that all mining in the 
Andean Chocó --- is illegal.
 
Even large mining projects are illegal because
 they violate the rights of people and nature.
 
The popular consultation clearly states that 
we do not want any type of mining, he said.
 
During a press conference held on Monday, Freddy
 Larreategui, lawyer for the Quito without Mining 
Collective, said they will remain vigilant and 
will wait for the official results... to put 
pressure, so that they are respected.
 
All concessions granted or to be granted must 
be eliminated --- immediately, he demanded.
 
The jurist denounced that there are currently 12 
concessions granted - and eight in process - in
the 
Andean Choco; but none of them will be
able to
 be exploited or developed.
 
We will present all judicial and 
constitutional actions.
 
We will go wherever we have to go to ensure 
that the results and Quito people’s will are 
respected, he warned.
 
 
_________________________________________


Venezuela Controls
 Illegal Mining in
 Orinoco
August 16th (teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday, commander of the Bolivarian National Armed 
Forces (FANB) Gen. Domingo Hernandez announced that 
over 500 soldiers are traveling to the Alto Orinoco 
region to continue the operation against
 illegal mining.
 
The FANB soldiers... will go to the western edge of 
the Yapacana National Park "to fight for territorial 
integrity and national sovereignty, and against 
criminal groups that rape the environment," 
he said, adding that "environmental 
protection is everyone's task, it is
 a duty and a constitutional right".
 
The Bolivarian soldiers... continue to evacuate illegal 
miners from the Yapacana National Park, dismantle 
illegal facilities, and destroy environmentally 
damaging equipment.
 
Eight months ago, the FANB began Operation Autana,
 which allowed the eviction of thousands of illegal 
miners from a protected natural area located on 
the border with Colombia and Brazil. Those 
who left there voluntarily were relocated 
to other states.
 
So far, the FANB has detected 40 mining camps and
 evacuated over 8,000 people who voluntarily 
withdrew from the area --- as reported by 
TeleSur correspondent Madelein Garcia.
 
Illegal mining has caused irreversible damage to Amazon 
ecosystems due to the use of mercury to extract gold 
and other minerals. Another form of illegal mining 
consists of using artisan rafts that inject 
mercury ------ to suck minerals from 
the riverbed.
 
In an operation to fly over the Atabapo River, on the border 
between Colombia and Venezuela, FANB troops detected 
11 of these boats in less than a nautical mile. After being 
detected, these vessels ----- fled to Colombian territory, 
where irregular armed groups offer them protection.
 
 
___________________________________



Environmental commitments 
from the Amazon Summit 
stand out in Brazil
August 12th, 11:15am 
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
The various environmental commitments that emanated 
from the IV Amazon Summit, which held sessions for 
two days in Belém, capital of the northern state of 
Pará, stood out in Brazil in the week ending today.
 
The countries participating in the meeting, released a joint 
communiqué with final considerations in which they also 
request advantages for sustainable forest products in
 the markets of developed nations.
 
“We reinforce our understanding - that preferential access 
for forest products in the markets of developed countries 
will be an important lever for the economic development 
of developing countries,” the text indicates.
 
It reiterates commitments aimed at preserving forests, 
reducing the causes of deforestation and forest 
degradation, as well as conserving and 
valuing biodiversity.
 
The signatories also expressed their concern about the 
non-compliance of developed countries with respect to
the 100 billion dollars a year --- pledged for climate 
finance in developing countries.
 
In this regard, the Brazilian president, Luiz Inácio Lula 
da Silva, host of the forum, defended the feasibility of 
international financing for sustainable projects in 
the biome.
 
“We cannot accept a green neocolonialism that, under 
the pretext of protecting the environment, imposes
 trade barriers and discriminatory measures and 
does not consider our regulatory frameworks 
and domestic policies,” Lula said at the end 
of the meeting.
 
For the head of state, “what we need is to make a leap
 in quality and long-term financing without conditions, 
for green infrastructure & industrialization projects.”
 
He announced that in the Brazilian presidency of the G20 
(a group made up of the finance ministers and heads of 
central banks of the 19 largest economies in the world
 plus the EU), to begin on December 1, “we will place
 sustainable development and the reduction of
 inequalities ----- at the centre of the 
international agenda”.
 
He warned they only have seven years to achieve the Goals 
of the 2030 Agenda and it is “time for our countries to come 
together. It is time to wake up to the urgency of the problem
 of climate change.”
 
He remarked that the adopted joint declaration will be “the 
first step towards a common position already at COP28
 this year (in the UAE), with a view to COP30.”
 
The summit in Belém involved, in addition to the countries of 
the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (Brazil, Bolivia, 
Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela), 
others that have large tracts of preserved tropical forests, 
such as the cases of Indonesia, the Congo and the 
Democratic Republic of the Congo.
 
 
___________________________________


 We Cannot Accept ---
Green Neocolonialism: 
Brazilian President
August 9th (teleSUR)
 
During the Amazon Summit on Wednesday, Brazilian 
President, Lula da Silva, stated --- that developing 
nations cannot accept "green neocolonialism."
 
"It's not Brazil, Colombia, or Venezuela that need the money. 
It's nature itself. It requires rich nations to pay their share 
to rectify the damage caused over 200 years of industrial 
development," Lula remarked as he concluded the 
meeting in the city of Belem.
 
He emphasized that Amazonian countries, along with the
 Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
 and Indonesia --- will convey a clear message to 
wealthier nations during the United Nations 
Climate Change Conference (COP28) 
scheduled for November in Dubai.
 
"We will tell them that if they wish to preserve what they 
demand from our forests -- it's necessary to contribute
funds not only for safeguarding the treetops but also 
for supporting the people beneath those trees who 
want to work and study," he expressed.
 
