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Poisoning Earth and our terrible fate, if, if, if

 
Planet Earth could lose 
10% of biodiversity 
by 2050
by Pavel López Lazo
January 1st, 9:56am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
A new study indicates that the Earth is in danger 
of losing 10% of its biodiversity by 2050, due to
 climate change and poor land use.
 
Recently published by the scientific journal Science
 Advances, the research referred to the cascading
 extinctions of animals and plants on the planet, 
which could lead to the loss of up to 27% of
 biodiversity by 2100. 
 
This means that, if a certain species becomes extinct,
a predator species of the extinct one could disappear
as it runs out of food.
 
The same thing... will happen to plants, because, if
pollinating insects become extinct... due to harsh 
heat, they will also disappear because there will 
be no insect to pollinate them. This study 
proves, once again, that all species 
depend, in some way, on others.
 
The benefits of a rich biodiversity, lead to a balanced
 equilibrium of ecosystems and their respective food
 chains, noted Science Advances, so their resources
 are maximized where energy waste is minimal and 
if biological diversity is limited, there will not be a
 healthy ecosystem ------- with very detrimental
 repercussions for the planet.
 
Having a rich variety of flora and fauna means great
productivity - and improves the possibility of taking
advantage of all the resources it provides.
 
 
__________________________________


 Germany is starting 
to use coal -- again
December 22nd, 3:44pm
https://en.news-front.info/
 
Germany is restoring the performance of some coal-
fired power plants. It is reported by Bloomberg.
 
The German government has decided to return to fossil
 fuels, despite the promise to achieve its climate goals. 
Due to the economic situation in the country, the
 government is trying to prevent a rapid rise 
in energy prices.
 
The agency reports that the volume of electricity 
consumed in the third quarter was 13.3 percent 
more than in the same period a year ago.
 
Despite the current situation, the country is not 
backing down, on its pledge to phase out coal 
by 2030. But now the priority of the country’s
 authorities is aimed at supplying electricity 
to its citizens.
 
“We don’t stop sticking to our climate goals, but when
 we were faced with the challenge of keeping the
 lights on or cutting back on carbon emissions, 
we chose light,” says the International 
Energy Agency.


 
_________________________________________



 
Kazakhstan and Russia have 
potential -- to work together
 on decarbonization projects
December 22nd, 11:52am (TASS)
 
Kazakhstan proposes a joint project with Russia, 
to decarbonize the economy and hopes to solve
 various environmental problems together, 
Ambassador to Moscow, Ermek 
Kosherbaev, told TASS in 
an interview.
 
The environmental issue requires balanced, joint 
solutions, because the countries have similar 
problems: high levels of air, water and soil 
pollution and the buildup of radiation 
and industrial waste, the 
diplomat said. 
 
"We could jointly work on projects to decarbonize 
the economy. Kazakhstan, like Russia, is an 
energy-consuming country -- where up to 
60% of electricity is generated through 
burning coal," Kosherbaev noted.
 
Scarce forests are another problem where Russia can
 help Kazakhstan, the Ambassador said. Kazakhstan 
is implementing a state program to plant up to two
billion trees, by 2025, he noted. "We need help 
growing and preserving these forests," the
 diplomat stressed.
 
There is also a problem of a lack of fresh water. 
Kazakhstan’s water security - largely depends 
on the hydrological and ecological condition 
of cross-border rivers flowing in Russia. In
particular, the catastrophic shallowing &
pollution of the Ural river threatens the 
health of residents in the border 
regions of both countries, the 
diplomat noted.
 
"I hope that together we will be able to find ways of
 solving these problems - and preserve a clean and 
comfortable environment for future generations,"
 the Ambassador added.
 
 
_______________________________________________


 
Brazilian indigenous leader
denounces effects of 
climate change
by Martin Hacthoun
November 13th, 10:10am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
Climate change deeply affects the lives of indigenous 
peoples due to fires, floods and other similar
 phenomena, warned here, today, Ze 
Bajaga Apurin --- the leader of a
Brazilian indigenous community.
 
''In the past, the rainy season was very regular, but
 today it is different --- a situation that also occurs 
with floods,'' Bajaga Apurina who is also general
 coordinator of the Indigenous Organization 
and Community Federation of Pura said.
 
Now we can’t work all day in the fields, because of 
the high temperatures, he said, in an interview 
with the Egyptian daily Al Ahram.
 
Wearing his traditional feathered attire, Bajaga Apurina
 said it was for these reasons that he decided to
 attend the 27th Conference of the Parties to 
the United Nations Framework Convention 
on Climate Change, which is being held 
in this city, located in the north-
western Sinai Peninsula.
 
''We are here to bring a message to all governments
 and businessmen: what they are doing is not only
 endangering indigenous peoples, but the entire 
planet and all living beings,'' he stressed.
 
 
___________________________________

Rwanda Reduced 126,000 Tons 
of Carbon Emissions: in 9 Years
November 10th, 2022
(teleSUR)
 
At least 47,000 hectares of forests and agro-forestry
 were planted while 31,000 hectares of watershed 
and water bodies have been protected.
 
Rwanda has cut 126,000 tonnes of carbon emissions
 over the last nine years owing to strategic climate
 resilience investments made across the country,
 official data released during Finance Day at the 
27th session of the Conference of the Parties 
(COP27) in Egypt showed.
 
The data on green investments released by the
 Rwanda Green Fund showed that since 2013, 
funding worth US$247 million... has been 
mobilized for strategic climate resilient 
investments. The funding was invested 
in 46 green projects across the country 
that helped to cut carbon emissions. 
 
At least 47,000 hectares of forests and agro-forestry
 were planted while 31,000 hectares of watershed 
and water bodies have been protected.
 
 Over 88,000 households were given access to off-grid
 clean energy while 120,000 people were supported
to
 cope with the effects of climate change,
according to
 the data.
 
Rwanda needs an estimated US$11 billion
to mitigate,
 and adapt to climate change
effects up to 2030,
 Rwanda's Economic
Planning Minister 
Claudine Uwera said.
 
"COP27 is an opportunity to engage development
 partners, to meet the remaining financing of 
US$6.5 billion to accelerate momentum to 
deliver on Rwanda's climate agenda," 
she added.
 
Jeanne D'arc Mujawamariya, Rwandan Environment
 Minister called on rich nations to deliver on the US
$100 billion per annum pledge. Since 2009, the 
pledge of US$100 billion ------- by developed 
countries every year, by 2020, to support
developing countries ----- 
to cope with
climate change, 
is yet to be met.
 
During the Finance Day heads of governments and
 activists called for immediate and innovative
 solutions to drive the global climate finance 
landscape to complement public finance. 
 
Rwandan President Paul Kagame has said 
- questioning whether Africa is ready to 
make use of climate finance, should 
not be used as an excuse to 
justify inaction.
 
 
____________________________________________


Seychelles to Protect
100% 
of Mangroves
& Seagrass in 2023
 Says President At COP27
November 8th,
Seychelles News
Agency (Victoria)
 
Seychelles will move to 100 percent protection of all
 its mangroves and seagrass meadows, in 2023,
 adding to the already 32 percent protection 
of its ocean and 50 percent of its forest, 
President Wavel Ramkalawan said 
on Monday.
 
Ramkalawan made the announcement in his
 statement.. at the high-level segment for 
heads of state and government in the 
27th Conference of the Parties
(COP27) --- taking place in 
Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.
 
"Like other islands - we contribute less to the 
destruction of the planet, yet we suffer the 
most. For example, the carbon emissions 
of Seychelles are very low and we clean 
up through our mangroves & seagrass 
meadows, thus making us a zero 
contributor.. to the destruction 
of the planet, yet our islands 
are disappearing and our 
coasts are being 
destroyed,"
 he said.
 
Seychelles has one of the most biologically diverse
 marine ecosystems on the planet while the carbon
 ecosystems cover over two million hectares, with
 seagrass beds accounting for 99 percent of the 
blue carbon extent. 
 
The other carbon ecosystem in the island nation 
is mangrove forests with more than 80 percent 
located within the Aldabra atoll.
 
Ramkalawan took the opportunity to express
 Seychelles' support and solidarity -- with all 
nations that have experienced the terrible 
effects of climate change, lately.
 
The head of state of Seychelles, an archipelago 
in the western Indian Ocean, asked if the 
Conference of the Parties is a counting 
game or a real countdown to saving
 the planet.
 
"I pray that we leave Egypt with good decisions and 
pledges, that will be followed by concrete actions 
--- instead of another set of empty promises," 
he said.
 
Ramkalawan reiterated the need for the Multi 
Vulnerability Index (MVI) to be the new order 
as "SIDS [Small Island Developing States] 
are vulnerable and we need access to 
concessionary funding, in order to 
defend ourselves against climate 
change, while fulfilling the SDGs 
[Sustainable Development Goals] 
to give our people a better life."
 
"Industrialised nations must pay greater attention 
to the Damage and Loss agenda. We, the oceanic 
states that receive the harsh effects of your 
activities, have to be assisted in repairing 
the damage you cause to us," he added.
 
Ramkalawan said that Seychelles is playing
a leadership role... and building strong 
partnerships... however small the 
island nation is.
 
He spoke about the Ocean Race Summit the 
island nation hosted to discuss the urgency 
of saving the ocean.
 
"Later... we offered the venue for the first European 
Blue Invest Forum outside Europe to put emphasis 
on financing the Blue Economy and late last 
month we welcomed Prince Albert of 
Monaco and the Monaco research 
expedition in the search for 
resilient corals, plus we 
are active in promoting 
the Great Blue Wall 
project," he said.
 
"Let us be good partners, let us give our youth 
a better planet and may we leave Egypt with
 enhanced hope and commitment: to save 
our one and only blue planet," 
Ramkalawan concluded.
 
 
______________________________



 
China launches promotion 
of bamboo as a substitute
 for plastic
by Alina Ramos Martin
November 7th, 11am
 (Prensa Latina) 
 
China and the International Bamboo and Rattan 
Organization (Inbar) launched an initiative that 
seeks to promote the use of the first resource 
as a substitute for plastic, including durable 
types such as PVC.
 
The project aims to formulate policies at national, 
regional and global levels, identifying industries 
and coordinating standards for trade in
bamboo
 products. 
 
It calls for scientific research, expanding
technological innovation and defining 
standards in the development of this 
area, promoting the expansion of
the 
marketing, advertising and 
consumption of this plant as
a durable material -------- in 
construction, decoration,
furniture, paper making,
and disposable items.
 
The initiative is expected to serve as a roadmap 
to progress in mitigating plastic pollution and 
the effects of climate change.
 
China and Inbar prepared it as part of measures 
aimed at strengthening global partnerships and
 achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda for 
Sustainable Development.
 
The parties presented the program during the opening
of the 2nd Bamboo and Rattan World Congress (BARC
2022), which is ongoing in Beijing until tomorrow with
the attendance of representatives from governments,
research institutes, international organizations, non-
governmental organizations and private sectors.
 
This meeting is seeking to create new platforms to 
support producers and achieve carbon neutrality,
 including high-level dialogues between 
policymakers, parallel sessions and 
a small exhibition of goods.
 
 
______________________________




New UN Weather Report 
'A Chronicle of Chaos
- UN Chief
Monday, November 7th, 2022
Pan-African News Wire
The world's only international 
daily Pan-African News source
 
UN News Service
 
The latest report from the UN World Meteorological 
Organization (WMO), released on Sunday, shows 
that the last 8 years have been the warmest
on record ------ fueled by ever-rising 
greenhouse gas concentrations.
 
The provisional 2022 State of the Global Climate study
 outlines the increasingly dramatic signs of the
 climate emergency, which include a doubling 
of the rate of sea level rise since 1993, to a 
new record high this year; and indications 
of unprecedented glacier melting on the 
European Alps.
 
The full 2022 report is due to be released in the Spring
 of 2023, but the provisional study was brought out
 ahead of COP27, the UN climate conference, 
raising awareness of the huge scale of the 
problems that world leaders must tackle, 
if they are to have any hope of getting 
the climate crisis under control.
 
"The greater the warming, the worse the impacts", 
said WMO chief Petter Taalas, who launched the
report.... at an event held in Sharm El-Sheikh, 
Egypt, the venue for this year's conference. 
 
"We have such high levels of carbon dioxide in the
 atmosphere now that the lower 1.5 degree of the
 Paris Agreement is barely within reach. It's 
already too late for many glaciers and the
 melting will continue for hundreds, if 
not thousands of years, with major 
implications for water security".
 
Critical conditions in all parts of the world
 
The report is a dizzying catalogue of worrying climate
 events, taking place against a backdrop of record
 levels of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous 
oxide - the three main greenhouse gases that 
contribute to global warming - which is 
currently estimated to be around 
1.15 degrees Celsius above 
pre-industrial levels.
 
Throughout the alps --- an average thickness loss of 
between three and over four metres was recorded, 
whilst in Switzerland, all snow melted during the
 summer season, the first time this has 
happened in recorded history; since 
the beginning of the century, the 
volume of glacier ice in the 
country, has dropped by 
more than a third.
 
The increasing ice melt worldwide has led to sea
 levels rising... over the last 30 years, at rapidly
 increasing rates. The rate of ocean warming 
has been exceptionally high over the past 
two decades; marine heatwaves... are 
becoming more frequent, and these
warming rates are expected to 
continue in the future.
 
The study, details the effects of both droughts and
 excessive rains. Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia are 
facing crop failure and food insecurity, because of
 another season of below-average rains, whilst 
more than a third of Pakistan was flooded in 
July and August, as a result of record-
breaking rain, displacing almost 
eight million people.
 