Lula urged developing nations -- not to "accept a green
 neocolonialism that, under the guise of environmental 
protection, imposes trade barriers and discriminatory 
measures, disregarding domestic policies and laws."
 
These statements... indirectly refer to the environmental 
demands that Europeans attempt to impose in the Free 
Trade Agreement (FTA) - between the European Union 
(EU) and MERCOSUR, an integration bloc comprising
 Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
 
As a result of the EU protectionist measures, negotiations 
for this free trade agreement have - once again - come to 
a standstill.
 
Lula recalled that the colonial era bequeathed to countries 
with tropical rainforests "a predatory economic model" 
built upon the irrational exploitation of natural 
resources and the systematic exclusion of
 Indigenous peoples.
 
A tweet reads "75 percent of the uranium exported from Niger 
to France was used in French nuclear power plants. In its
 northern region alone, Brazil potentially has around 
300,000 tons of uranium. The Bolivian president 
warned --- that the U.S. and the EU seek to 
control the Amazon."
 
"The effects of colonialism continue to be felt in our nations
 to this day," Lula emphasized during the meeting of the
 Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO), an
 organization that includes Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, 
Guyana, Ecuador, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
 
"One cannot discuss tropical forests and climate change 
without addressing the historical responsibility of 
developed countries --- which have been the 
biggest squanderers of natural resources, 
and the largest contributors to planetary
 pollution over the centuries," Lula said.
 
"The top 10 percent of the world's population holds over 
75 percent of the wealth --- and emits nearly half of all 
carbon released into the atmosphere," the Brazilian 
president recalled.


teleSUR English
@telesurenglish
#Brazil | 
 
Rodrigues Alves Forest - Zoobotanical Garden of the Amazon,
 the meeting place of the Peoples of the Earth that will march
 today towards the Amazon Summit. At the end of the march, 
they will deliver their demands to the political leaders of the 
Pan-Amazon nations.
 
 
_________________________________________


 Strengthening Sovereignty 
to Protect the Amazon: 
VP Rodriguez
August 8th (teleSUR)
 
On Tuesday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro called
 upon the nations that comprise the Amazon Cooperation
 Treaty Organization (ACTO) to establish a collaborative
 action plan --- to safeguard the Amazon forests and
their 
natural resources.
 
"Through hard work, effort, and a concrete action plan 
ready for implementation, let's unite in reforestation, 
sanitation, and restoration of the Amazon.... for the 
well-being of our Indigenous peoples," he tweeted, 
displaying optimism ---- and asserting that the 
Amazon countries are "heading towards 
a new humanity."
 
Due to an ear infection, the Bolivarian leader could not
 personally attend the 4th ACTO Presidential Summit
 in the city of Belem, in the state of Para. However, 
Venezuelan Vice President Delcy Rodriguez 
attended this high-level meeting.
 
She presented a specific action plan for the preservation 
of life and the rights of nature, with the main points
 as follows:
 
Establish an ACTO task force as a 
coordinating body among the 
region's countries.
 
Develop a comprehensive reforestation plan 
to map critical areas in the Amazon basin 
and promote sustainable practices as 
sovereign and ecological economic 
alternatives.
 
Establish a seed bank and research 
centre to preserve regional
 biodiversity.
 
Eliminate illegal mining activities.
 
Launch an Amazonian satellite
 into orbit for region monitoring.
 
Define an ecological and sovereign sustainable
 development plan that respects the rights 
of nature.
 
Strengthen the ACTO institutional capacity.
 
Rodriguez also emphasized that the Amazon 
countries... are obliged to reinforce their 
sovereignty --- if they wish to preserve 
"the environmental soul of the planet."
 
"There is no other path. We must be frank... There are 
grave threats we cannot evade: the voracity of 
transnational pharmaceutical and food 
empires, the outsourcing of state
 functions, and the aspirations 
of NATO --- that target the 
commercialization of 
the Amazon basin," 
she stated.
 
"What is at stake here is a profound debate between 
an international economic order and a sustainable 
development model that ensures a true balance 
among land, oceans, and the atmosphere," 
Rodriguez added, recalling that the 
Venezuelan message is 
"unity, unity, unity."
 
"The organization must serve the political, economic, 
and territorial sovereignty of the countries that
form
 the OTCA," she advocated.
 
 
__________________________________
 
 
Water temperature in world's 
oceans has reached new
 record values
August 5th, 12:15am
(Izvestia.ru)
 
Another temperature record was set in the world's oceans. 
This was reported on Friday, August 4th, by the AFP news 
agency... citing data from the European Union's (EU)
Earth 
observation program, Copernicus.
 
On this day, the surface of the oceans warmed up to 
+20.96 degrees, exceeding the indicators of March 
2016 (+20.95 degrees).
 
Earlier, on July 19, Copernicus experts presented a forecast 
according to which July 2023 on the planet may become 
the hottest in history. It was noted that, since spring, 
the oceans have been overheating, and the speed 
of this phenomenon... is very surprising to 
scientists around the world.
 
On July 31, Igor Shkradyuk, coordinator of the industrial 
greening program at the Centre for Wildlife Protection,
 told Izvestia ...about the warm current across the 
Pacific Ocean — El Nino. It is associated with a 
strong climate cycle, which repeats with a 
period of about 10 years, warming the 
ocean waters.
 
Earlier, on July 4, the World Meteorological Organization 
announced that for the first time in seven years, El Nino 
conditions were established in the tropical Pacific 
Ocean, which creates prerequisites, for a likely 
sharp increase in global temperatures ---- and 
destructive weather and climate conditions.

 It was noted that the probability of 
continuing El Nino in the second 
half of 2023 --- is 90%.
 
In addition, in June, a study was published in 
which scientists concluded that over the 
decade 2013-2022.... warming caused 
by human activity accelerated at a 
dangerous pace - and the planet
 became hotter by 0.2 degrees.
 
 
______________________________________

 
Until the end of the year, humanity will 
--- live on credit from the environment
August 3rd, 2023 
(source --- France 24
translated by InoTV)
 
By August 2, 2023, humanity had used the resources 
that the planet creates throughout the year, reports
 France 24. For the remaining 151 days, the world's
 population will live in a state of ecological deficit 
--- experts estimate. They blame our profligate
lifestyles, 
especially in the rich countries.
 
Since yesterday morning, humanity has been living on credit.
We 
have already used up all the resources that the Earth can 
produce in a year. In other words, for the remaining 151 
days of 2023 ------ humanity will live in a state of 
ecological deficit.
 
Matthis Wakkernagel, co-founder 
of the Global Habitat Network:
 
''We can calculate how much will be restored in a particular
country, then add up these figures for the whole world. We
can also calculate consumption -- in each country. There 
are also statistics that show the amount of consumption
of potatoes, milk and meat. So... we can take stock and
identify the capacities needed to produce the products.''
 
''In 1970, all the world's resources were used up by the end of
 December. Throughout the 1980s-in November. In the 1990s-
in October. This year, the line was crossed on August 2nd. 
The reason is our way of life, especially in rich countries. 
Greenhouse gas emissions, from the use of oil and coal 
- strongly affect the equilibrium. Oceans that are being
destroyed by overfishing; forests --- unable to absorb
 everything. Especially.... since the Amazon forests 
were cut down under the rule of Jair Bolsonaro.''
 
''The situation has stabilized for five years, but it is not
 changing. But... to meet the goal set by the Inter-
governmental Panel on Climate Change --- to 
reduce greenhouse gas emissions, by 43%
 by 2030 - it would be worth delaying the 
moment of Land depletion, by 19 days 
each year, over the next seven years.''
 
 
_______________________________________

 
Beijing Reports Heaviest 
Rainfall in 140 Years
 August 2nd, 3:16pm 
(teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday,  the Chinese authorities confirmed 
that Beijing has recorded its heaviest rainfall over
 the past few days since records began 
140 years ago.
 
The city logged 744.8 millimetres of rain, the maximum 
amount of precipitation recorded during the rainstorm, 
between 8 p.m. Saturday and 7 a.m. Wednesday at 
the Wangjiayuan reservoir in Changping District, 
the Beijing Meteorological Service said.
 
The Chinese capital has experienced spells of torrential 
rain brought by Typhoon Doksuri since the start of the 
weekend, which had caused 11 fatalities, as of 
Tuesday morning.
 
The authorities lifted the red alert for floods on 
Wednesday morning... as the water flow in 
major rivers fell below the warning mark. 
 
Previously, some parts of the Fangshan District suffered from
 flood and geological disasters caused by recent rainstorms
 in the capital city. A rescue team comprised of firefighters, 
medical workers and volunteers set out to evacuate 
people afflicted by floods in Pinggezhuang Village 
of Liulihe Town, on Wednesday. 
 
The Chinese Finance Ministry has earmarked about 
US$14 million to support post-disaster 
reconstruction in Beijing and in the
neighbouring Hebei Province. 
 
It was also confirmed that central budget funds 
will be used to support the reconstruction of 
infrastructure and public services.
 
 
____________________________

 
Fishermen Stage New Protest 
Against Japanese Nuclear 
Wastewater
July 27th, 7:24pm 
 (teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday afternoon, South Korean fishermen staged a
 maritime rally in the southern coastal county of Boseong
 to protest against Japan's planned release of nuclear-
contaminated wastewater from the Fukushima
power 
plant, into the ocean.
 
Over 100 fishing boats set out from a port of the county, 
plowing their way through glittering blue waves with
 banners attached on the sides, that read "Oppose 
Fukushima nuclear-contaminated wastewater 
discharge into the ocean," and "The ocean
 is not a dumping ground for nuclear-
contaminated wastewater."
 
The long line of boats circled around in southern waters, 
and 12 of them sailed toward two vessels at the centre
of the circle. From the two vessels, 120 boxes with a 
mark symbolizing nuclear pollutants were thrown
into the sea --- to represent Japan's radioactive 
wastewater discharge, while fishermen from 
the 12 boats pulled up the boxes from the 
sea ----- and delivered them back to the 
two vessels.
 
"It was a performance - showing that South Korean people 
collect the nuclear-contaminated wastewater, released 
by Japan, and return it back to Japan," said Kim 
Young-chul, executive chief of the Federation 
of Korean Fishermen's Associations.
 
"The fishing boats circled around to show that if Japan 
discharges Fukushima nuclear-contaminated waste-
water into the sea, South Korean vessels will 
surround the wastewater and make it no 
longer flow into other countries," 
he added.
 
"The ocean is the home of our lives. I have lived all my life 
with gratitude to the ocean, which is like family and a 
friend, and also my workplace...If Japan discharges
 Fukushima nuclear-contaminated wastewater, it 
will become a sea of death. Fishermen will
also 
be dead."
 
Right before the maritime demonstration, the fishermen 
held a separate rally on land in protest of the nuclear-
contaminated wastewater dumping plan.
 
They chanted the slogan "The Japanese government should 
immediately retract its plan to dump Fukushima nuclear-
contaminated wastewater into the ocean," wearing a
 red band around their heads with the slogan 
"Protect our right to life."
 