The southern Africa region, was battered by a series 
of cyclones over two months at the start of the year, 
hitting Madagascar hardest with torrential rain and 
devastating floods, and in September, Hurricane
 Ian caused extensive damage and loss of life
 in Cuba and southwest Florida.
 
Large parts of Europe sweltered in repeated episodes
of extreme heat: the UK saw a new national record 
on July 19th, when the temperature topped more 
than 40°C for the first time. This was 
accompanied by a persistent and 
damaging drought and wildfires.
 
Early warnings for all
 
In a statement released on Sunday, the UN 
Secretary-General, António Guterres, 
described the WMO report as a 
"chronicle of climate chaos," 
detailing the catastrophic 
speed of climate change, 
which is devastating 
lives and livelihoods 
on every continent.
 
Faced with the inevitability of continued climate
 shocks and extreme weather across the world, 
Mr. Guterres is to launch an action plan at 
COP27 to achieve Early Warnings for All 
in the next five years.
 
The UN chief explained that these early warning systems
 are necessary, to protect people and communities
 everywhere. "We must answer the planet's 
distress signal with action, ambitious, 
credible climate action," he argued. 
"COP27 must be the place - and 
now must be the time."
 

______________________________________



Scientific Plan for Nature-
Based Climate Solutions
October 13th, 2:23pm (FNA)
 
Agricultural engineering professor, Ben Runkle, has 
co-authored a leading ecosystem scientists and 
policy experts report --- calling for a scientific 
approach to nature-based climate solutions 
in the United States.
 
The report is the result of dozens of scientists and
policy experts --- gathering in Washington, DC, in 
June, to confront the consequences of climate 
change and ensure a scientific footing for 
nature-based climate solutions.
 
The report reviews the current knowledge in the field
 and offers a multidisciplinary plan for the science, 
tools and technologies needed to support a 
policy that will mitigate the effects of 
climate change.
 
The researchers are calling for a roughly $1 billion
 investment in science and infrastructure 
development to ensure nature-based 
climate solutions are robust and 
credible, that ground-based 
experiments & monitoring, 
inform rigorously bench-
marked maps, model 
predictions and also
protocol evaluations.
 
"Although... the investment necessary to generate this
 information is not small, it is a fraction of the amount
 already allocated, to implement nature-based 
solutions," Runkle said. "Investing in sound 
science to predict, monitor and verify the 
benefits of these strategies is 
fundamental to ensuring 
their success."
 
Nature-based climate solutions include reforestation, 
as well as climate-smart agriculture, and wetland
 restoration. They harness natural processes to
 reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the 
atmosphere and slow climate change.
 
These approaches have substantial and growing
 support from bipartisan lawmakers, the private 
sector and conservation-minded organizations, 
but the scientific evidence to support their
 effectiveness is not fully developed.
 
The authors identify critical gaps in the science needed..
 to support large-scale implementations of nature-based
 climate solutions and chart a research agenda to
 address these gaps. They also provide a set of
 principles to guide future assessments of the
 effectiveness and viability of nature-
based climate solutions.
 
Among the numerous strategies for achieving the
 overall goal, Runkle's research group focuses on
 ecosystem-scale measurement. They use 
micrometeorological flux towers to 
measure basic atmospheric 
conditions.
 
 The measurements will enable the team to enhance
 and expand ground-based monitoring networks 
and distributed experiments.
 
This effort includes: • Creating robust datasets against 
which models, mapping tools and monitoring protocols
 can be evaluated and compared. • Creating networks
 of distributed field trials and experiments to evaluate
 emerging or understudied strategies for nature-based
 climate solutions. • Enhancing existing environmental 
observation networks with more representative sites 
and data. • Creating a national soil-carbon-
monitoring network.
 
"Essentially we can use the many agricultural fields of
 Arkansas... as test-beds for research under real-world
 management conditions," Runkle said. "This provides
 a quicker and more thorough understanding of how
 field and farm management can be used to boost 
sustainability outcomes -- quicker because we
 don't have to work first in a greenhouse and
 then an experimental farm."
 
Runkle has already started. He recently received $1
 million from the USDA Climate Smart Agriculture
 Initiative, a project led by USA Rice and Ducks
 Unlimited. The award is part of $80 million in
funding from US Department of Agriculture 
to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions 
associated with rice production.
 
The grant was one of 70 announced in September, 
totaling a $2.8 billion investment.. in the creation
of 
Partnerships for Climate Smart Commodities
by 
the USDA.
 
US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack visited Isbell 
Farms in central Arkansas on Sept. 16 to highlight 
the project. Runkle has collaborated with the 
Isbells for several years, focused on making 
rice production more sustainable and 
climate friendly.


 
________________________________________


$10.1 billion to be allocated to 
environmental programs for
 2023-2025: Russian minister
October 7th, 3:46pm (TASS)


 Funding for environmental protection, natural 
resources reproduction and use and forestry
 development programs... will amount to 
628 bln rubles ($10.1 bln) ..over the 
next three years, Russian Minister 
of Natural Resources Alexander 
Kozlov said on Friday.


"The Environment Protection state programs - 320 bln
 [rubles] ($5.1 bln) --- for the three-year period. We
have such positions here as hydrometeorology, 
environmental supervision, Arctic research 
and hunting, and such federal projects as 
Clean Country, Clean Air, Integrated 
System of Solid Communal Waste
 Management, and Preservation 
of Lake Baikal, Biodiversity 
and Eco-tourism," the 
Minister said.


Funding for the state program... of natural resources
 reproduction and use, will amount to 156 bln rubles
 ($2.5 bln) in the three years to come, and 152 bln 
rubles ($2.45 bln) will be provided for the state 
program of forestry development, 
Kozlov added.



__________________________________
 


Microplastics are 
now discovered
in 
plant leaves
September 12th, 10:37pm 
(Lenta.ru)
 
The University of Presov in Slovakia said that in the
 studied samples of plant leaves, scientists, for
the 
first time, found traces of microplastics.

The 
findings are published
in the
 journal BioRisk.
 
Plants from the genus of villi (Dipsacus) have
 characteristic leaves growing in pairs on 
several tiers --- which forms a kind of 
receptacle that collects water and 
attracts insects into it.
 
 In the samples taken, experts found fragments and
 fibres of multi-coloured microplastics -- some of 
which were up to 2.4 millimetres long. No third
-party sources of pollution around the territory 
were recorded, so the plastic got into the 
flowers from the polluted atmosphere, 
the researchers say. 
 
Another suggestion is that it could have been
 introduced by snails from the soil or from 
other plants.
 
In the future, experts plan to thoroughly study the
 impact of microplastics on ecosystems of flora 
and insects. In addition, they suggest using 
villi as bioindicators of environmental 
pollution.
 
In June 2022, the University of Canterbury 
announced the first detection of micro-
plastics in fresh snow.. in Antarctica.
 
 
________________________________________



Cuba will host the International 
Agroforestry Convention in
October
by Elsy Fors Garzon
August 27th, 3:43am
(Prensa Latina) 
 
Cuba will host the 2022 International Agroforestry 
Convention next October, a macro-event aimed 
at researchers, academics, businessmen and 
communicators, it was reported at a
 press conference.
 
The director of the Agroforestry Research Institute 
(INAF), Pedro Pablo Henry, highlighted that the VIII 
Forestry Congress of Cuba, the IV International
Congress of Coffee and Cocoa, the VIII 
International Meeting of Young 
Researchers and the VII Cuban
 Congress of Beekeeping, will 
meet, as part of the event.
 
Henry pointed out that for 4 days the event’s agenda
will occupy the link between forests and society, 
biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate 
change, production, as well as the 
interactions of forests and water 
and sustainable agricultural
production technologies.
 
Similarly, the director of the INAF, highlighted, that 
the integrated management of soils and nutrients, 
agroforestry activity  ....facing the challenges
to 
achieve the UNs Sustainable Development
Goals, the quality, benefit 
and by-products
of coffee, and cocoa, 
will be discussed &
the improvement 
and breeding of bees.
 
Henry stressed that the convention will be an opportune
 moment - to exchange endorsed scientific experiences 
that directly affect the increase in productive activity.
 
The director of the INAF reported that the presence of
 about 400 participants is estimated, and that to date 
specialists from Italy, Peru, Panama, Mexico, 
Colombia and Ecuador, have confirmed.
 
 
______________________________________________




Many Ways Nature 
Nurtures Human 
Well-Being
August 7th, 10:31am (FNA)
 
 A systematic review of 301 academic articles, 
on "cultural ecosystem services" has enabled
researchers to identify how the nonmaterial 
contributions from nature, are linked to and 
significantly affect, human well-being. 
 
They identified 227 unique pathways through which
 human interaction with nature - positively or 
negatively - affects well-being. These were 
then used to isolate 16 distinct underlying 
mechanisms, or types of connection, 
through which people experience 
these effects.
 
The comprehensive review brings together observations
from a fragmented field of research, which could be 
of great use to policymakers --- looking to benefit 
society through the careful use and protection 
of the intangible benefits of nature.
 
Do you ever feel the need for a bit of fresh air... to
 energize yourself, or to spend time in the garden 
to relax? Aside from clean water, food & useful 
raw materials, nature provides many other 
benefits, that we might overlook, or find 
hard to grasp and quantify. 
 
Research into cultural ecosystem services (CESs) the
 nonmaterial benefits we receive from nature, aims to
 better understand these contributions, whether they 
emerge through recreation and social experiences, 
or nature's spiritual value and our sense of place.
 
Hundreds of CESs studies have explored the
 connections between nature and human 
well-being. However -- they have often 
used different methods and measure
-ments -- or focused on different 
demographics and places. 
 
This fragmentation makes it difficult to identify
 overarching patterns or commonalities, on 
how these intangible contributions really 
affect human well-being. Better under-
standing them could aid real-world 
decision-making --- about the 
environment, which could 
benefit individuals and 
the wider society.
 
To try to get a "big-picture" view, graduate student
 Lam Huynh, from the Graduate Program in
 Sustainability Science at the University 
of Tokyo, and team... conducted a 
systematic literature review of 
301 academic articles. 
 
After a critical reading, they were able to identify 
hundreds of links. "We identified 227 unique 
linkages between a single CES (such as 
recreation or aesthetic value), and a 
single constituent of human well-
being (such as connectedness, 
spirituality, or health). 
 
''We knew that there are many linkages, but we were
 surprised ---- to find quite so many of them," said
Huynh. 
"Then, through further critical reading,
we could 
identify major commonalities."
 
In particular, they identified 16 distinct underlying 
"mechanisms," or types of connection, which 
refer to the different ways that people's 
interaction with nature... affects
their 
well-being. 
 
For example, there can be positive interactions through
 "cohesive," "creative" and "formative" mechanisms,
 but also, negative interactions, through "irritative" 
and "destructive" mechanisms. Previous studies 
had identified some of these mechanisms, but 
10 were newly defined --- including the more 
negative effects, clearly showing that our 
well-being is linked to the intangible 
aspects of nature, in many more 
ways than previously thought.
 
According to the paper, the negative contributions 
to human well-being came mainly through the
 degradation or loss of CESs, and through 
ecosystem "disservices" ------ such as 
annoyance at wildlife noise, which 
can affect some people's mental 
health, in particular. 
 
However, on the other hand, the highest positive 
contributions of CESs, were to both mental and 
physical health, which were generated mainly
 through: recreation, tourism and 
aesthetic value.
 
"It is particularly interesting to note that the identified
 pathways and mechanisms, rather than affecting
 human well-being independently, often interact
 strongly," explained co-author, Alexandros 
Gasparatos, associate professor at the 
Institute for Future Initiatives (IFI)
at 
the University of Tokyo. 
 
"This can create negative trade-offs in some contexts, 
but also important positive synergies that can be
 leveraged, to provide multiple benefits to 
human well-being."
 
Despite the comprehensiveness of the review, the
 researchers acknowledge that there may still be
 more links, that have not yet been identified,
 especially as the review revealed gaps in
 the current research landscape. 
 
"We hypothesize... that missing pathways and
mechanisms could be present in ecosystem
-dependent communities, and, especially, 
traditional and Indigenous communities, 
considering their very unique relations 
with nature," said Gasparatos.
 
"Another of the knowledge gaps we identified --- is 
that the existing literature on these nonmaterial 
dimensions of human-nature relationships 
--- mainly focuses... on the well-being of 
individuals, rather than on collective 
(community) well-being," 
explained Huynh.
 
 "This significant gap hinders our capacity to identify
 possible synergies and trade-offs in ecosystem
 management research and practice."
 
The team has now received a grant, to explore the
 effects of CESs provision to human well-being in
 the urban spaces of Tokyo. "This project is a 
logical follow-up, to test whether and how 
some of the identified pathways and 
mechanisms unfold in reality and
 ...intersect with human well-
being," said Gasparatos.
 
The researchers hope that this study and similar efforts,
 will make it possible to apply the key findings from this
 complex and diverse body of knowledge, to enable a
 real-world impact. 
 
Professor Kensuke Fukushi from IFI, and study co-
author, summarized their hope that: "an improved 
understanding of nature's many connections to 
human well-being & the underlying processes
 mediating them, can help policymakers to 
design appropriate interventions. Such 
coordinated actions - could leverage 
the positive contributions of these 
connections - & become another 
avenue to protect and manage 
ecosystems sustainably."
 
 
________________________________


EU Climate Plan Doomed 
Unless Anti-Russia 
Sanctions Lifted: 
Lawmaker
July 10th, 10:29am
(al Manar)
 
The controversial EU green transition plan, also known
 as Fit for 55, which was designed to reduce the bloc’s 
greenhouse gas emissions by 55%... by 2030, is
 unfeasible --- unless sanctions against Russia 
are lifted, EU lawmaker, Roman Haider, 
told Sputnik.
 