 
_____________________
 
 
 
The Canada Wildfire 
Carbon Emissions... 
Exceed 1 Bln Tonnes
July 27th, 3pm
 (teleSUR)
 
Liu Zhihua, a researcher from the Institute of Applied
 Ecology, said that the massive carbon dioxide 
emissions from the raging wildfires in 
Canada ---- have exceeded 
one billion tonnes.
 
Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and 
nitrous oxide emitted by the wildfires in Canada have a 
noticeable impact on global warming and the wildfires 
have evolved into a global environmental event, 
said Liu.
 
According to the Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre 
(CIFFC), as of July 26, there were 4,774 fires across the 
country, and the cumulative fire area has exceeded 
121,000 square kilometres.
 
The researchers conducted a rapid assessment of
 greenhouse gas emissions from the wildfires, 
based on remote sensing observations.
 
It is estimated that as of July 26 local time, the wildfires 
in Canada have directly emitted about one billion tonnes 
of carbon dioxide.
 
The greenhouse effect of methane and nitrous oxide 
emissions is about 110 million tonnes of carbon 
dioxide equivalent -- and the total greenhouse 
gas emissions are about 1.11 billion tonnes 
of carbon dioxide equivalent.
 
This number has exceeded Japan's energy-related carbon 
dioxide emissions of 1.067 billion tonnes in 2021, 
according to data cited from the Global 
Carbon Project.
 
In addition to affecting the climate, the wildfires in Canada 
also released air pollutants such as PM2.5, PM10, organic 
aerosols, and black carbon, which harm human health.
 
In June, the air quality in New York, Chicago, and other 
places in the United States deteriorated significantly. 
These air pollutants are also transported over long 
distances worldwide under westerly circulation,
 affecting areas in Europe, North Africa, 
and Asia.
 
The wildfires have also wreaked havoc on forest ecosystems.
 The rapidly burning wildfires led to extensive vegetation
 destruction and biodiversity loss, depriving animals 
of habitats and food sources.
 
 
_______________________________
 
 
 
Iran: Hamoun Lake
and Wetlands Face 
Existential Risk
July 27th, 2:21pm 
(teleSUR)
 
On Wednesday, an Iranian environmental official warned 
that the Hamoun Lake and Wetlands near the common 
border in southeastern Iran with Afghanistan could 
dry up completely, leading to an "environmental
 and humanitarian disaster."
 
Mojtaba Zoljoudi, deputy for the marine environment and
 wetlands, of the Iranian Department of Environment, 
called on environmental officials & the international
community in Afghanistan to help revive the lake 
and wetlands, regardless of political issues.
 
Zoljoudi said the lake's survival depends on the floodwaters 
flowing into it from upstream rivers, including the Farah and
Helmand, in Afghanistan.
 
However, he said the lake has dried up completely due to a
 "diversion in the Helmand River's route, construction of 
numerous dams on the Farah River and Afghanistan's 
failure to uphold the historical and natural rights of 
the ecosystem."
 
Zoljoudi added that the sandstorms in the southeastern 
Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, have sent 
thousands of people to hospitals over the past weeks, 
noting ------ that the storms even affected parts
o
f Afghanistan.
 
During the past months, high-ranking Iranian officials have
 called on the Taliban to allow an average of 820 million 
cubic metres of water per year, to Iran, from the 
Helmand River under a 1973 water-sharing 
pact between Tehran and Kabul.

The 
Taliban government said it is 
committed to the 1973 
treaty and does not
cause trouble for 
its neighbour.
 
The Helmand River originates in the Hindu Kush Mountains
 near Afghanistan's capital Kabul and runs over 1,100 km 
south before flowing into Hamoun Lake and Wetlands. 
The lake and wetlands --- are a vital source of water 
and food for the people of Sistan and Baluchestan.
 
 
__________________________________


 July heat waves: due 
to ''climate change''
by Elsy Fors Garzon
July 26th, 11:13am
(Prensa Latina) 
 
The heat waves experienced to date in China, Europe
and North America, and which will increase, are 
largely generated.. by the effects of climate 
change, said a report by World Weather 
Attribution (WWA ).
 
“North America, Europe & China have experienced heat 
waves more frequently in recent years, as a result of 
global warming, caused by human activities,” the 
text underlines.
 
Extreme temperature events in these areas during the 
month of July would have been extremely rare, were
 it not for human-induced climate change, the 
report says.
 
The heat waves - were 2.5 degrees Celsius warmer 
in southern Europe, two degrees warmer, in North 
America and about one degree in China in today’s 
climate -- than they would have been without the
climate change exacerbated by the malpractice 
of humans.
 
“Unless the world quickly stops burning fossil fuels, these 
events will become even more common and the planet 
will experience even hotter and longer-lasting heat 
waves,” the text emphasizes.
 
This phenomenon would occur every two to five 
years in a world that is two degrees warmer 
than the pre-industrial climate, the 
WWA warned.
 
 
_________________________________


Venezuela to Set Special Plan to
Decontaminate Lake Maracaibo
July 25th, 2:38pm (teleSUR)
 
On Monday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced
 a special plan to decontaminate Lake Maracaibo, which has
 been affected by the cumulative effect of oil spills, the
 confluence of solid waste and the proliferation of
 a bacterium called verdigris.
 
"I have prepared a special care, decontamination and
 recovery plan for Lake Maracaibo. Public Service 
Minister Nestor Reverolwill be in charge of its 
implementation," he said, at an event to 
mark the bicentennial of the Naval 
Battle of Lake Maracaibo.
 
This plan was prepared with the support of scientists, 
technicians and the ministers of environment, oil, 
fishing and aquaculture, and electric power.
 
Maduro asked Zulia Governor, Manuel Rosales, and the
 Maracaibo Mayor, Rafael Ramirez, for "all the support" 
for the development of this plan, for which Venezuela 
will seek financing amid the U.S. Sanctions 
and blockade.
 
The Bolivarian leader also announced the construction of a 
33-hectare park, that will be able to provide services to
1.4 
million people... in the eastern and western parts
of 
Maracaibo, the capital city of the Zulia state.
 
This facility, which will be called Ana Maria Campos, in 
honour of a heroine in the war of independence, will 
have five lagoons, 14 sports fields, walkways, a
special space for pets and an area for children
 with disabilities.
 
"We are going to reforest the areas to the west and east
of Maracaibo, to have the protection of the trees...
It will be a 
monumental park," Maduro said, and
promised to hand 
over the first eight hectares
of the park, in December.


_________________________________


On the Uruguayan Coast
 
 over 300 Penguins
Appear - Dead
July 22nd,  2023
(teleSUR)
 
On Friday, the SOS Fauna Marina NGO confirmed that over 300
 Magellanic penguins appeared dead on the Uruguayan coast 
in the last week. This occurred during their annual migration 
from Argentine Patagonia to Brazil, where the penguins seek 
food and warmer waters for the winter.
 
“Food scarcity - as a consequence of the overfishing of the 
South Atlantic and the effects of climate change on ocean 
currents could be the causes of the catastrophe,” SOS
 Fauna Marina environmentalist, Richard Tesore, said, 
adding that most of the penguins were very skinny.
 
“They had no food in their stomachs, not a layer of fat. 
To make such a long trip, it is essential to eat a lot of 
calories and have a large layer of fat on the body, 
which acts as a thermal insulator and protects 
the animals from low temperatures. The 
animals died of hypothermia caused 
by lack of food,” he said.
 
For many years, the Uruguayan coasts have witnessed 
the appearance of lifeless penguins. In the last three 
years, however, this event has intensified.
 
Tesore commented that when he began his work as an 
environmentalist, more than 30 years ago, penguins 
used to die... from accidentally ingesting 
plastic materials.
 
“On this occasion, the massive deaths show the scarcity
 of food. The overexploitation of the fishing resource -
is noticeable - and it affects the birds as well”,
he explained.
 
Additionally, global warming began to alter marine currents
in the 1990s -- which has influenced some species of fish 
to no longer reach the waters near the Uruguayan coast. 
Among them is "manila," a species that penguins 
feed on.
 
Throughout this week, the Uruguayan Environmental Ministry
 performed necropsies on the Magellanic penguins. After
 forensic investigations, the authorities determined
 that their deaths are not related to bird flu.
 
In the last month, citizens found over 20 dead turtles on the 
Uruguayan coast. Dead dolphins were also detected on
 the coasts of Canelones, Maldonado and Rocha.
 
 
______________________________________


South Koreans -- Hold 
Rally Against Japan's 
Wastewater Discharge
July 21st, 1:22pm 
(teleSUR)
 
On Friday, South Korean fishermen held a maritime protest 
rally --- against Japan's planned discharge of wastewater
 from the Fukushima nuclear power plant into the ocean.
 
A group of local fishermen gathered on the seashore of the
 southwestern coastal county of Jangheung, carrying a
 rally called "flower bier" about 200 meters along the 
coast to protest against the contaminated water 
release plan.
 
"The flower bier is used for a traditionalritual to carry coffins
 when people die. We marched with the flower bier to say 
that if the Fukushima nuclear wastewater is released 
into the ocean, all humankind will die," said Kim 
Young-chul, executive chief of the Federation 
of Korean Fishermen's Associations.
 
The placard of "oppose discharging Fukushima nuclear 
contaminated water" was attached to both sides of 
the bier carried by the fishermen.
 
The same placards were also hung on the sides of about 
30 fishing boats that staged a maritime demonstration 
in waters off the county --- for some half an hour.
 
"I'd like to ask questions to the Japanese government. Why is 
it seeking to release the contaminated water into the ocean
 if the water is really safe as Japan claimed? Why is it 
seeking to dump it --- through a one-kilometre-long 
tunnel after dilution, if the water is safe enough 
to drink?" Kim said, noting that if it is a really 
safe and drinkable water, Japan can just 
choose to use it inside its territory for 
agricultural, industrial and
 drinking purposes.
 
Japan has been pushing for dumping the contaminated
 wastewater this summer from the Fukushima Daiichi 
nuclear power plant, which was hit by a massive
 earthquake and an ensuing tsunami, in 
March 2011.
 
The move has aroused strong opposition --- and doubts 
from domestic fishing groups, neighbouring countries 
and the South Pacific island countries, as well as the 
international community.
 
 
________________________________



''Mexico'' - to hold first 
Youth Climate Summit
 Tlaxcala 2023
by Alina Ramos Martin
July 21st, 10:04am
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Young Mexicans aged 18 to 35 will be a fundamental part 
of the First Youth Climate Summit ---- Tlaxcala 2023, 
tomorrow Saturday, in the Gallery of the Palace
 of Culture of that state.
 
Hilda Margarita Castro, young ambassador for the climate of
 Mexico in the EU, said that this first event is a space
created from youths and for youths, in view of the
need to ''position'' this social sector at a local
level and 
propose inclusive and scientific
climate policies.
 
Likewise, this position will be presented at the Latin 
American Youth Climate Summit, as these meetings
 aim to give continuity and follow-up to Mexico’s 
climate commitments and obligations.
 
Mainly the contributions determined at a national level,
 strengthen the capacities and knowledge of youth on 
climate change, create a legitimate representation
of 
youth based on data and dialogue, and
influence 
public policies and
climate projects.
 