“They don’t know how to save their unrealistic
 and dangerous, Fit for 55 strategy --- without 
canceling the sanctions against Russia,”
 
Haider considered.
 
On Wednesday, the European Parliament backed EU 
regulations designating nuclear and gas energy: as
 environmentally sustainable economic activities, 
saying that private investment in gas and 
nuclear projects... may play a role in
the 
green transition process.
 
Massively harmful to the environment
 
Haider indicated that the European Parliament 
decision signaled that EU governments are 
facing a stark reality, recognizing that 
more time and more realistic goals 
are required to transform the 
energy infrastructure
 in Europe.
 
“This package is a massive threat to businesses in
 Europe. It makes Europe even more dependent
on
 imports and drives the price spiral further 
upwards. It destroys jobs, promotes the
 impoverishment of Europeans --- and is 
massively harmful to the environment.
In short, Fit for 55 - is a serious threat 
to Europe,” the EU lawmaker warned.
 
He also stressed that to achieve carbon neutrality
 by 2040.. and meet the goals of the Paris climate
 agreement, Austria would have to cut emissions,
 by 95% over the next 18 years, as a recent study
 shows that the country’s CO2 emissions in 2021 
reached 1990 levels.
 
Source: Agencies (edited by
 Al-Manar English Website)
 
 
______________________________


Colombians Reject Judicial 
Authorization for Fracking
July 8th, 2022
(teleSUR)
 
The decision disregards the risk of serious and
 irreversible damage that this experimental 
technique represents --- for the human 
environment, health, and integrity.
 
On Thursday, Colombian environmental defenders
 rejected a decision whereby the Council of State
 facilitates oil exploitation through hydraulic
 fracturing (fracking).
 
"The decision disregards the environmental 
precautionary principle -- and the risk of 
serious and irreversible damage that 
this experimental technique 
represents: for the human 
environment, health, and 
integrity" ...the Fracking 
Free Colombia Alliance
 (ACLF) stressed.
 
“Fracking is dangerous, in the context of the 
climate crisis and openly inconsistent with 
the international commitments acquired 
by Colombia,” it recalled.
 
The ACLF also recalled, that the implementation 
of this technique will increase risks to the lives 
of environmental defenders and Indigenous 
peoples in Magdalena Medio, "a territory 
that has suffered oil exploitation and 
armed violence, for more than 
a century."
 
The Colombian debate about fracking's environmental
 and social consequences intensified during the
 administration of President Juan Manuel 
Santos (2010-2018), who signed a 
decree that opened the doors to
 the use of fracking in so-called 
"unconventional deposits''.
 
Later, despite the social rejection of the pollution and
 violence associated with the operations of fracking
 companies, the far-right President Ivan Duque
implemented this exploitation practice, 
arguing that it would contribute to 
the country's energy security.
 
During the last electoral campaign, the Historical 
Pact candidate Gustavo Petro openly took a 
position against hydraulic fracturing.
 
On Thursday, ratifying his political promises, 
the President-elect Petro said "there will be 
no fracking in Colombia."


 
______________________________________________



The Brazilian Amazon Lost 
3,987 SQ KM of Vegetation
July 8th, 12:53pm (teleSUR)
 
Since Jair Bolsonaro came to power, in 
January 2019, the rates of devastation 
in the jungle have increased by 73%.
 
On Friday, Brazil's National Institute for Space
Research (INPE) revealed that deforestation
in the Brazilian Amazon broke a record in 
the first half of the year, with 3,987 
square kilometres of devastated 
vegetation, 10.6 percent more 
than the same period in 2021.
 
The area of lost vegetation is equivalent to 483 
football fields. In June alone, 1,120 square 
kilometres of native vegetation were 
destroyed in that region of the 
country, 5.5 percent more 
than in the same month 
of 2021.
 
These are the highest rates - for the month and for 
the semester - registered since 2016, when the
 measurement began. The data corresponds to
the Legal Amazon Deforestation 
Detection
System in Real Time 
(DETER) which uses
satellite 
images to offer early warnings 
about the areas that are being 
deforested in the Amazon.
 
This system captures monthly deforestation alarms in
 Brazil and differs from the PRODES system, which
 only issues annual information between August 
and July of the following year, which is 
considered the reference period for 
measuring environmental 
devastation.
 
However, the figures are beginning to worry, as the 
trend shows that the deforestation of the jungle 
will grow for the 4th consecutive year, 
something that environmentalists 
attribute to the lack of controls 
and supervision of President 
Bolsonaro's administration,
to stop the activities that 
destroy the forest, such 
as illegal mining or the 
illicit trade in wood.
 
In fact, the far-right politician defends the 
exploitation of natural resources in the 
Amazon and in indigenous territories, 
where the law prohibits 
extractive activities.
 
Since Bolsonaro came to power in January 2019, 
the rates of devastation in the jungle have 
increased by 73 percent to reach 13,038 
square kilometres in 2021. In 2018, a 
year before the former Capitan took 
office, only 7,536 sq. kilometres 
of jungle were devastated.
 
The largest tropical forest on the planet 
concentrates 72%of Brazil's mining 
extraction and 99% of the wood 
sold by the country is illegally 
extracted from the Amazon.
 
 
________________________________



Did you know...?
 
Russia is the only country in the world
where bio-resources... are increasing
every year: forests, fish and wildlife.


Cuba-proteccion-medio-ambiente

Environmental protection 
--- a priority in Cuba’s
legislative framework
by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
June 5th, 11:07am (Prensa Latina) 
 
The protection of the environment in Cuba has 
solid foundations in a regulatory framework 
adapted to the peculiarities of the 
Caribbean island, which faces 
the severe impacts of 
climate change.
  
The Government’s will to promote sustainable 
development is expressed in the design and
implementation of specific policies --- such 
as the Natural Resources & Environment 
Macro Program... that, in turn, responds
to 
the priorities established in Cuba’s 
National Economic and Social 
Development Plan.
 
Odalys Goicochea, general director for the 
Environment at the Ministry of Science, 
Technology and Environment (CITMA), 
explained how regulations respond
to the existing social demands
and problems.
 
“Tarea Vida” (Task Life), a Cuban State Plan to 
Face Climate Change, for example, underwent 
adjustments, in order to provide more specific 
attention to social aspects, and the need to 
involve scientists and the population 
--- to solve community problems, 
Goicochea said.
 
Several strategies... including the 
National Environmental Strategy 
- approved for the 2021-2025 
period - will allow measuring 
progress made in this area, 
thanks to indicators:- such 
as the ecological footprint 
index, the environmental 
quality index - & climate
resilience - are proof of 
the efforts made in the 
regulatory field.
 
The highest expression of Cuba’s political 
willingness to protect the environment, 
is the recent approval by the National 
People’s Power Assembly, of the 
Law on Natural Resources and 
Environment System.



Cuba-dia-mundial-del-medio-ambiente

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel 
marks World Environment Day
by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
June 5th, 10:17am (Prensa Latina) 
 
President Miguel Diaz-Canel on Sunday marked 
World Environment Day, which is celebrated 
in Cuba with firm steps to preserve nature.
 
On Twitter, the president recalled that Cuba has a 
new law on Natural Resources and Environment, 
includes the natural sphere in the Heritage 
Protection Law, & ''types'' environmental 
crimes in the Penal Code.
 
On #WorldEnvironmentDay, recalling that speech 
made by #Fidel in #RiodeJaneiro in 1992 is 
essential. It seems that it has been said 
for today, Diaz-Canel tweeted, in 
another of his messages.
 
The president referred to the speech given by the
 historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel 
Castro, at the United Nations Conference on 
Environment and Development in Brazil, 
where he warned 30 years ago about 
the negative impact of humankind 
on nature.
 
“Enough of selfishness. Enough of schemes 
of domination. Enough of insensitivity, 
irresponsibility and deceit. Tomorrow 
will be too late to do what we should 
have done a long time ago,” said 
Fidel Castro on that occasion, 
when he advocated for a just
 international economic order.
 
World Environment Day has been celebrated since
1973 --- to raise awareness among the world’s 
population -- about the importance of caring
 for ecosystems and promoting respect 
for nature.
 

___________________________

 

Plastic waste has more
than doubled since 2000
by Pavel López Lazo
February 24th, 6:35pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
A report entitled Global Plastics Outlook on
Thursday, revealed that the amount of 
plastic waste has more than doubled 
globally since 2000 --- and nearly a 
quarter, is dumped in uncontrolled 
sites, burned in open pits or leaks 
into the environment.
 
Plastic waste has more than doubled
worldwide, since 2000, with a
whopping 353 million tons
produced in 2019.
 
After taking into account losses during
recycling, only 9% of plastic waste 
was ultimately recycled, while 
19% was incinerated and 
nearly 50% went to 
sanitary landfills.
 
“The remaining 22% was disposed of in
 uncontrolled dumpsites, burned in 
open pits, or leaked into
 the environment.”
 
On the other hand, a scientific study shows 
the oceans already accumulate 24.4 billion
 pieces of microplastic.
 
Experts estimated that amounts range from
 82,000 to 578,000 tons, or the equivalent 
of roughly $30 billion 500-ml plastic 
water bottles.
 
According to the journal Microplastics and
 Nanoplastics, the study aimed to assess 
the true impact these particles have, on 
aquatic organisms and the environment.
 
Microplastics – up to 5-mm size – can travel
thousands of kilometres in the open sea 
and, depending on their degradation, 
remain at certain distances from 
the ocean surface.
 
Although more research is needed to know the 
effects of microplastics, several studies have
confirmed a real impact on people’s lives, as 
they can suffer from alveolar lung disease, 
and altered hormones, leading to other 
disorders, including infertility 
or hypothyroidism.
 
According to a report published by the World
 Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), people are at 
risk of ingesting around 5 grams of
micro-
plastic, per week.
 
 
_____________________________________


WHY WE ARE ALL

EATING SH*T


 
 "A recent publication by a European commission
on soil health found up 
to 70% of soils in the
EU, a
re losing the capacity to provide
crucial ecological 
functions."
 
"When soil is healthy, it stores and drains water.
It also grows 95% of the 
food humans eat.''

''When soil is 
degraded, its basic
life-giving 
processes don't
function 
properly. "
 
Go to this site before it's ''lost'':


https://www.sciencealert.com/experts-warn-
mediterranean-soil-is-reaching-a-critical-limit


_______________________________________



Illegal gold mines flood
 Amazon forests with
 toxic mercury
by Elsy Fors Garzon
 January 29th, 3:02am (Prensa Latina)
 
 Illegal gold mines in the Amazon jungle of Peru
 contaminate with mercury at levels as high as
 those found in the industrial regions of China,
 a new investigation revealed today.
 
The levels, 137 micrograms per square metre 
of soil each year, were higher than in any 
forest tested near coal-fired power plants
 in Europe and North America... the 
authors reported...  in the British
 journal Nature Communication.
 
They behaved on a par with industrial cities in China 
such as coal-dependent Chongqing, they described, 
adding that the findings suggest a sponge-like
 behaviour of the rainforest trees.
 
The leaves, which are coated with contaminated dust,
 also absorb gaseous mercury as they take in air,
 they noted in the article.
 
The metal, eventually, finds its way to the ground 
as leaves fall or rain washes away dust and after
capturing the dripping water, they discovered 
more than twice as much rain washout, 
compared to any other site.
 
The results indicated that forests can buffer some 
of the harmful effects of mercury, by hiding it in
 leaves and soil, the study participants noted.
 
People and wildlife are generally not at risk from 
this locked-up mercury, explained Luis 
Fernandez, a tropical ecologist and 
executive director of Wake Forest 
University’s Amazon Science
 Innovation Centre.
 
You could walk, swim in the water, bury yourself in
 the leaves... and you’re not going to get toxicity 
doing that -- a reason to keep tropical forests 
standing, the expert emphasized.
 
Still, the airborne form of mercury can become very
 dangerous when it seeps into water and sediment 
and is converted to something else, 
methylmercury, by bacteria in
 the liquid, he warned.
 
The team involved found sobering signs, that
 methylmercury is reaching forest creatures, 
and by testing three species of songbirds 
they had levels two to 12 times higher 
than similar species caught in a 
forest far from a mine.
 
This shows that it is entering the food web, said 
Emily Bernhardt, a subject supervisor for
 biogeochemistry and analysis at Duke 
University in North Carolina.
 
Research data shows that gold mining recently
overtook coal burning, as the world’s largest 
source of airborne mercury pollution, 
annually releasing up to 1,000 tons 
of the potent brain poison into 
the atmosphere.
 
 

__________________________________


Media report

environmental
 impact of sea
traffic
 in
Europe
 by Aleynes Palacios Hurtado
January 11th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 
 
Sea traffic in Europe accounts for 13.5 percent 
of the emission of greenhouse gases and 
carbon microparticles into the airways 
of crews working on ships, 
media reported.
 
The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) made
 public its 2021 report on the environmental impact 
of those operations, which revealed that container 
ships, bulk carriers and oil tankers account for 60
 percent of the emission of those particles (soot).
 
It noted that cruise ships, despite making up a low
percentage of the total fleet, emit 10 tons per ship 
a year, a figure lower than the 1.7 recorded for 
an oil tanker.
 
The report warned about wastewater discharge: large
 ships discharge huge quantities of dirty, oily, bilge
 and ballast water and solid waste (plastics, 
packages, food waste) into the sea, 
causing damage to the 
sea's ecosystems.
 
According to EMSA, the main dirty waters discharged
 into the sea are used to clean exhaust gases of 
chimneys through filters installed to retain
 polluting particles.
 
On the other hand, the report warned about the
 accidental loss of huge amounts of containers 
with all their content, which ends up at the 
bottom of the sea.
 
Another negative impact is the so-called underwater
 noise, caused by ships, which disturbs the life of 
cetaceans and other species that use
 frequencies to communicate with
 each other.
 