 
________________________________



 
Climate Change --- Affects the 
Resilience of Boreal Forests
July 19th, 12:44pm 
(teleSUR)


Earlier this week, the Canadian Interagency Forest Fire
 Centre confirmed that there were 888 active wildfires 
nationwide and the number of out-of-control wildfires
 was 586. So far this year, the number of wildfires 
reached 4,152, devouring about 100,000 
square km of land.
 
Paul Beckwith, a climate system scientist, warned that
 the boreal forests in Canada's wildfire region will likely 
not regrow... if the climate there has changed.
 
"We can't assume that when a forest burns down it will be
 replaced over time by another forest," he said, explaining 
that if the annual temperatures have changed and the
precipitation in that region, has also changed and 
reduced, the region where the forests used to be 
will become savanna, mostly grasslands with 
the odd, isolated trees, or just 
pure grasslands.
 
Formerly an assistant professor at the University of Ottawa,
 Beckwith studies abrupt climate system changes related 
to oceans, biosphere, air temperatures, the lithosphere 
and cryosphere.
 
"We haven't seen fires like this before in Canada for an awful
 long time. Maybe ever," Beckwith said, adding that wildfires
 in Canada are exceptional by any measure and this 
wouldn't be happening, without the heat waves 
and the lack of moisture.
 
A boreal forest is a wet and cold adapted forest which gets 
lots of rain and sunlight. But now Canada has warmed at 
over double the rate than the rest of the planet. 
 
Typically the return time of large fires in a boreal forest is
 about 50 to 100 years and forest fires are a part of the 
lifecycle of the boreal forests.
 
If a fire ignites in July or August, it's generally out in the fall,
 because as the weather gets colder, there's more rainfall. 
So the fire is there left alone to burn if it's not interfering 
with infrastructure, towns, roads, and rail, etc. It just 
burns itself out. But when there are too many at 
any one time, it really overstretches 
firefighting resources.
 
"The problem is that when you get these fires igniting in the
remote areas in the spring, do you really want to let them 
burn all summer? We've got to do firefighting differently
 in this country, for sure," Beckwith said.
 
The problem with the forest burning, is that the forests are 
a huge sink of carbon. And when they burn that carbon is 
released rapidly to the atmosphere-ocean system. And 
you also lose the carbon sink and the forests no 
longer exist to absorb all of that carbon.
 
 

_____________________________________


 
G20 meeting on energy
transitions ----
 takes
place in Goa, India
by Luis Linares Petrov
July 19th, 10:05am
(Prensa Latina) 
 
At least 100 delegates are participating in the fourth G20
 meeting on energy transitions that began in Goa, a state 
in southern India, and will last the next two days.
 
Priority areas are discussed with a view to global 
cooperation towards the development of clean 
and sustainable energy, according to a
 government source.
 
Topics such as addressing technological gaps, low-cost 
financing, energy security, and diversified supply 
chains will be discussed by representatives 
of the bloc’s nations, international 
organizations, and experts.
 
The meeting will also promote analysis of energy 
efficiency, low-carbon industrial transitions and 
responsible consumption, fuels for the future 
and universal access to clean energy 
through fair, affordable and
 inclusive channels.
 
The event will build on deliberations from previous 
meetings in Bangalore, Gandhinagar, and Mumbai
 in order to identify and promote best practices, 
policies and innovative approaches.
 
As a result of the analysis, the draft statement will 
be drawn up to be delivered to the ministers of 
the sector for its consolidation and 
subsequent approval.


 
__________________________________



 Demand for Cooling to Increase 
Due to Global Temperature Rise
July 24th (teleSUR)
 
Countries like New Zealand, Canada, and Britain, will likely 
see the greatest relative increase in the number of days 
that cooling will be needed each year, as global 
temperatures rise.
 
Researchers from the University of Oxford simulated likely
 temperatures around the world under 1.5 and 2 degrees 
of global warming to estimate the demand for cooling
 in different countries.
 
The study, led by Jesus Miranda, and published in Nature
 Sustainability, shows that New Zealand is in the top 10 
countries tying third, with a nearly 24 percent relative 
increase in cooling demand days as the world moves
 from 1.5 to 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels.
 
The 2015 Paris Agreement recognized --- that 1.5 degrees 
above pre-industrial levels is a critical threshold beyond
 which the world enters "dangerous climate change," 
which will be experienced through more intense 
and frequent extreme events, like storm-
induced flooding and also manifests
on hotter days... that cause 
heat stress.
 
This study, measures the absolute and relative increase in 
cooling demands due to hotter weather, using a measure
 called "Cooling Demand Days." It shows that even a 
small increase in average global temperature... 
affects heat exposure and cooling demand.
 
"New Zealand is not prepared for this impact. Climate and 
energy policies need to build resilience to a hotter local 
climate and the inevitability of heat stress," said Bruce
 Glavovic, professor of the School of People, 
Environment and Planning in 
Massey University.
 
The cross-party agreement is necessary to enact robust
 legislation, with enabling policies and resourcing, to 
reduce climate-compounded impacts and risk, he 
said, adding increasing heat stress and cooling 
demand, adds to the litany of climate-
compounded challenges in New 
Zealand as it navigates the 
aftermath of multiple
 flood disasters.
 
Nick Cradock-Henry, principal scientist of GNS Science, said 
as a mid-latitude nation, many of New Zealand's systems of
 production & distribution, and urban and rural populations 
are traditionally unprepared for high temperatures, and
 large-scale adaptation to heat resilience presents 
a novel, complex challenge.
 
This will affect the country's largest urban populations not
only through higher temperatures but placing additional 
demand on electricity supplies, potentially straining 
the already fragile infrastructure.
 