 
 
_____________________________


2022 to be among 
hottest years 
since 1850
by Ana Luisa Brown
January 7th, 00:30am (Prensa Latina)  
 
The average temperature in 2022 will be 
between 0.97 and 1.21 degrees Celsius
 (°C), among the warmest years since 
1850, the World Meteorological 
Organization (WMO) noted 
regarding the estimates 
from the UK Service.
 
 
The fact that the central figure has exceeded 1.0°C
 since 2015 masks the considerable international 
variation, explained one of the leading experts 
in climate prediction, Doug Smith, who added 
that in some places, such as the Arctic, 
temperatures have risen several 
degrees... since pre-
industrial times.
 
According to the head of Long Range Forecasting 
at the British Met Office, Professor Adam Scaife, 
the predicted temperature illustrates that the 
increase in greenhouse gases in the 
atmosphere is now warming the 
planet at an exponential rate.
 
 
 
____________________________



China's 'man-made sun' 
sets new world record
December 31st, 2:22pm (PressTV)
 
Chinese scientists have set a new world record
 by achieving a 1,056 second-long operation of 
a "man-made sun".
 
The breakthrough was made on Thursday during 
the latest round of experiments at the 
experimental advanced super-
conducting tokamak (EAST),
 or China's "man-made sun".
 
The scientists achieved a temperature of 70 million
degrees Celsius of long-pulse and high-parameter
 plasma, lasting for 1,056 seconds, according to 
Gong Xianzu, a researcher at the Institute of 
Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of 
Sciences. The scientist is in charge of the 
experiment conducted in Hefei, capital 
of east China's Anhui province.
 
They had earlier set a world record of achieving 
a plasma temperature of 120 million degrees 
Celsius for 101 seconds on May 28 this year.
 
The latest round of experiments started in early 
December this year, and will last until at least 
June 2022.
 
The ultimate goal of EAST, located in Hefei, is 
to create nuclear fusion like the Sun, using 
deuterium abounding in the sea, to 
provide a steady stream of 
clean energy.
 


_______________________________
 


World faces largest
species extinction 
since dinosaur era,
WWF warns
December 31st, 1:09pm (RT)
 
Around a million species might disappear 
within the next few decades.....  the 
conservation organization reports
 
The Earth is facing the biggest extinction event.. 
since the end of the dinosaur era, with a million 
species at risk of becoming extinct, within the 
next few decades, the World Wildlife Fund
 (WWF) has said in a report.
 
Titled ‘Winners and Losers of 2021’, the article, 
published on Wednesday, lists the endangered 
animals whose populations have shrunk or 
grown the most this year.
 
“African forest elephants, polar bears, tree frogs, 
cranes and species of fish such as sturgeon and 
huchen --- these are just some of the losers in
2021. 
They represent thousands of
endangered animal 
species,”
the WWF said.
 
Among the ‘winners’, the organization lists the Iberian
 lynx – one of the rarest cats in the world – along with
 Nepalese rhinos and great bustard birds. Noting that
the success of these species is a tribute to
 the efforts of conservationists, the WWF 
emphasizes that the situation 
remains serious.
 
“Around a million species could become extinct within
 the next few decades, which would mark the largest
 species extinction since the end of the dinosaur
 era,” the organization claimed.
 
According to a WWF board member Eberhard
 Brandes, species protection, now involves 
the question of “whether humanity will 
someday end up on the red list in a 
hazard category and become the
 loser of its own way of life.”
 
There are more than 40,000 animal and plant species
 currently on the International Red List, qualified as
 threatened with extinction by the International 
Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 
 
In total the Red List includes almost 
142,600 endangered species.


 
____________________________

Fully biodegradable food 
packaging developed 
in Russia
December 21st, 2:55am (TASS) 
 
The first food packaging made of laminated 
cardboard, which decomposes in soil in 
six months, was developed in Russia, 
OSQ press service told TASS.
 
"Laminated craft packaging, when it gets into the
ground, 100% decomposes within six months
& has no analogs in Russia. For comparison, 
plastic food packaging begins to decompose 
in the ground only after 400 years. The 
products of the company’s previous 
brand underwent 70% 
decomposition in the 
environment," the
 statement said.
 
The company specified that the production of 
cardboard containers, cups, and other types 
of packaging has been established at the 
company's plant in Vidnoye, Moscow 
Region. In the future, additional 
capacities will be added to the 
plant in Kaliningrad - with the
investments in construction
of 1.1 bln rubles
($14.85 mln).
 
 
___________________________


Biden electric vehicle push 
hits ''setback'' in US Senate
December 20th, 11:04am (PressTV)
 
A bid by the White House to dramatically boost 
electric vehicle tax credits hit a major road-
block on Sunday, when a key Senate 
Democrat...   said he would not 
support Biden's $1.75 trillion 
domestic investment bill.
 
West Virginia's Joe Manchin appeared to deal a fatal
 blow to President Joe Biden's signature domestic
 policy bill, known as Build Back Better, which 
also aims to expand the social safety net 
and tackle climate change.
 
The bill includes increasing the current $7,500 EV tax
 credit to up to $12,500 for union-made US vehicles 
as well as creating a credit of up to $4,000 for 
used vehicles. The bill would also, again, 
make General Motors and Tesla Inc... 
eligible for tax credits after they hit
 the 200,000-vehicle cap on the 
existing $7,500 credit.
 
The bill also includes a 30% credit
for 
commercial electric vehicles.
 
GM and Ford are both launching electric pickup
 trucks in 2022, and new tax credits could be 
crucial to meeting initial sales targets,
as 
well as meeting rising vehicle 
emissions requirements.
 
Biden wants 50% of new US vehicles to be electric or
 plug-in electric hybrid, by 2030. The administration
 is expected, as soon as this week, to finalize
 tougher new vehicle emissions rules 
through 2026, automakers say.
 
Manchin opposes a $4,500 tax credit for union-made
 vehicles that is part of the $12,500 proposal. He 
calls the union credit "wrong" and 
"not American."
 
The EV tax credits are backed by Biden, many 
congressional Democrats and the United
Auto
 Workers (UAW) union and would 
disproportionately benefit Detroit's
Big Three auto
makers - GM, Ford
Motor
 Co and Chrysler parent 
Stellantis NV - which 
assemble their US-
made vehicles in 
union plants.
 
Tesla, and foreign automakers operating in the 
United States do not have unions representing 
assembly workers --- and many have fought 
UAW efforts to organize US plants.
 
Toyota Motor Corp, which has a plant in West 
Virginia, but whose US employees are not 
union members, has ''lobbied'' against 
the $4,500 union credit.
 
Toyota announced this month it is building a $1.29
 billion battery plant in North Carolina, while EV 
startup, Rivian Automotive, said on Thursday 
that it will build a $5 billion plant in Georgia.
 
Vehicles would have to be made in the United States 
starting in 2027, to qualify for any of the $12,500 
credit, which includes $500 for US made 
batteries. It has faced criticism from 
Canada, Mexico, Japan and
 the European Union.


(Source: Reuters)
 


_________________________________





‘Doomsday Glacier’ 
--- melting at an
alarming rate
December, 15th, 11:54am (RT)
 
A massive glacier in Antarctica, seen as crucial to
the 
global sea level rise, could lose its ice shelf in
“as little as five years,” a team of scientists
has warned.
 
The Thwaites Glacier in western Antarctica is
 sometimes called the Doomsday Glacier 
because of its great potential to raise 
sea levels once melted. The glacier
 is about 74,000 square miles... 
which is roughly the size of 
Florida, according to 
CBS News.
 
A team of US scientists reported at a US Geophysical
 Union meeting, this week, that new cracks were
forming on the eastern ice shelf --- which 
supports one third of the glacier.

The
 shelf, which “acts as a dam to slow 
the flow of ice off the continent into 
the ocean,” appears to be “losing 
its grip” ...due to warm water 
seeping under the glacier, 
researchers said, citing
 satellite images.
 
“If this floating ice shelf breaks apart, the Thwaites
 Glacier will accelerate, and its contribution to sea
 level rise, will increase by as much as 25%,” the
 scientists wrote, adding that the shelf could
be
 broken up in “as little as five years.”
 
According to the study, one of the fastest-melting
 glaciers in Antarctica is contributing as much as
 4% of global annual sea level rises, today, while 
the cracks are expanding into the central part 
of the ice shelf, at rates as high as 2km 
(1.2 miles) per year.
 
“There is going to be dramatic change in the front 
of the glacier, probably in less than a decade. 
Both published and unpublished studies 
point in that direction,” geology 
professor Ted Scambos, US 
lead coordinator for the 
International Thwaites 
Glacier Collaboration.. 
told the BBC, Tuesday.
 
 
____________________________



New FAO report on land, 
water resources, paints
 an alarming picture
by Pavel López Lazo
December 9th, 5:13pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
 Nations (FAO) on Thursday launched a landmark
 report highlighting the worsening state of the 
earth’s soil, land and water resources and 
the challenges it poses... for feeding a 
global population expected to near 
ten billion by 2050.
 
“The pressures on soil, land and water ecosystems...
 are now intense, and many are stressed to a critical
 point,” FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, wrote in
 the foreword to the synthesis report, entitled the 
State of the World´s Land and Water Resources 
for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking
 points (SOLAW 2021)....  “Against this back-
ground, it is clear our future food security 
will depend on safeguarding our land, 
soil and water resources.”
 
The report says if we keep to the current trajectory,
 producing the additional 50% more food needed
 could mean water withdrawals for agriculture 
increasing by up to 35%. That could create
 environmental disasters, increase 
competition for resources, and 
fuel new social challenges
 and conflicts.
 
Among other aspects, it stands out that human-induced
soil degradation affects 34% (1,660 
billion hectares)
of agricultural lands. Over 
95% of our food is
produced on land, but 
there is little room
for expanding areas 
of productive land.
Urban areas occupy 
less than 0.5% of
the Earth’s land 
surface but the rapid
growth of 
cities... has significantly
impacted
 land & water resources, 
polluting & encroaching on prime
agricultural land 
that’s crucial...
for 
productivity & food security.
 
With limited arable land and freshwater resources - a 
rapid scaling-up of technology and innovation is vital. 
We must strengthen the digital architecture needed
to
 provide basic data, information & science-based 
solutions for agriculture... that make full use of 
digital technologies and are climate-proofing.
 
Land and water governance must be more inclusive
 and adaptive, to benefit millions of smallholder
 farmers, women, youth, and indigenous 
peoples. They are the most vulnerable
 to climatic and other socio-economic 
risks, and face the greatest food
 insecurity.
 
Sustainable soils, land and water are the foundations
 for resilient agrifood systems. So the sustainable 
use of these resources... is key to achieving 
climate mitigation and adaptation targets.
 
 
 
___________________________


Earth is Getting Its Own
Black Box 
That Will Tell What Caused 
Humanity's Demise
December 6th, 1:08pm (Sputnik)
 
The device will be placed on an empty plain in
 Tasmania, Australia. The researchers behind
 the project, say the area was chosen for its 
geological as well as geopolitical stability. 
Other locations proposed, were located 
in Malta, Norway, and Qatar.
 
Researchers from the University of Tasmania... 
have partnered with the Australian marketing
 communications company, Clemenger 
BBDO, to create a black box for our 
planet, which they say.... will tell 
future generations (and maybe 
extraterrestrial guests, who 
knows)....... what caused
 humanity's demise.
 
Black boxes installed on airplanes and automobiles
 play an invaluable role in establishing the causes 
of accidents - so why shouldn't Earth have one, 
researchers apparently wondered. Jim Curtis,
the executive creative director at Clemenger 
BBDO, told ABC --- that the project is 
completely non-commercial.
 
The box will be made from 7.5 centimetre-thick steel
 ...and will be filled with a mass of storage drives, 
which, according to researchers, will record 
"every step we take... towards" a potential 
catastrophe, meaning they are gathering 
information: on pollution, the extinction 
of species, ocean acidification, as well 
as climate change-related events such
 as average temperatures, and levels 
of carbon dioxide. The latter traps 
heat radiated from the Sun and 
consequently leads to
 climate change.
 
The black box will have an internet connection and 
will also collect contextual data ...such as news 
about key international events like the United 
Nations Climate Change Conference, 
meetings between world
leaders, etc. 
 
Although the construction of the structure to house the
 box will begin in the middle of 2022, the hard drives 
have already begun recording information.
 
The black box, which will be the size of a bus, will also
 have solar panels to provide backup power storage.
 
Jonathan Kneebone, a co-founder of the artistic 
collective, Glue Society, which is also involved
 in the project, said the device is "built to 
outlive us all".
 
Researchers say that while the main objective is to
 help future civilisations, or whoever accesses the
 black box, to understand what should be done to
 prevent catastrophes, they also hope that it will
 make politicians... put their money where their 
mouths are, when it comes to preserving the 
environment and protecting life on Earth.
 
"It's also there to hold leaders to account – to make
 sure their action - or inaction - is recorded. When 
people know they're being recorded... it does 
have an influence on what they do and say",
 said Jonathan Kneebone.



________________________________________________



FAO calls for urgent action on
 sustainable soil management
by Luis Linares Petrov
December 4th, 00:15am (Prensa Latina) 
 
FAO Director General Qu Dongyu called to take
 urgent action - to improve information and 
capacities in favoor of sustainable soil.
 
The head of the United Nations Food and Agriculture
 Organization (FAO)took part in a video conference 
of the eighth edition of World Soil Day, which has 
been celebrated every December 5th, by 
decision of the General Assembly,
 since 2014.
 
Stopping salinization is the central topic this year, 
which according to Qu is one of the main threats
 to having healthy soils around the world.
 