These findings also pose additional adaptation challenges
 for the primary industries, which rely on cool storage. 
Some 60 percent of New Zealand's food production, 
or by-products are exported in a refrigerated state, 
he said, adding that this presents an acute risk
for 
cold chains.... which are likely to face
higher 
energy demands and costs.
 
 
________________________________________


 Experts Criticize IAEA Report 
on Fukushima Nuclear 
Wastewater
July 11th,  3:14pm 
(teleSUR)
 
On Tuesday, a Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) expert panelist has
 criticized the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 
for ignoring its own principle of justification in its report
 on Japan's planned dump of nuclear wastewater into 
the Pacific Ocean.
 
The IAEA final report released last week claimed that the
 plan "is in conformity with the agreed international
 standards." However, the report was criticized 
by Arjun Makhijani, president of the Institute 
for Energy and Environmental Research, 
the Fiji Times reported.
 
The IAEA report noted, that justification is a 
fundamental principle for the international 
standards of radiation protection.
 
"The IAEA has abandoned its responsibility to review the 
justification of actions, even though it is part of the
 fundamental safety principles," Makhijani said, 
adding that he has raised his concerns with 
the IAEA as part of the PIF expert panel.
 
The IAEA said in the report that the controlled, gradual
 release as planned by the Tokyo Electric Power 
Company (TEPCO) would have a "negligible
 radiological impact on people and
the environment."
 
"The IAEA is refusing to acknowledge its responsibility, and 
basically abandoning the countries of the Pacific region to 
whatever mercies the government of Japan might offer
them," he said.
 
The TEPCO has yet to confirm a start date for dumping 
the wastewater as Japan aims to start to do so around
this summer. The IAEA is set to meet with Pacific 
leaders next week.
 
The PIF independent scientific experts and the IAEA 
held the second technical dialogue on Fukushima 
wastewater last month.
 
During the meeting, the PIF experts said that the lack 
of TEPCO research into Fukushima nuclear waste-
water discharge on marine species, which are 
more common to the Pacific Forum nations,
left them unable to provide an informed 
decision to PIF members on a priority 
gap around the ecosystem and
food security impacts.
 
 
______________________________



''Climate Change'' to Reduce 
Grain Harvest in Germany
July 5th, 1pm
(teleSUR)
 
June was the second sunniest month since records
 began, in this European country, the National 
Meteorological Service said.
 
On Tuesday, the German Farmers' Association (DBV) 
said that this year's grain harvest in Germany is 
expected to be well below the average for
 2018 to 2022 and well below the 
previous year's result.
 
"In many parts of the country, the long drought in May and
 June caused significant damage to stocks. Agriculture is 
already clearly feeling the effects of climate change.
 The increase in extreme weather events is causing 
yields to decline and fluctuate," DBV President 
Joachim Rukwied said.
 
This past June was the second sunniest month since records
 began. The persistent summer heat reached oppressively 
hot levels, Germany's National Meteorological Service
 (DWD) said.
 
German farmers are hoping for "summer-like and hopefully 
often dry weather conditions" for the upcoming harvest. 
However, in order for corn, potatoes and sugar beets 
to make up for the delay in growth from the early 
summer, sufficient precipitation will also be 
needed in the coming weeks.
 
Weather forecasts are indicating heavy showers 
and thunderstorms at slightly lower 
temperatures for next week.
 
"The distribution and amount of precipitation are still very 
uncertain, so it is also unclear whether the drought will 
be dampened in the particularly affected regions," 
a DWD spokesperson said on Tuesday.
 
Farmers in Europe's largest economy are also troubled by
 new legislation. Besides the challenges of climate 
change for agriculture, the "across-the-board 
reduction targets for crop protection 
proposed by Brussels would lead 
to further yield declines," 
Rukwied warned.
 
The European Commission aims to reduce the use
 and risk of chemical and hazardous pesticides 
in the European Union by 50 percent by 2030.
 
To achieve this -- among other things -- new rules have 
been adopted to simplify the approval or authorization
of biological plant protection products containing 
microorganisms.
 
"The use and risk of crop protection products must 
be significantly reduced in order to protect the 
environment and biodiversity - and thus also
 safeguard our livelihoods for the future,"
 German Minister of Agriculture Cem 
Oezdemir said at the beginning of 
the year.


_________________________________

 
IAEA Greenlights -------- Japan's 
Nuclear Wastewater Discharge
 July 4th, 2023 (teleSUR)
 
On Tuesday, Rafael Grossi, the director of the International 
Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), met with Japanese Prime
 Minister Fumio Kishida, to deliver the IAEA final 
assessment report on the Advanced Liquid 
Processing System (ALPS) proposed in
 the Japanese discharge plan.
 
He defended the "reliability" of the Japanese plan to process
 and discharge contaminated water from the Fukushima
 nuclear power plant into the sea.
 
The IAEA holds that the process devised by Japan "meets
 international safety standards" ..and will have "negligible 
radiological impact" on human health or the environment.
 
Nevertheless, the Chinese Ambassador to Japan Wu Jiangha 
stated that the IAEA report, does not necessarily greenlight 
the Japanese plan to discharge nuclear-tainted water from 
the Fukushima nuclear plant ----- into the Pacific Ocean.
 
Following the ocean discharge decision announced in April 
2021 and the official plan released in July 2022, the
 Japanese government repeatedly declared that it 
would not delay the discharge long before the
IAEA task force completed the assessment 
and issued the final report, leaving the 
international community with a 
serious question mark over 
Japan's sincerity... the 
embassy told a press 
conference held 
in Tokyo.
 