The director general recalled that some 833 million
 hectares are affected by salinization in all corners 
of the planet, as shown in the World Soil Map 
presented in October.
 
He pointed out that it is a problem present in all
 regions, particularly in the Near East, South 
America, North Africa, as well as in the
 Pacific and Central Asia.
 
The effects of salt on soils pose a significant risk
 to world food security, he noted, and called to 
seek innovative ways to make agri-food 
systems more efficient, inclusive,
 resilient and sustainable.
 


________________________________


Shell oil company abandons 
controversial project in
 British seas
 by Erich Tellez Corrales
December 3rd, 9:24am (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Anglo-Dutch multinational Royal Dutch Shell 
announced, today, that it will abandon a 
controversial oil exploration project 
in the North Sea, in a decision 
welcomed by the British 
environmental groups.
 
According to the company, a comprehensive 
analysis of plans to exploit Cambo, a field 
..outlined west of Scotland’s Shetland
 islands, showed that the economic 
benefits are not strong enough at 
the moment, plus there are 
possibilities of delays 
to put the project 
into motion.
 
The announcement by Shell, which held 30%
of the shares, was greeted with rejoicing by
environmental organizations, and environ-
mental defenders who have been demand-
ing for years.. that the British government 
prohibit exploration & exploitation permits.
 
Shell is out! This is the beginning of the end of 
Cambo, said on Twitter the environmental 
group, Stop Cambo, which warned, 
however, that it will not rest until 
the entire project is shut down.
 
Greenpeace’s UK affiliate, which last October lost a
 legal challenge to force the government to reverse
 a permit granted to British Petroleum to operate
in 
a neighbouring North Sea field, said the
Anglo-
Dutch oil company’s withdrawal
should be 
seen as a death blow
to Cambo.
 
The right decision to ensure the UK’s energy security
 is to speed up the introduction of renewable sources
 and ensure that the interests of oil and gas workers
 are protected through a fair transition, said Labour 
MP and well-known environmentalist Ed Miliband.
 
The company Siccar Point Energy, which shared
 the Cambo project with Shell, promised to look 
for alternatives to continue exploration, while 
the government limited itself to saying that
it 
is a commercial decision... taken 
independently by the Anglo-
Dutch transnational.
 
 
___________________________________



The US – the world’s biggest polluter – 
calls out countries that need to
 'step up' on climate change
December 2nd, 11:26am (PressTV)


US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John 
Kerry, has called out a number of countries 
that need to “step up” on climate change, 
despite the fact that the United States 
has contributed more than any other
country - to the atmospheric carbon 
dioxide that is scorching the planet.


According to studies, the US military is the 
largest consumer of hydrocarbons on 
the planet and one of the largest 
polluters in history.


However, Kerry, in an interview at the Reuters 
Next conference, on Wednesday, accused 
other countries of falling short on their 
commitments to stave off the worst 
effects of global warming.


“And that means you have China, India, Russia, 
Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, South Africa, a 
group of countries that are going to
 have to step up,” Kerry said.


“And we... have to help them. This, is not just 
unloading responsibility on them,” he added.


Kerry has said the current climate situation 
cannot be rectified... without the “full 
engagement and commitment” 
from China.


Democrats in the US House of Representatives 
and Senate --- have already called on US 
President Joe Biden to use targeted 
sanctions to punish individuals 
and companies that are 
worsening the global 
climate crisis.


In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken 
and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last month,
 Democratic lawmakers particularly targeted 
China and its companies.


The lawmakers urged the US administration to use
 sanction authorities under the Global Magnitsky
 Human Rights Accountability Act --- to target 
individuals and companies that are found 
to be involved in climate-related 
corruption and human rights 
abuses abroad.


Both the Trump and Biden administrations used 
the Magnitsky Act, to target individuals and
companies they said were engaged in 
corruption or human rights abuses
 around the world.


Largely, individuals and companies from Russia,
 China, Belarus, Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Eritrea, 
and Cuba, have been targeted.


Last month, scores of countries convened in 
Glasgow, Scotland, for the COP26 climate 
summit, where they reached a deal that 
calls for cutting global carbon dioxide
emissions by 45% by 2030, when
 compared to 2010 levels.


Kerry on Wednesday said private investments for 
clean-energy technologies are also essential for 
fighting climate change, according to Reuters.


“No government on the planet has enough money 
to effect this transition... But, the private sector 
does have that money. I believe the private 
sector has the ability to win this battle
 for us,” he said.


US is world's biggest
plastic polluter:
Report


According to a new report submitted to the US 
federal government on Wednesday, the US is, 
by far, the biggest contributor to global 
plastic waste in the world.


Entitled "Reckoning with the U.S. Role in Global
Ocean Plastic Waste," the report calls for... a 
national strategy to tackle the growing crisis.


The US contributed around 42 million metric tons
 (MMT) in plastic waste in 2016: more than twice
 as much as China has --- and more than all the 
countries of the European Union combined,
according to
 the analysis.


Every US citizen generates 130 kilograms of plastic
waste in a year, with Britain next on the list --- at 
99 kilos per person, per year, followed by
South Korea, at 88 kilos per year,
 AFP reported.  


"The success of the 20th-century miracle invention (sic) 
of plastics, has also produced a global scale deluge 
of plastic waste, seemingly, everywhere we look,"
 wrote Margaret Spring, chief science officer of 
Monterey Bay Aquarium, who chaired the 
committee of experts that compiled 
this report.


Another Government report says climate change 
will shrink the US economy and kill thousands
of US people.



_______________________________________





Vietnam readies 2nd largest 
garbage recycling plant
...in the WORLD
 by Lino Céspedes Rodríguez
December 2nd, 10:03am (Prensa Latina) 


Vietnam polishes the finishing touches to a plant 
that will recycle garbage into energy, and be
 the second largest in the world, of its kind, 
officials from investment company Thien
 Y Environment, reported today.


Located on the outskirts of Hanoi, the plant will
have the capacity of processing 4,000 tons of 
waste per day (60% of what is produced by 
the capital) and producing 75 megawatts 
of electricity per hour.


Built at a cost of nearly $ 310 million dollars... the 
plant covers a surface of 173,900 square metres, 
making it the second largest in the world, after 
Chinese Shenzhen, which processes 5,000 
tons of garbage per day.


Left over matter, after being used to produce energy,
 will be incinerated and used in the manufacture of 
bricks and other construction materials.


To fully ensure safety, it will count on a gas 
filtration system: preventing the emission 
of dioxins, mercury, nitrogen and other 
polluting substances into
 the environment.


Vietnam thus takes a new step towards the 
full elimination and use of... solid waste.


Currently the 3 main ways of waste treatment 
in the country, are: burial, the production of 
microbiological fertilizers, and burning.


Only 30% of Vietnam’s existing dumping areas 
meet ecological standards, while most of its 
nearly 300 incinerators, are small-scale.




__________________________________


Climate change...... 
promises unfulfilled, 
pledges forgotten
November 25th, 7:41pm (PressTV)


Climate change, has long been debated under 
different settings, researched and debunked
 and ‘rebunked’ over the years, so much so 
that you would think, strides should have 
been made by now, unfortunately, how-
ever, that hasn't been the case. Major 
corporations and rich countries have 
all fallen short on their so called 
promises.
 
Hypocrisy and inaction
 
COP 26 still lacks large coal using countries. Studies 
show CO2 levels are back at pre COVID-19 levels in
 the COP countries but did not include Australia, 
China or the United States in the assessment.
 
Such a state of affairs led to climate protests decrying
 one of the highlights of the COP 26 Summit, the 
coal pledge.
 
Children Youth Act climate activists protested 
their concerns regarding the slow pace of 
emissions reductions and lack of action
 on the climate emergency.
 
Children Youth Act climate activists were rightly
 worried about the slow pace of emissions 
reductions and action on the 
climate emergency.
 
Nothing will be saved without it is important to 
begin with the fact you're born to be creators 
of the ground.
 
Yrsa Daley-Ward, Writer
 
The 26th session of the Conference of the Parties 
to the United Nations Framework Convention on
 Climate Change.
 
Carolina Schmidt, President, COP 25
 
The opening of the COP 26 summit in Glasgow 
was quite inspiring but it all came down to the 
final draft communiqué.
 
Well, you know we got a very lengthy 
draft decisions from the presidency…
 
Carolina Schmidt, President, COP25
 
We need much more concrete action to be 
sure to actually really meet this 1.5 target.
 
Maarten Van Aalst, Director, Intl.
 Red Crescent Climate Centre
 
But the details of the draft were inconsistent 
with the declared intention of phasing out 
coal as a fuel source.
 
As a reference of a phasing out of coal and we 
are strong believers that that phase out of 
coal [is imperative].
 
Luca Lacoboni, Greenpeace, Italy
 
Climate Reality, which is funded by the former US 
Vice President Al Gore, claimed in an article that 
more than 250,000 Americans are exposed to
 levels of cancer risk above the highest 
limits set by the EPA.
 
This is an environmental justice nightmare and the
 main culprit is toxic pollution from fossil fuels and
 petrochemical facilities.
 
This is what US Senator Ted Cruz said about 
the climate change summit that took place
 in Glasgow.
 
I’m not saying they do not believe what they're saying,
 but their hypocrisy is rampant. Headed to this
climate
 conference, these officials flew
in giant jets.
 
John Kerry has a private jet that has flown dozens 
of times, this past year, all around the country.
 
I don't know about you, but I don't have a private jet. 
I don't believe any of the people on this stage have
 their own private jet.
 
John Kerry when asked about his private jet said
 "really, for someone like me it's the only way 
that makes sense to travel".
 
What dripping, condescending, arrogance!
 
Ted Cruz, US Senator
 
Robert Evans is a former member of the European
 Parliament MEP, and a British Labour Cooperative
 politician..... who served as a member of the 
European Parliament from 1994 until 2009. 
He was first elected to the European 
Parliament for London Northwest 
and then in 1999 and 2004 for 
the London constituency.
 
Taking a look at what the US Senator Ted Cruz has
 said about US policy, slamming his fellow Senator
 John Kerry and other world leaders as a whole 
for travelling on jets to this cop 26 Glasgow 
Summit, does he have a point?
 
Yeah, I think it's sending entirely the wrong message. 
I realize the challenges that some global leaders have
 getting from A to B or getting from their own country
 to Glasgow, but I think it's sending entirely the 
wrong message when they are arriving in 
private  jets to go around.
 
Most of the airlines have flights that come to 
London where they could have got a train 
or a number of people could have 
managed it.
 
Using private airplanes, which are very, very 
carbon expensive, is entirely, not so much
 unnecessary, but it's sending completely 
the wrong message to everybody else.
 
We have the situation where our Prime Minister 
Boris Johnson came back to London by 
private jet. Well, I looked it up; there 
were six possible scheduled 
airlines flights he could
have taken, or a train 
from Glasgow 
to London.
 
We cannot have one rule for them 
and one rule for everybody else.
 
So global leaders need to reflect on that; 
whatever the challenges, there are 
plenty of airlines that could have
 accommodated them.
 
Robert Evens, Former MEP, British Labour Cooperative
 
That makes sense and sounds fair, but ‘therein lies 
the rub’ and the barely veiled hypocrisy of what US
 Senator Ted Cruz has said. He himself has, in fact,
 received more money from oil and gas companies 
in 2018 than any other senator.
 
Ted Cruz received nearly $800,000 from the oil and
 gas industry in the year 2018. And as for other US
 senators, one in four US Senators still hold fossil 
fuel investments.
 
The households of those 28 senators own a 
combined minimum of $3.7 million, and as 
much as $12.6 billion in fossil fuel assets.
 
"The vicious spiral of global debt these countries at
the frontline of the climate crisis, unable to respond 
to his Fallout, and the failure of the world's richest 
countries to lift the burden, exposes their climate
 hypocrisy", according to The Tribune.
 
Debt hypocrisy
 
COP 26.. actually exposed the debt hypocrisy of the
 rich nations, and that is where the problem is. Last 
year, we had $72 billion flowing out of low income
 countries in debt repayments. These are vital
 resources that could have been directed to 
tackling the climate emergency and easing
 the effects of the Pandemic.
 
Instead, lower income countries are now spending 
five times more on debt-repayments that they're
 spending on fighting the climate crisis.
 
Luca Lacoboni is a campaign manager for 
energy and climate at Greenpeace, Italy.
 
When you take a look at the developing countries
there was a lack of representation. Why was 
that at this conference? It's a summit?
 
[The] most affected countries, the countries that 
actually see climate change impacting their daily 
life almost every day around the world are those
 countries that are less represented in COP, in
Glasgow and this is absolutely unacceptable
 since the richest countries... are those who 
are feeling the impacts of climate change
less, --- 
and should hear the voices of
the most 
affected countries and of
the most 
effective people.
 
This is another important sign of the fact that at 
the moment, also that COP26 in Glasgow is 
doing a lot of words, but really, not 
enough action.
 
Luca Lacaboni, Greenpeace
 
One wonders how much money was actually spent
 fighting the COVID 19 pandemic, and how much 
was spent saving businesses and countries 
from actually crashing.
 
For the prime minister of Barbados, the COP26 
summit sheds light on how the desired 1.5 
degrees Celsius goal could already have
 been reached.
 
The central banks of the wealthiest countries engaged
 in $25 trillion of quantitative easing in the last 13
 years, 25 trillion, of that, 9 trillion was in the 
last 18 months, to fight the pandemic.
 
If we had used that 25 trillion to purchase bonds, the
 energy transition or the transition of how we eat or
 how we move ourselves in transport, we would 
now be reaching that 1.5 degrees limit that is 
so vital to us.
 
Mia Motley, PM Barbados
 
While social media giant Facebook changed its name
 to Meta, a group of protestors placed a large melting
 iceberg sculpture in front of the Capitol Building in
 Washington. This group said Facebook had played
 a major role --- by not stopping the spread of 
climate disinformation.
 
Actually, climate disinformation is rampant on
 Facebook. There's 1.3 million views of climate
 disinformation daily.
 
Facebook says that they send 100,000 people 
to their climate information centre every day.
 
But if we look at their numbers versus the numbers
 that we're getting from the researchers, there's a
 massive discrepancy of how much climate
 misinformation there really is, on 
their platform.
 
Rewan Al-Haddad, Sumofus Campaign Advisor
 
When it comes to climate change there needs to be
 strong will, on all fronts, from political incentives to
 budgetary allocations. With so much ground to 
cover on the issue, where would be the 
good place to start?
 
The companies that are responsible for most of 
the worlds greenhouse gas emissions would
 be a good place to start.
 
The 20 major fossil fuel companies are collectively
 responsible for 35% of global greenhouse gas
 emissions. Surely if we know who these 20 
companies are, then we should stop them 
from doing what they're doing. If only it 
were that simple.
 
What is needed is strong political will, and action 
by the gas and oil companies responsible.  
 
Considering the top corporations, for example, 
Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, Exxon, Mobil, BP, 
and Royal Dutch Shell, and examining how 
much CO2 they actually emitted into the
 atmosphere, we are looking at 480 
billion tons of carbon dioxide.
 
That's a lot of CO2, regardless of all environmental
 disasters that have happened over the past few
 decades, however, that is not where the 
controversy lies.
 
The whole notion of the use of coal, oil and gas and its
 detrimental effects on the planet and environments..
 has been known from as long ago as the year 1965.
 
In 1965 the US president’s scientific advisory
committee announced that pollutants had 
altered the carbon dioxide content of the 
air and the lead concentrations in ocean
waters and human populations... on a 
global scale.
 
In simpler language, fossil fuels were causing the
 release of carbon dioxide, which was altering the 
air on a global scale, posing a huge risk
 for mankind.
 
More examples
 
The American Petroleum Institute issued a warning
 that there's still time to save the planet from the
 catastrophic consequences of pollution but 
that time was running out.
 
So there has been warning after warning, and, as if
 that were not bad enough... an internal memo from
 Exxon Mobil, in 1981, reveals a shocking warning.
 
One of the managers issued an internal memo 
saying that the company's long term business 
plans produce effects which will indeed be
 catastrophic, at least for a substantial 
fraction of the Earth's population.
 
The big oil companies, however, were not going 
to ignore or forgo their profits, thus in 1989 a 
company --- by the name of Global Climate 
Coalition was established. It was, in fact, 
not an environmental group, as the name 
may suggest but was intended to really 
to sow doubts about climate change.
 
It actually induced lawmakers to block clean 
energy legislation and climate treaties 
throughout the 1990s.
 
Which is, more or less, when the general public 
began to doubt the effects of climate change.
 
The COP 26 goal was to reduce carbon 
emissions in the hope of eliminating 
it altogether.
 
The commitments made by various countries, for
 instance India, which has pledged net zero 
emissions by the year 2070, or Saudi 
Arabia, which made a commitment
 for net zero emissions by the 
year 2060 are both very far
 into the future.
 
We were under the impression that time is 
running out and it now appears that
 those commitments shall not 
be enough.
 
Saudi Arabia is a very rich country and it's 
done very well out of oil over many years. 
Of course, I understand why it's worried 
about changing it.
 
But if you're going to have a net zero by 2060, 
nearly 40 years away, it's totally unacceptable 
as a target. Now, it may be that they don't 
reach it till then but I do believe that 
countries have got to set ambitious
 targets and really make much 
greater moves.
 
You know, the reason that we are still driving around
 in petrol driven cars, to a large extent, when 50 years
 ago, they had the technology to build battery vehicles, 
they just haven't developed it, is because of the power 
of the oil industry over the years, the oil industry in 
the Middle East, and the plentiful supply of cheap oil. 
 
The amount of investment (that could have) gone into
 alternative forms that went into, for instance, mobile
 phones, which are now very sophisticated pieces 
of technology.
 
If the same amount of effort and energy had gone 
into more environmentally friendly, mass 
produced vehicles, we would not all be 
driving around in petrol driven 
vehicles at the moment.
 
Robert Evens, Former MEP, 
British Labour Cooperative
 
Subsidized Oil and Gas
 
The statement lays out important steps: CO2 
emissions, as well as including the need to 
accelerate using best efforts, by all of us,
 to phase down unabated coal in this 
decade, as fast as is achievable.
 
John F Kerry, US Climate Envoy
 
The US climate representative neglects to point out 
the fact that the US government has actually
subsidized coal, oil and gas for decades, 
to the tune of a billion dollars a year.
 
So, in the draft today, we saw that coal was referenced
in the draft... as well as subsidies. That's not good
enough! 86% of the emissions trapped in our 
atmosphere come from oil, gas and coal, 
....and while we talk about targets and 
emissions here - these governments, 
many of them, especially the wealthy 
nations, are proposing new projects 
that would take us past 1.5 degrees.
 
Tzeporah Berman, Chair, Fossil 
Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty
 
It comes as no surprise... that there are
 protests against this blatant hypocrisy.
 
At the moment it isn't sufficient. And we need, you
 know, world leaders from the richest and most
 polluting countries to raise their efficiency 
and to provide a clear mandate for 
countries to come back to the 
table next year... with much
more ambitious emission 
reductions by 2030.
 
Armelle Le Comte, Climate 
Advocacy Manager, Oxfam
 
One of the things that stood out at the COP26 summit
 was the presence and the actions of the activists, 
urging world leaders to act on climate change, 
keen on pointing out the hypocrisy of
 feeding lies to the general public.
 
Take the group of activists led by members of the
 Extinction Rebellion direct action group who
 highlighted how the mode of transportation 
chosen makes a difference, like opting to 
travel by rail rather than air.
 
It is our job to make it very clear; travelling by train 
for this distance (instead of by air) is justified by 
the carbon emission when we compare that 
to airlines.
 
Jacques Damas, CEO, Eurostar
 
Another mode of transportation that needs reforming
 is global shipping. There is actually a trillion dollar
 push to decarbonize cargo ships, which are huge
 carbon emitters.
 
Therefore, if countries and companies hope to meet
 the Paris Agreement targets, they must change the
 way freight shipping is managed. The use of 
electric batteries or alternative fuels, is one 
way to go about this.
 
At present.. shipping products across the ocean using
freight ships creates more greenhouse gas emissions 
than the estimated 2 billion US cars and trucks on US
roads combined, at around 1 billion metric tons.
 
Activists with the group Ocean Rebellion held 
a theatrical demonstration in an attempt to 
demonstrate the need by COP 26 
attendees to step up efforts to 
protect their national borders, 
calling for greater investment 
in ocean based renewable 
energy, decarbonization 
of industries and further 
pertinent research.
 
So today, we have one of our Ocean Rebellion 
classic theatrical performances, creating 
conscious pricking imagery to try and 
help tell the story, which today, is on 
the eve of COP Ocean day, to draw 
attention to the delegates that our 
oceans need to be way up on
their agenda.
 
It covers 70% of our [planet] and provides 50 to
 80% of the oxygen that we breathe, so it's 
vitally important and our oceans are at
 crisis point.
 
Laura Baldwin, Ocean Rebellion, Member
 
$100 Million pledge made and lost in Copenhagen
 
12 years ago, at the United Nations climate summit in
 Copenhagen, rich nations made a significant pledge; 
they promised to channel 100 billion US dollars a 
year to less wealthy nations, by 2020, to help 
them tackle climate change and mitigate 
further rises in global temperatures.
 
Another clear case of climate hypocrisy was
 evidenced when one climate activist asked 
the British Finance minister about UK tax 
breaks and funding for fossil
 fuel companies.
 
The UK Prime Minister had earlier made a grand
 pledge..... to some bemused young pupils at an 
infant school to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
 
And then there was the United States Special 
Presidential Envoy for Climate, John Kerry,
 talking about emissions.
 
The IPCC report is the synthesis report of the NDC's,
 indicates that we have to achieve somewhere in the
 vicinity of a 45% reduction over the next 10 years.
 
John F Kerry, US Climate Envoy
 
But the best these two so called world leaders could
 do was to squeeze a 2060 pledge out of Saudi Arabia.
 
I announce today that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
 aims to reach net zero in the year 2060, through 
the carbon circular economy approach, in line 
with its development plans and enabling its 
economic diversification and in accordance 
with the “Dynamic Baseline”, while 
preserving and reinforcing the 
Kingdom’s leading role.. in the 
security and stability of global 
energy markets.
 
 Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, 
Mohammad Bin Salman
 
The COP 26 Climate Summit has ended, more than 190
 nations reached a deal, but... without an enforcement
 mechanism, critics are saying the agreement, which 
calls on governments to strengthen greenhouse gas
 emission cuts, is going to fall short --- if not flat on 
its nether regions.
 
We are, globally speaking, a consumer driven society
 with billions of products - which are produced using
 material & substances produced by these oil firms.
 
Unless we change the way we live, our lifestyles, and
 how we spend our money, that's not going to change,
 and the petroleum companies are well aware of that, 
which is why they will most probably not live up to
 their  clean energy commitments;  thought 
provoking - yet hardly surprising.
 
 
_________________________________


 
Malaysian and Costa
Rican
 institutions
win UNESCO prize
by Ileana Ferrer Fonte
November 17th, 11:18am (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Forestry Research Institute in Malaysia and 
the University for International Cooperation in 
Costa Rica won the 2021 UNESCO-Sultan 
Qaboos Prize for Environmental 
Conservation, the multilateral 
organization announced 
on Wednesday.
 
In a communique, the specialized UN agency in 
education, science and culture issues, stated 
that the awarding ceremony will be held this 
Wednesday, in the context of celebrating
 the 50th anniversary of the Man and the
 Biosphere Program... during the 41st 
General Conference of UNESCO,
forum taking place from 
November 9th to 24th.
 
The Malaysian institution was awarded for its initiatives
to monitor & preserve endangered species of national
interest, producing publications such as the Plant 
Red List, and for documenting the traditional 
knowledge of indigenous peoples and
 local communities.
 
The Costa Rican university won the UNESCO-Sultan 
Qaboos Prize, for its support to creating new 
biosphere reserves in Latin America, such 
as Sumaco (Ecuador), Cabo de Hornos
 (Chile) and Agua y Paz, in Costa Rica.
 
According to the jury, both institutions also stood out 
for their outreach and public awareness, such as 
outdoor activities for students, and the 
development of community farms 
and eco-tourism.
 
Allocated every two years -- since 1991 -- the UNESCO-
Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Conservation 
was established, thanks to a donation by Sultan 
Qaboos Bin Said Al-Said, of Oman.
 
 
 
__________________________________


 
 
FAO supports Cuba in green-
house effect readings
by Erich Tellez Corrales
 November 17th, 11:16am (Prensa Latina) 
 
Cuba has reportedly widened its capacity 
to read greenhouse gas emissions - with 
technical assistance, from the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United 
Nations (FAO).
 
A workshop recently held by the CBIT- AFOLU project, 
implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture of Cuba, 
with technical assistance from the FAO and
funding 
from the Global Environment
Facility (GEF), 
has contributed
to this purpose.
 
A press release from the Office of that UN agency
in Cuba, 
referred to the assistance it provides in
strengthening
 technical capacities to assess
and report on, 
emissions and removals of
Greenhouse 
Gases (GHG)... in the
agriculture, forestry 
and other
land uses (AFOLU).
 
The meeting (from the 8th to the 12th of this month),
allowed the exchange of knowledge & experiences 
among Cuban experts, to advance towards an 
improvement of the National Inventory of 
Greenhouse Gases (GHG), the text 
also indicates.
 
It also points out that the above will contribute to increase
accuracy & comparability, in relation to the requirements
 established by the Enhanced Transparency Framework 
of the Paris Agreement.
 
In this regard, the workshop addressed the methodologies 
used for the calculation of estimates of emissions and 
removals of Greenhouse Gases --- according to the 
2006 guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel 
on Climate Change (IPCC) in the AFOLU sector.
 
The participants in this process included professors 
from the Atmospheric Pollution and Chemistry 
Centre of the Institute of Meteorology, those 
responsible for preparing the inventory... 
and specialists from the Livestock 
Business Group’s Training 
Centre, the Soil Institute,
and the Agroforestry
 Research Institute.
 
The national coordinator of the CBIT-AFOLU project, 
Janet Blanco, referred to the problem of information 
gaps, in the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory.
 
She emphasized the need for scientific institutions 
to work on the identification of data and factors
that influence the emission of these gases
in 
Cuban agriculture.


 
___________________________________


 
Iran climate chief calls COP26
 a failure because of colonialist 
approaches
November 16th, 6:36pm (PressTV)
 
Iranian authorities say the United Nations’ recent climate
 conference in the Scottish city of Glasgow (COP26) 
failed to reach its objectives... because of the 
colonialist approaches of rich countries 
toward developing nations.
 
Head of the Iranian government’s Department of 
Environment, Ali Salajegheh, said on Tuesday, 
that the Glasgow summit turned out to be a 
failure... because developed nations 
continued to dictate their wishes 
on countries that still rely on 
fossil fuels for a bulk of 
their energy needs.
 
Salajegheh made the remarks after returning from COP26, 
an occasion he used to highlight the impacts of US 
sanctions on Iran’s ability to meet climate goals 
set under a 2015 global agreement.
 
In his Tuesday briefing with reporters in Tehran.. the 
Iranian climate chief accused the developed nations 
of trying to force others into accepting the huge 
costs of the global transition to renewables.
 