The Chinese diplomat pointed out that the IAEA, in terms of 
functional authorization, is mandated to promote the safe, 
secure and peaceful uses of nuclear technology, but is 
not the appropriate body to assess the long-term 
effects of nuclear-contaminated water - on the 
marine environment and marine life's health.
 
Adding, that Japan limited the mandate of the IAEA task 
force and does not accept evaluation on other disposal 
options, it stated --- the IAEA report cannot prove the 
legitimacy and legality of Japan's ocean discharge
 plan, nor can it absolve Japan of its moral 
responsibility and obligations under
international law.
 
Wu called on the Japanese government to revoke its wrong
 decision -- of dumping wastewater into the ocean, urging
 it to face up to the legitimate and reasonable concerns 
both at home and abroad - and fulfill its obligations 
under international law.
 
Japan should seek disposal of nuclear-contaminated water
 in a scientific, safe, and transparent manner and accept 
strict international supervision, he added.
 
The Chinese embassy also elaborated on the huge risks that
 the discharge might bring to the global marine environment
 and human health and Japan's deliberate confusion about 
the tritium content in contaminated water from the 
crippled power plant and the amount of tritium 
contained in the normal cooling water 
discharged from other nuclear 
power plants.
 
 
______________________________



 
One quarter of world's population 
predicted in struggle for survival
July 4th, 3:20pm 
(Lenta.ru)
 
Global warming can cause significant damage to the
 inhabitants of the Asian region. Due to the large-
scale melting of glaciers, in the Ginkudush 
Himalayan region, about 2 billion people 
may be on the edge of survival, 
Bloomberg predicted.
 
Due to the increase in average temperatures in the region, 
up to 80% of the glacial mass of the mountain system in
 Central Asia may melt. If this happens, a quarter of the
 world's population will face a serious deterioration in
 living conditions.
 
In terms of its consequences, the melting of mountain 
glaciers may be larger than the floods in Pakistan 
that occurred in June 2022. Then, the damage 
from natural disasters to the local economy 
was estimated at more than $ 30 billion, 
and a total of eight million people
 lost their homes.
 
Previously Head of the Office of the High Commissioner 
(OHCHR) the UN's Volker Turk has predicted the threat 
of starvation for another 80 million people around the 
world... amid global warming. Because of natural 
disasters, agricultural land and livestock can
 be affected, which can cause food 
shortages in the world.
 
 
__________________________________________
 
 
 
G-77 plus China meeting on 
environment opens in Cuba
by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
July 4th, 1:12pm
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Deputy Prime Minister Inés María Chapman welcomed the 
meeting of top authorities and ministers of environment, 
science, technology, and innovation from the Group 
of 77 (G-77) plus China on Tuesday.
 
The meeting, which is taking place at the Hotel Nacional de 
Cuba, is part of the 14th Convention on Environment and 
Development, whose debates will focus on the impact 
of climate change on biodiversity, the economy, 
society, food security, and health, with severe
 consequences --- that require the attention
and
 cooperation of this integration bloc.
 
Venezuelan Science and Technology Minister Gabriela
 Jiménez noted the side effects of global warming on 
the most vulnerable sectors --- such as indigenous 
communities, women, and young people in Latin 
America, a region severely affected by this 
process; and called on them to become 
protagonists of actions ----- to 
preserve nature.
 
The G-77 plus China should seek alternatives to promote
 infrastructures and programs that will allow the member 
countries to face the challenges posed by the
 consequences of climate change  by using 
science, technology, and innovation, and 
the support of financial institutions and 
the private sector, Jiménez added.
 
Cuba is hosting this meeting as the pro tempore president of 
the G-77 plus China. The aim is to adopt a final declaration 
to fight climate change, land degradation, and pollution,
 and protect biodiversity.
 
The Convention on Environment and Development also 
..includes the 18th Conference of Directors of Ibero-
America Meteorological Services, in the presence 
of renowned prominent figures of this scientific 
discipline in the region and representatives 
of international agencies.
 
It would also promote unity, solidarity, and international 
cooperation and materialize projects from the South to 
support a recovery of ecosystems after the Covid-19 
pandemic, taking into account ----- their needs 
and specifications.
 
 
_______________________________________



10 Illegal Mining Camps
Are Dismantled in the
Brazilian Amazon
Published July 3rd
(teleSUR)


Justice Minister Dino said that there has been a
"continuous operation" against illegal mining
since January, resulting in the destruction
of 323 camps.
 
On Monday, the Brazilian Federal Police announced that it
had destroyed ten illegal mining camps during a four-day
operation in the Amazon basin.
 
The operation focused on - an "environmental devastation
scenario" equivalent to 118 football fields, located in the
Campos Amazonicos National Park and the Tenharim
Marmelos Indigenous Land, in the northern state
of Rondonia.
 
The Police stated that two hydraulic excavators,
11drainage motors, 4 power generators, and
8 vehicles were destroyed, with a total
value of US$1.6million,but no arrests
were reported.
 
Twenty federal officers, eight officials from the Chico
Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Preservation, and
two aircraft from this organization, participated
in the operation.
 
During the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro's government
(2019-2023), illegal mining experienced significant
expansion throughout the entire Amazon region,
contaminating rivers with mercury and
threatening the livelihoods of
Indigenous peoples.
 
Two weeks ago, Justice Minister Flavio Dino declared that
there has been a "continuous operation" against illegal
mining since January, resulting in the destruction of
323 camps and the blocking of approximately
US$400 million from accounts linked to
this activity.
 
The Yanomami ethnic reserve has been one of the main
fronts in this fight, with 200 camps dismantled and
nearly 20,000 miners expelled, in the first three
months of the year.
 
 
______________________________________



Japan Ratifies Decision to Dump 
Fukushima Nuclear Wastewater