“The question is, who created problems for the ozone 
layer and the greenhouse gases? They (who created 
them) have now come to the conclusion that the 
countries with energy resources should pay 
for improving the climate, this is a 
colonialist policy,” he said.
 
Salajegheh said Iran will seek to expand its cooperation
 with countries that have opposed the unilateral 
approaches adopted in the West, on the
issue
 of the environment.
 
He hailed the positions adopted by Qatar and Saudi 
Arabia in COP26, saying Iran should seek to boost
 its regional diplomacy on the environment.
 
The Iranian delegation to the Glasgow summit announced 
on Saturday that it was not satisfied with the language 
used in the meeting’s draft agreement on phasing 
out fossil fuel subsidies and instead, declared
 its support for India’s position on the issue.
 


_____________________________________
 

Report Finds Air Pollution in Europe
 Still Killing Over 300,000 A Year
November 15th, 12:06pm (FNA)
 
Premature deaths caused by fine particle air pollution
 have fallen 10 percent annually across Europe, but 
the invisible killer still accounts for 307,000 
premature deaths a year, the European 
Environment Agency said Monday.
 
If the latest air quality guidelines from the World Health 
Organisation were followed by EU members, the latest
 number of fatalities recorded in 2019 could be cut in 
half, according to an EEA report, AFP reported.
 
Deaths linked to fine particulate matter -- with a diameter
 below 2.5 micrometres or PM2.5 -- were estimated at 
346,000 for 2018.
 
The clear reduction in deaths for the following year were 
put down partly to favourable weather but above all to
a
 progressive improvement in air quality across the 
continent, the European Union's air pollution data
 centre said.
 
In the early 1990s, fine particles, which penetrate deeply
 into the lungs, led to nearly a million premature deaths 
in the 27 EU member nations, according to the report.
 
That figure had been more than
 halved to 450,000 by 2005.
 
In 2019, fine particulate matter caused 53,800 premature
 deaths in Germany, 49,900 in Italy, 29,800 in France 
and 23,300 in Spain.
 
Poland saw 39,300 deaths, the highest
 figure per head of population.
 
The EEA also registers premature deaths linked to two 
other leading pollutants, but says it does not count 
them in its overall toll, to avoid doubling up.
 
Deaths caused by nitrogen dioxide -- mainly from cars, 
trucks and thermal power stations -- fell by a quarter
 to 40,000 between 2018 and 2019.
 
Fatalities linked to ground-level ozone in 2019
 also dropped 13 percent to 16,800 dead.
 
Air pollution remains the biggest environmental threat
 to human health in Europe, the agency said.
 
Heart disease and strokes cause most premature deaths
 blamed on air pollution, followed by lung ailments 
including cancer.
 
In children, atmospheric pollution can harm lung
 development, cause respiratory infections and
 aggravate asthma.
 
Even if the situation is improving, the EEA warned
 in September that most EU countries were still 
above the recommended pollution limits, be
 they European guidelines or the more 
ambitious WHO targets.
 
According to the UN health body, air pollution causes 
seven million premature deaths, annually, across the 
globe - on the same levels as smoking and poor diet.
 
In September, the alarming statistics led the WHO 
to tighten its recommended limits on major air 
pollutants for the first time since 2005.
 
"Investing in cleaner heating, mobility, agriculture 
and industry improves health, productivity and 
the quality of life for all Europeans, and 
particularly for the most vulnerable," 
said EEA director Hans Bruyninck.
 
The EU wants to slash premature deaths, due to 
fine air pollution by at least 55 percent in 2030 
compared to 2005.
 
If air pollution continues to fall at the current rate, 
the agency estimates the target will be reached 
by 2032.
 
However an ageing and increasingly urbanised
 population could make that more difficult.
 
"An older population is more sensitive to air pollution...
 and a higher rate of urbanisation typically means that 
more people are exposed to PM 2.5 concentrations, 
which tend to be higher in cities," said the report.
 
 
 
______________________________



Measures taken at COP26 - not
 sufficient - UN Sec.-General
November 14th, 10:37pm (TASS) 
 
Measures to combat climate changes agreed in 
the conclusion of the 26th UN Climate Change 
Conference (COP26, are not enough to 
save the planet, UN Sec.-General, 
Antonio Guterres, said.
 
"We did not achieve these goals at this conference. 
But we have some building blocks for progress," 
Guterres said. "We are still knocking on the 
door of climate catastrophe," he noted.
 
"These are welcome steps...  but they are 
not enough," the Secretary-General said.
 
Delegates of almost 200 countries participating 
in the COP26, agreed upon the texts of the
concluding documents of the forum, 
COP26 President, and member of 
the UK Cabinet, Alok Sharma, 
said earlier.
 
 
 
_________________________________




Deforestation in
Brazilian Amazon 
sets record in October
by Erich Tellez Corrales
November 12th, 3:17pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Brazilian Amazon lost 877 square kilometres 
(km²) of forest in October, an increase of five 
percent, compared to 2020 and a record for 
the month, official sources revealed today.
 
The data from the National Institute of Space
Research 
(INPE) relied on alerts from the
Real-Time 
Deforestation Detection
System (Deter).
 
This method produces daily signals of changes in forest 
cover for areas larger than three hectares (0.03 km²),
in
 this case, those totally deforested and those in
the 
process of degradation (by logging,
mining, 
burning and others).
 
According to the information recorded, this is
the largest
 devastated area for this month
since 2016, covering 
eight states.
 
It corresponds to the Legal Amazon 59 percent of the
 Brazilian territory and comprises the area of the 
divisions of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato 
Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and 
Tocantins, as well as part 
of Maranhão.
 
The G1 news portal assures that, at the climate summit
(COP26), held in Glasgow (Scotland), Brazil ignored 
the devastation records... and promised to end 
illegal deforestation by 2028.
 
For Márcio Astrini, executive secretary of the 
non-governmental organization, Climate 
Observatory, the data show -- that the 
Brazilian Executive: has no intention 
of fulfilling the commitments signed 
at COP26: “Emissions occur on the
 forest floor, not in the plenary 
sessions in Glasgow”.
 
He pointed out that, in Glasgow, the government 
is trying to sell the illusion of its environmental 
commitment, but for the world, he remarked, 
“the important thing, is not the square 
metres of Brazilia that stand, but
the 
kilometres of forest --- that
are 
destroyed every day”.
 
 
 
____________________________


Bill Dores: Wall Street and the 
Pentagon, not China, pose
 the largest climate threat
November 11th, 2:44pm (PressTV)
 
US political analyst and activist Bill Dores says 
Washington’s “attempt to frame China for the 
world climate crisis, is one of the most 
hypocritical acts in history,” as the 
US is the source of the deadliest 
corporate and military assault 
on the planet in history, 
not China.
 
Dores, a writer for Struggle/La Lucha, and a longtime 
antiwar activist, made the remarks in an interview 
with Press TV on Thursday, after Democrats in 
the US House of Representatives and Senate 
called on US President Joe Biden --- to use 
targeted sanctions to punish individuals 
and companies that are worsening the 
global climate crisis.
 
In a letter to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and 
Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last week, Democrat
 lawmakers, particularly targeted China, and its 
companies despite the fact that studies show 
that the US military is the largest consumer 
of hydrocarbons on the planet and one 
of the largest polluters in history.
 
According to the New York Times, the US has contributed 
more than any other country to the atmospheric carbon
 dioxide that is scorching the planet.
 
Senators Ed Markey (D-Mass), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), 
Bernie Sanders (I-VT), and Rep. Veronica Escobar (D-
Texas), who signed on the letter, called on the Biden 
administration to target individuals and companies 
“that are perpetrating the worst climate damage.”
 
Following is the complete text of 
Dores’s comment to Press TV:
 
US hypocrisy on
looming climate disaster
 
Washington’s attempt to frame China for the 
world climate crisis is one of the most 
hypocritical acts in history. It is also 
one of the most dangerous. It is a 
deliberate effort to sabotage the 
international cooperation needed
to stop looming climate disaster. 
 
And it is a step toward war  ---  the 
ultimate environmental destroyer.
 
Fracking industry agent Donald Trump claimed that 
climate change: is a “hoax created by and for the 
Chinese.” Joe Biden admits the climate crisis is 
real, but seeks to blame it on China. Some
US 
senators even say - China should
be 
sanctioned for its alleged 
environmental misdeeds.
 
What mendacity! China leads the world in renewable 
energy production, reforestation, electric vehicles,
 high-speed rail and solar panel manufacture.
 
In recent years, China has surpassed the US in overall 
carbon emissions. But China is the largest country in
 the world. It has nearly five times the population of 
the United States. Its per capita emissions are
less
 than half those of the US. And it has
a concrete 
strategy to seriously
reduce them.
 
Meanwhile, the watered-down infrastructure bill passed
 by Congress gifts tens of billions of dollars... to the US 
fossil fuel industry. That’s not surprising considering 
28 US senators are directly invested in fossil fuel 
companies. And that 11 lawyers for ExxonMobil 
helped to write the bill.
 
The Trump regime imposed tariffs on all Chinese-made 
solar panels, at the behest of his oil company bosses.
Biden.... has outright banned the import of Chinese-
made solar panels.
 
The White House claims Chinese solar panels are made 
with forced labour. Yet the racist US prison-industrial
 complex --- is the biggest exploiter of forced labour
in
 the world. Imagine how many jobs installing
those 
panels could create for workers here.
 
If Washington were really concerned about human rights,
 it could stop sending cops and marshals to attack the 
Water Protectors, Native activists and their allies, 
defending their land against fracking and 
pipelines.
 
 They have been gassed, clubbed, shot and jailed by 
federal and state agents, in the US and Canada. 
 
Under HR1374, a law now before Congress, state agents
 would be authorized to murder anti-pipeline protesters.
 
Biden seeks to weaponize
the climate crisis
 
Trump denied the climate crisis. Biden, seeks to weaponize
 it. Though their tactics be different, they share one object:
 To try and restore the stranglehold the US corporate 
ruling class once had on the world economy.
 
For decades, Washington and Wall Street, used their power 
to strangle economic development in Africa, Asia and Latin
 America.  They kept themselves at the centre of the world
 economy --- by keeping most of the world impoverished.
Meanwhile, US companies poisoned the air
with abandon.
 
Greenhouse gases don’t go away. At least 25 percent of 
those that now fill the atmosphere are made in the US. 
That doesn’t count the output of the offshore 
operations of US-owned corporations.
 
For decades after World War II, US corporations owned 
most of the world’s known oil reserves. That was key
 to US global power. They - purposely - kept oil-rich 
countries “underdeveloped” and dependent on 
selling oil. Today Washington tries to achieve 
that, with war and sanctions.
 
In the 1970s and ’80s, oil-producing countries began 
to take back ownership of their own resources. The
 Libyan Revolution of 1969, Iraq's nationalizations 
of 1972, and especially the Iranian Revolution
of 
1979, were catalysts in this process.
 
1 in 4 US senators heavily invested 
in fossil fuel industry: Report
 
The senators present a major hurdle in the way of 
President Joe Biden’s ambitious climate agenda.
 
In 1991, as soon as the Cold War ended, the US
went 
to war against oil-producing countries.
Under 
different names and pretexts, that
imperialist 
war has raged for 30 years.

It has destroyed 
millions of lives and cost
trillions of dollars. 
The climate is also
a victim.
 
US war machine is the most
polluting institution on earth
 
From 2001 to 2017, the US military poured 1.6 billion 
metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere. At least 
400 million tons of that, came from US military 
operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan 
and Syria.
 
The US war machine, with its massive global 
operations, is the most polluting institution 
on earth. In 2017... it unleashed 60 billion 
metric tons of carbon dioxide into the air. 
That was more than the individual output 
of 140 countries. Every year - it dumps 
750,000 tons of toxic waste-depleted 
uranium - oil, jet fuels, pesticides, 
defoliants, lead and other 
chemicals, into our air, 
water and soil. 
 
The US Army’s M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank uses nearly 
4 gallons of fuel per mile. An Air Force B2 bomber burns
 at least 4.2 gallons of jet fuel per mile, and has to be 
refueled every six hours. In the so-called “war on 
terror,” B2 bombers flew 44 hours from Missouri 
and Nebraska to rain bombs on people in Iraq 
and Afghanistan. But the biggest waste of 
energy, is the constant transport of 
troops, weapons and supplies 
around the world.
 
When the Clinton administration signed the Kyoto 
climate agreement in 1997, it insisted the US 
military be exempt from the treaty’s 
restrictions.
 
Washington’s 30-year oil war had another devastating 
impact on our planet’s climate. It unleashed the 
“shale oil revolution” that has made the US 
the world’s No. 1 fossil fuel producer.
 
US fracking industry
poisons the earth
 
After the US invaded Iraq, Corporate America pumped
hundreds of billions of dollars into fracking - the 
hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas from shale 
rock. War & sanctions against oil-producing 
countries created a triple-digit energy price
bubble that made these huge investments 
seem profitable. It stimulated the plunder 
of Canada’s tar sands, the DAPL and the
Enbridge 3 pipelines and mountain-top
removal projects, in Appalachia.
 
Fracking not only poisons the earth and water --- it 
unleashes much more methane, than conventional
 drilling. The collapse of the fracking boom has left 
many of these wells abandoned. There are over 3 
million abandoned oil and gas wells... across the 
United States. At least 2 million are unplugged: 
gushing out methane and other chemicals.
 
Plugging those wells and reclaiming the land around 
them would create a lot more jobs than fracking and 
pipelines do. So would investing in renewable 
energy, reforestation, mass transit and 
high-speed rail... instead of war.
 
Attacking China over climate change is a red herring. If 
Washington is serious about preventing environmental 
disaster -- it should end the US corporate and military 
assault on the planet. To make that happen will take 
a people’s struggle against corporate power.
 
End the wars and sanctions. Bring home all the troops, 
war fleets and warplanes. Invest that money in renew
-
able energy, expanding mass transit systems, 
affordable high-speed rail and reforestation. 
 
And help poorer countries do the same. Those things... 
could create millions of high-paying jobs. Ban fracking 
and shut down the DAPL and Enbridge pipelines. The
sky is the limit --- when the needs of humanity are
put 
before corporate profit.


_____________________________________________


 
UNESCO highlights role of forests
 in the face of climate change
 October 28th, 2:13pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
UNESCO highlighted the contribution of the forests 
inscribed on its World Heritage list, in confronting 
climate change, with an estimated annual 
absorption of carbon dioxide, at 
190 million tons.
 
UNESCO issued a statement sharing the results of an
 unpublished study on the role of forest ecosystems 
spread over 257 sites on the planet.
 
Researchers from UNESCO, the World Resources Institute
- and the International Union for Conservation of Nature - 
participated in the research, which made it possible to
 measure the impact of forests against the existential 
threat posed by climate change, and determine the 
causes of certain emissions of pollutants into 
the atmosphere.
 
According to the study, the 190 million tonnes of carbon
dioxide present in the atmosphere absorbed, represent
 around half of the CO2 generated by fossil fuels that 
the United Kingdom emits annually.
 
The forests registered by UNESCO cover a total area of 
69 million hectares, and constitute ecosystems rich in
 biodiversity capable of storing large amounts of 
carbon, which, if released, would adversely
 impact the climate.
 
The research, however, left worrying results, in 10 of the
 forests, where human action has led them to emit more
 carbon than captured, in the last two decades.
 
Among the causes, UNESCO pointed to the fragmentation 
of land, due to forest exploitation, and clearing for the 
benefit of agriculture, and reiterated its call --- to 
protect forests and prioritize their sustainable 
management - in order that they continue to 
play a key role on the lives of current and 
future generations of human beings.
 


________________________________





Extinction Rebellion activists...  blockade
 then break into UK’s largest oil refinery
 to roll out ‘no future in fossil fuels’
banner
October 28th, 10:06am (RT)
 
Extinction Rebellion has deployed its infamous pink boat
 to blockade the entrance to Hampshire's Fawley Exxon-
Mobil oil refinery, with demonstrators cutting through 
the site's electric fence to unveil a banner over its 
oil silos.
 
In a statement released on Thursday, the climate activist
 group confirmed they had broken into the Fawley Oil
 refinery to “demand that the Government stops all 
new fossil fuel investments immediately.”
 
15 activists, including British Olympians Laura Baldwin 
and Etienne Stott, descended on the site in the early 
hours of the morning, with several of the activists 
breaching the electrified perimeter fence to
scale
 two 50-foot oil silos.
 
The group unveiled banners declaring that there is
“climate emergency” and “no future in fossil
fuels,” 
sharing photos of the stunt on their
Twitter account. 
 
Extinction Rebellion simultaneously blocked access to 
the UK’s largest oil refinery with the group’s infamous 
pink boat, the Beverly Geronimo, claiming that, 
“despite warnings,” British government 
officials are “letting Exxon expand
to 
increase by 40%.”
 
Due to the blockade at the gate of the Hampshire site, 
the climate activists confirmed ExxonMobil had sent 
its staff home for the day and police were on site
to
 try and disperse the protest. 
 
The stated goal of the demonstration on Thursday is to
 secure a commitment from ExxonMobil to stop its 
expansion plans at the Fawley oil refinery,
which 
supplies 20% of the UK’s
fossil fuels.
 
 (Rhondda Records adds: Why 'infamous', RT?)
 


________________________________





UN Chief Warns World
on
 ‘One-Way Ticket to 
Disaster’ over Climate
October 22nd, 3:28pm (FNA)
 
 United Nations Chief Antonio Guterres said the world’s
 current climate situation is “a one-way ticket for 
disaster”, reiterating the urgency of agreement 
at the COP26 climate conference at the end 
of the month.
 
The 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, struck 
at the COP21 summit, called for global warming to 
be capped at well below two degrees Celsius 
(3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above the pre-
industrial level, and ideally closer to 
1.5C (2.7F), AFP reported.
 
But current UN estimates indicate a “catastrophic” 
warming of 2.7C  (4.8F) is on the cards.
 
Guterres said on Thursday that such an increase 
was “obviously a one-way ticket for disaster.”
 
“The carbon pollution of a handful of countries has 
brought humanity to its knees and they bear the 
greatest responsibility,” he told an online press 
conference with members of the Covering 
Climate Now international project.
 
“I hope we are still on time to avoid a failure in Glasgow, 
but time is running short, and things are getting more 
difficult and that is why I’m very very worried. I’m 
afraid things might go wrong,” he said.
 
The Glasgow summit begins on October 31st and is 
seen as crucial for agreeing on worldwide 
emission targets that will slow 
global heating.
 
The Group of 20, which includes the world’s biggest
 economies, is due to meet in Italy on October 30th,
 but leaders are said to be divided over phasing 
out coal and committing to the 1.5C target.
 
Earlier this month, COP26 President Alok Sharma, 
said the G20 meeting would be “make or break” 
for success in Glasgow.
 
“The G20 leaders will meet in Rome and they know 
their economies are responsible for four-fifths of 
the planet's carbon pollution,” Guterres said.
 
“If they do not stand up … we are headed 
for terrible human suffering,” he added.
 
He said, “China and the United States must do 
more than what they have announced so far.”
 
 
 
______________________________________

 
  
Among Europe’s dirtiest: ‘Green’ 
biomass power plant in Yorkshire
 burning ‘renewable’ wood emits
 MORE CO2 than UK’s coal
 – report
October 9th, 5:45pm (RT)
 
A supposedly “carbon neutral” Drax biomass power 
plant is the UK’s leading source of CO2 emissions 
--- and belches out more harmful carbon and 
particulate matter, than some of Europe’s 
dirtiest coal plants, according to a
new report.
 
Renewable energy firm Drax describes its plant in North 
Yorkshire as a “purely renewable” facility, boasting that 
it has slashed its carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, by
90% since 2012. The plant burns biomass – pellets 
of compressed wood – and received £832 million
 ($1.13 billion) in direct government subsidies 
last year, on top of an estimated £258
million 
($351 million) in carbon
tax breaks.
 
Yet the energy generated at Drax... is far from green, a 
new report by environmental think tank Ember claims. 
While the UK and EU consider biomass power “carbon
 neutral,” this assessment is based on the assumption 
that biomass emissions are offset by the planting of
 new trees.
 
This forest regrowth takes time, and the European
 Academies’ Sciences Advisory Council (EASAC) 
reported earlier this year that switching plants 
from coal to biomass – as was the case at 
Drax’ Yorkshire facility – would not cause
 any drop in emissions for at least three
 to five decades. 
 
“Such technology is not effective in mitigating climate 
change and may even increase the risk of dangerous 
climate change,” the EASAC stated.
 
In the UK, wood burning plants like Drax’ currently spew 
out more CO2 than coal plants, including coal used in 
steel production. Drax is the country’s top emitter 
.......releasing 13.3 million tons of CO2 into the 
atmosphere per year ---- compared to the 
entire coal sector’s yearly emissions 
of 10 million tons.  
 
Data shows that Drax is Europe’s third-worst emitter 
of CO2, behind Germany's Neurath and Poland’s
BeÅ‚chatów coal plants. It is also Europe’s 4th
-worst emitter of PM10 particulate matter, 
coming in behind three coal plants in 
Poland and Romania. It is the only 
biomass facility... to rank in 
Europe’s top ten CO2 and
 PM10 emissions lists.
 
A Drax spokesman responded to Ember’s report by 
describing the think tank’s figures as “inaccurate 
and completely at odds with what the world’s 
leading climate scientists at the UN IPCC
say, about sustainable biomass being
crucial 
to delivering global 
climate targets.” 
The company says that its carbon emissions are 
“biologically sequestered,” meaning they are 
technically counted as zero under the 
previously-mentioned EU and UK 
assumptions of forest regrowth.
 
However, critics suggest that the scientific
consensus
 on “sustainable” biomass...
may soon change.
 
“Recent science demonstrates that burning forest 
biomass for power is unlikely to be carbon 
neutral – and there’s a real risk that it’s 
responsible for significant emissions,”
 Ember Chief Operating Officer
Phil 
MacDonald stated. 
 
“Before the government spends more taxpayer 
money on biomass..  we should make sure we 
know we’re getting the emissions reductions 
that we’re paying for.”
 
 

_________________________________



 Gazprom and Aeroflot behind 
Russia's first green aviation fuel
 September 24th, 12:30pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Russian companies Gazprom Oil and Aeroflot 
reported the signing of a deal to create the first 
production of aviation fuel with a minimal 
carbon footprint... from agro-forestry 
systems.
 
The oil company explained that the use of such a
green resource can reduce up greenhouse gas
 emissions in the sector up to 80 percent, 
TASS news agency reported.
 
The deal between the Russian firms... provides for 
the development of various efficient formulations
 of aviation fuel. In this case, the fuel is to be 
adjusted to various types of aircraft and
it will be certified in accordance with 
Russian and international aviation
 safety standards.
 
'In our country and around the world there is a potentially
 high demand from the aviation industry for green fuel, 
taking into account the task of reducing the carbon
 intensity of air traffic,' Gazprom Oil head 
Alexander Diukov noted.
 
He explained that the main research platform for the new 
product, will be the Gazprom Neft Industrial Innovation 
Technology Centre in Saint Petersburg.
 
According to Diukov, the partnership with Russia's largest 
airline will make the process of developing this aviation 
fuel more efficient.
 
According to Aeroflot CEO Mikhail Poluboyarinov, ecology 
is becoming one of the most important issues in aviation, 
and its relevance increased under the influence of the 
Covid-19 pandemic.
 
 
___________________________________________



FAO launches tools to encourage 
soil organic carbon sequestration
 September 9th, 12:45pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the 
United Nations, on Wednesday, launched 
two practical instruments designed to 
encourage soil organic carbon
 (SOC) maintenance and 
sequestration.
 
The two products unveiled today, part of the RECSOIL
 initiative, are a global map illustrating how much
and 
where, CO2 can be sequestered by soils...  
the 
GSOCseq, and a technical manual of
good 
practices, to sequester and
maintain SOC
 stocks in soils.
 
'We must look for innovative ways... to transform our agri-
food systems.. to more efficient, inclusive, resilient and 
sustainable. Healthy soils are critical to achieving this,' 
FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, told the opening 
session of the ninth Global Soil Partnership (GSP) 
Plenary Assembly.
 
While soils and soil health are well-rooted in the global 
agenda, tangible impacts remain an important 
challenge 'for better production, better 
nutrition, a better environment and
 a better life for all, leaving no
one 
behind,' Qu said.
 
 
 
___________________________________________
 

UN chief calls for bold action 
to curb biodiversity crisis
 August 31st, 12:51pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
UN Secretary-General (UNSG) António Guterres,
on Monday, warned about the threatening loss 
of biodiversity and called for greater actions 
to prevent further damage.
 
In remarks to a high-level virtual meeting to develop 
a new global framework to address biodiversity 
loss... Guterres underlined the need for 
commitment, ambition and credibility.
 
'As people and livestock encroach further into wild 
habitats, we run the risk of unleashing terrifying 
new pandemics,' he warned.
 
He also urged Governments to shift the 'perverse 
subsidies' that destroy healthy soils, pollute our
 water and empty the oceans of fish.
 
We must incentivize actions to sustain nature and also 
establish larger and better managed conservation 
areas to safeguard species, functioning 
ecosystems and carbon stocks - for
 current and future generations.
 
Likewise, he laid stress on the need to empower the 
leadership of indigenous peoples and local 
communities whose lands encompass 
much of the world's remaining 
biodiversity.
 
One million species are at risk of extinction: 
this is wiping out options for society, from 
medicines to food, passing over crucial 
solutions for mitigating and adapting
to climate changes, Guterres said.
 
Humanity is now waging an absurd and self-destructive 
war on nature, and peace must be declared as soon as 
possible, only courageous action on the ground, can
curb the biodiversity crisis, he added.
 
 

__________________________________
 

UN chief
 warns
 - about 
global temperature rise
 September 7th, 12:31pm (Prensa Latina) 
 
The planet is dangerously close to reaching the 
internationally agreed threshold of 1.5 degrees 
Celsius of temperature increase, the UN 
Secretary-General (UNSG) António 
Guterres, warned on Monday.
 
We must act decisively now --- in order to avoid 
climate catastrophe. There is no longer time for 
delays, and no room for excuses, Guterres 
posted on Twitter.
 
He shared a link to the interactive atlas containing 
information from the most recent report of the
Inter
governmental Panel on Climate Change 
(IPCC). The digital tool enables flexible 
spatial and temporal analysis... of a 
large part of information checked
 and projected on this issue,
in 
upcoming years.
 
According to IPCC, human-induced climate change 
is widespread and rapidly intensifying, while 
several trends are irreversible, at least 
during present period, and directly 
affect the happening of many 
extreme weather events.
 
Scientists also observed changes throughout the 
Earth's climate system, in the atmosphere, 
oceans, ice floes, and the ground.
 
Many of these transformations are unprecedented, 
and others, such as the continuing sea level rise,
are 
already 'irreversible' for centuries or
millennia
in the future, according
to the IPCC report.
 
On Monday, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina 
Mohammed called for courageous measures
for
 a global economy with zero emissions
of 
harmful gases by 2050, and to limit 
increased temperature levels.
 
The world is going through a season of wildfires 
and floods, which mainly affects fragile and 
vulnerable populations in rich and poor 
countries, she st